Ecuador Population 2018

16,836,041

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is bordered by Colombia, Peru and the Pacific Ocean. Along with the mainland, the country also includes the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific, which are about 620 miles west of the mainland. In 2018, Ecuador has an estimated population of 16.86 million, which ranks 68th in the world.

The last official census recording the population of Ecuador occurred in 2010 and showed there were 14,483,499 people living in the country, which is believed to have grown to 16.86 million in 2018. The country has a population density of 59 people per square kilometer (153/square mile), which ranks 151st in the world.

The majority of people in Ecuador live in the central regions, the Andes mountains or along the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Only 3% of the total population lives in the tropical forest east of the mountains, which still remains very sparsely populated.

The largest concentration of Ecuadorians live in the two largest cities: Guayaquil with a population of 2,350,915 and the capital city of Quito with a population of 2,239,191, according to the 2010 Census data.

Ecuador Demographics

Ecuador has a very ethnically diverse population. As of 2014, the largest ethnic group remains Mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists and indigenous people, who make up 71.9% of the population. Amerindians account for nearly 7% of the population, while Afro-Ecuadorians, who live mostly in Imbabura and Esmeraldas provinces, make up 7% of the population. White people of European descent make up 12.% of Ecuador's population.

Most of the ethnic groups of Ecuador descend from the Spanish colonists and South American Indians, as the mixture of these two groups created the Mestizo category. Afro-Ecuadorians are descendants of black slaves who arrived in the country to work on plantations in the 16th century. Until the 1950's, the geography of ethnicity in Ecuador remained very well-defined until a jump in migration.

Just decades ago, most Mestizos lived in small rural towns in the countryside, Indians made up the majority of the rural Sierra population, black residents lived in Esmeraldas, Carchi and Imbabura provinces while the white population resided mostly in the large cities. Due primarily to pressure on the Sierra land resources, Indians began migrating to the cities and many began switching their ethnic identity to Mestizo beginning in the 1980's.

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuador has a slow average population growth rate of just 1.4%, which ranks as 87th in the world. Birth rate is also low at only 19.23 births per 1,000 people, although the death rate is one of the lowest in the world at 5.03 deaths per 1,000 people. This means Ecuador remains higher than replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising rather than remain stagnant.

It's estimated that between 2 and 3 million Ecuadorians live abroad, although increased unemployment in Spain, the United States and Italy is slowing this emigration. It's believed that many emigrants will return to the country over time. Ecuador also has a small but growing population of immigrants. It's currently the top recipient of refugees in Latin America, the vast majority of which are Colombians escaping violence in their own country. The rate of emigration to Ecuador is expected to grow.

There are also nearly 100,000 American and 30,000 European Union expatriates in Ecuador, many of whom moved to the country for business opportunities or to retire. Given the relatively low cost of living, it's expected that this trend will continue.

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuadorian President Correa's "Welcome Home Plan" is credited with helping to encourage emigrants to return to Ecuador, and now more people move to Ecuador than leave it. It's estimated that if the country continues its current stable population growth, it will have 21.1 million citizens by 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 85 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Ecuador Population in 2018Source: Patricio Mena Vásconez

Ecuador Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150kEcuador Male Population0k50k100k150kEcuador Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Ecuador Median Age

27.4


Total

26.7


Male

28.1


Female

Ecuador Population by Age

There are 10,998,517 adults in Ecuador.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuador has a slow average population growth rate of just 1.4%, which ranks as 87th in the world. Birth rate is also low at only 19.23 births per 1,000 people, although the death rate is one of the lowest in the world at 5.03 deaths per 1,000 people. This means Ecuador remains higher than replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising rather than remain stagnant.

Ecuadorian President Correa's "Welcome Home Plan" is credited with helping to encourage emigrants to return to Ecuador, and now more people move to Ecuador than leave it. It's estimated that if the country continues its current stable population growth, it will have 21.1 million citizens by 2050.

About Ecuador

Official NameRepublic of Ecuador
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-2-77.5
Currencies UsedUnited States Dollar
DemonymEcuadorean

Countries Bordering Ecuador

Colombia
Peru

Ecuador Population Density

Ecuador Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Guayaquil1,952,029
Quito1,399,814
Cuenca276,964
Santo Domingo de los Colorados200,421
Machala198,123
Manta183,166
Portoviejo170,326
Eloy Alfaro167,784
Esmeraldas165,216
Ambato154,369
Tutamandahostel140,000
Milagro133,508
Ibarra132,977
Riobamba124,478
Quevedo119,436
Loja117,796
Tulcan86,498
Babahoyo76,279
La Libertad75,881
Latacunga51,717

Ecuador Population Clock

The population of Ecuador (as of 5/19/2018)?16,836,041
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)16,863,425
Births Per Day904
Deaths Per Day235
Net Migrations Per Day -17
Net Change Per Day 652
Population Change Since January 1st90,628

Ecuador Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.718 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.118 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.368 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 76.67 years
Male Life Expectancy 73.99 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.44 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.444 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.154 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 18.745 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 22.609 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.427 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.6

Ecuador Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201816,863,42549.97%50.03%60.91701.44%
201716,624,85849.98%50.02%60.05691.46%
201616,385,06849.99%50.01%59.19691.49%
201516,144,36849.99%50.01%58.32681.57%
201014,934,69050.03%49.97%53.95671.69%
200513,735,23350.08%49.92%49.61631.69%
200012,628,59650.13%49.87%45.62632.00%
199511,440,58350.20%49.80%41.33632.29%
199010,218,09150.25%49.75%36.91672.47%
19859,045,97950.27%49.73%32.68712.55%
19807,976,44550.28%49.72%28.81732.68%
19756,987,39150.25%49.75%25.24732.85%
19706,072,52750.19%49.80%21.94742.95%
19655,250,11950.11%49.89%18.96752.92%
19604,545,55049.99%50.01%16.42772.81%
19553,957,48549.86%50.14%14.30782.66%
19503,470,15949.70%50.30%12.53800.00%

Ecuador Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202017,335,64249.96%50.04%62.62690.00%
202518,478,36449.92%50.08%66.75721.28%
203019,554,85649.89%50.11%70.64711.14%
203520,554,15649.87%50.13%74.25701.00%
204021,461,74049.85%50.15%77.52700.87%
204522,268,68049.85%50.15%80.44720.74%
205022,968,45149.88%50.12%82.97710.62%
205523,560,31549.91%50.09%85.10710.51%
206024,041,84049.96%50.04%86.84720.41%
206524,410,73150.01%49.99%88.18720.31%
207024,670,20950.05%49.95%89.11720.21%
207524,822,80350.08%49.92%89.66730.12%
208024,876,79450.10%49.90%89.86720.04%
208524,839,31250.12%49.88%89.7271-0.03%
209024,725,84050.14%49.86%89.3171-0.09%
209524,550,54350.15%49.85%88.6872-0.14%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001 and 2010 censuses, with official estimates though 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer