E2 Treaty Countries 2019

An E2 treaty investor visa is a non-immigrant visa for foreign entrepreneurs or investors to enter and working inside of the US-based on a substantial investment in a bona fide business. The entrepreneur/investor must be from a country that has a Treaty of Trade and Commerce with the United States.

Individuals with E2 visas can work legally in the company that they are investing in, travel freely in and out of the United States, and be accompanied by dependents under 21, relatives and spouses.

E2 visas are valid for up to five years and can be renewed with two-year extensions for as long as the individual maintains the necessary qualifications.

There are several qualifications the investor must meet in order to obtain and maintain an E2 visa. The investor must be from one of the E2 treaty countries. The investment must be substantial to the business, such as being enough for a startup to begin and operate the business. The enterprise that the investor is investing in must be offering tangible goods or services and the investor must be coming to the U.S. to develop and direct the enterprise. The investor is only allowed to work for the employer or business that acted as his/her E2 visa sponsor.

Individuals who are applying for an E2 visa will need to provide evidence that the enterprise being invested in is a bona fide enterprise: “a real, active commercial or entrepreneurial undertaking which produces services or goods for profit.” Documentation that can be used as evidence includes tax returns, financial statements, lease agreements, vendor agreements, quarterly wage reports, and a notice of assignment of an Employer Identification Number from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

In order to apply for an E2 visa, you must be a citizen of an E2 treaty country. If one is a legal permanent resident of one of the treaty countries, he/she cannot apply. One does not need to currently be living in the treaty country as long as he/she is a citizen there. There are currently 78 E2 countries.

Below is a complete list of current E2 treaty countries.

Country Effective Date of E-2 Treaty Population 2019
AlbaniaJanuary 4, 19982,880,917
ArgentinaOctober 20, 199444,780,677
ArmeniaMarch 29, 19962,957,731
AustraliaDecember 27, 199125,203,198
AustriaMay 27, 19318,955,102
AzerbaijanAugust 2, 200110,047,718
BahrainMay 30, 20011,641,172
BangladeshJuly 25, 1989163,046,161
BelgiumOctober 3, 196311,539,328
BoliviaJune 6, 200111,513,100
Bosnia And HerzegovinaNovember 15, 18823,301,000
BulgariaJune 2, 19947,000,119
CameroonApril 6, 198925,876,380
CanadaJanuary 1, 199337,411,047
ChileJanuary 1, 200418,952,038
ColombiaJune 10, 184850,339,443
Costa RicaMay 26, 18525,047,561
CroatiaNovember 15, 18824,130,304
Czech RepublicJanuary 1, 199310,689,209
DenmarkDecember 10, 20085,771,876
Dr CongoJuly 28, 198986,790,567
EcuadorMay 11, 199717,373,662
EgyptJune 27, 1992100,388,073
EstoniaFebruary 16, 19971,325,648
EthiopiaOctober 8, 1953112,078,730
FinlandDecember 1, 19925,532,156
FranceDecember 21, 196065,129,728
GeorgiaAugust 17, 19973,996,765
GermanyJuly 14, 195683,517,045
GrenadaMarch 3, 1989112,003
HondurasJuly 19, 19289,746,117
IranJune 16, 195782,913,906
IrelandNovember 18, 19924,882,495
IsraelMay 1, 20198,519,377
ItalyJuly 26, 194960,550,075
JamaicaMarch 7, 19972,948,279
JapanOctober 30, 1953126,860,301
JordanDecember 17, 200110,101,694
KazakhstanJanuary 12, 199418,551,427
KyrgyzstanJanuary 12, 19946,415,850
LatviaDecember 26, 19961,906,743
LiberiaNovember 21, 19394,937,374
LithuaniaNovember 22, 20012,759,627
LuxembourgMarch 28, 1963615,729
MexicoJanuary 1, 1994127,575,529
MoldovaNovember 25, 19944,043,263
MongoliaJanuary 1, 19973,225,167
MontenegroNovember 15, 1882627,987
MoroccoMay 29, 199136,471,769
NetherlandsDecember 5, 195717,097,130
NorwayJanuary 18, 19285,378,857
OmanJune 11, 19604,974,986
PakistanFebruary 12, 1961216,565,318
PanamaMay 30, 19914,246,439
ParaguayMarch 07, 18607,044,636
PhilippinesSeptember 6, 1955108,116,615
PolandAugust 6, 199437,887,768
Republic Of The CongoAugust 13, 19945,380,508
RomaniaJanuary 15, 199419,364,557
SenegalOctober 25, 199016,296,364
SerbiaNovember 15,18828,772,235
SingaporeJanuary 1, 20045,804,337
SloveniaNovember 15, 18822,078,654
South KoreaNovember 7, 195751,225,308
SpainApril 14, 190346,736,776
Sri LankaMay 1, 199321,323,733
SurinameFebruary 10, 1963581,372
SwedenFebruary 20, 199210,036,379
SwitzerlandNovember 08, 18558,591,365
TaiwanNovember 30, 194823,773,876
ThailandJune 8, 196869,625,582
TogoFebruary 5, 19678,082,366
TunisiaFebruary 7, 199311,694,719
TurkeyMay 18, 199083,429,615
UkraineNovember 16, 199643,993,638
United KingdomJuly 03, 181567,530,172