English Speaking Countries 2019

There are many people all around the world that speak English as their primary language. It is the majority language or official language of many nations worldwide. There is a long list of countries where English has been designated as the de jure official language. This simply means that it is legally recognized to be the official language. In some cases, English may be the official language but may not be the primary language. This means that English can be used in business, education and on official documents but may not be the primary language of the majority of its residents. This is the case of nations like India and Pakistan.

India is the most populous nation with English as its official language with a population of over 1 billion people. The smallest nation where English is an official language is Niue, which has a population of just 1,600 people.

The countries where English is the de jure official language are as follows, in alphabetical order:

There are also nations where English is a de facto national language. This means that even though it is not written in law, it is official in practice. Of these nations, the United States is the most populous with a population of over 318 million. There are four nations where English is the de facto language and the primary language. These include: Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States.

There are also more countries where English is the de facto official language but is not the primary language. These countries are:

Several non-sovereign entities also have English as their de jure official language. These are, in alphabetical order:

There are also non-sovereign entities where English is the de facto official language. These include, in alphabetical order:

  • British Indian Ocean Territory
  • Guernsey
  • Montserrat
  • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan
  • In three regions – Christmas Island, Cocos Islands and Tokelua – English is the de facto official language but is not the primary spoken language.
Flag Name Population 2019 Area Growth Rate
India1,366,417,7543,287,590 km²1.02%
United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²0.60%
Pakistan216,565,318881,912 km²2.04%
Nigeria200,963,599923,768 km²2.60%
Bangladesh163,046,161147,570 km²1.03%
Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²2.61%
Philippines108,116,615342,353 km²1.37%
United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²0.58%
South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²1.33%
Tanzania58,005,463945,087 km²3.00%
Myanmar54,045,420676,578 km²0.63%
Kenya52,573,973580,367 km²2.30%
Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²3.61%
Sudan42,813,2381,886,068 km²2.42%
Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²0.91%
Malaysia31,949,777330,803 km²1.34%
Ghana30,417,856238,533 km²2.19%
Nepal28,608,710147,181 km²1.83%
Cameroon25,876,380475,442 km²2.62%
Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²1.23%
Sri Lanka21,323,73365,610 km²0.45%
Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²2.68%
Zambia17,861,030752,612 km²2.94%
Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²1.43%
Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²2.64%
Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²3.18%
South Sudan11,062,113619,745 km²0.79%
Jordan10,101,69489,342 km²1.37%
United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²1.45%
Papua New Guinea8,776,109462,840 km²1.97%
Israel8,519,37720,770 km²1.64%
Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²2.13%
Singapore5,804,337710 km²0.81%
Liberia4,937,374111,369 km²2.46%
Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²1.32%
New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²0.84%
Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²1.69%
Eritrea3,497,117117,600 km²1.28%
Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²0.46%
Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²1.81%
Namibia2,494,530825,615 km²1.89%
Botswana2,303,697582,000 km²2.20%
Lesotho2,125,26830,355 km²0.80%
Bahrain1,641,172765 km²4.57%
Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²0.37%
Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²0.20%
Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²0.78%
Swaziland1,148,13017,364 km²1.04%
Fiji889,95318,272 km²0.73%
Guyana782,766214,969 km²0.48%
Solomon Islands669,82328,896 km²2.60%
Maldives530,953300 km²2.96%
Malta440,372316 km²0.26%
Brunei433,2855,765 km²1.01%
Belize390,35322,966 km²1.90%
Bahamas389,48213,943 km²1.00%
Vanuatu299,88212,189 km²2.46%
Barbados287,025430 km²0.13%
Samoa197,0972,842 km²0.49%
Saint Lucia182,790616 km²0.50%
Kiribati117,606811 km²1.52%
Grenada112,003344 km²0.49%
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589389 km²0.34%
Tonga104,494747 km²1.26%
Seychelles97,739452 km²0.66%
Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²0.86%
Dominica71,808751 km²0.26%
Marshall Islands58,791181 km²0.65%
Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²0.73%
Palau18,008459 km²0.56%
Cook Islands17,548236 km²0.17%
Tuvalu11,64626 km²1.20%
Nauru10,75621 km²0.81%
Niue1,615260 km²-0.31%