Equatorial Guinea Population 2017
Equatorial Guinea, officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, is a small country in Central Africa that has a mainland region and an insular region, which consists of the Bioko islands in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobon, a volcanic island. The estimated 2017 population of Equatorial Guinea is 1.27 million, which ranks 163rd in the world.
Equatorial Guinea's estimated 2017 population of 1.27 million is a fairly sizable increase from the estimated 2012 population of 736,000. Equatorial Guinea has just 28,050 square kilometers of land, ranking 144th in the world, and its population is in line with this. The country also has a low population density of just 24 people per square kilometer (63/square mile), which ranks 187th in the world.
There are only two cities in the country with a population of more than 30,000: Bata (estimated at 180,000) and the capital, Malabo (estimated at 165,000).
Equatorial Guinea Demographics
Most people of Equatorial Guinea are of Bantu origin. The Fang are the largest ethnic group and indigenous to the mainland, but migration to Bioko Island in recent years has allowed the Fang population to surpass that of the earlier Bubi inhabitants. 86% of the population is Fang, with 67 separate clans. The Bubi, who account for 7% of the population, are indigenous to Bioko Island.
There are also coastal ethnic groups in Equatorial Guinea, including the Combes, Bujebas, Balengues and Bengas on the mainland and smaller islands and the Fernandinos on Bioko Island. These groups make up 5% of the total population.
There is a fairly large population of Europeans, primarily of Portuguese and Spanish descent, many of whom are mixed with local African ethnicities. Many Spaniards in the country left after it gained independence. There is a population of Asians, mostly from China, as well as some Indians and a group of Israelis.
Interestingly, Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa with Spanish as the official language.
Equatorial Guinea Population Growth
The regime that rules Equatorial Guinea is considered one of the very worst in the world in terms of human rights, with human trafficking a growing problem. Despite this, the country's population continues to grow rapidly. Equatorial Guinea is currently growing at a rate of 2.8% per year, which is expected to continue in the years to come.