Eritrea Population 2018

5,135,946

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is located in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is bordered by Dijibouti, Ethiopia and Sudan with a long coastline along the Red Sea. The country includes many of the Hanish Islands and the Dahlak Archipelago. In 2018, the estimated population of Eritrea is 5.19 million.

The population of Eritrea has grown from just 5.29 million in 2008 to an estimated 2018 in 5.19 million, and its population is continuing its rapid increase. The population is currently right in line with the nation's size. The population ranks 107th in the world, while Eritrea is the 101st largest country. Its population density is just 52 people per square kilometer (112/square mile), which ranks 154th in the world.

There are only two cities with a population of more than 100,000: the capital city of Asmara (2010 estimate: 650,000) and Keren (2010 estimate: 146,000).

Eritrea Demographics

Eritrea is an ethnically heterogeneous country with nine recognized ethnic groups. The Tigrinya people make up 55% of the population, followed by the Tigre people at 30%. Most of the remaining population belongs to Afroasiatic-speaking peoples, such as the Saho, Hedareb, Afar, Bilen, and Rashaida, who represent 2% of the population and live in the northern coastal region. Hadrami migrants have also settled in Eritrea in recent years. The Kunama and Nara are small ethnic minorities in the country.

There is also a small population of Italian Eritrean and Ethiopian Tigrayan people in the country, although neither is granted citizenship except through marriage.

About 50% of the population is Christian while 48% adheres to Islam.

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 16 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net gain of one person every 4 minutes

Eritrea Population in 2018Source: John Beso

Eritrea Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kEritrea Male Population0k20k40k60k80kEritrea Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Eritrea Median Age

19.4


Total

19


Male

19.9


Female

Eritrea Population by Age

There are 2,623,012 adults in Eritrea.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Eritrea Population Growth

Eritrea is a rapidly growing country with a population growth rate of 3.3% and a fertility rate of 4.37 births per woman. Since 1960, the life expectancy has increased from 39 to 60 while child mortality rates have dropped significantly. This is helping Eritrea grow, although the country does face serious health problems and low living standards for many of its population.

About Eritrea

Official NameState of Eritrea
Languages SpokenArabic, English, Tigrinya
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1539
Currencies UsedEritrea Nakfa
DemonymEritrean

Countries Bordering Eritrea

Djibouti
Ethiopia
Sudan

Eritrea Population Density

Eritrea Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Asmara563,930
Keren74,800
Massawa23,100
Assab21,300
Mendefera17,781
Barentu15,891
Adi Keyh13,061
Edd11,259
Dek'emhare10,959
Ak'ordat8,857

Eritrea Population Clock

The population of Eritrea (as of 1/20/2018)?5,135,946
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)5,187,948
Births Per Day440
Deaths Per Day92
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 321
Population Change Since January 1st6,099

Eritrea Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 31.274 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.554 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.946 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.74 years
Male Life Expectancy 63.59 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.96 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.027 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.832 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.729 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 44.29 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.54 years
Rate of Natural Increase 24.72

Eritrea Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20185,187,94850.12%49.88%44.121202.29%
20154,846,97650.09%49.91%41.221202.00%
20104,390,84050.05%49.95%37.341212.04%
20053,969,00750.01%49.99%33.751263.19%
20003,392,80150.00%50.00%28.851271.89%
19953,090,15949.98%50.02%26.28130-0.15%
19903,113,31150.01%49.99%26.471262.49%
19852,753,15149.95%50.05%23.411272.91%
19802,385,54049.91%50.09%20.291302.82%
19752,075,96549.87%50.13%17.651302.76%
19701,811,87849.84%50.16%15.411322.66%
19651,589,17949.77%50.22%13.511342.60%
19601,397,49149.69%50.31%11.881332.27%
19551,249,19349.61%50.39%10.621321.81%
19501,142,14849.53%50.47%9.711310.00%

Eritrea Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20205,432,21650.13%49.87%46.191200.00%
20256,056,88050.17%49.83%51.501152.20%
20306,717,68750.19%49.81%57.121142.09%
20357,420,80550.20%49.80%63.101102.01%
20408,152,54050.21%49.79%69.321081.90%
20458,887,98850.19%49.81%75.581051.74%
20509,606,66450.17%49.83%81.691021.57%
205510,301,88050.15%49.85%87.60991.41%
206010,972,59250.11%49.89%93.30971.27%
206511,615,75050.09%49.91%98.77971.15%
207012,223,19950.07%49.93%103.94971.02%
207512,783,15450.07%49.93%108.70950.90%
208013,290,62150.07%49.93%113.02940.78%
208513,744,78050.08%49.92%116.88920.67%
209014,144,95450.10%49.90%120.28910.58%
209514,490,51550.13%49.87%123.22910.48%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer