Finland Population 2015

Finland is one of five Nordic countries located in Northern Europe, where it's bordered by Norway, Sweden, Russia, Estonia and the Gulf of Finland. Finland has an estimated population of 5.46 million in 2015, which ranks 115th in the world.

The most recent confirmed population figures date to the 2010 census, which found an official population of 5.36 million. The population of Finland has since grown to an estimated 5.46 million in 2015. The country has a very low population density of 18 people per square kilometer (46/square mile), which ranks 201st in the world and makes Finland one of the most sparsely populated country of the European Union.

The largest city and capital is Helsinki on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki has a population of 625,000 and a metropolitan population of 1.4 million. The Helsinki metro area is the 4th largest Nordic metropolitan area after Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Oslo.

Finland Population History

Recorded Finland population figures date back to 1750 and have been faithfully updated ever since. They would clearly appear to have been rounded either up or down too and in 1750, it is shown that there were 421,000 people living here.

Ten years later, those numbers had climbed to 490,000 – a rise of just over sixteen per cent and similar increases through the rest of the 1700’s took the population of Finland to 837,000 at the start of the 19th century.

The population of Finland climbed above one million for the first time by 1820 and as the 20th century began, figures within the country had increased to 2,655,900. This pattern of steady increases has continued ever since to the point where the Finland population in 2012 is rapidly approaching 5.5 million.

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

Finland Demographics

Finland is very ethnically homogeneous. Most of the population is ethnic Finnish. The earliest inhabitants of the area were hunter-gatherers, most closely related to the modern-day Sami people of Finland. There are about 4,500 Sami left in Finland who are officially recognized as a minority. The Sami people have been living north of the Arctic Circle for over 7,000 years and account for a 5% minority in the Lapland Province. Finland does not keep official statistics on ethnicity.

Just 3.5% of the population is made up of foreign citizens, which is one of the lowest rates in the European Union. Most foreign citizens are from Estonia, Russia, and Sweden. Children of foreigners born in Finland do not automatically receive Finnish citizenship unless they cannot get citizenship in another nation.

Based on population figures in 2009 of 5,351,427, the CIA World Factbook suggests that 16.6% of the Finland population were aged between 0 and 14 years. In addition, 66.4% were aged between 15 and 64.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Finland Population Growth

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

Finland Population Clock

What is the population of Finland (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 813
Deaths Per Day 748
Net Migrations Per Day 159
Net Change Per Day 224
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Finland Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 42.53 years 15th
Crude Birth Rate 10.705 births/thousand 158th
Crude Death Rate 9.852 deaths/thousand 42nd
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.092 people/thousand 29th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.47 years 24th
Life Expectancy (Male) 78.79 years 28th
Life Expectancy (Female) 84.13 years 19th
Total Fertility Rate 1.766 children/woman 142nd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.856 surviving daughters/woman 139th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.047 males per female 131st
Infant Mortality Rate 1.873 deaths/1,000 live births 188th
Under Five Mortality 2.4 deaths/thousand 187th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.777 years 37th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Finland Population Growth

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

Finland Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2015 5,503,456 2,709,039 2,794,418 18 0.3708%
2010 5,367,693 2,633,886 2,733,807 17 0.5226%
2005 5,246,368 2,567,389 2,678,979 17 0.3849%
2000 5,176,482 2,526,348 2,650,134 17 0.2309%
1995 5,108,175 2,486,834 2,621,342 16 0.3487%
1990 4,986,705 2,419,577 2,567,128 16 0.4537%
1985 4,902,219 2,373,500 2,528,719 16 0.3883%
1980 4,779,454 2,310,785 2,468,669 15 0.4477%
1975 4,711,459 2,277,931 2,433,528 15 0.3251%
1970 4,606,740 2,225,192 2,381,548 15 0.3608%
1965 4,564,690 2,204,184 2,360,506 15 0.27%
1960 4,430,228 2,133,612 2,296,616 14 0.7467%
1955 4,235,423 2,031,043 2,204,380 13 1.0261%
1950 4,008,299 1,914,798 2,093,501 13 1.0273%

Finland Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 5,585,090 2,756,465 2,828,626 18 0.2626%
2025 5,655,578 2,797,204 2,858,374 18 0.21%
2030 5,705,821 2,826,588 2,879,234 18 0.1235%
2035 5,731,536 2,843,467 2,888,069 18 0.0445%
2040 5,738,863 2,852,287 2,886,576 18 0.0109%
2045 5,742,465 2,860,450 2,882,016 18 0.0228%
2050 5,751,779 2,872,272 2,879,507 18 0.0436%
2055 5,766,079 2,882,875 2,883,204 18 0.0568%
2060 5,783,459 2,894,410 2,889,049 19 0.0649%
2065 5,802,660 2,905,710 2,896,950 19 0.0668%
2070 5,821,310 2,914,870 2,906,440 19 0.0577%
2075 5,835,925 2,921,208 2,914,718 19 0.0353%
2080 5,843,932 2,924,718 2,919,214 19 0.0219%
2085 5,849,704 2,927,565 2,922,139 19 0.0151%
2090 5,853,411 2,929,551 2,923,860 19 0.0099%
2095 5,855,852 2,930,485 2,925,367 19 0.0055%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations