Finland Population 2018

5,541,881

Finland is one of five Nordic countries located in Northern Europe, where it's bordered by Norway, Sweden, Russia, Estonia and the Gulf of Finland. Finland has an estimated population of 5.54 million in 2018, which ranks 115th in the world.

The most recent confirmed population figures date to the 2010 census, which found an official population of 5.36 million. The population of Finland has since grown to an estimated 5.54 million in 2018. The country has a very low population density of 18 people per square kilometer (46/square mile), which ranks 201st in the world and makes Finland one of the most sparsely populated country of the European Union.

The largest city and capital is Helsinki on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki has a population of 625,000 and a metropolitan population of 1.4 million. The Helsinki metro area is the 4th largest Nordic metropolitan area after Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Oslo.

Finland Population History

Recorded Finland population figures date back to 1750 and have been faithfully updated ever since. They would clearly appear to have been rounded either up or down too and in 1750, it is shown that there were 421,000 people living here.

Ten years later, those numbers had climbed to 490,000 – a rise of just over sixteen per cent and similar increases through the rest of the 1700’s took the population of Finland to 837,000 at the start of the 19th century.

The population of Finland climbed above one million for the first time by 1820 and as the 20th century began, figures within the country had increased to 2,655,900. This pattern of steady increases has continued ever since to the point where the Finland population in 2012 is rapidly approaching 5.5 million.

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

Finland Demographics

Finland is very ethnically homogeneous. Most of the population is ethnic Finnish. The earliest inhabitants of the area were hunter-gatherers, most closely related to the modern-day Sami people of Finland. There are about 4,500 Sami left in Finland who are officially recognized as a minority. The Sami people have been living north of the Arctic Circle for over 7,000 years and account for a 5% minority in the Lapland Province. Finland does not keep official statistics on ethnicity.

Just 3.5% of the population is made up of foreign citizens, which is one of the lowest rates in the European Union. Most foreign citizens are from Estonia, Russia, and Sweden. Children of foreigners born in Finland do not automatically receive Finnish citizenship unless they cannot get citizenship in another nation.

Based on population figures in 2009 of 5,351,427, the CIA World Factbook suggests that 16.6% of the Finland population were aged between 0 and 14 years. In addition, 66.4% were aged between 15 and 64.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Finland Population Growth

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 9 minutes
One death every 10 minutes
One net migrant every 38 minutes
Net gain of one person every 27 minutes

Finland Population in 2018Source: By ri Sa from Helsinki, Finland (L�nsim�ki / Mellunm�ki) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Finland Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40kFinland Male Population0k10k20k30k40kFinland Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Finland Median Age

42.4


Total

40.8


Male

44.3


Female

Finland Population by Age

There are 4,440,643 adults in Finland.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201031 December 2010
200031 December 2000
199531 December 1995
199031 December 1990
198517 November 1985

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Finland Population Growth

It is reported that population growth slowed in Finland after World War Two with average family sizes falling from 3.6 in 1950 to 2.7 by 1975. Therefore, while there is still growth here, it is considerably slower than it has been in the past.

As evidence of the slowing down of population growth, Finland also has a high percentage of people aged over 65 – 17% in 2009 and that is considerably higher than the world’s average.

Overall, however, the picture is still one of growth in terms of a decade by decade situation. Therefore, it could be that the population of Finland may come very close to the six million figure by 2020.

About Finland

Official NameRepublic of Finland
Languages SpokenFinnish, Swedish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude6426
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymFinnish

Countries Bordering Finland

Norway
Sweden
Russia

Finland Population Density

Finland Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Helsinki558,457
Espoo256,760
Tampere202,687
Vantaa190,058
Turku175,945
Oulu128,618
Lahti98,826
Kuopio89,104
Jyvaeskylae85,026
Pori76,772
Lappeenranta59,276
Vaasa57,014
Kotka54,616
Joensuu53,388
Haemeenlinna47,261
Porvoo47,192
Mikkeli46,550
Hyvinge43,515
Jaervenpaeae38,148
Nurmijaervi37,073

Finland Population Clock

The population of Finland (as of 6/18/2018)?5,541,881
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)5,542,517
Births Per Day164
Deaths Per Day149
Net Migrations Per Day 38
Net Change Per Day 53
Population Change Since January 1st8,957

Finland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.848 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.83 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.531 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.57 years
Male Life Expectancy 78.8 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.35 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.782 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.865 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.047 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 1.575 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 1.939 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.591 years
Rate of Natural Increase 1.018

Finland Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20185,542,51749.31%50.69%16.381160.35%
20175,523,23149.28%50.72%16.321160.37%
20165,503,13249.24%50.76%16.261160.39%
20155,481,96649.21%50.79%16.201160.43%
20105,365,78249.08%50.92%15.861140.40%
20055,258,92748.95%51.05%15.541120.27%
20005,187,95448.82%51.18%15.331080.27%
19955,119,00548.69%51.31%15.131040.49%
19904,996,22248.53%51.47%14.761020.34%
19854,911,22048.42%51.58%14.511000.51%
19804,788,24348.35%51.65%14.15960.29%
19754,718,74948.34%51.66%13.94930.46%
19704,612,36648.30%51.70%13.63860.19%
19654,568,59848.29%51.71%13.50810.60%
19604,434,59048.17%51.83%13.10780.91%
19554,238,27547.96%52.04%12.52761.12%
19504,008,29447.77%52.23%11.84760.00%

Finland Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20205,580,12749.38%50.62%16.491170.00%
20255,669,11949.50%50.50%16.751200.32%
20305,739,09549.60%50.40%16.961230.25%
20355,785,21449.68%50.32%17.091230.16%
20405,813,52949.77%50.23%17.181230.10%
20455,837,02849.87%50.13%17.251220.08%
20505,866,35049.97%50.03%17.331220.10%
20555,901,15650.05%49.95%17.441230.12%
20605,939,87450.12%49.88%17.551240.13%
20655,980,55650.16%49.84%17.671240.14%
20706,019,07750.18%49.82%17.791240.13%
20756,050,92950.18%49.82%17.881250.11%
20806,075,16850.19%49.81%17.951260.08%
20856,095,03150.20%49.80%18.011250.07%
20906,111,88850.22%49.78%18.061240.06%
20956,126,55350.22%49.78%18.101240.05%
Data Sources
  1. Statistics Finland
  2. Statistics Finland
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer