Estonia Population 2018

1,306,356

Estonia is in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, where it's bordered by the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Russia, and Lake Peipus. This small country has just 45,200 square kilometers (17,400 sq ft) of land area with an estimated 2018 population of 1.31 million, which ranks 155th in the world.

Estonia has an estimated population of 1.31 million in 2018, down slightly from the 2011 census figure of 1.29 million. Estonia is very sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer (75/square mile), which ranks 181st in the world.

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 38 minutes
One death every 33 minutes
One net migrant every 480 minutes
Net loss of one person every 160 minutes

Estonia Population in 2018Source: Natalia Semenova [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060.

About Estonia

Official NameRepublic of Estonia
Languages SpokenEstonian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5926
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymEstonian

Countries Bordering Estonia

Latvia
Russia

Estonia Population Density

Estonia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Tallinn394,024
Tartu101,092
Narva66,980
Kohtla-Jaerve46,060
Paernu44,192
Viljandi20,309
Rakvere16,736
Sillamaee16,672
Maardu16,630
Kuressaare14,921
Voru14,631
Valga13,945
Haapsalu11,805
Johvi11,469
Paide9,735
Keila9,411
Kivioli6,953
Tapa6,551
Polva6,504
Jogeva6,396

Estonia Population Clock

The population of Estonia (as of 8/17/2018)?1,306,356
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)1,306,788
Births Per Day38
Deaths Per Day44
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day -9
Population Change Since January 1st-2,061

Estonia Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Estimate as of August 17th 2018 is: 1,306,403

Estonia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20181,306,78846.90%53.10%28.89157-0.22%
20171,309,63246.85%53.15%28.96155-0.21%
20161,312,44246.81%53.19%29.02155-0.22%
20151,315,32146.77%53.23%29.08155-0.25%
20101,332,10246.57%53.43%29.45152-0.35%
20051,355,64846.47%53.53%29.97151-0.63%
20001,399,11246.64%53.36%30.94148-0.48%
19951,433,02446.28%53.72%31.69148-1.75%
19901,565,24246.76%53.24%34.611460.56%
19851,522,39746.51%53.50%33.661430.64%
19801,474,43646.29%53.71%32.601420.73%
19751,422,04246.06%53.94%31.441400.89%
19701,360,20245.75%54.25%30.071391.06%
19651,290,39645.04%54.96%28.531361.18%
19601,216,81944.15%55.85%26.901350.97%
19551,159,23143.48%56.52%25.631341.04%
19501,100,99542.65%57.36%24.341330.00%

Estonia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,300,55946.98%53.02%28.761570.00%
20251,280,13447.22%52.78%28.30158-0.32%
20301,253,59047.44%52.56%27.72159-0.42%
20351,225,00147.66%52.34%27.09159-0.46%
20401,197,94447.90%52.10%26.49161-0.45%
20451,171,94948.14%51.86%25.91161-0.44%
20501,144,74748.36%51.64%25.31161-0.47%
20551,115,45148.53%51.47%24.66161-0.52%
20601,084,30948.66%51.34%23.97162-0.56%
20651,052,26148.74%51.26%23.27163-0.60%
20701,020,96948.81%51.19%22.57163-0.60%
2075991,83848.89%51.11%21.93164-0.58%
2080965,87149.01%50.99%21.36165-0.53%
2085943,45049.14%50.87%20.86166-0.47%
2090924,38049.24%50.76%20.44166-0.41%
2095907,47149.27%50.73%20.06166-0.37%
Data Sources
  1. Statistical Office of Estonia
  2. Statistical Office of Estonia
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census, with official population estimates for 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer