English Speaking Countries 2019

What countries speak English?

English is a West Germanic language. It has the largest number of speakers around the world and is the third most spoken native language. English gained traction around the world during the 17th century due to the influence of the British Empire and the United States and English has become the leading language of international discourse.

Braj Kachru developed the three circles model to describe the spread of English and distinguish countries that speak English. In this model, the inner circle is made up of countries that have large communities of native English speakers. The outer circle is comprised of countries with small communities of native English speakers and widespread use of English as a second language. The expanding circle is comprised of countries where many people have learned or are learning English as a foreign language.

Many countries have English designated as the de jure official language, meaning that it is legally recognized to be the official language. In some cases, English may be the official language but may not be the primary language. This means that English can be used in business, education and official documents but may not be the primary language of the majority of its residents. This is the case of nations like India and Pakistan.

India is the most populous nation with English as its official language with a population of over 1 billion people. The smallest nation where English is an official language is Niue, which has a population of just 1,600 people.

There are also nations where English is a de facto national language, meaning that it exists in reality and is practiced, even though it is not officially recognized by law. For example, the United States technically has no official language at the federal level, even though English is the most commonly spoken language.

Of the nations where English is a de facto national language, the United States is the most populous with a population of over 318 million. There are four nations where English is the de facto language and the primary language. These include Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Country Population 2019
Antigua And Barbuda97,118
Australia25,203,198
Bahamas389,482
Bahrain1,641,172
Bangladesh163,046,161
Barbados287,025
Belize390,353
Botswana2,303,697
Brunei433,285
Burundi11,530,580
Cameroon25,876,380
Canada37,411,047
Cook Islands17,548
Cyprus1,198,575
Dominica71,808
Eritrea3,497,117
Ethiopia112,078,730
Fiji889,953
Ghana30,417,856
Grenada112,003
Guyana782,766
India1,366,417,754
Ireland4,882,495
Israel8,519,377
Jamaica2,948,279
Jordan10,101,694
Kenya52,573,973
Kiribati117,606
Kuwait4,207,083
Lesotho2,125,268
Liberia4,937,374
Malawi18,628,747
Malaysia31,949,777
Maldives530,953
Malta440,372
Marshall Islands58,791
Mauritius1,269,668
Myanmar54,045,420
Namibia2,494,530
Nauru10,756
Nepal28,608,710
New Zealand4,783,063
Nigeria200,963,599
Niue1,615
Pakistan216,565,318
Palau18,008
Papua New Guinea8,776,109
Philippines108,116,615
Qatar2,832,067
Rwanda12,626,950
Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823
Saint Lucia182,790
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589
Samoa197,097
Seychelles97,739
Sierra Leone7,813,215
Singapore5,804,337
Solomon Islands669,823
South Africa58,558,270
South Sudan11,062,113
Sri Lanka21,323,733
Sudan42,813,238
Tanzania58,005,463
Tonga104,494
Trinidad And Tobago1,394,973
Tuvalu11,646
Uganda44,269,594
United Arab Emirates9,770,529
United Kingdom67,530,172
United States329,064,917
Vanuatu299,882
Zambia17,861,030
Zimbabwe14,645,468