Egypt Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Egypt, known officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country which spans the southwest corner of Asia and the northeast corner of Africa. This is made possible through a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of Egypt is located in North Africa. It is bordered by both land and sea: the Mediterranean is to its North, Israel and the Gaza Strip to the Northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to its East, the Red Sea to the East and South, Libya to the West and Sudan to the South.

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. With a 2015 estimated population of 84.7 million, Egypt ranks 15th in the world.

Egypt's population is estimated at almost 85 million in 2015, up from the last official census figure of 72.7 million in 2006.

Cairo alone, which is the capital city of Egypt, has a population of around 10.902 million people (according to estimations made in 2009). The population density of Egypt as a whole is 84 people per square kilometer (218/square mile), with Cairo having the heaviest density at 46,349 per kilometer square. Overall, Egypt ranks 126th in the world in terms of population density.

Estimates made in 2012 predicted the population growth rate to be 1.922%, and a fertility rate of 2.94 children born per woman, the latter in line with South Asian and Middle Eastern averages. Besides these factors contributing to growth rate, there has been a general boom in population immigration and medical advances, although the recent political and military conflicts have caused a negative growth rate.

Approximately 2.7 million Egyptians are found living abroad, as estimated by the International Organization for Migration. These include the Arab countries, like Saudi Arabia, Libya, Jordan and Kuwait, where 70% of the Egyptian immigrants reside. The rest of the 30% inhabit Europe and North America (90,000 in Italy, 110,000 in Canada and 318,000 in the United States). Constituting 91%, Ethnic Egyptians are the leading group of Egypt’s population.

Egypt Population History

During 1970 to 2010, there was a population boom due to advancements in agricultural productivity and medical fields, which were made possible due to the Green Revolution. When Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt in 1978, the country’s population amounted to only 3 million. Over the years, population has increased and decreased, due to erratic fluctuation patterns.

The population growth rate during every five years is given as: 1980 to 1985 was estimated at 2.39%, 1985 to 1990 at 2.30%, 1990 to 1995 at 1.76%, 1995 to 2000 at 1.72%, 2000 to 2005 at 1.85% and during 2005 to 2010 at 1.78%. Life expectancy at birth rose by 14.7 years from the period 1980 to 1985, to the period 2005 to 2010, increasing from 57.6 years to 72.3 years. The infant mortality rate was estimated at 101.1 infant deaths per 100 live births; however this number has been decreasing as the years have progressed.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy at birth in Egypt in 2012 was estimated at 72.93 years for the total population, with 70.33 years for the male population, and 75.66 years for the female population. The birth rate was of 24.22 births for 1000 people, and the death rate of 4.8 deaths for 1000 people.

Data published by WHO (World Health Organisation) in 2011 showed life expectancy in Egypt at 73.3 for the total population, with 71.3 years for males and 75.4 for females, giving it a world life expectancy ranking of 92 by both WHO and the CIA. Egypt shares this position with countries like Algeria, Dominican Republic, Iran, Nicaragua and Samoa.

Demographics

Ethnic Egyptians account for 91% of the total population. The largest ethnic minorities include the Turks, Greeks, Abazas, and Bedouin Arab tribes in the Sinai Peninsula and the deserts to the east, as well as the Siwis in the Siwa Oasis and the Nubian people along the Nile.

After Nigeria and Ethiopia, Egypt is the most populated country on the African continent. A majority of the population lives near the banks of the Nile River, which amasses an area of 40,000 square kilometers. This area is the only arable land found in the country. The three largest cities of the country are Cairo, Alexandria and Giza.

According to estimates made in 2012, middle-aged people of 25 to 54 years dominate the age structure at 38.1%, with the least being from 65 years and above at 4.7%. Sex ratio in 2011 was calculated as: at birth (1.05 males/females), under 15 years (1.05 males/females), from 15 to 64 years (1.03 males/females) and 65 years and above (0.82 males/females).

Total education expenditures in 2008 constituted 3.8% of GDP, while health expenditures made in 2009 amounted 6.4% of GDP). In 2012, net migration was -0.2 migrants for 1000 people. The literacy rate calculated in 2010 gave a figure of 72% of the total population; 63.5% females and 80.3% males. The official language is Arabic, while other widely understood and spoken languages by the upper classes include English and French.

In 2010, Egypt’s urban population constituted 43.4% of its urban population. Currently, the rate of urbanization is of 2.1% at an annual rate of change. 99.6% of the total population’s ethnicity was Egyptian, while others amounted to 0.4% in the 2006 census. The dominating religion in the country is that of Islam at 90% (mostly Sunnis); Christianity is at 10% while Judaism is practiced by fewer than 200 people. The Bahai community of fewer than 2000 individuals is not even recognized by the government.

Egypt Population Projections

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. This is true to the extent that, though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen in the previous years. This can be proved by statistics that show a decrease from 7.2 children per woman in the early 1960’s to 3.4 children per woman in 1998.

There is no doubt about the fact that Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 123.5 million in 2050.

Egypt  Population in 2016 Source: Luc Legay from Paris, France

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Egypt Population Growth

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. Though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen from 6.62 children per woman in the early 1950's to 2.98 children per woman in 2010. Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 121.8 million in 2050.

Egypt Population Density

About Egypt

Official Name Arab Republic of Egypt
Languages Spoken Arabic
Borders ISR, LBY, SDN
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 27,30
Currencies Used EGP

Egypt Population Clock

What is the population of Egypt (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 1,354
Deaths Per Day 306
Net Migrations Per Day -118
Net Change Per Day 930
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Egypt Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 26.593 births/thousand 55th
Crude Death Rate 6.003 deaths/thousand 149th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.449 people/thousand 100th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.517 years 119th
Life Expectancy (Male) 69.351 years 113th
Life Expectancy (Female) 73.776 years 128th
Total Fertility Rate 3.27 children/woman 58th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.493 surviving daughters/woman 57th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female 28th
Infant Mortality Rate 16.416 deaths/1,000 live births 95th
Under Five Mortality 20.962 deaths/thousand 94th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.405 years 171st
Rate of Natural Increase 19.217 57th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.63% 93rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 5.431% 87th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.79% 97th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.583% 93rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.36% 87th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.608% 97th
Crude Suicide Rate 1.6 suicides/thousand 159th
Median Age (Total) 23.8 years 154th
Median Age (Female) 24.1 years 154th
Median Age (Male) 23.5 years 152nd

Egypt Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 93,383,574 50.537% 49.463% 93 111 1.94% 15
2015 91,508,084 50.532% 49.468% 91 114 2.03% 15
2010 82,040,994 50.469% 49.531% 82 117 2.11% 15
2005 74,942,115 50.388% 49.612% 75 118 1.76% 16
2000 68,334,905 50.273% 49.727% 68 120 1.83% 15
1995 62,434,527 50.287% 49.713% 62 121 1.84% 15
1990 56,397,273 50.171% 49.829% 56 122 2.27% 19
1985 49,373,806 50.206% 49.794% 49 124 2.75% 20
1980 43,369,552 50.442% 49.558% 43 124 2.5% 21
1975 38,624,410 50.53% 49.47% 38 128 2.19% 21
1970 34,808,599 50.623% 49.377% 34 127 2.14% 20
1965 30,872,982 50.688% 49.312% 31 124 2.52% 23
1960 27,072,397 50.643% 49.357% 27 127 2.69% 22
1955 23,656,216 50.57% 49.43% 23 127 2.67% 22
1950 20,897,237 50.421% 49.579% 20 128 2.3% 21

Egypt Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 100,517,804 50.537% 49.463% 100 108 1.7% 14
2025 108,939,338 50.517% 49.483% 109 102 1.49% 14
2030 117,101,881 50.484% 49.516% 117 101 1.41% 15
2035 125,588,650 50.448% 49.552% 126 99 1.38% 14
2040 134,428,337 50.415% 49.585% 135 96 1.3% 13
2045 143,063,590 50.387% 49.613% 143 96 1.16% 12
2050 151,111,009 50.371% 49.629% 151 96 1.01% 12
2055 158,492,758 50.359% 49.641% 159 93 0.88% 12
2060 165,322,039 50.358% 49.642% 166 92 0.79% 13
2065 171,681,553 50.372% 49.628% 172 93 0.71% 12
2070 177,556,688 50.404% 49.596% 178 92 0.62% 12
2075 182,841,164 50.453% 49.547% 183 90 0.54% 12
2080 187,608,543 50.526% 49.474% 188 89 0.47% 12
2085 191,831,777 50.594% 49.406% 192 86 0.41% 11
2090 195,517,768 50.667% 49.333% 196 86 0.34% 11
2095 198,544,435 50.737% 49.263% 199 84 0.26% 11
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations