Ethiopia Population 2017

104,444,431

With a 2016 population of approximately 99.4 million, up from 2015's estimate of 98.9 million, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa and the second-most populous country of Africa after Nigeria. This estimate of how many people live in Ethiopia is based on the most recent United Nations projections, and makes Ethiopia the 14th most populous country in the world. The most recent census in 2007 found an official population of 73.7 million. Ethiopia has a population density of 83 people per square mile (214/square mile), which ranks 123rd in the world.

The largest city and capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa, or Addis Abeba, which has an estimated population of 3.6 million in the city proper and a metro population of more than 4.6 million. Being as old as two millenniums, its cultures and traditions hold family as a significant part of Ethiopian life, sometimes even surpassing the significance their careers or businesses might have.

Other major cities include Adama (324,000), Gondar (324,000), Mek'ele (324,000), and Hawassa (302,000).

Ethiopia Demographics

Ethiopia is home to various ethnicities, predominantly the Oromo at 34.4% of the country's population and the Amhara, who account for 27% of the population. Other major ethnic groups include the Somali (6.2%), Tigray (6.1%), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2.5%), Welayta (2.3%), Afar (1.7%), Hadiya (1.7%), and Gamo (1.5%).

In 2009, Ethiopia had an estimated 135,000 asylum seekers and refugees, most from Somalia (64,000), Eritrea (42,000) and Sudan (23,000). The government requires refugees live in designated refugee camps. According to a 2013 report, the number of refugees hosted by Ethiopia has grown to 680,000.

Ethiopia has close ties with all three major Abrahamic religions, and it was the first in the region to officially adopt Christianity in the 4th century. Christians account for 63% of the country's population, with 44% belonging to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Ethiopia has the first Hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement on the continent. Muslims account for 34% of the population.

Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite its wealth in culture, Ethiopia, unfortunately, does not suffer the same fate economically. With a significantly agriculture-based economy, it is not surprising that in today's technologically thriving world, Ethiopia has one of the lowest incomes per capita. Its reliance on domestic investment restricts foreign investment, which could otherwise account for a comparatively successful economy. However, improvement in agricultural practices has shown a decrease in the level of starvation that the country had been previously accustomed to. The GDP is also increasing, showing a 7% increase in 2014. The composition of the labor force is almost 40%, accounting for another step toward progress. However, only if the conditions of the average Ethiopian get better will the country be able to witness a better tomorrow.

Similarly, the conditions of poverty entail deterioration in health for many of Ethiopia's inhabitants. The most common diseases that cause mortality among many Ethiopians are AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and various communicable diseases that occur due to improper sanitation and malnutrition. Most women give birth to children outside of the vicinity of hospitals. Often the mothers are only attended to by an elderly midwife. The mortality rate of mothers while giving birth is high. Various organizations, governmental and non-governmental, seek to improve the deplorable health conditions in Ethiopia. The World Health Organization is working to initiate a healthy Ethiopia. Low literacy levels also support the inferior health conditions. Therefore, it is important to provide the Ethiopians with adequate knowledge regarding common diseases and their appropriate medication and cure. The empowerment of women could also help achieve improvements in the circumstances pertaining to the well-being of Ethiopians.

Ethiopia is a nation that has been beset by hunger and poverty for most of its long history. A land where child starvation and subsequent death have been prevalent for such a long time requires assistance from the more privileged and prosperous nations of the world. It is the responsibility of all members of the peaceful international community to step in with more rigor and determination to empower the Ethiopians. This population has proven to be one of the strongest on the face of the earth, having endured massive hardships. If it is given a little assistance, Ethiopia will be able to build on the strength of its inhabitants in order to increase the strength of the nation itself.

Ethiopia Population Projections

Ethiopia is currently one of the fastest growing countries in the world, with a growth rate of 3.02% per year. If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth, its population will double in the next 30 years, hitting 210 million by 2060. Most of the world's population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

Ethiopia Population in 2017Source: Manuel Dohmen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ethiopia Population Growth

If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth (3.02%), its population will double in the next 20 years and cross 188 million by 2050. Most of the world's population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

About Ethiopia

Official NameFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Languages SpokenAmharic
BordersDJI, ERI, KEN, SOM, SSD, SDN
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude838
Currencies UsedETB

Ethiopia Population Density

Name Population
Semera833
Hagere Selam5,169
Mega6,884
Sendafa7,326
Gedo7,499
Were Ilu7,636
Deder8,884
Gore9,352
Debre Sina9,409
Kofele9,643
Adis `Alem9,859
Sirre10,089
Tulu Bolo10,531
Debre Werk'10,579
Gidole10,736
Lalibela11,152
Gewane11,279
Leku11,398
Awash11,415
Dabat11,544
Dejen11,739
Hirna12,295
Huruta12,442
Guder12,569
Wendo12,945
Mizan Teferi14,002
Abomsa15,258
Shambu15,354
Gelemso16,065
Bichena16,411
Gebre Guracha16,583
Ginir16,757
Wenji17,120
Bedesa17,526
Yabelo17,819
Bako17,872
Bonga18,973
Bati19,260
Sebeta19,533
Nejo20,166
Bedele20,293
Asaita20,342
Robit20,679
Bure22,038
Hagere Maryam22,105
Adis Zemen22,522
Addiet Canna22,946
Dodola23,116
Metahara23,403
Finote Selam23,463
Genet23,753
Asasa23,790
Kemise23,861
Tippi24,169
Debark'24,700
Mendi25,239
K'olito25,614
Fiche25,758
Dubti26,370
Dembi Dolo26,748
Werota26,813
Maych'ew27,186
Kibre Mengist27,854
Agaro28,268
Metu29,648
Butajira30,502
Asosa30,512
Korem30,633
Asbe Teferi30,772
Gimbi31,809
Jinka32,115
Debre Tabor32,659
Boditi32,997
Areka33,150
Felege Neway33,429
Shakiso34,078
Goba34,369
Mojo34,547
Yirga `Alem36,292
Waliso38,394
Axum41,249
Gambela42,366
Hagere Hiywet43,920
Dila47,021
Ziway49,416
Inda Silase50,078
Jijiga56,821
Debre Birhan57,787
Debre Mark'os59,920
Adigrat65,000
Arba Minch'69,622
Shashemene85,871
Harar90,218
Kombolcha93,605
Bishoftu104,215
Jimma128,306
Hawassa133,097
Dese136,056
Gondar153,914
Bahir Dar168,899
Nazret213,995
Mek'ele215,546
Dire Dawa252,279
Addis Ababa2,757,729

Ethiopia Population Clock

What is the population of Ethiopia (as of September 13, 2017)?104,444,431
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)104344901
Births Per Day1,769
Deaths Per Day391
Net Migrations Per Day -33
Net Change Per Day 1,345
Population Change Since January 1st342,975

Ethiopia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 30.91 births/thousand42
Crude Death Rate 6.825 deaths/thousand125
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.114 people/thousand74
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.571 years158
Male Life Expectancy 63.571 years156
Female Life Expectancy 67.615 years158
Total Fertility Rate 4.043 children/woman39
Net Reproduction Rate 1.765 surviving daughters/woman40
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female146
Infant Mortality Rate 43.138 deaths/1,000 live births39
Under Five Mortality 61.9 deaths/thousand39
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.893 years72
Rate of Natural Increase 23.922 37
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 14.308 %163
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.188 %164
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 12.356 %160
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.067 %156
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.233 %154
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 23.867 %156
Crude Suicide Rate 7.5 suicides/thousand87
Median Age (Total) 17.8 years203
Median Age (Female) 18 years203
Median Age (Male) 17.6 years203

Ethiopia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017104,344,90149.912%50.088%1041022.38%12
201599,390,75049.912%50.088%991072.45%13
201087,561,81449.905%50.095%871122.59%14
200576,608,43149.886%50.114%761162.74%15
200066,443,60349.861%50.139%661222.89%16
199557,237,22549.856%50.144%571273.16%21
199048,057,09449.869%50.131%481343.53%23
198540,775,99749.78%50.22%401383.19%23
198035,239,97449.777%50.223%351372.39%26
197532,568,53949.786%50.214%321361.75%26
197028,414,99949.758%50.242%281352.88%26
196525,013,55149.732%50.268%251352.48%25
196022,151,21749.707%50.293%221342.32%25
195519,947,26549.674%50.326%191361.99%25
195018,128,03449.636%50.364%181331.85%25

Ethiopia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020111,971,05049.912%50.088%111982.28%12
2025125,043,75249.912%50.088%125922.09%11
2030138,296,89049.914%50.086%138891.89%11
2035151,430,96349.907%50.093%151861.7%10
2040164,270,26349.891%50.109%164851.52%9
2045176,663,35149.866%50.134%176821.36%9
2050188,455,13149.831%50.169%188811.2%10
2055199,465,50149.79%50.21%199791.04%10
2060209,458,92449.741%50.259%209770.88%9
2065218,270,44749.684%50.316%218770.73%9
2070225,773,83349.625%50.375%225750.59%9
2075231,879,04249.566%50.434%231770.45%8
2080236,554,51449.51%50.49%236760.32%8
2085239,846,61149.462%50.538%239740.21%9
2090241,852,82349.424%50.576%241710.11%9
2095242,730,80849.399%50.601%242700.02%9
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations