Ethiopia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

With a 2016 population of approximately 99.4 million, up from 2015's estimate of 98.9 million, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa and the second-most populous country of Africa after Nigeria. This estimate of how many people live in Ethiopia is based on the most recent United Nations projections, and makes Ethiopia the 14th most populous country in the world. The most recent census in 2007 found an official population of 73.7 million. Ethiopia has a population density of 83 people per square mile (214/square mile), which ranks 123rd in the world.

The largest city and capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa, or Addis Abeba, which has an estimated population of 3.6 million in the city proper and a metro population of more than 4.6 million. Being as old as two millenniums, its cultures and traditions hold family as a significant part of Ethiopian life, sometimes even surpassing the significance their careers or businesses might have.

Other major cities include Adama (324,000), Gondar (324,000), Mek'ele (324,000), and Hawassa (302,000).

Ethiopia Demographics

Ethiopia is home to various ethnicities, predominantly the Oromo at 34.4% of the country's population and the Amhara, who account for 27% of the population. Other major ethnic groups include the Somali (6.2%), Tigray (6.1%), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2.5%), Welayta (2.3%), Afar (1.7%), Hadiya (1.7%), and Gamo (1.5%).

In 2009, Ethiopia had an estimated 135,000 asylum seekers and refugees, most from Somalia (64,000), Eritrea (42,000) and Sudan (23,000). The government requires refugees live in designated refugee camps. According to a 2013 report, the number of refugees hosted by Ethiopia has grown to 680,000.

Ethiopia has close ties with all three major Abrahamic religions, and it was the first in the region to officially adopt Christianity in the 4th century. Christians account for 63% of the country's population, with 44% belonging to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Ethiopia has the first Hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement on the continent. Muslims account for 34% of the population.

Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite its wealth in culture, Ethiopia, unfortunately, does not suffer the same fate economically. With a significantly agriculture-based economy, it is not surprising that in today's technologically thriving world, Ethiopia has one of the lowest incomes per capita. Its reliance on domestic investment restricts foreign investment, which could otherwise account for a comparatively successful economy. However, improvement in agricultural practices has shown a decrease in the level of starvation that the country had been previously accustomed to. The GDP is also increasing, showing a 7% increase in 2014. The composition of the labor force is almost 40%, accounting for another step toward progress. However, only if the conditions of the average Ethiopian get better will the country be able to witness a better tomorrow.

Similarly, the conditions of poverty entail deterioration in health for many of Ethiopia's inhabitants. The most common diseases that cause mortality among many Ethiopians are AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and various communicable diseases that occur due to improper sanitation and malnutrition. Most women give birth to children outside of the vicinity of hospitals. Often the mothers are only attended to by an elderly midwife. The mortality rate of mothers while giving birth is high. Various organizations, governmental and non-governmental, seek to improve the deplorable health conditions in Ethiopia. The World Health Organization is working to initiate a healthy Ethiopia. Low literacy levels also support the inferior health conditions. Therefore, it is important to provide the Ethiopians with adequate knowledge regarding common diseases and their appropriate medication and cure. The empowerment of women could also help achieve improvements in the circumstances pertaining to the well-being of Ethiopians.

Ethiopia is a nation that has been beset by hunger and poverty for most of its long history. A land where child starvation and subsequent death have been prevalent for such a long time requires assistance from the more privileged and prosperous nations of the world. It is the responsibility of all members of the peaceful international community to step in with more rigor and determination to empower the Ethiopians. This population has proven to be one of the strongest on the face of the earth, having endured massive hardships. If it is given a little assistance, Ethiopia will be able to build on the strength of its inhabitants in order to increase the strength of the nation itself.

Ethiopia Population Projections

Ethiopia is currently one of the fastest growing countries in the world, with a growth rate of 3.02% per year. If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth, its population will double in the next 30 years, hitting 210 million by 2060. Most of the world's population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

Ethiopia Population in 2017 Source: Manuel Dohmen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ethiopia Population Growth

If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth (3.02%), its population will double in the next 20 years and cross 188 million by 2050. Most of the world's population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

Ethiopia Population Density

About Ethiopia

Official Name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Languages Spoken Amharic
Borders DJI, ERI, KEN, SOM, SSD, SDN
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 8,38
Currencies Used ETB

Ethiopia Population Clock

What is the population of Ethiopia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 1,769
Deaths Per Day 391
Net Migrations Per Day -33
Net Change Per Day 1,345
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Ethiopia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 30.91 births/thousand 42nd
Crude Death Rate 6.825 deaths/thousand 125th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.114 people/thousand 74th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.571 years 158th
Life Expectancy (Male) 63.571 years 156th
Life Expectancy (Female) 67.615 years 158th
Total Fertility Rate 4.043 children/woman 39th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.765 surviving daughters/woman 40th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female 146th
Infant Mortality Rate 43.138 deaths/1,000 live births 39th
Under Five Mortality 61.9 deaths/thousand 39th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.893 years 72nd
Rate of Natural Increase 23.922 37th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 14.308% 163rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.188% 164th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 12.356% 160th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.067% 163rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.233% 164th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 23.867% 160th
Crude Suicide Rate 7.5 suicides/thousand 87th
Median Age (Total) 17.8 years 203rd
Median Age (Female) 18 years 203rd
Median Age (Male) 17.6 years 203rd

Ethiopia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 104,344,901 49.912% 50.088% 104 102 2.38% 12
2015 99,390,750 49.912% 50.088% 99 107 2.45% 13
2010 87,561,814 49.905% 50.095% 87 112 2.59% 14
2005 76,608,431 49.886% 50.114% 76 116 2.74% 15
2000 66,443,603 49.861% 50.139% 66 122 2.89% 16
1995 57,237,225 49.856% 50.144% 57 127 3.16% 21
1990 48,057,094 49.869% 50.131% 48 134 3.53% 23
1985 40,775,997 49.78% 50.22% 40 138 3.19% 23
1980 35,239,974 49.777% 50.223% 35 137 2.39% 26
1975 32,568,539 49.786% 50.214% 32 136 1.75% 26
1970 28,414,999 49.758% 50.242% 28 135 2.88% 26
1965 25,013,551 49.732% 50.268% 25 135 2.48% 25
1960 22,151,217 49.707% 50.293% 22 134 2.32% 25
1955 19,947,265 49.674% 50.326% 19 136 1.99% 25
1950 18,128,034 49.636% 50.364% 18 133 1.85% 25

Ethiopia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 111,971,050 49.912% 50.088% 111 98 2.28% 12
2025 125,043,752 49.912% 50.088% 125 92 2.09% 11
2030 138,296,890 49.914% 50.086% 138 89 1.89% 11
2035 151,430,963 49.907% 50.093% 151 86 1.7% 10
2040 164,270,263 49.891% 50.109% 164 85 1.52% 9
2045 176,663,351 49.866% 50.134% 176 82 1.36% 9
2050 188,455,131 49.831% 50.169% 188 81 1.2% 10
2055 199,465,501 49.79% 50.21% 199 79 1.04% 10
2060 209,458,924 49.741% 50.259% 209 77 0.88% 9
2065 218,270,447 49.684% 50.316% 218 77 0.73% 9
2070 225,773,833 49.625% 50.375% 225 75 0.59% 9
2075 231,879,042 49.566% 50.434% 231 77 0.45% 8
2080 236,554,514 49.51% 50.49% 236 76 0.32% 8
2085 239,846,611 49.462% 50.538% 239 74 0.21% 9
2090 241,852,823 49.424% 50.576% 241 71 0.11% 9
2095 242,730,808 49.399% 50.601% 242 70 0.02% 9
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations