Ethiopia Population 2017

105,143,048

With one of the highest poverty levels in the world, Ethiopia is considered by many to be one of the most under-developed nations in the world. But within its African boundaries lies a nation filled with a rich culture and heritage. Bordered by Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Dijibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia, Ethiopia has an estimated 2017 population of 104.96 million, which ranks 14th in the world.

With a 2017 population of approximately 104.96 million, up from 2015's estimate of 98.9 million, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa and the second-most populous country of Africa after Nigeria. This estimate of how many people live in Ethiopia is based on the most recent United Nations projections, and makes Ethiopia the 14th most populous country in the world. The most recent census in 2007 found an official population of 73.7 million. Ethiopia has a population density of 83 people per square mile (214/square mile), which ranks 123rd in the world.

The largest city and capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa, or Addis Abeba, which has an estimated population of 3.6 million in the city proper and a metro population of more than 4.6 million. Being as old as two millenniums, its cultures and traditions hold family as a significant part of Ethiopian life, sometimes even surpassing the significance their careers or businesses might have.

Other major cities include Adama (324,000), Gondar (324,000), Mek'ele (324,000), and Hawassa (302,000).

Ethiopia Demographics

Ethiopia is home to various ethnicities, predominantly the Oromo at 34.4% of the country's population and the Amhara, who account for 27% of the population. Other major ethnic groups include the Somali (6.2%), Tigray (6.1%), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2.5%), Welayta (2.3%), Afar (1.7%), Hadiya (1.7%), and Gamo (1.5%).

In 2009, Ethiopia had an estimated 135,000 asylum seekers and refugees, most from Somalia (64,000), Eritrea (42,000) and Sudan (23,000). The government requires refugees live in designated refugee camps. According to a 2013 report, the number of refugees hosted by Ethiopia has grown to 680,000.

Ethiopia has close ties with all three major Abrahamic religions, and it was the first in the region to officially adopt Christianity in the 4th century. Christians account for 63% of the country's population, with 44% belonging to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Ethiopia has the first Hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement on the continent. Muslims account for 34% of the population.

Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite its wealth in culture, Ethiopia, unfortunately, does not suffer the same fate economically. With a significantly agriculture-based economy, it is not surprising that in today's technologically thriving world, Ethiopia has one of the lowest incomes per capita. Its reliance on domestic investment restricts foreign investment, which could otherwise account for a comparatively successful economy. However, improvement in agricultural practices has shown a decrease in the level of starvation that the country had been previously accustomed to. The GDP is also increasing, showing a 7% increase in 2014. The composition of the labor force is almost 40%, accounting for another step toward progress. However, only if the conditions of the average Ethiopian get better will the country be able to witness a better tomorrow.

Similarly, the conditions of poverty entail deterioration in health for many of Ethiopia's inhabitants. The most common diseases that cause mortality among many Ethiopians are AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and various communicable diseases that occur due to improper sanitation and malnutrition. Most women give birth to children outside of the vicinity of hospitals. Often the mothers are only attended to by an elderly midwife. The mortality rate of mothers while giving birth is high. Various organizations, governmental and non-governmental, seek to improve the deplorable health conditions in Ethiopia. The World Health Organization is working to initiate a healthy Ethiopia. Low literacy levels also support the inferior health conditions. Therefore, it is important to provide the Ethiopians with adequate knowledge regarding common diseases and their appropriate medication and cure. The empowerment of women could also help achieve improvements in the circumstances pertaining to the well-being of Ethiopians.

Ethiopia is a nation that has been beset by hunger and poverty for most of its long history. A land where child starvation and subsequent death have been prevalent for such a long time requires assistance from the more privileged and prosperous nations of the world. It is the responsibility of all members of the peaceful international community to step in with more rigor and determination to empower the Ethiopians. This population has proven to be one of the strongest on the face of the earth, having endured massive hardships. If it is given a little assistance, Ethiopia will be able to build on the strength of its inhabitants in order to increase the strength of the nation itself.

Ethiopia Population Projections

Ethiopia is currently one of the fastest growing countries in the world, with a growth rate of 3.02% per year. If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth, its population will double in the next 30 years, hitting 210 million by 2060. Most of the world's population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

Ethiopia Population in 2018Source: Manuel Dohmen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ethiopia Population Growth

If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth (3.02%), its population will double in the next 20 years and cross 188 million by 2050. Most of the world's population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

About Ethiopia

Official NameFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Languages SpokenAmharic
BordersDJI, ERI, KEN, SOM, SSD, SDN
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude838
Currencies UsedETB

Ethiopia Population Density

Name Population
Addis Ababa2,757,729
Dire Dawa252,279
Mekele215,546
Nazret213,995
Bahir Dar168,899
Gondar153,914
Dese136,056
Hawassa133,097
Jima128,306
Bishoftu104,215
Kombolcha93,605
Harar90,218
Shashemene85,871
Arba Minch'69,622
Adigrat65,000
Debre Mark'os59,920
Debre Birhan57,787
Jijiga56,821
Inda Silase50,078
Ziway49,416
Dila47,021
Hagere Hiywet43,920
Gambela42,366
Aksum41,249
Waliso38,394
Yirga `Alem36,292
Mojo34,547
Goba34,369
Shakiso34,078
Felege Neway33,429
Areka33,150
Boditi32,997
Debre Tabor32,659
Jinka32,115
Gimbi31,809
Asbe Teferi30,772
Korem30,633
Asosa30,512
Butajira30,502
Metu29,648
Agaro28,268
Kibre Mengist27,854
Maych'ew27,186
Werota26,813
Dembi Dolo26,748
Dubti26,370
Fiche25,758
K'olito25,614
Mendi25,239
Debark'24,700
Tippi24,169
Kemise23,861
Asasa23,790
Genet23,753
Finote Selam23,463
Metahara23,403
Dodola23,116
Addiet Canna22,946
Adis Zemen22,522
Hagere Maryam22,105
Bure22,038
Robit20,679
Asaita20,342
Bedele20,293
Nejo20,166
Sebeta19,533
Bati19,260
Bonga18,973
Bako17,872
Yabelo17,819
Bedesa17,526
Wenji17,120
Ginir16,757
Gebre Guracha16,583
Bichena16,411
Gelemso16,065
Shambu15,354
Abomsa15,258
Mizan Teferi14,002
Wendo12,945
Guder12,569
Huruta12,442
Hirna12,295
Dejen11,739
Dabat11,544
Awash11,415
Leku11,398
Gewane11,279
Lalibela11,152
Gidole10,736
Debre Werk'10,579
Tulu Bolo10,531
Sirre10,089
Adis `Alem9,859
Kofele9,643
Debre Sina9,409
Gore9,352
Deder8,884
Were Ilu7,636
Gedo7,499
Sendafa7,326
Mega6,884
Hagere Selam5,169
Semera833

Ethiopia Population Clock

What is the population of Ethiopia (as of 11/15/2017)?105,143,048
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)104,957,438
Births Per Day1,769
Deaths Per Day391
Net Migrations Per Day -33
Net Change Per Day 1,345
Population Change Since January 1st429,055

Ethiopia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 30.91 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.825 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.114 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.571 years
Male Life Expectancy 63.571 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.615 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.043 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.765 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 43.138 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 61.9 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.893 years
Rate of Natural Increase 23.922
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 14.308%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.188%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 12.356%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.067%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.233%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 23.867%
Median Age (Total) 17.8 years
Median Age (Female) 18 years
Median Age (Male) 17.6 years

Ethiopia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017104,957,43849.93%50.07%952.51%
201599,873,03349.92%50.08%902.63%
201087,702,67049.91%50.09%792.71%
200576,727,08349.89%50.11%692.89%
200066,537,33149.86%50.14%603.03%
199557,309,88049.86%50.14%523.57%
199048,086,51649.87%50.13%443.34%
198540,800,34349.78%50.22%372.96%
198035,264,89849.78%50.22%321.60%
197532,566,82149.79%50.21%292.77%
197028,415,07749.76%50.24%262.58%
196525,013,62649.73%50.27%232.46%
196022,151,27849.71%50.29%202.12%
195519,947,29249.67%50.33%181.93%
195018,128,03449.64%50.36%160.00%

Ethiopia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020112,759,07049.94%50.06%1020.00%
2025126,120,68249.95%50.05%1142.26%
2030139,620,17849.95%50.05%1262.05%
2035153,036,02449.94%50.06%1391.85%
2040166,139,39349.91%50.09%1501.66%
2045178,817,63949.88%50.12%1621.48%
2050190,869,63249.83%50.17%1731.31%
2055202,082,56449.77%50.23%1831.15%
2060212,278,59249.71%50.29%1920.99%
2065221,317,58249.65%50.35%2000.84%
2070229,096,85149.59%50.41%2070.69%
2075235,571,07349.54%50.46%2130.56%
2080240,712,37049.51%50.49%2180.43%
2085244,580,16449.49%50.51%2210.32%
2090247,234,52949.50%50.50%2240.22%
2095248,837,22349.53%50.47%2250.13%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer