El Salvador Population 2018

6,426,664

El Salvador is the smallest but most densely populated country of Central America with a population estimated at 6.41 million in 2018, up from 2013's estimate of 6,140,000. This makes it the 108th largest country by population, but 153rd by total area.

El Salvador has an estimated 2018 population of 6.41 million, up from the most recent census figure of 5.74 million in 2009. El Salvador has a population density of 342 people per square kilometer (885/square mile), which ranks 47th in the world.

The capital and largest city is San Salvador, with a city population of 568,000 and a metropolitan population of 2.4 million. San Salvador has the second-largest Jewish population in Central America.

El Salvador Demographics

El Salvador is comprised mostly of mestizos (people of European and Native American ancestry), whites and indigenous peoples, with 88% of the population claiming mixed ancestry. The mestizo population is mostly of Mediterranean descent, Afro-Salvadoran and Native Indigenous.

12% of the population is of Spanish descent, with small populations of German, Swiss, English, Irish, Italian and Danish ethnicity throughout the country. Only 1% of the country's population is completely indigenous, in part due to mass murders in 1932 during the Salvadoran peasant uprising. This is the only Central American country without a visible African population due to racial intermixing during its colonial days.

The largest city and capital, San Salvador, is home to 2.1 million people, but 42% of the country's population is rural. There are also 3.2 million Salvadorans living outside the country, particularly in the United States.

El Salvador Population Growth

El Salvador's population is believed to be on a modest upward trend, but the country has not had reliable census information since 2009. El Salvador is projected to hit a population of 6.6 million by 2020.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 12 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 16 minutes

El Salvador Population in 2018Source: By Xtremesv [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

El Salvador Population Pyramid 2018

10,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,000El Salvador Male Population10,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,000El Salvador Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

El Salvador Population by Age

There are 4,255,390 adults in El Salvador.

Census Years

Year Date
20172017
200712 May 2007
19926 October 1992

About El Salvador

Official NameRepublic of El Salvador
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.83333333-88.91666666
Currencies UsedEl Salvador Colon, United States Dollar
DemonymSalvadoran

Countries Bordering El Salvador

Guatemala
Honduras

El Salvador Population Density

El Salvador Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
San Salvador525,990
Soyapango329,708
Santa Ana176,661
San Miguel161,880
Mejicanos160,317
Santa Tecla124,694
Apopa112,158
Delgado71,594
Sonsonate59,468
San Marcos54,615
Usulutan51,910
Cojutepeque48,411
Cuscatancingo44,369
San Vicente41,504
Zacatecoluca39,613
San Martin39,361
Ilopango38,890
Ahuachapan34,102
Antiguo Cuscatlan33,767
Chalchuapa32,282

El Salvador Population Clock

The population of El Salvador (as of 12/13/2018)?6,426,664
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)6,411,558
Births Per Day321
Deaths Per Day119
Net Migrations Per Day -111
Net Change Per Day 91
Population Change Since January 1st31,577

El Salvador Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 6,426,859

El Salvador Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20186,411,55846.92%53.08%304.721090.53%
20176,377,85346.96%53.04%303.121080.52%
20166,344,72247.00%53.00%301.541080.51%
20156,312,47847.05%52.95%300.011080.48%
20106,164,62647.34%52.66%292.981090.45%
20056,028,96147.74%52.26%286.531020.54%
20005,867,62648.19%51.81%278.871010.90%
19955,611,11548.56%51.44%266.68991.32%
19905,254,98448.81%51.19%249.751001.31%
19854,923,86049.02%50.98%234.01991.46%
19804,580,70449.31%50.69%217.70992.01%
19754,147,52549.60%50.40%197.12982.48%
19703,668,59549.74%50.26%174.351002.78%
19653,197,86349.57%50.43%151.981032.97%
19602,762,89949.29%50.71%131.311062.61%
19552,429,33349.16%50.84%115.461072.00%
19502,199,89849.34%50.66%104.551080.00%

El Salvador Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,479,06646.86%53.14%307.931090.00%
20256,641,07746.75%53.25%315.631110.50%
20306,785,58346.71%53.29%322.491110.43%
20356,886,84046.72%53.28%327.311150.30%
20406,961,52046.77%53.23%330.851170.22%
20456,996,96246.84%53.16%332.541170.10%
20506,997,41046.94%53.06%332.561170.00%
20556,967,76347.07%52.93%331.15118-0.08%
20606,906,03347.24%52.76%328.22119-0.18%
20656,809,91647.42%52.58%323.65118-0.28%
20706,680,50547.61%52.39%317.50118-0.38%
20756,519,01847.79%52.21%309.82119-0.49%
20806,326,91847.94%52.06%300.69121-0.60%
20856,108,37048.09%51.91%290.31124-0.70%
20905,873,82348.23%51.77%279.16125-0.78%
20955,635,78448.37%51.63%267.85127-0.82%
Data Sources
  1. Dirección General de Estadística y Censos
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1961, 1971, 1992, and 2007 censuses, with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer