El Salvador Population 2017

6,161,449

El Salvador has an estimated 2015 population of 6.42 million, up from the most recent census figure of 5.74 million in 2009. El Salvador has a population density of 342 people per square kilometer (885/square mile), which ranks 47th in the world.

The capital and largest city is San Salvador, with a city population of 568,000 and a metropolitan population of 2.4 million. San Salvador has the second-largest Jewish population in Central America.

El Salvador Demographics

El Salvador is comprised mostly of mestizos (people of European and Native American ancestry), whites and indigenous peoples, with 88% of the population claiming mixed ancestry. The mestizo population is mostly of Mediterranean descent, Afro-Salvadoran and Native Indigenous.

12% of the population is of Spanish descent, with small populations of German, Swiss, English, Irish, Italian and Danish ethnicity throughout the country. Only 1% of the country's population is completely indigenous, in part due to mass murders in 1932 during the Salvadoran peasant uprising. This is the only Central American country without a visible African population due to racial intermixing during its colonial days.

The largest city and capital, San Salvador, is home to 2.1 million people, but 42% of the country's population is rural. There are also 3.2 million Salvadorans living outside the country, particularly in the United States.

El Salvador Population Growth

El Salvador's population is believed to be on a modest upward trend, but the country has not had reliable census information since 2009. El Salvador is projected to hit a population of 6.6 million by 2020.

El Salvador Population in 2017Source: Xtremesv

About El Salvador

Official NameRepublic of El Salvador
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersGTM, HND
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.83333333-88.91666666
Currencies UsedSVCUSD

El Salvador Population Density

Name Population
Tacuba5,055
San Alejo5,149
Rosario de Mora5,178
Guatajiagua5,273
El Rosario5,620
Suchitoto5,735
Coatepeque5,773
Apastepeque5,785
Nueva Guadalupe5,798
Santa Elena5,887
Tonacatepeque6,245
Candelaria de La Frontera6,301
Olocuilta6,324
Chirilagua6,393
Nuevo Cuscatlan6,469
Panchimalco6,764
San Juan Opico7,127
San Sebastian7,333
Nahuizalco7,358
Concepcion de Ataco7,797
Ciudad Barrios8,491
Chinameca8,646
El Congo8,905
Jiquilisco9,129
San Antonio del Monte9,135
Atiquizaya9,476
El Transito9,485
Santiago Nonualco9,490
Juayua9,936
Nueva Concepcion9,990
Ciudad Arce10,095
Jucuapa10,601
Guazapa10,995
Berlin11,313
Zaragoza11,749
Santa Rosa de Lima13,249
Santo Tomas14,581
Armenia14,997
Santiago de Maria15,032
Sonzacate15,446
San Francisco16,152
La Libertad16,855
Puerto El Triunfo19,074
San Rafael Oriente19,095
Metapan19,143
Izalco19,197
Chalatenango19,364
Sensuntepeque20,386
Aguilares21,445
Acajutla22,763
Ayutuxtepeque25,426
La Union26,807
Quezaltepeque28,886
Chalchuapa32,282
Antiguo Cuscatlan33,767
Ahuachapan34,102
Ilopango38,890
San Martin39,361
Zacatecoluca39,613
San Vicente41,504
Cuscatancingo44,369
Cojutepeque48,411
Usulutan51,910
San Marcos54,615
Sonsonate59,468
Delgado71,594
Apopa112,158
Santa Tecla124,694
Mejicanos160,317
San Miguel161,880
Santa Ana176,661
Soyapango329,708
San Salvador525,990

El Salvador Population Clock

What is the population of El Salvador (as of September 13, 2017)?6,161,449
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)6167147
Births Per Day57
Deaths Per Day23
Net Migrations Per Day -111
Net Change Per Day -77
Population Change Since January 1st-19,635

El Salvador Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 16.909 births/thousand110
Crude Death Rate 6.927 deaths/thousand121
Crude Net Migration Rate -6.561 people/thousand185
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.751 years105
Male Life Expectancy 69.085 years117
Female Life Expectancy 78.074 years91
Total Fertility Rate 1.874 children/woman137
Net Reproduction Rate 0.889 surviving daughters/woman137
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 14.566 deaths/1,000 live births102
Under Five Mortality 16.944 deaths/thousand104
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.693 years188
Rate of Natural Increase 9.938 115
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.154 %135
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 12.472 %146
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.219 %111
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 18.858 %120
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 27.02 %139
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.61 %107
Crude Suicide Rate 12.8 suicides/thousand46
Median Age (Total) 26.6 years138
Median Age (Female) 28.1 years126
Median Age (Male) 25.1 years142

El Salvador Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20176,167,14746.827%53.173%297440.34%110
20156,126,58346.931%53.069%295440.32%109
20106,038,30647.267%52.733%291420.28%108
20055,947,20647.698%52.302%287440.34%102
20005,811,83548.161%51.84%280410.56%101
19955,588,74348.548%51.452%269370.97%99
19905,252,08148.808%51.192%253371.31%100
19854,920,93249.018%50.982%237351.32%99
19804,577,68349.314%50.686%220361.61%99
19754,147,52449.604%50.396%200362.19%98
19703,668,59249.745%50.255%177402.6%100
19653,197,86549.574%50.426%154422.85%103
19602,762,89749.287%50.713%133442.87%106
19552,429,33149.164%50.836%117462.37%107
19502,199,89749.341%50.659%106471.65%108

El Salvador Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20206,230,89946.702%53.298%300440.33%111
20256,329,01446.564%53.436%305430.28%112
20306,407,94146.507%53.493%309440.21%116
20356,463,91946.523%53.477%311490.09%116
20406,476,34446.56%53.44%31250-0.03%117
20456,450,49646.63%53.37%31151-0.15%119
20506,390,31646.743%53.257%30853-0.24%119
20556,301,58746.897%53.103%30454-0.34%120
20606,183,38247.096%52.904%29854-0.44%121
20656,034,23547.332%52.668%29155-0.56%123
20705,855,35547.588%52.412%28256-0.67%126
20755,648,50547.846%52.154%27261-0.79%127
20805,417,26848.098%51.902%26166-0.9%129
20855,167,48548.342%51.658%24970-1%129
20904,910,50348.566%51.434%23672-1.05%131
20954,657,67048.783%51.217%22473-1.06%131
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations