Estonia Population 2019

1,326,116

Estonia is in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, where it's bordered by the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Russia, and Lake Peipus. This small country has just 45,200 square kilometers (17,400 sq ft) of land area with an estimated 2019 population of 1.33 million, which ranks 155th in the world.

Estonia has an estimated population of 1.33 million in 2019, down slightly from the 2011 census figure of 1.29 million. Estonia is very sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer (75/square mile), which ranks 155th in the world.

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia Population Growth

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 39 minutes
One death every 34 minutes
One net migrant every 180 minutes
Net gain of one person every 480 minutes

Estonia Population in 2018Source: Natalia Semenova [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Estonia Population Pyramid 2019

Estonia Population by Age

There are 1,069,885 adults in Estonia.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201231 March 2012
200031 March 2000
198912 January 1989

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060.

Official NameRepublic of Estonia
Languages SpokenEstonian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude59.00, 26.00
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymEstonian
BordersLatvia
Russia
Name Population Location
Tallinn394,024Map
Tartu101,092Map
Narva66,980Map
Kohtla-Jaerve46,060Map
Paernu44,192Map
Viljandi20,309Map
Rakvere16,736Map
Sillamaee16,672Map
Maardu16,630Map
Kuressaare14,921Map
Voru14,631Map
Valga13,945Map
Haapsalu11,805Map
Johvi11,469Map
Paide9,735Map
Keila9,411Map
Kivioli6,953Map
Tapa6,551Map
Polva6,504Map
Jogeva6,396Map

Estonia Population Clock

The population of Estonia (as of 12/4/2019)?1,326,116
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)1,325,648
Births Per Day37
Deaths Per Day42
Net Migrations Per Day8
Net Change Per Day3
Population Change Since January 1st1,011

Estonia Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Estimate as of December 4th 2019 is: 1,326,027

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20191,325,64847.27%52.73%29.311550.21%
20181,322,92047.14%52.86%29.251540.27%
20171,319,39047.00%53.00%29.171540.22%
20161,316,51046.88%53.12%29.111540.09%
20151,315,32546.77%53.23%29.08154-0.25%
20101,332,10146.57%53.43%29.45152-0.35%
20051,355,64846.47%53.53%29.97150-0.63%
20001,399,11246.64%53.36%30.94148-0.48%
19951,433,02446.28%53.72%31.69148-1.75%
19901,565,24646.76%53.24%34.611460.56%
19851,522,40046.51%53.50%33.661440.64%
19801,474,43946.29%53.71%32.601420.73%
19751,422,04346.06%53.94%31.441400.89%
19701,360,20245.75%54.25%30.071371.06%
19651,290,39645.04%54.96%28.531351.18%
19601,216,81944.15%55.85%26.901340.97%
19551,159,23143.48%56.52%25.631331.04%
19501,100,99542.65%57.36%24.341320.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,326,53547.38%52.62%29.331550.00%
20251,306,65147.64%52.35%28.89156-0.30%
20301,279,96247.92%52.08%28.30157-0.41%
20351,249,35048.18%51.82%27.62159-0.48%
20401,218,69648.43%51.57%26.95160-0.50%
20451,188,91948.67%51.33%26.29161-0.49%
20501,158,40848.90%51.10%25.61162-0.52%
20551,126,01249.07%50.93%24.90162-0.57%
20601,091,51749.16%50.84%24.13163-0.62%
20651,054,96949.22%50.78%23.33164-0.68%
20701,017,24249.26%50.74%22.49164-0.73%
2075980,20249.30%50.70%21.67164-0.74%
2080945,73749.36%50.64%20.91165-0.71%
2085914,44749.42%50.58%20.22167-0.67%
2090886,85749.46%50.54%19.61168-0.61%
2095862,20149.45%50.55%19.06168-0.56%
  1. Statistical Office of Estonia
  2. Statistical Office of Estonia
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census, with official population estimates for 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer