Efta Countries 2019

The European Free Trade Association, also known as EFTA, is a free trade area and trade organization located in Europe. It was first established in 1960 and served as an alternative trade doc for the nations that did not want to join the European Union.

EFTA countries have the right to enter into third-country trade arrangements. However, there is a coordinated trade policy among the nations. As a joint unit, free trade agreements with the European Union and other nations have been concluded.

At its inception, seven nations were members of EFTA. Those founding members were:

Austria Denmark Norway Portugal Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom

However, some of these nations have since left EFTA and have joined the European Union. The first to leave were Denmark and the United Kingdom in 1973. Portugal was the next to leave in 1986. In 1995, Austria also left.

In the 1980s, Finland joined EFTA. However, it left in 1995.

Of the founding nations, only Switzerland and Norway remain. There are also two additional members: Iceland, which joined in 1970, and Liechtenstein, which joined in 1991.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
2Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²35,547 mi²< 0.1%-0.29%EuropeSouthern Europe
3Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²173,814 mi²0.30%0.65%EuropeNorthern Europe
4Austria8,955,10283,871 km²32,374 mi²< 0.1%0.72%EuropeWestern Europe
5Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²15,936 mi²< 0.1%0.77%EuropeWestern Europe
6Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²16,634 mi²< 0.1%0.34%EuropeNorthern Europe
7Norway5,378,857323,802 km²124,988 mi²0.22%0.77%EuropeNorthern Europe