El Salvador Population 2017

6,367,227

El Salvador is the smallest but most densely populated country of Central America with a population estimated at 6.38 million in 2017, up from 2013's estimate of 6,140,000. This makes it the 108th largest country by population, but 153rd by total area.

El Salvador has an estimated 2017 population of 6.38 million, up from the most recent census figure of 5.74 million in 2009. El Salvador has a population density of 342 people per square kilometer (885/square mile), which ranks 47th in the world.

The capital and largest city is San Salvador, with a city population of 568,000 and a metropolitan population of 2.4 million. San Salvador has the second-largest Jewish population in Central America.

El Salvador Demographics

El Salvador is comprised mostly of mestizos (people of European and Native American ancestry), whites and indigenous peoples, with 88% of the population claiming mixed ancestry. The mestizo population is mostly of Mediterranean descent, Afro-Salvadoran and Native Indigenous.

12% of the population is of Spanish descent, with small populations of German, Swiss, English, Irish, Italian and Danish ethnicity throughout the country. Only 1% of the country's population is completely indigenous, in part due to mass murders in 1932 during the Salvadoran peasant uprising. This is the only Central American country without a visible African population due to racial intermixing during its colonial days.

The largest city and capital, San Salvador, is home to 2.1 million people, but 42% of the country's population is rural. There are also 3.2 million Salvadorans living outside the country, particularly in the United States.

El Salvador Population Growth

El Salvador's population is believed to be on a modest upward trend, but the country has not had reliable census information since 2009. El Salvador is projected to hit a population of 6.6 million by 2020.

El Salvador Population in 2018Source: Xtremesv

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

El Salvador Population Growth

About El Salvador

Official NameRepublic of El Salvador
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersGTM, HND
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.83333333-88.91666666
Currencies UsedSVCUSD

El Salvador Population Density

Name Population
San Salvador525,990
Soyapango329,708
Santa Ana176,661
San Miguel161,880
Mejicanos160,317
Santa Tecla124,694
Apopa112,158
Delgado71,594
Sonsonate59,468
San Marcos54,615
Usulutan51,910
Cojutepeque48,411
Cuscatancingo44,369
San Vicente41,504
Zacatecoluca39,613
San Martin39,361
Ilopango38,890
Ahuachapan34,102
Antiguo Cuscatlan33,767
Chalchuapa32,282
Quezaltepeque28,886
La Union26,807
Ayutuxtepeque25,426
Acajutla22,763
Aguilares21,445
Sensuntepeque20,386
Chalatenango19,364
Izalco19,197
Metapan19,143
San Rafael Oriente19,095
Puerto El Triunfo19,074
La Libertad16,855
San Francisco16,152
Sonzacate15,446
Santiago de Maria15,032
Armenia14,997
Santo Tomas14,581
Santa Rosa de Lima13,249
Zaragoza11,749
Berlin11,313
Guazapa10,995
Jucuapa10,601
Ciudad Arce10,095
Nueva Concepcion9,990
Juayua9,936
Santiago Nonualco9,490
El Transito9,485
Atiquizaya9,476
San Antonio del Monte9,135
Jiquilisco9,129
El Congo8,905
Chinameca8,646
Ciudad Barrios8,491
Concepcion de Ataco7,797
Nahuizalco7,358
San Sebastian7,333
San Juan Opico7,127
Panchimalco6,764
Nuevo Cuscatlan6,469
Chirilagua6,393
Olocuilta6,324
Candelaria de La Frontera6,301
Tonacatepeque6,245
Santa Elena5,887
Nueva Guadalupe5,798
Apastepeque5,785
Coatepeque5,773
Suchitoto5,735
El Rosario5,620
Guatajiagua5,273
Rosario de Mora5,178
San Alejo5,149
Tacuba5,055

El Salvador Population Clock

What is the population of El Salvador (as of 11/15/2017)?6,367,227
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)6,377,853
Births Per Day57
Deaths Per Day23
Net Migrations Per Day -111
Net Change Per Day -77
Population Change Since January 1st-24,563

El Salvador Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 16.909 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.927 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -6.561 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.751 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.085 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.074 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.874 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.889 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 14.566 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 16.944 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.693 years
Rate of Natural Increase 9.938
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.154%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 12.472%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.219%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 18.858%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 27.02%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.61%
Median Age (Total) 26.6 years
Median Age (Female) 28.1 years
Median Age (Male) 25.1 years

El Salvador Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20176,377,85346.96%53.04%3030.52%
20156,312,47847.05%52.95%3000.48%
20106,164,62647.34%52.66%2930.45%
20056,028,96147.74%52.26%2870.54%
20005,867,62648.19%51.81%2790.90%
19955,611,11548.56%51.44%2671.32%
19905,254,98448.81%51.19%2501.31%
19854,923,86049.02%50.98%2341.46%
19804,580,70449.31%50.69%2182.01%
19754,147,52549.60%50.40%1972.48%
19703,668,59549.74%50.26%1742.78%
19653,197,86349.57%50.43%1522.97%
19602,762,89949.29%50.71%1312.61%
19552,429,33349.16%50.84%1152.00%
19502,199,89849.34%50.66%1050.00%

El Salvador Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20206,479,06646.86%53.14%3080.00%
20256,641,07746.75%53.25%3160.50%
20306,785,58346.71%53.29%3220.43%
20356,886,84046.72%53.28%3270.30%
20406,961,52046.77%53.23%3310.22%
20456,996,96246.84%53.16%3330.10%
20506,997,41046.94%53.06%3330.00%
20556,967,76347.07%52.93%331-0.08%
20606,906,03347.24%52.76%328-0.18%
20656,809,91647.42%52.58%324-0.28%
20706,680,50547.61%52.39%317-0.38%
20756,519,01847.79%52.21%310-0.49%
20806,326,91847.94%52.06%301-0.60%
20856,108,37048.09%51.91%290-0.70%
20905,873,82348.23%51.77%279-0.78%
20955,635,78448.37%51.63%268-0.82%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer