Eritrea Population 2017

5,485,680

The population of Eritrea has grown from just 5.29 million in 2008 to an estimated 6.7 million in 2015, and its population is continuing its rapid increase. The population is currently right in line with the nation's size. The population ranks 107th in the world, while Eritrea is the 101st largest country. Its population density is just 52 people per square kilometer (112/square mile), which ranks 154th in the world.

There are only two cities with a population of more than 100,000: the capital city of Asmara (2010 estimate: 650,000) and Keren (2010 estimate: 146,000).

Eritrea Demographics

Eritrea is an ethnically heterogeneous country with nine recognized ethnic groups. The Tigrinya people make up 55% of the population, followed by the Tigre people at 30%. Most of the remaining population belongs to Afroasiatic-speaking peoples, such as the Saho, Hedareb, Afar, Bilen, and Rashaida, who represent 2% of the population and live in the northern coastal region. Hadrami migrants have also settled in Eritrea in recent years. The Kunama and Nara are small ethnic minorities in the country.

There is also a small population of Italian Eritrean and Ethiopian Tigrayan people in the country, although neither is granted citizenship except through marriage.

About 50% of the population is Christian while 48% adheres to Islam.

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

Eritrea Population in 2017Source: John Beso

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

About Eritrea

Official NameState of Eritrea
Languages SpokenTigrinya, English, Arabic
BordersDJI, ETH, SDN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1539
Currencies UsedERN

Eritrea Population Density

Name Population
Ak'ordat8,857
Dek'emhare10,959
Edd11,259
Adi Keyh13,061
Barentu15,891
Mendefera17,781
Assab21,300
Massawa23,100
Keren74,800
Asmara563,930

Eritrea Population Clock

What is the population of Eritrea (as of September 13, 2017)?5,485,680
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5481906
Births Per Day96
Deaths Per Day18
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 51
Population Change Since January 1st13,005

Eritrea Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.045 births/thousand37
Crude Death Rate 6.095 deaths/thousand147
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.799 people/thousand148
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.956 years161
Male Life Expectancy 62.74 years161
Female Life Expectancy 67.112 years159
Total Fertility Rate 4.06 children/woman37
Net Reproduction Rate 1.817 surviving daughters/woman36
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female80
Infant Mortality Rate 37.98 deaths/1,000 live births50
Under Five Mortality 48.721 deaths/thousand50
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.438 years88
Rate of Natural Increase 25.674 23
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 10.925 %148
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 11.517 %144
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 10.306 %151
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 28.622 %163
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 32.057 %163
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 25.232 %158
Crude Suicide Rate 8.3 suicides/thousand78
Median Age (Total) 19.4 years187
Median Age (Female) 19.9 years182
Median Age (Male) 19 years187

Eritrea Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20175,481,90650.136%49.864%541492.43%117
20155,227,79150.095%49.905%511502.34%118
20104,689,66449.976%50.024%461542.11%118
20054,191,27349.87%50.13%411582.66%122
20003,535,15649.738%50.262%351613.33%126
19953,164,09549.655%50.345%311621.21%129
19903,139,08349.648%50.352%311590.68%126
19852,756,49349.587%50.413%271593.1%127
19802,383,85749.505%50.495%231602.89%130
19752,070,14549.418%50.582%201602.78%130
19701,805,48049.413%50.587%171622.67%132
19651,589,18749.458%50.542%151612.49%134
19601,407,63149.446%50.554%131642.36%133
19551,258,92649.439%50.561%121572.14%132
19501,142,15049.534%50.466%111561.78%131

Eritrea Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20205,891,50050.19%49.81%581482.31%113
20256,585,37150.263%49.737%651482.14%111
20307,310,66450.319%49.681%721452.03%108
20358,076,53150.358%49.642%791401.93%105
20408,870,27150.377%49.623%871361.78%102
20459,660,14150.368%49.632%951301.59%101
205010,421,41650.34%49.66%1031161.41%96
205511,149,53650.303%49.697%1101121.26%95
206011,845,03750.266%49.734%1171111.13%94
206512,503,99350.233%49.767%1231101.01%94
207013,121,55850.209%49.791%1291070.89%91
207513,684,86850.191%49.809%1351070.77%87
208014,190,39950.184%49.816%1401060.66%86
208514,635,59850.176%49.824%1441050.56%84
209015,020,17550.18%49.82%1481060.46%85
209515,344,55350.205%49.795%1511060.38%85
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations