Egypt Population 2017

97,679,145

Egypt, known officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country which spans the southwest corner of Asia and the northeast corner of Africa. This is made possible through a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of Egypt is located in North Africa. It is bordered by both land and sea: the Mediterranean is to its North, Israel and the Gaza Strip to the Northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to its East, the Red Sea to the East and South, Libya to the West and Sudan to the South.

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. With a 2017 estimated population of 97.55 million, Egypt ranks 15th in the world. This is up from the last official census figure of 72.7 million in 2006.

Cairo alone, which is the capital city of Egypt, has a population of around 10.902 million people (according to estimations made in 2009). The population density of Egypt as a whole is 84 people per square kilometer (218/square mile), with Cairo having the heaviest density at 46,349 per kilometer square. Overall, Egypt ranks 126th in the world in terms of population density.

Estimates made in 2012 predicted the population growth rate to be 1.922%, and a fertility rate of 2.94 children born per woman, the latter in line with South Asian and Middle Eastern averages. Besides these factors contributing to growth rate, there has been a general boom in population immigration and medical advances, although the recent political and military conflicts have caused a negative growth rate.

Approximately 2.7 million Egyptians are found living abroad, as estimated by the International Organization for Migration. These include the Arab countries, like Saudi Arabia, Libya, Jordan and Kuwait, where 70% of the Egyptian immigrants reside. The rest of the 30% inhabit Europe and North America (90,000 in Italy, 110,000 in Canada and 318,000 in the United States). Constituting 91%, Ethnic Egyptians are the leading group of Egypt’s population.

Egypt Population History

During 1970 to 2010, there was a population boom due to advancements in agricultural productivity and medical fields, which were made possible due to the Green Revolution. When Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt in 1798, the country’s population amounted to only 3 million. Over the years, population has increased and decreased, due to erratic fluctuation patterns.

The population growth rate during every five years is given as: 1980 to 1985 was estimated at 2.39%, 1985 to 1990 at 2.30%, 1990 to 1995 at 1.76%, 1995 to 2000 at 1.72%, 2000 to 2005 at 1.85% and during 2005 to 2010 at 1.78%. Life expectancy at birth rose by 14.7 years from the period 1980 to 1985, to the period 2005 to 2010, increasing from 57.6 years to 72.3 years. The infant mortality rate was estimated at 101.1 infant deaths per 100 live births; however this number has been decreasing as the years have progressed.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy at birth in Egypt in 2012 was estimated at 72.93 years for the total population, with 70.33 years for the male population, and 75.66 years for the female population. The birth rate was of 24.22 births for 1000 people, and the death rate of 4.8 deaths for 1000 people.

Data published by WHO (World Health Organisation) in 2011 showed life expectancy in Egypt at 73.3 for the total population, with 71.3 years for males and 75.4 for females, giving it a world life expectancy ranking of 92 by both WHO and the CIA. Egypt shares this position with countries like Algeria, Dominican Republic, Iran, Nicaragua and Samoa.

Demographics

Ethnic Egyptians account for 91% of the total population. The largest ethnic minorities include the Turks, Greeks, Abazas, and Bedouin Arab tribes in the Sinai Peninsula and the deserts to the east, as well as the Siwis in the Siwa Oasis and the Nubian people along the Nile.

After Nigeria and Ethiopia, Egypt is the most populated country on the African continent. A majority of the population lives near the banks of the Nile River, which amasses an area of 40,000 square kilometers. This area is the only arable land found in the country. The three largest cities of the country are Cairo, Alexandria and Giza.

According to estimates made in 2012, middle-aged people of 25 to 54 years dominate the age structure at 38.1%, with the least being from 65 years and above at 4.7%. Sex ratio in 2011 was calculated as: at birth (1.05 males/females), under 15 years (1.05 males/females), from 15 to 64 years (1.03 males/females) and 65 years and above (0.82 males/females).

Total education expenditures in 2008 constituted 3.8% of GDP, while health expenditures made in 2009 amounted 6.4% of GDP). In 2012, net migration was -0.2 migrants for 1000 people. The literacy rate calculated in 2010 gave a figure of 72% of the total population; 63.5% females and 80.3% males. The official language is Arabic, while other widely understood and spoken languages by the upper classes include English and French.

In 2010, Egypt’s urban population constituted 43.4% of its urban population. Currently, the rate of urbanization is of 2.1% at an annual rate of change. 99.6% of the total population’s ethnicity was Egyptian, while others amounted to 0.4% in the 2006 census. The dominating religion in the country is that of Islam at 90% (mostly Sunnis); Christianity is at 10% while Judaism is practiced by fewer than 200 people. The Bahai community of fewer than 2000 individuals is not even recognized by the government.

Egypt Population Projections

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. This is true to the extent that, though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen in the previous years. This can be proved by statistics that show a decrease from 7.2 children per woman in the early 1960’s to 3.4 children per woman in 1998.

There is no doubt about the fact that Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 123.5 million in 2050.

Egypt Population in 2018Source: Luc Legay from Paris, France

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Egypt Population Growth

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. Though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen from 6.62 children per woman in the early 1950's to 2.98 children per woman in 2010. Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 121.8 million in 2050.

About Egypt

Official NameArab Republic of Egypt
Languages SpokenArabic
BordersISR, LBY, SDN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2730
Currencies UsedEGP

Egypt Population Density

Name Population
Cairo7,734,614
Alexandria3,811,516
Al Jizah2,443,203
Port Said538,378
Suez488,125
Al Mahallah al Kubra431,052
Luxor422,407
Asyut420,585
Al Mansurah420,195
Tanda404,901
Al Fayyum306,393
Zagazig285,097
Ismailia284,813
Kafr ad Dawwar267,370
Aswan241,261
Qina235,362
Halwan230,000
Damanhur227,943
Al Minya227,150
Sohag209,419
Bani Suwayf189,624
Shibin al Kawm186,345
Banha167,029
Idfu166,102
Talkha157,737
Kafr ash Shaykh143,970
Mallawi142,504
Dikirnis137,542
Bilbays129,211
Arish128,855
Jirja128,250
Al Hawamidiyah106,841
Idku105,599
Bilqas103,596
Disuq102,037
Abu Kabir100,684
Qalyub100,495
Akhmim99,446
Al Matariyah99,357
Hurghada95,622
Zifta92,667
Tahta90,591
Samalut90,465
Bush86,608
Hawsh `Isa85,352
Minuf83,651
Ashmun82,507
Manfalut78,744
Damietta76,839
Kafr az Zayyat73,725
Abu Tij71,257
Isna69,335
Abnub68,749
Al Qusiyah68,394
Al Jamaliyah68,381
Dayrut67,788
Al Kharijah67,700
Toukh67,599
Al Manzilah67,486
Rosetta64,481
Awsim63,862
Al Fashn63,793
Fuwah63,310
Faqus62,821
Al Khankah62,434
Mersa Matruh62,042
Al Qurayn61,730
Abu Qurqas61,182
Al Manshah61,134
Kousa60,181
Kawm Umbu59,787
Faraskur58,284
Bani Mazar58,153
Minyat an Nasr56,951
Shibin al Qanatir56,872
Al Qanatir al Khayriyah56,302
Basyun55,523
Samannud54,980
Shirbin54,676
Dishna54,197
Farshut53,851
Diyarb Najm51,841
At Tall al Kabir51,569
Tala51,498
Ibshaway51,173
Al Balyana48,801
Ash Shuhada'48,060
Sidi Salim47,998
Juhaynah47,821
Tamiyah46,866
Al Hamul45,798
Mashtul as Suq45,798
Ain Sukhna45,552
Itsa45,269
Matay45,215
Al Badari44,132
Hihya43,432
Al Qanayat42,912
Quwaysina42,708
Madinat Sittah Uktubar41,930
Abu al Matamir41,302
Naj` Hammadi41,184
Dayr Mawas40,609
Ad Dilinjat40,386
Az Zarqa40,010
As Saff38,213
`Izbat al Burj37,953
Al Wasitah37,453
Sumusta as Sultani37,260
Kawm Hamadah36,751
Al Bajur36,633
Kafr Saqr34,967
Al `Ayyat34,796
Aja34,692
Al Ibrahimiyah34,638
Bur Safajah32,944
Al Qusayr24,653
Qutur23,842
Al Bawiti20,000
El Gouna15,000
El-Tor14,972
Sharm el-Sheikh12,000
Marsa Alam10,000
Dhahab8,000
Al `Alamayn7,400
Siwa Oasis7,000

Egypt Population Clock

What is the population of Egypt (as of 11/15/2017)?97,679,145
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)97,553,151
Births Per Day1,340
Deaths Per Day309
Net Migrations Per Day -118
Net Change Per Day 913
Population Change Since January 1st291,247

Egypt Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 25.794 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.944 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.449 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.705 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.522 years
Female Life Expectancy 73.986 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.216 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.493 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 15.814 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 20.195 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.405 years
Rate of Natural Increase 19.217
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.63%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 5.431%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.79%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.583%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.36%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.608%
Median Age (Total) 23.8 years
Median Age (Female) 24.1 years
Median Age (Male) 23.5 years

Egypt Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201797,553,15150.56%49.44%971.99%
201593,778,17250.55%49.45%942.20%
201084,107,60650.49%49.51%841.84%
200576,778,14950.41%49.59%771.89%
200069,905,98850.30%49.70%701.87%
199563,714,38650.32%49.68%642.10%
199057,412,21550.20%49.80%572.72%
198550,204,98550.24%49.76%502.63%
198044,099,14250.47%49.53%442.39%
197539,187,70250.56%49.44%392.26%
197035,046,27350.65%49.35%352.57%
196530,875,96450.70%49.30%312.72%
196026,996,53350.65%49.35%272.79%
195523,523,38450.57%49.43%232.58%
195020,713,33150.41%49.59%210.00%

Egypt Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020102,941,48450.56%49.44%1030.00%
2025111,470,93050.53%49.47%1111.60%
2030119,745,67750.49%49.51%1191.44%
2035128,264,28750.44%49.56%1281.38%
2040137,065,51350.38%49.62%1371.34%
2045145,575,54750.33%49.67%1451.21%
2050153,433,49250.28%49.72%1531.06%
2055160,546,41250.23%49.77%1600.91%
2060167,005,24550.20%49.80%1670.79%
2065172,963,94450.17%49.83%1730.70%
2070178,407,02550.17%49.83%1780.62%
2075183,295,80150.20%49.80%1830.54%
2080187,609,55950.23%49.77%1870.47%
2085191,350,01050.27%49.73%1910.40%
2090194,498,19750.31%49.69%1940.33%
2095196,985,98050.35%49.65%1970.25%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer