Estonia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Estonia has an estimated population of 1.28 million in 2015, down slightly from the 2011 census figure of 1.29 million. Estonia is very sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer (75/square mile), which ranks 181st in the world.

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

Estonia Population in 2017 Source: Julian Nitzsche

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060.

Estonia Population Density

About Estonia

Official Name Republic of Estonia
Languages Spoken Estonian
Borders LVA, RUS
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 59,26
Currencies Used EUR

Estonia Population Clock

What is the population of Estonia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 8
Deaths Per Day 9
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day -4
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Estonia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 10.725 births/thousand 164th
Crude Death Rate 12.505 deaths/thousand 18th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.767 people/thousand 117th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.244 years 59th
Life Expectancy (Male) 72.539 years 86th
Life Expectancy (Female) 81.605 years 48th
Total Fertility Rate 1.642 children/woman 161st
Net Reproduction Rate 0.795 surviving daughters/woman 159th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female 28th
Infant Mortality Rate 2.863 deaths/1,000 live births 181st
Under Five Mortality 3.892 deaths/thousand 178th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.893 years 34th
Rate of Natural Increase -1.902 185th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.227% 67th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.678% 78th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.665% 44th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 12.805% 67th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.497% 78th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.965% 44th
Crude Suicide Rate 18.7 suicides/thousand 18th
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years 20th
Median Age (Female) 45.8 years 9th
Median Age (Male) 39 years 44th

Estonia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 1,305,755 46.902% 53.098% 30 179 -0.26% 155
2015 1,312,558 46.803% 53.197% 30 177 -0.26% 154
2010 1,332,089 46.57% 53.43% 31 175 -0.3% 152
2005 1,355,662 46.471% 53.529% 31 172 -0.47% 151
2000 1,399,145 46.641% 53.359% 33 163 -0.53% 148
1995 1,433,076 46.281% 53.719% 33 158 -1.07% 148
1990 1,565,320 46.762% 53.238% 36 152 -1.09% 146
1985 1,522,477 46.505% 53.495% 35 144 0.89% 143
1980 1,474,487 46.292% 53.708% 34 140 0.64% 142
1975 1,422,070 46.058% 53.942% 33 134 0.78% 140
1970 1,360,236 45.747% 54.253% 32 132 0.96% 138
1965 1,290,437 45.042% 54.958% 30 128 1.12% 136
1960 1,216,831 44.147% 55.853% 28 124 1.12% 135
1955 1,159,238 43.481% 56.519% 27 121 0.93% 134
1950 1,100,998 42.645% 57.355% 25 120 1.11% 133

Estonia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 1,295,158 47.055% 52.945% 30 179 -0.31% 156
2025 1,272,241 47.338% 52.662% 30 179 -0.42% 157
2030 1,243,331 47.611% 52.389% 29 182 -0.5% 158
2035 1,212,033 47.867% 52.133% 28 189 -0.5% 159
2040 1,182,823 48.125% 51.875% 27 192 -0.47% 160
2045 1,155,850 48.403% 51.597% 27 194 -0.46% 161
2050 1,129,047 48.682% 51.318% 26 196 -0.49% 161
2055 1,101,178 48.893% 51.107% 25 197 -0.52% 161
2060 1,072,068 49.051% 50.949% 25 197 -0.56% 162
2065 1,042,348 49.169% 50.831% 24 198 -0.56% 162
2070 1,013,803 49.263% 50.737% 23 199 -0.54% 162
2075 987,910 49.362% 50.638% 23 198 -0.48% 163
2080 965,793 49.468% 50.532% 22 199 -0.42% 163
2085 947,155 49.562% 50.438% 22 198 -0.35% 165
2090 931,697 49.629% 50.371% 21 202 -0.31% 165
2095 917,796 49.636% 50.364% 21 202 -0.3% 165
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations