Fiji Population 2018

909,775

The nation of Fiji is comprised of over 300 islands, although only 110 of those are actually inhabited. Even without those uninhabited territories taken into account, this is a very sparsely populated nation. Fiji is located in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean, about 1,300 miles northeast of New Zealand's North Island. In 2018, Fiji has an estimated population of almost 912,241, which ranks 161st in the world.

The last census in 2007 found Fiji had a population of 837,200. This number is believed to have grown to 912,241 in 2018. Fiji has a population density of 46 people per square kilometer (120/square mile), which ranks 148th in the world. Fiji is comprised of 332 islands, of which 110 are inhabited, as well as 500 islets. Most of the islands were formed by volcanic activity going back about 150 million years. The farthest island is Onu-i-Lau, while the main islands of Vanua Levu and Viti Levu account for 87% of the total population. More than 75% of Fijians live on the coasts of Viti Levu. The terrain makes the interior parts of the island sparsely populated.

Fiji's capital and largest city, Suva, is found on Viti Levu. Suva has a city population of 87,000, although the population is about 175,000 when including the suburbs. Suva and its bordering cities -- Lami, Nausori, and Nasinu -- have a combined population of 330,000, or one out of every three Fijians.

Fiji Demographics

Fiji has been inhabited since the 2nd millennium BC, first by the Austronesians and then the Melanesians. Europeans first came to the area in the 1600's, and the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. The country gained independence in 1970.

Fiji's population is comprised mostly of native Fijians, or Melanesians, at 54%. Many native Fijians have Polynesian ancestry as well. Indo-Fijians account for 38% of the population, and they are descended from Indian laborers who were brought to the region by the British in the 1800s. Migration has reduced the percentage of Indo-Fijians dramatically over the last 20 years. Relationships between Indo-Fijians and ethnic Fijians are strained.

About 1% of Fiji's population are Rotuman, who are natives of Rotuma Island.

33% of the population of Fiji were aged between 0 and 14 - a figure that is some way in excess of the worldwide average. In addition, 63% were between the ages of 15 and 64 while just 4% of the country were aged 65 and over – considerably below the average percentages for all countries in the world.

As far as life expectancy is concerned, it is relatively low at 67.94 years for the total population. This is split between males at 65.54 years and females at 70.45 years.

Fiji Population Growth

Estimates from the world fact book are patchy and the population growth rate of 1.4% that is widely reported actually dates back to 2006.

Natural growth figures are even older - originating from 2000 but they are still worth recording here. At that time, it was claimed that there were 23.48 births per 1,000 of the Fiji population alongside 5.78 deaths per 1000. There was also a net loss due to migration out of the country of 3.6 people per 1000.

The growth in population of Fiji is steady but unremarkable. Based on current figures, it may be that numbers finally breach the 900,000 mark by 2020.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 31 minutes
One death every 80 minutes
One net migrant every 131 minutes
Net gain of one person every 80 minutes

Fiji Population in 2018Source: NevilleS

Fiji Population Pyramid 2018

0k2k4k6k8k10kFiji Male Population0k2k4k6k8k10kFiji Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Fiji Median Age

28.6


Total

28.4


Male

28.8


Female

Fiji Population by Age

There are 601,388 adults in Fiji.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Fiji Population Growth

The growth in population of Fiji is steady but unremarkable. Based on current figures, it may be that numbers finally breach the 900,000 mark by 2017.

About Fiji

Official NameRepublic of Fiji
Languages SpokenEnglish, Fijian, Fiji Hindi
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-18175
Currencies UsedFiji Dollar
DemonymFijian

Countries Bordering Fiji

None

Fiji Population Density

Fiji Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Suva77,366
Lautoka52,500
Nadi42,284
Labasa27,949
Ba14,596
Levuka8,360
Ahau

Fiji Population Clock

The population of Fiji (as of 2/13/2018)?909,775
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)912,241
Births Per Day47
Deaths Per Day18
Net Migrations Per Day -11
Net Change Per Day 18
Population Change Since January 1st792

Fiji Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 18.873 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.257 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -4.403 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.48 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.59 years
Female Life Expectancy 73.72 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.482 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.17 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 13.596 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 16.936 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.122 years
Rate of Natural Increase 11.616

Fiji Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018912,24150.73%49.27%49.931610.74%
2017905,50250.76%49.24%49.561610.75%
2016898,76050.80%49.20%49.191610.74%
2015892,14950.85%49.15%48.831610.74%
2010859,95051.04%48.96%47.061600.91%
2005821,81750.99%49.01%44.981590.26%
2000811,22350.79%49.21%44.401570.90%
1995775,49850.82%49.18%42.441571.25%
1990728,62850.79%49.21%39.881580.47%
1985711,66150.66%49.34%38.951552.30%
1980635,25550.63%49.37%34.771551.96%
1975576,59550.57%49.43%31.561552.07%
1970520,52950.86%49.14%28.491552.33%
1965463,88351.01%48.99%25.391563.35%
1960393,38651.50%48.49%21.531553.27%
1955334,97650.94%49.06%18.331553.00%
1950288,98852.25%47.75%15.821570.00%

Fiji Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020924,91550.65%49.35%50.621610.00%
2025950,43050.46%49.54%52.021620.55%
2030970,27050.27%49.73%53.101620.41%
2035985,15050.11%49.89%53.921620.30%
2040994,80149.97%50.03%54.441630.20%
2045999,08749.87%50.13%54.681630.09%
2050998,19049.79%50.21%54.63164-0.02%
2055993,45249.73%50.27%54.37166-0.10%
2060985,26449.68%50.32%53.92166-0.17%
2065974,05249.64%50.36%53.31166-0.23%
2070960,42149.61%50.39%52.56167-0.28%
2075944,90149.61%50.39%51.71167-0.33%
2080927,69249.62%50.38%50.77168-0.37%
2085909,19249.64%50.36%49.76168-0.40%
2090889,28149.66%50.34%48.67168-0.44%
2095868,22149.71%50.29%47.52168-0.48%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer