El Salvador Population 2019

6,444,131

El Salvador is the smallest but most densely populated country of Central America with a population estimated at 6.45 million in 2019, up from 2013's estimate of 6,140,000. This makes it the 108th largest country by population, but 153rd by total area.

El Salvador has an estimated 2019 population of 6.45 million, up from the most recent census figure of 5.74 million in 2009. El Salvador has a population density of 342 people per square kilometer (885/square mile), which ranks 109th in the world.

The capital and largest city is San Salvador, with a city population of 568,000 and a metropolitan population of 2.4 million. San Salvador has the second-largest Jewish population in Central America.

El Salvador Demographics

El Salvador is comprised mostly of mestizos (people of European and Native American ancestry), whites and indigenous peoples, with 88% of the population claiming mixed ancestry. The mestizo population is mostly of Mediterranean descent, Afro-Salvadoran and Native Indigenous.

12% of the population is of Spanish descent, with small populations of German, Swiss, English, Irish, Italian and Danish ethnicity throughout the country. Only 1% of the country's population is completely indigenous, in part due to mass murders in 1932 during the Salvadoran peasant uprising. This is the only Central American country without a visible African population due to racial intermixing during its colonial days.

The largest city and capital, San Salvador, is home to 2.1 million people, but 42% of the country's population is rural. There are also 3.2 million Salvadorans living outside the country, particularly in the United States.

El Salvador Population Growth

El Salvador's population is believed to be on a modest upward trend, but the country has not had reliable census information since 2009. El Salvador is projected to hit a population of 6.6 million by 2020.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5 minutes
One death every 12 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 16 minutes

El Salvador Population in 2018Source: By Xtremesv [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Official NameRepublic of El Salvador
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.83333333-88.91666666
Currencies UsedEl Salvador Colon, United States Dollar
DemonymSalvadoran
Name Population Location
San Salvador525,990Map
Soyapango329,708Map
Santa Ana176,661Map
San Miguel161,880Map
Mejicanos160,317Map
Santa Tecla124,694Map
Apopa112,158Map
Delgado71,594Map
Sonsonate59,468Map
San Marcos54,615Map
Usulutan51,910Map
Cojutepeque48,411Map
Cuscatancingo44,369Map
San Vicente41,504Map
Zacatecoluca39,613Map
San Martin39,361Map
Ilopango38,890Map
Ahuachapan34,102Map
Antiguo Cuscatlan33,767Map
Chalchuapa32,282Map

El Salvador Population Clock

The population of El Salvador (as of 6/16/2019)?6,444,131
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)6,445,405
Births Per Day318
Deaths Per Day120
Net Migrations Per Day -107
Net Change Per Day 91
Population Change Since January 1st15,197

El Salvador Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 6,444,014

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20196,445,40546.89%53.11%306.331090.53%
20186,411,55846.92%53.08%304.721090.53%
20176,377,85346.96%53.04%303.121080.52%
20166,344,72247.00%53.00%301.541080.51%
20156,312,47847.05%52.95%300.011080.48%
20106,164,62647.34%52.66%292.981090.45%
20056,028,96147.74%52.26%286.531020.54%
20005,867,62648.19%51.81%278.871010.90%
19955,611,11548.56%51.44%266.68991.32%
19905,254,98448.81%51.19%249.751001.31%
19854,923,86049.02%50.98%234.01991.46%
19804,580,70449.31%50.69%217.70992.01%
19754,147,52549.60%50.40%197.12982.48%
19703,668,59549.74%50.26%174.351002.78%
19653,197,86349.57%50.43%151.981032.97%
19602,762,89949.29%50.71%131.311062.61%
19552,429,33349.16%50.84%115.461072.00%
19502,199,89849.34%50.66%104.551080.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,479,06646.86%53.14%307.931090.00%
20256,641,07746.75%53.25%315.631110.50%
20306,785,58346.71%53.29%322.491110.43%
20356,886,84046.72%53.28%327.311150.30%
20406,961,52046.77%53.23%330.851170.22%
20456,996,96246.84%53.16%332.541170.10%
20506,997,41046.94%53.06%332.561170.00%
20556,967,76347.07%52.93%331.15118-0.08%
20606,906,03347.24%52.76%328.22119-0.18%
20656,809,91647.42%52.58%323.65118-0.28%
20706,680,50547.61%52.39%317.50118-0.38%
20756,519,01847.79%52.21%309.82119-0.49%
20806,326,91847.94%52.06%300.69121-0.60%
20856,108,37048.09%51.91%290.31124-0.70%
20905,873,82348.23%51.77%279.16125-0.78%
20955,635,78448.37%51.63%267.85127-0.82%
  1. Dirección General de Estadística y Censos
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1961, 1971, 1992, and 2007 censuses, with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer