Estonia Population 2017

1,309,080

Estonia is in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, where it's bordered by the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Russia, and Lake Peipus. This small country has just 45,200 square kilometers (17,400 sq ft) of land area with an estimated 2017 population of 1.31 million, which ranks 155th in the world.

Estonia has an estimated population of 1.31 million in 2017, down slightly from the 2011 census figure of 1.29 million. Estonia is very sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer (75/square mile), which ranks 181st in the world.

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

Estonia Population in 2018Source: Julian Nitzsche

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060.

About Estonia

Official NameRepublic of Estonia
Languages SpokenEstonian
BordersLVA, RUS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5926
Currencies UsedEUR

Estonia Population Density

Name Population
Tallinn394,024
Tartu101,092
Narva66,980
Kohtla-Jarve46,060
Parnu44,192
Viljandi20,309
Rakvere16,736
Sillamae16,672
Maardu16,630
Kuressaare14,921
Voru14,631
Valga13,945
Haapsalu11,805
Johvi11,469
Paide9,735
Keila9,411
Kivioli6,953
Tapa6,551
Polva6,504
Jogeva6,396
Tueri6,138
Elva5,819
Rapla5,684
Saue5,022
Kardla3,763

Estonia Population Clock

What is the population of Estonia (as of 11/15/2017)?1,309,080
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1,309,632
Births Per Day8
Deaths Per Day9
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day -4
Population Change Since January 1st-1,276

Estonia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.725 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 12.505 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.767 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.244 years
Male Life Expectancy 72.539 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.605 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.642 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.795 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.863 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.892 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.893 years
Rate of Natural Increase -1.902
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.227%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.678%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.665%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 12.805%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.497%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.965%
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years
Median Age (Female) 45.8 years
Median Age (Male) 39 years

Estonia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20171,309,63246.85%53.15%29-0.22%
20151,315,32146.77%53.23%29-0.25%
20101,332,10246.57%53.43%29-0.35%
20051,355,64846.47%53.53%30-0.63%
20001,399,11246.64%53.36%31-0.48%
19951,433,02446.28%53.72%32-1.75%
19901,565,24246.76%53.24%350.56%
19851,522,39746.51%53.50%340.64%
19801,474,43646.29%53.71%330.73%
19751,422,04246.06%53.94%310.89%
19701,360,20245.75%54.25%301.06%
19651,290,39645.04%54.96%291.18%
19601,216,81944.15%55.85%270.97%
19551,159,23143.48%56.52%261.04%
19501,100,99542.65%57.36%240.00%

Estonia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20201,300,55946.98%53.02%290.00%
20251,280,13447.22%52.78%28-0.32%
20301,253,59047.44%52.56%28-0.42%
20351,225,00147.66%52.34%27-0.46%
20401,197,94447.90%52.10%26-0.45%
20451,171,94948.14%51.86%26-0.44%
20501,144,74748.36%51.64%25-0.47%
20551,115,45148.53%51.47%25-0.52%
20601,084,30948.66%51.34%24-0.56%
20651,052,26148.74%51.26%23-0.60%
20701,020,96948.81%51.19%23-0.60%
2075991,83848.89%51.11%22-0.58%
2080965,87149.01%50.99%21-0.53%
2085943,45049.14%50.87%21-0.47%
2090924,38049.24%50.76%20-0.41%
2095907,47149.27%50.73%20-0.37%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer