Fascist Countries 2019

Fascism is a type of government that is characterized by a one-party dictatorship. When a country is under the rule of a singular dictorship, it entails that there is a centralized government led by one person, and that leader is known as the dictator.

A fascist nation is against the principles of a democracy. Instead, governments of this nature view the wealth and success of the nation as being far more important than the citizens of the country. As a result, there are very few individual rights, if any at all, under a fascist regime.

The Beliefs of Fascism

Fascism is based on the principle that everyone should have complete dedication and allegiance to their home country. For example, fascism was very prominent in Germany all throughout the Nazi era.

When Adolf Hitler gained absolute power of the country, he insisted that Germany was the best country in the entire world. Three other infamous world leaders who adopted the ideologies of fascism were Benito Mussolini of Italy, Juan Peron of Argentina, and Francisco Franco of Spain.

Fascist nations were regularly against liberalism, conservatism, and communism. They are also in complete opposition of democracy, so freedom of speech and the influence of the people’s voice are not respected in fascist nations. Fascism emphasizes the importance of corporations, which creates an even deeper divide between the leaders and the people of a nation.

The History of Fascism Around the World

Fascist movements first appeared in the year 1922, which just so happened to be at the tail end of World War I. The spread of fascist ideas originated in Italy under the reign of Benito Mussolini. He gained control of Italy as the leader of the National Fascist Party, and he remained in power until his downfall in 1943.

Despite his totalitarian rule over the Kingdom of Italy, Mussolini was ultimately voted out of office and ended up being arrested after the fact. The officials who supported him for so many years were actually the ones to overthrow Mussolini, and the hope was that this would be the end of Mussolini as a fascist dictator.

However, Nazi Germany was starting to take flight and Mussolini was recruited to assist the Germans with their fascist movement. He continued to participate in fascist ideologies until he was murdered by a fatal gunshot wound on April 28, 1945. Eventually, fascist idealogies spread throughout all of Europe, seeping first into Germany before making its way over to Asia. Japan was the first Asian country to experience fascism in full force, followed by the Republic of China in

Today, very few political parties describe themselves as fascists. Instead, this term is usually used as an epithet by their political opponents. This trend stems from the fact that there have been several fascist movements throughout history. Whether government systems recognize the traces of fascism in their ideologies or not does not take away from the reality that many systems of government still incorporate fascist ideas into their modern-day strategies.

Fascist movements took place all around the world. There were seemingly endless movements driven by fascist beliefs in Portugal and Spain, but in the early 1970s, the movements were less frequent. Eventually, they stopped altogether. South Africa was also the home of three fascist movements until the 1980s, at which point the emphasis on fascism was lower than ever before. Even democratic nations have traces of fascist movements within their histories.

The countries that were fascist but no longer identify as fascist include...

Fascist Leaders and Dictators

Each of the countries that have fascist movements written in their history were controlled by dictators. Even though many fascist leaders had help and support along the way, they were the ones who ultimately made the decisions.

The dictators of each fascist nation were...

  • Engelbert Dollfuss of Austria
  • Joris van Severen of Belgium
  • Plinio Salgado of Brazil
  • Adrien Arcand of Canada
  • Jorge Gonzalez of Chile
  • Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China
  • Ante Pavelic of Croatia
  • Risto Ryti of Finland
  • Philippe Petain of France
  • Ioannis Metaxas of Greece
  • Miklos Hothy and Ferenc Koszorus of Hungary
  • Eoin O’Duffy of Ireland
  • Pierre Gemayel of Lebanon
  • Nicolas Rodriguez Carrasco of Mexico
  • Anton Mussert and Cornelis van Geelkerken of the Netherlands
  • Vidkun Quisling of Norway
  • Francisco Rolao Preto of Portugal
  • The group known as the National Radical Camp Falanga of Poland
  • Ion Antonescu of Romania
  • Andrej Hlinka and Jozef Tiso of Slovakia
  • Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera of Spain
  • D F Malan and Robey Leibbrandt of South Africa
  • Konrad Hallgren of Sweden
  • Sir Oswald Mosley of the United Kingdom
  • Huey Long and Charles Coughlin of the United States of America
  • Milan Sojadinovic of Yugoslavia

Years of Active Fascist Regimes Around the World


  • Began in 1931
  • Ended in the early 1940s


  • Began in 1933
  • Ended in 1945


  • Began in the 1930s
  • Ended in 1945


  • Began in 1932
  • Ended in 1938


  • Began in the 1930s
  • Ended in 1940


  • Began in 1932
  • Ended in 1938

The Republic of China

  • Began in 1932 and 1941
  • Ended in 1938 and 1945


  • Began in 1941
  • Ended in 1945


  • Began in 1929
  • Ended in 1932


  • Began in 1940
  • Ended in 1944


  • Began in 1936
  • Ended in 1941


  • Began in 1932
  • Ended in 1945


  • Began in 1932
  • Ended in 1933


  • Began in 1922
  • Ended in 1943


  • Began in 1936
  • Still present to this day


  • Began in 1930
  • Ended in 1942

The Netherlands

  • Began in 1923
  • Ended in 1945


  • Began in 1943
  • Ended in 1945


  • Began in 1932
  • Ended in 1934


  • Began in the 1930s
  • Still present


  • Began in 1940
  • Ended in 1944


  • Began in 1939
  • Ended in 1944


  • Began in 1936
  • Ended in 1975

South Africa

  • Began in the 1930s
  • Ended in the 1980s


  • Began in 1926
  • Ended in 1929

The United Kingdom

  • Began in 1932
  • Ended in 1940

The United States of America

  • Began in 1933
  • Ended in 1941


  • Began in 1935
  • Ended in 1939