Egypt Population 2017

95,282,664

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. With a 2015 estimated population of 84.7 million, Egypt ranks 15th in the world.

Egypt's population is estimated at almost 85 million in 2015, up from the last official census figure of 72.7 million in 2006.

Cairo alone, which is the capital city of Egypt, has a population of around 10.902 million people (according to estimations made in 2009). The population density of Egypt as a whole is 84 people per square kilometer (218/square mile), with Cairo having the heaviest density at 46,349 per kilometer square. Overall, Egypt ranks 126th in the world in terms of population density.

Estimates made in 2012 predicted the population growth rate to be 1.922%, and a fertility rate of 2.94 children born per woman, the latter in line with South Asian and Middle Eastern averages. Besides these factors contributing to growth rate, there has been a general boom in population immigration and medical advances, although the recent political and military conflicts have caused a negative growth rate.

Approximately 2.7 million Egyptians are found living abroad, as estimated by the International Organization for Migration. These include the Arab countries, like Saudi Arabia, Libya, Jordan and Kuwait, where 70% of the Egyptian immigrants reside. The rest of the 30% inhabit Europe and North America (90,000 in Italy, 110,000 in Canada and 318,000 in the United States). Constituting 91%, Ethnic Egyptians are the leading group of Egypt’s population.

Egypt Population History

During 1970 to 2010, there was a population boom due to advancements in agricultural productivity and medical fields, which were made possible due to the Green Revolution. When Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt in 1798, the country’s population amounted to only 3 million. Over the years, population has increased and decreased, due to erratic fluctuation patterns.

The population growth rate during every five years is given as: 1980 to 1985 was estimated at 2.39%, 1985 to 1990 at 2.30%, 1990 to 1995 at 1.76%, 1995 to 2000 at 1.72%, 2000 to 2005 at 1.85% and during 2005 to 2010 at 1.78%. Life expectancy at birth rose by 14.7 years from the period 1980 to 1985, to the period 2005 to 2010, increasing from 57.6 years to 72.3 years. The infant mortality rate was estimated at 101.1 infant deaths per 100 live births; however this number has been decreasing as the years have progressed.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy at birth in Egypt in 2012 was estimated at 72.93 years for the total population, with 70.33 years for the male population, and 75.66 years for the female population. The birth rate was of 24.22 births for 1000 people, and the death rate of 4.8 deaths for 1000 people.

Data published by WHO (World Health Organisation) in 2011 showed life expectancy in Egypt at 73.3 for the total population, with 71.3 years for males and 75.4 for females, giving it a world life expectancy ranking of 92 by both WHO and the CIA. Egypt shares this position with countries like Algeria, Dominican Republic, Iran, Nicaragua and Samoa.

Demographics

Ethnic Egyptians account for 91% of the total population. The largest ethnic minorities include the Turks, Greeks, Abazas, and Bedouin Arab tribes in the Sinai Peninsula and the deserts to the east, as well as the Siwis in the Siwa Oasis and the Nubian people along the Nile.

After Nigeria and Ethiopia, Egypt is the most populated country on the African continent. A majority of the population lives near the banks of the Nile River, which amasses an area of 40,000 square kilometers. This area is the only arable land found in the country. The three largest cities of the country are Cairo, Alexandria and Giza.

According to estimates made in 2012, middle-aged people of 25 to 54 years dominate the age structure at 38.1%, with the least being from 65 years and above at 4.7%. Sex ratio in 2011 was calculated as: at birth (1.05 males/females), under 15 years (1.05 males/females), from 15 to 64 years (1.03 males/females) and 65 years and above (0.82 males/females).

Total education expenditures in 2008 constituted 3.8% of GDP, while health expenditures made in 2009 amounted 6.4% of GDP). In 2012, net migration was -0.2 migrants for 1000 people. The literacy rate calculated in 2010 gave a figure of 72% of the total population; 63.5% females and 80.3% males. The official language is Arabic, while other widely understood and spoken languages by the upper classes include English and French.

In 2010, Egypt’s urban population constituted 43.4% of its urban population. Currently, the rate of urbanization is of 2.1% at an annual rate of change. 99.6% of the total population’s ethnicity was Egyptian, while others amounted to 0.4% in the 2006 census. The dominating religion in the country is that of Islam at 90% (mostly Sunnis); Christianity is at 10% while Judaism is practiced by fewer than 200 people. The Bahai community of fewer than 2000 individuals is not even recognized by the government.

Egypt Population Projections

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. This is true to the extent that, though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen in the previous years. This can be proved by statistics that show a decrease from 7.2 children per woman in the early 1960’s to 3.4 children per woman in 1998.

There is no doubt about the fact that Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 123.5 million in 2050.

Egypt Population in 2017Source: Luc Legay from Paris, France

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Egypt Population Growth

Egypt’s population is generally rising at an extremely progressive rate, which is causing concern within the government, and an increase in expenditure on family planning policies. However, scholars are questioning this move of the government, as they believe that the high fertility rate and population growth are no longer serious concerns. Though the fertility rate is high, it has fallen from 6.62 children per woman in the early 1950's to 2.98 children per woman in 2010. Egypt’s population has been and will keep increasing as stabilization returns to the county, with forecasts predicting a total population of 121.8 million in 2050.

About Egypt

Official NameArab Republic of Egypt
Languages SpokenArabic
BordersISR, LBY, SDN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2730
Currencies UsedEGP

Egypt Population Density

Name Population
Siwa Oasis7,000
Al `Alamayn7,400
Dhahab8,000
Marsa Alam10,000
Sharm el-Sheikh12,000
El-Tor14,972
El Gouna15,000
Al Bawiti20,000
Qutur23,842
Al Qusayr24,653
Ras Gharib32,000
Bur Safajah32,944
Al Ibrahimiyah34,638
Aja34,692
Al `Ayyat34,796
Kafr Saqr34,967
Al Bajur36,633
Kawm Hamadah36,751
Sumusta as Sultani37,260
Al Wasitah37,453
`Izbat al Burj37,953
As Saff38,213
Az Zarqa40,010
Ad Dilinjat40,386
Dayr Mawas40,609
Naj` Hammadi41,184
Abu al Matamir41,302
Madinat Sittah Uktubar41,930
Quwaysina42,708
Al Qanayat42,912
Hihya43,432
Al Badari44,132
Matay45,215
Itsa45,269
Ain Sukhna45,552
Mashtul as Suq45,798
Al Hamul45,798
Tamiyah46,866
Juhaynah47,821
Sidi Salim47,998
Ash Shuhada'48,060
Al Balyana48,801
Ibshaway51,173
Tala51,498
At Tall al Kabir51,569
Diyarb Najm51,841
Farshut53,851
Dishna54,197
Shirbin54,676
Samannud54,980
Basyun55,523
Al Qanatir al Khayriyah56,302
Shibin al Qanatir56,872
Minyat an Nasr56,951
Bani Mazar58,153
Faraskur58,284
Kawm Umbu59,787
Kousa60,181
Al Manshah61,134
Abu Qurqas61,182
Al Qurayn61,730
Mersa Matruh62,042
Al Khankah62,434
Faqus62,821
Fuwwah63,310
Al Fashn63,793
Awsim63,862
Rosetta64,481
Al Manzilah67,486
Toukh67,599
Al Kharijah67,700
Dayrut67,788
Al Jamaliyah68,381
Al Qusiyah68,394
Abnub68,749
Isna69,335
Abu Tij71,257
Kafr az Zayyat73,725
Damietta76,839
Manfalut78,744
Ashmun82,507
Minuf83,651
Hawsh `Isa85,352
Bush86,608
Samalut90,465
Tahta90,591
Zifta92,667
Hurghada95,622
Al Matariyah99,357
Akhmim99,446
Qalyub100,495
Abu Kabir100,684
Disuq102,037
Bilqas103,596
Idku105,599
Al Hawamidiyah106,841
Jirja128,250
Arish128,855
Bilbays129,211
Idfu133,000
Dikirnis137,542
Mallawi142,504
Kafr ash Shaykh143,970
Talkha157,737
Banha167,029
Shibin al Kawm186,345
Bani Suwayf189,624
Sohag209,419
Al Minya227,150
Damanhur227,943
Halwan230,000
Qina235,362
Aswan241,261
Kafr ad Dawwar267,370
Ismailia284,813
Zagazig285,097
Al Fayyum306,393
Tanda404,901
Al Mansurah420,195
Asyut420,585
Luxor422,407
Al Mahallah al Kubra431,052
Suez488,125
Port Said538,378
Giza2,443,203
Alexandria3,811,516
Cairo7,734,614

Egypt Population Clock

What is the population of Egypt (as of September 13, 2017)?95,282,664
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)95215102
Births Per Day1,340
Deaths Per Day309
Net Migrations Per Day -118
Net Change Per Day 913
Population Change Since January 1st232,815

Egypt Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 25.794 births/thousand56
Crude Death Rate 5.944 deaths/thousand151
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.449 people/thousand100
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.705 years118
Male Life Expectancy 69.522 years113
Female Life Expectancy 73.986 years129
Total Fertility Rate 3.216 children/woman58
Net Reproduction Rate 1.493 surviving daughters/woman57
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female28
Infant Mortality Rate 15.814 deaths/1,000 live births95
Under Five Mortality 20.195 deaths/thousand94
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.405 years171
Rate of Natural Increase 19.217 57
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.63 %93
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 5.431 %87
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.79 %97
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.583 %108
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.36 %104
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.608 %117
Crude Suicide Rate 1.6 suicides/thousand159
Median Age (Total) 23.8 years154
Median Age (Female) 24.1 years154
Median Age (Male) 23.5 years152

Egypt Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201795,215,10250.539%49.461%951111.86%15
201591,508,08450.532%49.468%911142.03%15
201082,040,99450.469%49.531%821172.11%15
200574,942,11550.388%49.612%751181.76%16
200068,334,90550.273%49.727%681201.83%15
199562,434,52750.287%49.713%621211.84%15
199056,397,27350.171%49.829%561222.27%19
198549,373,80650.206%49.794%491242.75%20
198043,369,55250.442%49.558%431242.5%21
197538,624,41050.53%49.47%381282.19%21
197034,808,59950.623%49.377%341272.14%20
196530,872,98250.688%49.312%311242.52%23
196027,072,39750.643%49.357%271272.69%22
195523,656,21650.57%49.43%231272.67%22
195020,897,23750.421%49.579%201282.3%21

Egypt Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020100,517,80450.537%49.463%1001081.7%14
2025108,939,33850.517%49.483%1091021.49%14
2030117,101,88150.484%49.516%1171011.41%15
2035125,588,65050.448%49.552%126991.38%14
2040134,428,33750.415%49.585%135961.3%13
2045143,063,59050.387%49.613%143961.16%12
2050151,111,00950.371%49.629%151961.01%12
2055158,492,75850.359%49.641%159930.88%12
2060165,322,03950.358%49.642%166920.79%13
2065171,681,55350.372%49.628%172930.71%12
2070177,556,68850.404%49.596%178920.62%12
2075182,841,16450.453%49.547%183900.54%12
2080187,608,54350.526%49.474%188890.47%12
2085191,831,77750.594%49.406%192860.41%11
2090195,517,76850.667%49.333%196860.34%11
2095198,544,43550.737%49.263%199840.26%11
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations