Eritrea Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The population of Eritrea has grown from just 5.29 million in 2008 to an estimated 6.7 million in 2015, and its population is continuing its rapid increase. The population is currently right in line with the nation's size. The population ranks 107th in the world, while Eritrea is the 101st largest country. Its population density is just 52 people per square kilometer (112/square mile), which ranks 154th in the world.

There are only two cities with a population of more than 100,000: the capital city of Asmara (2010 estimate: 650,000) and Keren (2010 estimate: 146,000).

Eritrea Demographics

Eritrea is an ethnically heterogeneous country with nine recognized ethnic groups. The Tigrinya people make up 55% of the population, followed by the Tigre people at 30%. Most of the remaining population belongs to Afroasiatic-speaking peoples, such as the Saho, Hedareb, Afar, Bilen, and Rashaida, who represent 2% of the population and live in the northern coastal region. Hadrami migrants have also settled in Eritrea in recent years. The Kunama and Nara are small ethnic minorities in the country.

There is also a small population of Italian Eritrean and Ethiopian Tigrayan people in the country, although neither is granted citizenship except through marriage.

About 50% of the population is Christian while 48% adheres to Islam.

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

Eritrea Population in 2017 Source: John Beso

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

Eritrea Population Density

About Eritrea

Official Name State of Eritrea
Languages Spoken Arabic, English, Tigrinya
Borders DJI, ETH, SDN
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 15,39
Currencies Used ERN

Eritrea Population Clock

What is the population of Eritrea (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 96
Deaths Per Day 18
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 51
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Eritrea Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.045 births/thousand 37th
Crude Death Rate 6.095 deaths/thousand 147th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.799 people/thousand 148th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.956 years 161st
Life Expectancy (Male) 62.74 years 161st
Life Expectancy (Female) 67.112 years 159th
Total Fertility Rate 4.06 children/woman 37th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.817 surviving daughters/woman 36th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female 80th
Infant Mortality Rate 37.98 deaths/1,000 live births 50th
Under Five Mortality 48.721 deaths/thousand 50th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.438 years 88th
Rate of Natural Increase 25.674 23rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 10.925% 148th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 11.517% 144th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 10.306% 151st
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 28.622% 148th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 32.057% 144th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 25.232% 151st
Crude Suicide Rate 8.3 suicides/thousand 78th
Median Age (Total) 19.4 years 187th
Median Age (Female) 19.9 years 182nd
Median Age (Male) 19 years 187th

Eritrea Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 5,481,906 50.136% 49.864% 54 149 2.43% 117
2015 5,227,791 50.095% 49.905% 51 150 2.34% 118
2010 4,689,664 49.976% 50.024% 46 154 2.11% 118
2005 4,191,273 49.87% 50.13% 41 158 2.66% 122
2000 3,535,156 49.738% 50.262% 35 161 3.33% 126
1995 3,164,095 49.655% 50.345% 31 162 1.21% 129
1990 3,139,083 49.648% 50.352% 31 159 0.68% 126
1985 2,756,493 49.587% 50.413% 27 159 3.1% 127
1980 2,383,857 49.505% 50.495% 23 160 2.89% 130
1975 2,070,145 49.418% 50.582% 20 160 2.78% 130
1970 1,805,480 49.413% 50.587% 17 162 2.67% 132
1965 1,589,187 49.458% 50.542% 15 161 2.49% 134
1960 1,407,631 49.446% 50.554% 13 164 2.36% 133
1955 1,258,926 49.439% 50.561% 12 157 2.14% 132
1950 1,142,150 49.534% 50.466% 11 156 1.78% 131

Eritrea Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 5,891,500 50.19% 49.81% 58 148 2.31% 113
2025 6,585,371 50.263% 49.737% 65 148 2.14% 111
2030 7,310,664 50.319% 49.681% 72 145 2.03% 108
2035 8,076,531 50.358% 49.642% 79 140 1.93% 105
2040 8,870,271 50.377% 49.623% 87 136 1.78% 102
2045 9,660,141 50.368% 49.632% 95 130 1.59% 101
2050 10,421,416 50.34% 49.66% 103 116 1.41% 96
2055 11,149,536 50.303% 49.697% 110 112 1.26% 95
2060 11,845,037 50.266% 49.734% 117 111 1.13% 94
2065 12,503,993 50.233% 49.767% 123 110 1.01% 94
2070 13,121,558 50.209% 49.791% 129 107 0.89% 91
2075 13,684,868 50.191% 49.809% 135 107 0.77% 87
2080 14,190,399 50.184% 49.816% 140 106 0.66% 86
2085 14,635,598 50.176% 49.824% 144 105 0.56% 84
2090 15,020,175 50.18% 49.82% 148 106 0.46% 85
2095 15,344,553 50.205% 49.795% 151 106 0.38% 85
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations