Estonia Population 2017

1,305,459

Estonia has an estimated population of 1.28 million in 2015, down slightly from the 2011 census figure of 1.29 million. Estonia is very sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer (75/square mile), which ranks 181st in the world.

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

Estonia Population in 2017Source: Julian Nitzsche

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060.

About Estonia

Official NameRepublic of Estonia
Languages SpokenEstonian
BordersLVA, RUS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5926
Currencies UsedEUR

Estonia Population Density

Name Population
Kaerdla3,763
Saue5,022
Rapla5,684
Elva5,819
Tueri6,138
Jogeva6,396
Polva6,504
Tapa6,551
Kivioli6,953
Keila9,411
Paide9,735
Johvi11,469
Haapsalu11,805
Valga13,945
Voru14,631
Kuressaare14,921
Maardu16,630
Sillamaee16,672
Rakvere16,736
Viljandi20,309
Paernu44,192
Kohtla-Jaerve46,060
Narva66,980
Tartu101,092
Tallinn394,024

Estonia Population Clock

What is the population of Estonia (as of September 13, 2017)?1,305,459
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1305755
Births Per Day8
Deaths Per Day9
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day -4
Population Change Since January 1st-1,020

Estonia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 10.725 births/thousand164
Crude Death Rate 12.505 deaths/thousand18
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.767 people/thousand117
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.244 years59
Male Life Expectancy 72.539 years86
Female Life Expectancy 81.605 years48
Total Fertility Rate 1.642 children/woman161
Net Reproduction Rate 0.795 surviving daughters/woman159
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female28
Infant Mortality Rate 2.863 deaths/1,000 live births181
Under Five Mortality 3.892 deaths/thousand178
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.893 years34
Rate of Natural Increase -1.902 185
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.227 %67
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.678 %78
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.665 %44
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 12.805 %80
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.497 %93
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.965 %54
Crude Suicide Rate 18.7 suicides/thousand18
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years20
Median Age (Female) 45.8 years9
Median Age (Male) 39 years44

Estonia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20171,305,75546.902%53.098%30179-0.26%155
20151,312,55846.803%53.197%30177-0.26%154
20101,332,08946.57%53.43%31175-0.3%152
20051,355,66246.471%53.529%31172-0.47%151
20001,399,14546.641%53.359%33163-0.53%148
19951,433,07646.281%53.719%33158-1.07%148
19901,565,32046.762%53.238%36152-1.09%146
19851,522,47746.505%53.495%351440.89%143
19801,474,48746.292%53.708%341400.64%142
19751,422,07046.058%53.942%331340.78%140
19701,360,23645.747%54.253%321320.96%138
19651,290,43745.042%54.958%301281.12%136
19601,216,83144.147%55.853%281241.12%135
19551,159,23843.481%56.519%271210.93%134
19501,100,99842.645%57.355%251201.11%133

Estonia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20201,295,15847.055%52.945%30179-0.31%156
20251,272,24147.338%52.662%30179-0.42%157
20301,243,33147.611%52.389%29182-0.5%158
20351,212,03347.867%52.133%28189-0.5%159
20401,182,82348.125%51.875%27192-0.47%160
20451,155,85048.403%51.597%27194-0.46%161
20501,129,04748.682%51.318%26196-0.49%161
20551,101,17848.893%51.107%25197-0.52%161
20601,072,06849.051%50.949%25197-0.56%162
20651,042,34849.169%50.831%24198-0.56%162
20701,013,80349.263%50.737%23199-0.54%162
2075987,91049.362%50.638%23198-0.48%163
2080965,79349.468%50.532%22199-0.42%163
2085947,15549.562%50.438%22198-0.35%165
2090931,69749.629%50.371%21202-0.31%165
2095917,79649.636%50.364%21202-0.3%165
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations