List of Countries in the European Union 2019

The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II. The first batch of countries joined in 1957, which included Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and The Netherlands. In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the UK joined. Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. In 2004, 9 countries were added, 2 more in 2007, and finally Croatia in 2013 to bring the total to 28.

19 of the EU countries are also part of the Eurozone, which is a union of countries that have adopted the Euro as their official currency.

The Schengen Area includes 22 of the 28 EU countries, and entitles citizens of participating nations to travel freely between them. It also includes a few non-EU nations: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The area operates as a single nation with a uniform visa policy for purposes of international travel.

Country Schengen Eurozone Accession Date
MaltaMay 1, 2004
LuxembourgMarch 25, 1957
CyprusMay 1, 2004
EstoniaMay 1, 2004
LatviaMay 1, 2004
SloveniaMay 1, 2004
LithuaniaMay 1, 2004
CroatiaJuly 1, 2013
IrelandJanuary 1, 1973
SlovakiaMay 1, 2004
FinlandJanuary 1, 1995
DenmarkJanuary 1, 1973
BulgariaJanuary 1, 2007
AustriaJanuary 1, 1995
HungaryMay 1, 2004
SwedenJanuary 1, 1995
PortugalJanuary 1, 1986
GreeceJanuary 1, 1981
Czech RepublicMay 1, 2004
BelgiumMarch 25, 1957
NetherlandsMarch 25, 1957
RomaniaJanuary 1, 2007
PolandMay 1, 2004
SpainJanuary 1, 1986
ItalyMarch 25, 1957
FranceMarch 25, 1957
United KingdomJanuary 1, 1973
GermanyMarch 25, 1957