Eritrea Population 2019

5,305,123

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is located in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is bordered by Djibouti, Ethiopia and Sudan with a long coastline along the Red Sea. The country includes many of the Hanish Islands and the Dahlak Archipelago. In 2019, the estimated population of Eritrea is 5.31 million.

The population of Eritrea has grown from just 5.29 million in 2008 to an estimated 2019 in 5.31 million, and its population is continuing its rapid increase. The population is currently right in line with the nation's size. The population ranks 120th in the world, while Eritrea is the 101st largest country. Its population density is just 52 people per square kilometer (112/square mile), which ranks 154th in the world.

There are only two cities with a population of more than 100,000: the capital city of Asmara (2010 estimate: 650,000) and Keren (2010 estimate: 146,000).

Eritrea Demographics

Eritrea is an ethnically heterogeneous country with nine recognized ethnic groups. The Tigrinya people make up 55% of the population, followed by the Tigre people at 30%. Most of the remaining population belongs to Afroasiatic-speaking peoples, such as the Saho, Hedareb, Afar, Bilen, and Rashaida, who represent 2% of the population and live in the northern coastal region. Hadrami migrants have also settled in Eritrea in recent years. The Kunama and Nara are small ethnic minorities in the country.

There is also a small population of Italian Eritrean and Ethiopian Tigrayan people in the country, although neither is granted citizenship except through marriage.

About 50% of the population is Christian while 48% adheres to Islam.

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 16 minutes
One net migrant every 55 minutes
Net gain of one person every 4 minutes

Eritrea Population in 2018Source: By John Beso [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

Official NameState of Eritrea
Languages SpokenArabic, English, Tigrinya
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1539
Currencies UsedEritrea Nakfa
DemonymEritrean
Name Population Location
Asmara563,930Map
Keren74,800Map
Massawa23,100Map
Assab21,300Map
Mendefera17,781Map
Barentu15,891Map
Adi Keyh13,061Map
Edd11,259Map
Dek'emhare10,959Map
Ak'ordat8,857Map

Eritrea Population Clock

The population of Eritrea (as of 6/16/2019)?5,305,123
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)5,309,659
Births Per Day442
Deaths Per Day92
Net Migrations Per Day -26
Net Change Per Day 324
Population Change Since January 1st54,108

Eritrea Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 5,304,657

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20195,309,65950.12%49.88%45.151202.35%
20185,187,94850.12%49.88%44.121202.35%
20175,068,83150.11%49.89%43.101202.30%
20164,954,64550.10%49.90%42.131202.22%
20154,846,97650.09%49.91%41.221202.00%
20104,390,84050.05%49.95%37.341212.04%
20053,969,00750.01%49.99%33.751263.19%
20003,392,80150.00%50.00%28.851271.89%
19953,090,15949.98%50.02%26.28130-0.15%
19903,113,31150.01%49.99%26.471262.49%
19852,753,15149.95%50.05%23.411272.91%
19802,385,54049.91%50.09%20.291302.82%
19752,075,96549.87%50.13%17.651302.76%
19701,811,87849.84%50.16%15.411322.66%
19651,589,17949.77%50.22%13.511342.60%
19601,397,49149.69%50.31%11.881332.27%
19551,249,19349.61%50.39%10.621321.81%
19501,142,14849.53%50.47%9.711310.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20205,432,21650.13%49.87%46.191200.00%
20256,056,88050.17%49.83%51.501152.20%
20306,717,68750.19%49.81%57.121142.09%
20357,420,80550.20%49.80%63.101102.01%
20408,152,54050.21%49.79%69.321081.90%
20458,887,98850.19%49.81%75.581051.74%
20509,606,66450.17%49.83%81.691021.57%
205510,301,88050.15%49.85%87.60991.41%
206010,972,59250.11%49.89%93.30971.27%
206511,615,75050.09%49.91%98.77971.15%
207012,223,19950.07%49.93%103.94971.02%
207512,783,15450.07%49.93%108.70950.90%
208013,290,62150.07%49.93%113.02940.78%
208513,744,78050.08%49.92%116.88920.67%
209014,144,95450.10%49.90%120.28910.58%
209514,490,51550.13%49.87%123.22910.48%
  1. Eritrea Data Portal
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the results relative to Eritrea from the 1984 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer