Finland Population 2017

5,527,923

Finland is one of five Nordic countries located in Northern Europe, where it's bordered by Norway, Sweden, Russia, Estonia and the Gulf of Finland. Finland has an estimated population of 5.52 million in 2017, which ranks 115th in the world.

The most recent confirmed population figures date to the 2010 census, which found an official population of 5.36 million. The population of Finland has since grown to an estimated 5.52 million in 2017. The country has a very low population density of 18 people per square kilometer (46/square mile), which ranks 201st in the world and makes Finland one of the most sparsely populated country of the European Union.

The largest city and capital is Helsinki on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki has a population of 625,000 and a metropolitan population of 1.4 million. The Helsinki metro area is the 4th largest Nordic metropolitan area after Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Oslo.

Finland Population History

Recorded Finland population figures date back to 1750 and have been faithfully updated ever since. They would clearly appear to have been rounded either up or down too and in 1750, it is shown that there were 421,000 people living here.

Ten years later, those numbers had climbed to 490,000 – a rise of just over sixteen per cent and similar increases through the rest of the 1700’s took the population of Finland to 837,000 at the start of the 19th century.

The population of Finland climbed above one million for the first time by 1820 and as the 20th century began, figures within the country had increased to 2,655,900. This pattern of steady increases has continued ever since to the point where the Finland population in 2012 is rapidly approaching 5.5 million.

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

Finland Demographics

Finland is very ethnically homogeneous. Most of the population is ethnic Finnish. The earliest inhabitants of the area were hunter-gatherers, most closely related to the modern-day Sami people of Finland. There are about 4,500 Sami left in Finland who are officially recognized as a minority. The Sami people have been living north of the Arctic Circle for over 7,000 years and account for a 5% minority in the Lapland Province. Finland does not keep official statistics on ethnicity.

Just 3.5% of the population is made up of foreign citizens, which is one of the lowest rates in the European Union. Most foreign citizens are from Estonia, Russia, and Sweden. Children of foreigners born in Finland do not automatically receive Finnish citizenship unless they cannot get citizenship in another nation.

Based on population figures in 2009 of 5,351,427, the CIA World Factbook suggests that 16.6% of the Finland population were aged between 0 and 14 years. In addition, 66.4% were aged between 15 and 64.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Finland Population Growth

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

Finland Population in 2018Source: Photograph by Mikko Paananen
Modified by -Majestic- and Ilmari Karonen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Finland Population Growth

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

About Finland

Official NameRepublic of Finland
Languages SpokenSwedish, Finnish
BordersNOR, SWE, RUS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude6426
Currencies UsedEUR

Finland Population Density

Name Population
Helsinki558,457
Espoo256,760
Tampere202,687
Vantaa190,058
Turku175,945
Oulu128,618
Lahti98,826
Kuopio89,104
Jyvaeskylae85,026
Pori76,772
Lappeenranta59,276
Vaasa57,014
Kotka54,616
Joensuu53,388
Haemeenlinna47,261
Porvoo47,192
Mikkeli46,550
Hyvinge43,515
Jaervenpaeae38,148
Nurmijaervi37,073
Rauma36,550
Lohja35,960
Kokkola35,586
Kajaani35,375
Rovaniemi34,781
Tuusula34,725
Kirkkonummi32,920
Seinaejoki32,149
Kerava31,347
Kouvola31,133
Imatra29,615
Nokia28,676
Savonlinna27,353
Riihimaeki26,451
Vihti26,280
Salo24,900
Kangasala24,291
Raisio23,597
Karhula22,867
Kemi22,641
Iisalmi22,588
Varkaus22,365
Raahe22,217
Yloejaervi22,140
Hamina21,712
Kaarina21,684
Tornio21,236
Heinola20,849
Hollola20,405
Valkeakoski20,376
Siilinjaervi20,209
Sibbo19,430
Jakobstad19,238
Lempaeaelae18,096
Maentsaelae18,074
Forssa17,852
Kuusamo17,400
Haukipudas17,298
Korsholm17,176
Laukaa17,093
Anjala16,779
Uusikaupunki16,226
Janakkala15,698
Pirkkala15,615
Laensi-Turunmaa15,498
Lovisa15,466
Jaemsae15,261
Lieto15,258
Vammala14,982
Nastola14,911
Orimattila14,603
Kauhajoki14,526
Ekenaes14,377
Kempele14,293
Lapua14,091
Lieksa13,703
Naantali13,607
AEaenekoski13,406
Ylivieska13,159
Kontiolahti12,411
Kankaanpaeae12,381
Ulvila12,314
Pieksaemaeki12,167
Kiiminki12,069
Pargas11,962
Nurmo11,908
Ilmajoki11,693
Liperi11,386
Keuruu10,942
Leppaevirta10,936
Kurikka10,628
Nivala10,610
Joutseno10,603
Pedersoere10,436
Sotkamo10,368
Kuhmo10,214
Paimio10,126
Saarijaervi10,011
Haemeenkyroe9,996
Suomussalmi9,974
Hanko9,962
Somero9,840
Kitee9,777
Kiuruvesi9,730
Oulunsalo9,556
Pudasjaervi9,459
Alavus9,422
Halikko9,344
Eura9,338
Keminmaa8,980
Huittinen8,952
Sodankylae8,942
Kemijaervi8,883
Kalajoki8,869
Karis8,853
Orivesi8,846
Muurame8,826
Karkkila8,811
Nurmes8,804
Alajaervi8,793
Elimaeki8,751
Kauniainen8,688
Jalasjaervi8,662
Asikkala8,540
Laitila8,403
Kokemaeki8,390
Oulainen8,300
Toijala8,300
Akaa8,258
Muhos8,232
Hausjaervi8,151
Kauhava7,896
Laihia7,782
Loppi7,768
Outokumpu7,738
Haapavesi7,717
Kristinestad7,712
Virrat7,707
Haapajaervi7,627
Harjavalta7,572
Suonenjoki7,568
Viitasaari7,511
Jaemsaenkoski7,442
Lapinlahti7,350
Nykarleby7,338
Ikaalinen7,309
Iitti7,246
Parkano7,213
Pyhaeselkae7,210
Juva7,165
Liminka7,058
Inari7,049
Eno6,891
Maentyharju6,871
AEhtaeri6,835
Kronoby6,813
Piikkioe6,553
Ii6,546
Tammela6,519
Nilsiae6,474
Maenttae6,459
Ilomantsi6,408
Mynaemaeki6,271
Kangasniemi6,211
Vuokatti6,183
Pyhaejaervi6,138
Pyhaejaervi6,094
Teuva6,092
Noormarkku6,076
Juuka6,035
Masku5,974
Kannus5,968
Kerimaeki5,841
Pernioe5,809
Nakkila5,792
Ruokolahti5,780
Kittilae5,713
Eurajoki5,656
Tyrnaevae5,636
Lammi5,634
Ylistaro5,580
Jokioinen5,568
Urjala5,542
Joroinen5,536
Pielavesi5,521
Malax5,517
Juankoski5,514
Viiala5,472
Vilppula5,422
Suolahti5,399
Hankasalmi5,372
Ruovesi5,314
Luumaeki5,305
Sievi5,281
Pohja5,257
Siuntio5,229
Inga5,205
Ristiina5,171
Ylitornio5,104
Korpilahti5,050
Isokyroe5,040

Finland Population Clock

What is the population of Finland (as of 11/15/2017)?5,527,923
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5,523,231
Births Per Day32
Deaths Per Day30
Net Migrations Per Day 32
Net Change Per Day 34
Population Change Since January 1st10,846

Finland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.671 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.825 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.092 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.386 years
Male Life Expectancy 78.698 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.048 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.758 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.856 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.047 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 1.902 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.439 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.777 years
Rate of Natural Increase 0.853
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.816%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.404%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.192%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 7.636%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10.061%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.104%
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years
Median Age (Female) 44.3 years
Median Age (Male) 40.8 years

Finland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20175,523,23149.28%50.72%160.38%
20155,481,96649.21%50.79%160.43%
20105,365,78249.08%50.92%160.40%
20055,258,92748.95%51.05%160.27%
20005,187,95448.82%51.18%150.27%
19955,119,00548.69%51.31%150.49%
19904,996,22248.53%51.47%150.34%
19854,911,22048.42%51.58%150.51%
19804,788,24348.35%51.65%140.29%
19754,718,74948.34%51.66%140.46%
19704,612,36648.30%51.70%140.19%
19654,568,59848.29%51.71%130.60%
19604,434,59048.17%51.83%130.91%
19554,238,27547.96%52.04%131.12%
19504,008,29447.77%52.23%120.00%

Finland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20205,580,12749.38%50.62%160.00%
20255,669,11949.50%50.50%170.32%
20305,739,09549.60%50.40%170.25%
20355,785,21449.68%50.32%170.16%
20405,813,52949.77%50.23%170.10%
20455,837,02849.87%50.13%170.08%
20505,866,35049.97%50.03%170.10%
20555,901,15650.05%49.95%170.12%
20605,939,87450.12%49.88%180.13%
20655,980,55650.16%49.84%180.14%
20706,019,07750.18%49.82%180.13%
20756,050,92950.18%49.82%180.11%
20806,075,16850.19%49.81%180.08%
20856,095,03150.20%49.80%180.07%
20906,111,88850.22%49.78%180.06%
20956,126,55350.22%49.78%180.05%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer