English Speaking Countries

There are many people all around the world that speak English as their primary language. It is the majority language or official language of many nations worldwide. There is a long list of countries where English has been designated as the de jure official language. This simply means that it is legally recognized to be the official language. In some cases, English may be the official language but may not be the primary language. This means that English can be used in business, education and on official documents but may not be the primary language of the majority of its residents. This is the case of nations like India and Pakistan.

India is the most populous nation with English as its official language with a population of over 1 billion people. The smallest nation where English is an official language is Niue, which has a population of just 1,600 people.

The countries where English is the de jure official language are as follows, in alphabetical order:

There are also nations where English is a de facto national language. This means that even though it is not written in law, it is official in practice. Of these nations, the United States is the most populous with a population of over 318 million. There are four nations where English is the de facto language and the primary language. These include: Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States.

There are also more countries where English is the de facto official language but is not the primary language. These countries are:

Several non-sovereign entities also have English as their de jure official language. These are, in alphabetical order:

There are also non-sovereign entities where English is the de facto official language. These include, in alphabetical order:

  • British Indian Ocean Territory
  • Guernsey
  • Montserrat
  • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan
  • In three regions – Christmas Island, Cocos Islands and Tokelua – English is the de facto official language but is not the primary spoken language.
Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
India3,287,590 km²1,354,051,8541.11%
United States9,372,610 km²326,766,7480.71%
Pakistan881,912 km²200,813,8181.93%
Nigeria923,768 km²195,875,2372.61%
Bangladesh147,570 km²166,368,1491.03%
Ethiopia1,104,300 km²107,534,8822.46%
Philippines342,353 km²106,512,0741.52%
United Kingdom242,900 km²66,573,5040.59%
Tanzania945,087 km²59,091,3923.11%
South Africa1,221,037 km²57,398,4211.20%
Myanmar676,578 km²53,855,7350.91%
Kenya580,367 km²50,950,8792.52%
Uganda241,550 km²44,270,5633.28%
Sudan1,886,068 km²41,511,5262.41%
Canada9,984,670 km²36,953,7650.90%
Malaysia330,803 km²32,042,4581.32%
Nepal147,181 km²29,624,0351.09%
Ghana238,533 km²29,463,6432.18%
Australia7,692,024 km²24,772,2471.32%
Cameroon475,442 km²24,678,2342.60%
Sri Lanka65,610 km²20,950,0410.35%
Malawi118,484 km²19,164,7282.91%
Zambia752,612 km²17,609,1783.01%
Zimbabwe390,757 km²16,913,2612.32%
South Sudan619,745 km²12,919,0532.73%
Rwanda26,338 km²12,501,1562.40%
Burundi27,834 km²11,216,4503.24%
Jordan89,342 km²9,903,8022.08%
United Arab Emirates83,600 km²9,541,6151.50%
Israel20,770 km²8,452,8411.58%
Papua New Guinea462,840 km²8,418,3462.03%
Sierra Leone71,740 km²7,719,7292.15%
Singapore710 km²5,791,9011.45%
Eritrea117,600 km²5,187,9482.35%
Liberia111,369 km²4,853,5162.57%
Ireland70,273 km²4,803,7480.88%
New Zealand270,467 km²4,749,5980.93%
Kuwait17,818 km²4,197,1281.46%
Jamaica10,991 km²2,898,6770.29%
Qatar11,586 km²2,694,8492.11%
Namibia825,615 km²2,587,8012.13%
Botswana582,000 km²2,333,2011.81%
Lesotho30,355 km²2,263,0101.33%
Bahrain765 km²1,566,9934.99%
Swaziland17,364 km²1,391,3851.76%
Trinidad And Tobago5,130 km²1,372,5980.25%
Mauritius2,040 km²1,268,3150.25%
Cyprus9,251 km²1,189,0850.81%
Fiji18,272 km²912,2410.74%
Guyana214,969 km²782,2250.56%
Solomon Islands28,896 km²623,2811.95%
Maldives300 km²444,2591.82%
Brunei5,765 km²434,0761.25%
Malta316 km²432,0890.29%
Bahamas13,943 km²399,2850.99%
Belize22,966 km²382,4442.07%
Barbados430 km²286,3880.23%
Vanuatu12,189 km²282,1172.13%
Samoa2,842 km²197,6950.64%
Saint Lucia616 km²179,6670.46%
Kiribati811 km²118,4141.73%
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines389 km²110,2000.28%
Tonga747 km²109,0080.91%
Grenada344 km²108,3390.48%
Antigua And Barbuda442 km²103,0501.02%
Seychelles452 km²95,2350.53%
Dominica751 km²74,3080.52%
Saint Kitts And Nevis261 km²55,8500.91%
Marshall Islands181 km²53,1670.08%
Palau459 km²21,9641.08%
Cook Islands236 km²17,4110.18%
Nauru21 km²11,312-0.41%
Tuvalu26 km²11,2870.85%
Niue260 km²1,6240.37%