Ecuador Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The last official census recording the population of Ecuador occurred in 2010 and showed there were 14,483,499 people living in the country, which is believed to have grown to 16.2 million in 2015. The country has a population density of 59 people per square kilometer (153/square mile), which ranks 151st in the world.

The majority of people in Ecuador live in the central regions, the Andes mountains or along the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Only 3% of the total population lives in the tropical forest east of the mountains, which still remains very sparsely populated.

The largest concentration of Ecuadorians live in the two largest cities: Guayaquil with a population of 2,350,915 and the capital city of Quito with a population of 2,239,191, according to the 2010 Census data.

Ecuador Demographics

Ecuador has a very ethnically diverse population. As of 2014, the largest ethnic group remains Mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists and indigenous people, who make up 71.9% of the population. Amerindians account for nearly 7% of the population, while Afro-Ecuadorians, who live mostly in Imbabura and Esmeraldas provinces, make up 7% of the population. White people of European descent make up 12.% of Ecuador's population.

Most of the ethnic groups of Ecuador descend from the Spanish colonists and South American Indians, as the mixture of these two groups created the Mestizo category. Afro-Ecuadorians are descendants of black slaves who arrived in the country to work on plantations in the 16th century. Until the 1950's, the geography of ethnicity in Ecuador remained very well-defined until a jump in migration.

Just decades ago, most Mestizos lived in small rural towns in the countryside, Indians made up the majority of the rural Sierra population, black residents lived in Esmeraldas, Carchi and Imbabura provinces while the white population resided mostly in the large cities. Due primarily to pressure on the Sierra land resources, Indians began migrating to the cities and many began switching their ethnic identity to Mestizo beginning in the 1980's.

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuador has a slow average population growth rate of just 1.4%, which ranks as 87th in the world. Birth rate is also low at only 19.23 births per 1,000 people, although the death rate is one of the lowest in the world at 5.03 deaths per 1,000 people. This means Ecuador remains higher than replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising rather than remain stagnant.

It's estimated that between 2 and 3 million Ecuadorians live abroad, although increased unemployment in Spain, the United States and Italy is slowing this emigration. It's believed that many emigrants will return to the country over time. Ecuador also has a small but growing population of immigrants. It's currently the top recipient of refugees in Latin America, the vast majority of which are Colombians escaping violence in their own country. The rate of emigration to Ecuador is expected to grow.

There are also nearly 100,000 American and 30,000 European Union expatriates in Ecuador, many of whom moved to the country for business opportunities or to retire. Given the relatively low cost of living, it's expected that this trend will continue.

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuadorian President Correa's "Welcome Home Plan" is credited with helping to encourage emigrants to return to Ecuador, and now more people move to Ecuador than leave it. It's estimated that if the country continues its current stable population growth, it will have 21.1 million citizens by 2050.

Ecuador Population in 2017 Source: Patricio Mena Vásconez

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ecuador Population Growth

Ecuador has a slow average population growth rate of just 1.4%, which ranks as 87th in the world. Birth rate is also low at only 19.23 births per 1,000 people, although the death rate is one of the lowest in the world at 5.03 deaths per 1,000 people. This means Ecuador remains higher than replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising rather than remain stagnant.

Ecuadorian President Correa's "Welcome Home Plan" is credited with helping to encourage emigrants to return to Ecuador, and now more people move to Ecuador than leave it. It's estimated that if the country continues its current stable population growth, it will have 21.1 million citizens by 2050.

Ecuador Population Density

About Ecuador

Official Name Republic of Ecuador
Languages Spoken Spanish
Borders COL, PER
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude -2,-77.5
Currencies Used USD

Ecuador Population Clock

What is the population of Ecuador (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 181
Deaths Per Day 46
Net Migrations Per Day -17
Net Change Per Day 118
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Ecuador Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 19.883 births/thousand 82nd
Crude Death Rate 5.104 deaths/thousand 177th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.368 people/thousand 97th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 76.594 years 67th
Life Expectancy (Male) 73.947 years 67th
Life Expectancy (Female) 79.332 years 64th
Total Fertility Rate 2.457 children/woman 81st
Net Reproduction Rate 1.153 surviving daughters/woman 80th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 18.939 deaths/1,000 live births 84th
Under Five Mortality 22.819 deaths/thousand 85th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.343 years 174th
Rate of Natural Increase 14.633 80th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.674% 120th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.799% 124th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.463% 118th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.357% 120th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.09% 124th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 10.489% 118th
Crude Suicide Rate 8.9 suicides/thousand 73rd
Median Age (Total) 27.4 years 134th
Median Age (Female) 28.1 years 126th
Median Age (Male) 26.7 years 135th

Ecuador Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 16,625,776 49.979% 50.021% 66 143 1.43% 69
2015 16,144,363 49.993% 50.007% 65 142 1.48% 69
2010 14,934,692 50.033% 49.967% 60 144 1.61% 66
2005 13,735,232 50.08% 49.92% 55 143 1.68% 63
2000 12,628,596 50.134% 49.866% 50 144 1.76% 63
1995 11,440,576 50.202% 49.798% 46 142 2.1% 64
1990 10,218,085 50.246% 49.754% 41 142 2.35% 68
1985 9,045,976 50.268% 49.732% 36 143 2.48% 71
1980 7,976,449 50.277% 49.723% 32 142 2.56% 73
1975 6,987,393 50.254% 49.746% 28 143 2.71% 73
1970 6,072,520 50.195% 49.805% 24 144 2.86% 74
1965 5,250,120 50.106% 49.894% 21 146 2.92% 75
1960 4,545,548 49.994% 50.006% 18 146 2.85% 77
1955 3,957,482 49.863% 50.137% 15 149 2.71% 78
1950 3,470,162 49.699% 50.301% 13 148 2.59% 80

Ecuador Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 17,338,395 49.961% 50.039% 69 144 1.34% 70
2025 18,483,290 49.932% 50.068% 74 139 1.19% 70
2030 19,563,109 49.91% 50.09% 78 139 1.05% 70
2035 20,567,883 49.898% 50.102% 82 138 0.92% 70
2040 21,483,526 49.901% 50.099% 86 137 0.79% 70
2045 22,300,005 49.921% 50.079% 89 136 0.68% 70
2050 23,012,536 49.965% 50.035% 92 136 0.56% 70
2055 23,614,168 50.026% 49.974% 95 131 0.45% 71
2060 24,107,686 50.096% 49.904% 97 128 0.35% 71
2065 24,491,510 50.162% 49.838% 98 125 0.26% 71
2070 24,767,319 50.224% 49.776% 99 124 0.17% 71
2075 24,935,139 50.283% 49.717% 100 123 0.09% 72
2080 25,006,433 50.327% 49.673% 100 124 0.01% 72
2085 24,983,058 50.362% 49.638% 100 124 -0.06% 71
2090 24,881,482 50.389% 49.611% 100 126 -0.11% 72
2095 24,717,925 50.402% 49.598% 99 125 -0.16% 73
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations