Ecuador Population 2017

16,641,142

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is bordered by Colombia, Peru and the Pacific Ocean. Along with the mainland, the country also includes the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific, which are about 620 miles west of the mainland. In 2017, Ecuador has an estimated population of 16.62 million, which ranks 68th in the world.

The last official census recording the population of Ecuador occurred in 2010 and showed there were 14,483,499 people living in the country, which is believed to have grown to 16.62 million in 2017. The country has a population density of 59 people per square kilometer (153/square mile), which ranks 151st in the world.

The majority of people in Ecuador live in the central regions, the Andes mountains or along the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Only 3% of the total population lives in the tropical forest east of the mountains, which still remains very sparsely populated.

The largest concentration of Ecuadorians live in the two largest cities: Guayaquil with a population of 2,350,915 and the capital city of Quito with a population of 2,239,191, according to the 2010 Census data.

Ecuador Demographics

Ecuador has a very ethnically diverse population. As of 2014, the largest ethnic group remains Mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists and indigenous people, who make up 71.9% of the population. Amerindians account for nearly 7% of the population, while Afro-Ecuadorians, who live mostly in Imbabura and Esmeraldas provinces, make up 7% of the population. White people of European descent make up 12.% of Ecuador's population.

Most of the ethnic groups of Ecuador descend from the Spanish colonists and South American Indians, as the mixture of these two groups created the Mestizo category. Afro-Ecuadorians are descendants of black slaves who arrived in the country to work on plantations in the 16th century. Until the 1950's, the geography of ethnicity in Ecuador remained very well-defined until a jump in migration.

Just decades ago, most Mestizos lived in small rural towns in the countryside, Indians made up the majority of the rural Sierra population, black residents lived in Esmeraldas, Carchi and Imbabura provinces while the white population resided mostly in the large cities. Due primarily to pressure on the Sierra land resources, Indians began migrating to the cities and many began switching their ethnic identity to Mestizo beginning in the 1980's.

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuador has a slow average population growth rate of just 1.4%, which ranks as 87th in the world. Birth rate is also low at only 19.23 births per 1,000 people, although the death rate is one of the lowest in the world at 5.03 deaths per 1,000 people. This means Ecuador remains higher than replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising rather than remain stagnant.

It's estimated that between 2 and 3 million Ecuadorians live abroad, although increased unemployment in Spain, the United States and Italy is slowing this emigration. It's believed that many emigrants will return to the country over time. Ecuador also has a small but growing population of immigrants. It's currently the top recipient of refugees in Latin America, the vast majority of which are Colombians escaping violence in their own country. The rate of emigration to Ecuador is expected to grow.

There are also nearly 100,000 American and 30,000 European Union expatriates in Ecuador, many of whom moved to the country for business opportunities or to retire. Given the relatively low cost of living, it's expected that this trend will continue.

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuadorian President Correa's "Welcome Home Plan" is credited with helping to encourage emigrants to return to Ecuador, and now more people move to Ecuador than leave it. It's estimated that if the country continues its current stable population growth, it will have 21.1 million citizens by 2050.

Ecuador Population in 2018Source: Patricio Mena Vásconez

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuador has a slow average population growth rate of just 1.4%, which ranks as 87th in the world. Birth rate is also low at only 19.23 births per 1,000 people, although the death rate is one of the lowest in the world at 5.03 deaths per 1,000 people. This means Ecuador remains higher than replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising rather than remain stagnant.

Ecuadorian President Correa's "Welcome Home Plan" is credited with helping to encourage emigrants to return to Ecuador, and now more people move to Ecuador than leave it. It's estimated that if the country continues its current stable population growth, it will have 21.1 million citizens by 2050.

About Ecuador

Official NameRepublic of Ecuador
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersCOL, PER
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-2-77.5
Currencies UsedUSD

Ecuador Population Density

Name Population
Guayaquil1,952,029
Quito1,399,814
Cuenca276,964
Santo Domingo de los Colorados200,421
Machala198,123
Manta183,166
Portoviejo170,326
Eloy Alfaro167,784
Esmeraldas165,216
Ambato154,369
Tutamandahostel140,000
Ibarra132,977
Riobamba124,478
Quevedo119,436
Loja117,796
Tulcan86,498
Babahoyo76,279
La Libertad75,881
Latacunga51,717
Velasco Ibarra48,754
Puerto Francisco de Orellana48,144
Ventanas46,708
Pasaje44,860
Chone44,751
Salinas43,862
Santa Elena42,214
Rosa Zarate42,121
Santa Rosa41,816
Balzar40,115
Huaquillas39,757
Bahia de Caraquez37,056
La Troncal36,353
Jipijapa35,901
Azogues34,877
Naranjito34,206
Vinces32,497
Otavalo32,330
El Triunfo32,282
Naranjal32,045
Playas30,564
Yaguachi Nuevo27,947
Cayambe26,582
Machachi25,742
Puyo24,881
Nueva Loja24,211
Samborondon24,118
Macas23,687
Pedro Carbo23,372
Guaranda22,199
Boca Suno20,313
San Lorenzo de Esmeraldas20,209
Catamayo18,565
Montecristi18,351
Atuntaqui17,456
Calceta17,286
Tena17,172
Gualaceo17,122
Pinas16,981
Cariamanga16,862
Pelileo16,572
La Mana16,450
Pujili16,168
Montalvo15,547
Sucre15,286
Zamora15,276
San Gabriel15,112
Tosagua14,680
Alausi14,294
Muisne13,393
Macara13,035
Santa Ana12,833
Guano12,659
Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno12,617
San Miguel12,575
Santa Lucia12,523
Zaruma12,505
Balao12,205
Valdez11,441
Catacocha10,872
San Miguel de Salcedo10,838
Rocafuerte10,274
Yantzaza9,970
Canar9,900
Catarama9,723
Portovelo9,708
Banos9,501
Colimes9,384
Palestina9,364
Pajan9,183
Junin9,128
Palenque9,083
Puerto Ayora8,996
Puerto Bolivar8,300
Cotacachi8,238
Lomas de Sargentillo7,542
Pillaro7,462
Sucua7,413
Pimampiro7,408
Archidona7,309
Coronel Marcelino Mariduena7,303
Palora6,472
Pedernales5,983
Celica5,499
Sangolqui5,114
Puerto Baquerizo Moreno4,214

Ecuador Population Clock

What is the population of Ecuador (as of 11/15/2017)?16,641,142
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)16,624,858
Births Per Day181
Deaths Per Day46
Net Migrations Per Day -17
Net Change Per Day 118
Population Change Since January 1st37,642

Ecuador Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.883 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.104 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.368 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 76.594 years
Male Life Expectancy 73.947 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.332 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.457 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.153 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 18.939 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 22.819 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.343 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.633
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.674%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.799%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.463%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.357%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.09%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 10.489%
Median Age (Total) 27.4 years
Median Age (Female) 28.1 years
Median Age (Male) 26.7 years

Ecuador Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201716,624,85849.98%50.02%601.48%
201516,144,36849.99%50.01%581.57%
201014,934,69050.03%49.97%541.69%
200513,735,23350.08%49.92%501.69%
200012,628,59650.13%49.87%462.00%
199511,440,58350.20%49.80%412.29%
199010,218,09150.25%49.75%372.47%
19859,045,97950.27%49.73%332.55%
19807,976,44550.28%49.72%292.68%
19756,987,39150.25%49.75%252.85%
19706,072,52750.19%49.80%222.95%
19655,250,11950.11%49.89%192.92%
19604,545,55049.99%50.01%162.81%
19553,957,48549.86%50.14%142.66%
19503,470,15949.70%50.30%130.00%

Ecuador Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202017,335,64249.96%50.04%630.00%
202518,478,36449.92%50.08%671.28%
203019,554,85649.89%50.11%711.14%
203520,554,15649.87%50.13%741.00%
204021,461,74049.85%50.15%780.87%
204522,268,68049.85%50.15%800.74%
205022,968,45149.88%50.12%830.62%
205523,560,31549.91%50.09%850.51%
206024,041,84049.96%50.04%870.41%
206524,410,73150.01%49.99%880.31%
207024,670,20950.05%49.95%890.21%
207524,822,80350.08%49.92%900.12%
208024,876,79450.10%49.90%900.04%
208524,839,31250.12%49.88%90-0.03%
209024,725,84050.14%49.86%89-0.09%
209524,550,54350.15%49.85%89-0.14%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer