Finland Population 2017

5,543,790

The most recent confirmed population figures date to the 2010 census, which found an official population of 5.36 million. The population of Finland has since grown to an estimated 5.46 million in 2015. The country has a very low population density of 18 people per square kilometer (46/square mile), which ranks 201st in the world and makes Finland one of the most sparsely populated country of the European Union.

The largest city and capital is Helsinki on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki has a population of 625,000 and a metropolitan population of 1.4 million. The Helsinki metro area is the 4th largest Nordic metropolitan area after Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Oslo.

Finland Population History

Recorded Finland population figures date back to 1750 and have been faithfully updated ever since. They would clearly appear to have been rounded either up or down too and in 1750, it is shown that there were 421,000 people living here.

Ten years later, those numbers had climbed to 490,000 – a rise of just over sixteen per cent and similar increases through the rest of the 1700’s took the population of Finland to 837,000 at the start of the 19th century.

The population of Finland climbed above one million for the first time by 1820 and as the 20th century began, figures within the country had increased to 2,655,900. This pattern of steady increases has continued ever since to the point where the Finland population in 2012 is rapidly approaching 5.5 million.

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

Finland Demographics

Finland is very ethnically homogeneous. Most of the population is ethnic Finnish. The earliest inhabitants of the area were hunter-gatherers, most closely related to the modern-day Sami people of Finland. There are about 4,500 Sami left in Finland who are officially recognized as a minority. The Sami people have been living north of the Arctic Circle for over 7,000 years and account for a 5% minority in the Lapland Province. Finland does not keep official statistics on ethnicity.

Just 3.5% of the population is made up of foreign citizens, which is one of the lowest rates in the European Union. Most foreign citizens are from Estonia, Russia, and Sweden. Children of foreigners born in Finland do not automatically receive Finnish citizenship unless they cannot get citizenship in another nation.

Based on population figures in 2009 of 5,351,427, the CIA World Factbook suggests that 16.6% of the Finland population were aged between 0 and 14 years. In addition, 66.4% were aged between 15 and 64.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Finland Population Growth

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

Finland Population in 2017Source: Photograph by Mikko Paananen
Modified by -Majestic- and Ilmari Karonen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Finland Population Growth

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

About Finland

Official NameRepublic of Finland
Languages SpokenSwedish, Finnish
BordersNOR, SWE, RUS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude6426
Currencies UsedEUR

Finland Population Density

Name Population
Isokyroe5,040
Korpilahti5,050
Ylitornio5,104
Ristiina5,171
Inga5,205
Siuntio5,229
Pohja5,257
Sievi5,281
Luumaeki5,305
Ruovesi5,314
Hankasalmi5,372
Suolahti5,399
Vilppula5,422
Viiala5,472
Juankoski5,514
Malax5,517
Pielavesi5,521
Joroinen5,536
Urjala5,542
Jokioinen5,568
Ylistaro5,580
Lammi5,634
Tyrnaevae5,636
Eurajoki5,656
Kittilae5,713
Ruokolahti5,780
Nakkila5,792
Pernioe5,809
Kerimaeki5,841
Kannus5,968
Masku5,974
Juuka6,035
Noormarkku6,076
Teuva6,092
Pyhaejaervi6,094
Pyhaejaervi6,138
Vuokatti6,183
Kangasniemi6,211
Mynaemaeki6,271
Ilomantsi6,408
Maenttae6,459
Nilsiae6,474
Tammela6,519
Ii6,546
Piikkioe6,553
Kronoby6,813
AEhtaeri6,835
Maentyharju6,871
Eno6,891
Inari7,049
Liminka7,058
Juva7,165
Pyhaeselkae7,210
Parkano7,213
Iitti7,246
Ikaalinen7,309
Nykarleby7,338
Lapinlahti7,350
Jaemsaenkoski7,442
Viitasaari7,511
Suonenjoki7,568
Harjavalta7,572
Haapajaervi7,627
Virrat7,707
Kristinestad7,712
Haapavesi7,717
Outokumpu7,738
Loppi7,768
Laihia7,782
Kauhava7,896
Hausjaervi8,151
Muhos8,232
Akaa8,258
Oulainen8,300
Toijala8,300
Kokemaeki8,390
Laitila8,403
Asikkala8,540
Jalasjaervi8,662
Kauniainen8,688
Elimaeki8,751
Alajaervi8,793
Nurmes8,804
Karkkila8,811
Muurame8,826
Orivesi8,846
Karis8,853
Kalajoki8,869
Kemijaervi8,883
Sodankylae8,942
Huittinen8,952
Keminmaa8,980
Eura9,338
Halikko9,344
Alavus9,422
Pudasjaervi9,459
Oulunsalo9,556
Kiuruvesi9,730
Kitee9,777
Somero9,840
Hanko9,962
Suomussalmi9,974
Haemeenkyroe9,996
Saarijaervi10,011
Paimio10,126
Kuhmo10,214
Sotkamo10,368
Pedersoere10,436
Joutseno10,603
Nivala10,610
Kurikka10,628
Leppaevirta10,936
Keuruu10,942
Liperi11,386
Ilmajoki11,693
Nurmo11,908
Pargas11,962
Kiiminki12,069
Pieksaemaeki12,167
Ulvila12,314
Kankaanpaeae12,381
Kontiolahti12,411
Ylivieska13,159
AEaenekoski13,406
Naantali13,607
Lieksa13,703
Lapua14,091
Kempele14,293
Ekenaes14,377
Kauhajoki14,526
Orimattila14,603
Nastola14,911
Vammala14,982
Lieto15,258
Jaemsae15,261
Lovisa15,466
Laensi-Turunmaa15,498
Pirkkala15,615
Janakkala15,698
Uusikaupunki16,226
Anjala16,779
Laukaa17,093
Korsholm17,176
Haukipudas17,298
Kuusamo17,400
Forssa17,852
Maentsaelae18,074
Lempaeaelae18,096
Jakobstad19,238
Sibbo19,430
Siilinjaervi20,209
Valkeakoski20,376
Hollola20,405
Heinola20,849
Tornio21,236
Kaarina21,684
Hamina21,712
Yloejaervi22,140
Raahe22,217
Varkaus22,365
Iisalmi22,588
Kemi22,641
Karhula22,867
Raisio23,597
Kangasala24,291
Salo24,900
Vihti26,280
Riihimaeki26,451
Savonlinna27,353
Nokia28,676
Imatra29,615
Kouvola31,133
Kerava31,347
Seinaejoki32,149
Kirkkonummi32,920
Tuusula34,725
Rovaniemi34,781
Kajaani35,375
Kokkola35,586
Lohja35,960
Rauma36,550
Nurmijaervi37,073
Jaervenpaeae38,148
Hyvinge43,515
Mikkeli46,550
Porvoo47,192
Haemeenlinna47,261
Joensuu53,388
Kotka54,616
Vaasa57,014
Lappeenranta59,276
Pori76,772
Jyvaeskylae85,026
Kuopio89,104
Lahti98,826
Oulu128,618
Turku175,945
Vantaa190,058
Tampere202,687
Espoo256,760
Helsinki558,457

Finland Population Clock

What is the population of Finland (as of September 13, 2017)?5,543,790
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5541274
Births Per Day32
Deaths Per Day30
Net Migrations Per Day 32
Net Change Per Day 34
Population Change Since January 1st8,670

Finland Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 10.671 births/thousand167
Crude Death Rate 9.825 deaths/thousand42
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.092 people/thousand34
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.386 years26
Male Life Expectancy 78.698 years30
Female Life Expectancy 84.048 years21
Total Fertility Rate 1.758 children/woman150
Net Reproduction Rate 0.856 surviving daughters/woman146
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.047 males per female136
Infant Mortality Rate 1.902 deaths/1,000 live births197
Under Five Mortality 2.439 deaths/thousand196
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.777 years40
Rate of Natural Increase 0.853 173
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.816 %30
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.404 %37
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.192 %27
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 7.636 %39
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10.061 %41
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.104 %25
Crude Suicide Rate 16.7 suicides/thousand24
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years20
Median Age (Female) 44.3 years19
Median Age (Male) 40.8 years20

Finland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20175,541,27449.28%50.72%181940.27%115
20155,503,45649.224%50.776%181940.37%115
20105,367,69349.069%50.931%171920.52%114
20055,246,36848.937%51.063%171880.38%111
20005,176,48248.804%51.196%171870.23%108
19955,108,17548.683%51.317%161850.35%104
19904,986,70548.521%51.479%161840.45%103
19854,902,21948.417%51.583%161780.39%100
19804,779,45448.348%51.652%151750.45%96
19754,711,45948.349%51.651%151720.33%93
19704,606,74048.303%51.697%151690.36%86
19654,564,69048.288%51.712%151610.27%81
19604,430,22848.16%51.84%141550.75%78
19554,235,42347.954%52.046%131531.03%76
19504,008,29947.771%52.229%131481.03%76

Finland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20205,585,09049.354%50.646%181960.26%117
20255,655,57849.459%50.541%182000.21%121
20305,705,82149.539%50.461%182030.12%121
20355,731,53649.611%50.389%182050.04%122
20405,738,86349.701%50.299%182060.01%121
20455,742,46549.812%50.188%182070.02%121
20505,751,77949.937%50.063%182070.04%125
20555,766,07949.997%50.003%182080.06%125
20605,783,45950.046%49.954%192070.06%126
20655,802,66050.075%49.925%192070.07%127
20705,821,31050.072%49.928%192070.06%127
20755,835,92550.056%49.944%192080.04%126
20805,843,93250.047%49.953%192070.02%126
20855,849,70450.046%49.954%192070.02%125
20905,853,41150.049%49.951%192070.01%125
20955,855,85250.044%49.956%192070.01%122
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations