Eritrea Population 2017

5,075,869

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is located in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is bordered by Dijibouti, Ethiopia and Sudan with a long coastline along the Red Sea. The country includes many of the Hanish Islands and the Dahlak Archipelago. In 2017, the estimated population of Eritrea is 5.07 million.

The population of Eritrea has grown from just 5.29 million in 2008 to an estimated 2017 in 5.07 million, and its population is continuing its rapid increase. The population is currently right in line with the nation's size. The population ranks 107th in the world, while Eritrea is the 101st largest country. Its population density is just 52 people per square kilometer (112/square mile), which ranks 154th in the world.

There are only two cities with a population of more than 100,000: the capital city of Asmara (2010 estimate: 650,000) and Keren (2010 estimate: 146,000).

Eritrea Demographics

Eritrea is an ethnically heterogeneous country with nine recognized ethnic groups. The Tigrinya people make up 55% of the population, followed by the Tigre people at 30%. Most of the remaining population belongs to Afroasiatic-speaking peoples, such as the Saho, Hedareb, Afar, Bilen, and Rashaida, who represent 2% of the population and live in the northern coastal region. Hadrami migrants have also settled in Eritrea in recent years. The Kunama and Nara are small ethnic minorities in the country.

There is also a small population of Italian Eritrean and Ethiopian Tigrayan people in the country, although neither is granted citizenship except through marriage.

About 50% of the population is Christian while 48% adheres to Islam.

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

Eritrea Population in 2018Source: John Beso

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

About Eritrea

Official NameState of Eritrea
Languages SpokenArabic, Tigrinya, English
BordersDJI, ETH, SDN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1539
Currencies UsedERN

Eritrea Population Density

Name Population
Asmara563,930
Keren74,800
Massawa23,100
Assab21,300
Mendefera17,781
Barentu15,891
Adi Keyh13,061
Edd11,259
Dek'emhare10,959
Ak'ordat8,857

Eritrea Population Clock

What is the population of Eritrea (as of 11/15/2017)?5,075,869
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5,068,831
Births Per Day96
Deaths Per Day18
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 51
Population Change Since January 1st16,269

Eritrea Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 32.045 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.095 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.799 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.956 years
Male Life Expectancy 62.74 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.112 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.06 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.817 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 37.98 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 48.721 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.438 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.674
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 10.925%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 11.517%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 10.306%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 28.622%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 32.057%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 25.232%
Median Age (Total) 19.4 years
Median Age (Female) 19.9 years
Median Age (Male) 19 years

Eritrea Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20175,068,83150.11%49.89%432.26%
20154,846,97650.09%49.91%412.00%
20104,390,84050.05%49.95%372.04%
20053,969,00750.01%49.99%343.19%
20003,392,80150.00%50.00%291.89%
19953,090,15949.98%50.02%26-0.15%
19903,113,31150.01%49.99%262.49%
19852,753,15149.95%50.05%232.91%
19802,385,54049.91%50.09%202.82%
19752,075,96549.87%50.13%182.76%
19701,811,87849.84%50.16%152.66%
19651,589,17949.77%50.22%142.60%
19601,397,49149.69%50.31%122.27%
19551,249,19349.61%50.39%111.81%
19501,142,14849.53%50.47%100.00%

Eritrea Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20205,432,21650.13%49.87%460.00%
20256,056,88050.17%49.83%522.20%
20306,717,68750.19%49.81%572.09%
20357,420,80550.20%49.80%632.01%
20408,152,54050.21%49.79%691.90%
20458,887,98850.19%49.81%761.74%
20509,606,66450.17%49.83%821.57%
205510,301,88050.15%49.85%881.41%
206010,972,59250.11%49.89%931.27%
206511,615,75050.09%49.91%991.15%
207012,223,19950.07%49.93%1041.02%
207512,783,15450.07%49.93%1090.90%
208013,290,62150.07%49.93%1130.78%
208513,744,78050.08%49.92%1170.67%
209014,144,95450.10%49.90%1200.58%
209514,490,51550.13%49.87%1230.48%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer