Fascist Countries 2020

Fascism is a far-right, authoritarian, ultranationalist type of government that is characterized by a one-party dictatorship. When a country is under the rule of a singular dictatorship, it entails that there is a centralized government led by one person.

A fascist nation is against the principles of a democracy. Instead, governments of this nature view the wealth and success of the nation as being far more important than the citizens of the country. As a result, there are very few individual rights, if any at all, under a fascist regime. Fascist regimes often have forcible suppression of opposition and regimentation of society and of the economy.

The Beliefs of Fascism

Fascism is based on the principle that everyone should have complete dedication and allegiance to their home country.

For example, fascism was very prominent in Germany all throughout the Nazi era. When Adolf Hitler gained absolute power of the country, he insisted that Germany was the best country in the entire world, uniting the people by pushing an ultra-nationalist agenda. Three other infamous world leaders who adopted the ideologies of fascism were Benito Mussolini of Italy, Juan Peron of Argentina, and Francisco Franco of Spain.

Fascist nations and movement had significant differences from one another; however, they did share several characteristics. These included extreme militaristic nationalism and contempt for democracy, liberalism, and communism. Freedom of speech and the influence of the people’s voice are not respected in fascist nations, especially in opposition to their leader or country. Fascism emphasizes the importance of corporations, which creates an even deeper divide between the leaders and the people of a nation.

The History of Fascism Around the World

Fascism swept through central, southern, and eastern Europe from 1919 to 1945. The spread of fascist ideas originated in Italy under the reign of Benito Mussolini. He gained control of Italy as the leader of the National Fascist Party, and he remained in power until his downfall in 1943.

Despite his totalitarian rule over the Kingdom of Italy, Mussolini was ultimately voted out of office and ended up being arrested after the fact. The officials who supported him for so many years were actually the ones to overthrow Mussolini, and the hope was that this would be the end of Mussolini as a fascist dictator.

However, Nazi Germany was starting to take flight and Mussolini was recruited to assist the Germans with their fascist movement. He continued to participate in fascist ideologies until he was murdered by a fatal gunshot wound on April 28, 1945. Eventually, fascist ideologies spread throughout all of Europe, seeping first into Germany before making its way over to Asia. Japan was the first Asian country to experience fascism in full force, followed by the Republic of China in

Today, very few political parties describe themselves as fascists. Instead, this term is usually used as an epithet by their political opponents. This trend stems from the fact that there have been several fascist movements throughout history. Whether government systems recognize the traces of fascism in their ideologies or not does not take away from the reality that many systems of government still incorporate fascist ideas into their modern-day strategies.

Fascist movements took place all around the world: fascism also had adherents in South Africa, Japan, the United States, and the Middle East. There were seemingly endless movements driven by fascist beliefs in Portugal and Spain, but in the early 1970s, the movements were less frequent. Eventually, they stopped altogether. South Africa was also the home of three fascist movements until the 1980s, at which point the emphasis on fascism was lower than ever before.

Even democratic nations have traces of fascist movements within their histories. These nations have had fascist sympathizers, parties, and support groups with some significant influence in their respective countries. These nations include:

The United States might come as a shock to some. In the late 1930s, pro-German organizations showed support for fascism and one group, the Silver Legion of America, managed to run a candidates for President on a third-party ticket. After Nazi Germany declared war on the United States in 1941, the group was outlawed.

Fascist Leaders and Dictators

Each of the countries that have fascist movements written in their history were controlled by dictators. Even though many fascist leaders had help and support along the way, they were the ones who ultimately made the decisions.

The previous leaders of fascist nations were:

  • Adolf Hitler of Germany
  • Benito Mussolini of Italy
  • Fumimaro Konoye of Japan
  • Engelbert Dollfuß of Austria
  • Getúlio Vargas of Brazil
  • Ante Pavelić of Croatia
  • Pehr Evind Svinhufvud of Finland
  • Philippe Pétain of France
  • Ioannis Mextaxas of Greece
  • Ferenc Szálasi of Hungary
  • Vidkun Quisling of Norway
  • António de Oliveira Salazar of Portugal
  • Ion Antonescu of Romania
  • Jozef Tisoof Slovakia
  • Francisco Frano of Spain

Years of Active Fascism Around the World

  • Australia: 1931-early 1940s
  • Austria: 1933-1945
  • Belgium: 1932-1938
  • Canada: 1930s-1940
  • Chile: 1932-1938
  • China: 1932-1941 and 1938-1945
  • Croatia: 1941-1945
  • Finland: 1929-1944
  • France: 1940-1944
  • Greece: 1936-1941
  • Hungary 1932-1945
  • Ireland: 1932-1933
  • Italy: 1922-1943
  • Lebanon: 1936-present
  • Mexico: 1930-1942
  • The Netherlands: 1923-1945
  • Norway: 1943-1945
  • Portugal: 1932-1934
  • Poland: 1930s-present
  • Romania: 1940-1944
  • Slovakia: 1939-1944
  • Spain: 1936-1975
  • South Africa: 1930s-1980s
  • Sweden: 1926-1929
  • United Kingdom: 1932-1940
  • United States: 1933-1940
  • Yugoslavia: 1935-1939