Fragile States Index 2019

The Fragile States Index is a report released by the Fund for Peace and the magazine, Foreign Policy. This report has been released annually since 2005. The primary purpose of this report is to assess the vulnerability of sovereign states throughout the nation. All sovereign states that are members of the United Nations are included in the report when enough data is available with the exception of Taiwan, Kosovo, Western Sahara, Northern Cyprus, and the Palestinian Territories.

The report uses indicators across four categories to determine if a state is vulnerable to conflict or collapse. The categories that are assessed include:

  • Cohesion
  • Economic
  • Political
  • Social

There are 12 different indicators used to determine the vulnerability of the states. These factors include human rights, public services, demographic pressures, refugees and internally displaced persons, and security.

The higher a state is ranked on the list, the more vulnerable it is. According to the 2018 Fragile States Index, South Sudan was the most vulnerable with a score of 113.4. Not far behind was the state of Somalia with a score of 113.2. The third most vulnerable state on the index was Yemen was a score of 112.7.

From the 2018 Index, the top 10 most vulnerable states included:

On the flip side, states with the lowest scores were found to be the most vulnerable and less at-risk for conflict or collapse. The top state based on the 2018 Index was Finland with a score of 17.9. Norway came in second place with a score of 18.3, while Switzerland came in next with a score of 19.2.

The states that appear at the bottom of the Index of 2018 and thus are less vulnerable to conflict or collapse include:

Country Fragile States Index Population 2019
Yemen113.529,161,922
Somalia112.315,442,905
South Sudan112.211,062,113
Syria111.517,070,135
Dr Congo110.286,790,567
Central African Republic108.94,745,185
Chad108.515,946,876
Sudan10842,813,238
Afghanistan10538,041,754
Zimbabwe99.514,645,468
Guinea99.412,771,246
Haiti99.311,263,077
Nigeria98.5200,963,599
Burundi98.211,530,580
Cameroon9725,876,380
Eritrea96.43,497,117
Niger96.223,310,715
Uganda95.344,269,594
Mali94.519,658,031
Myanmar94.354,045,420
Pakistan94.2216,565,318
Ethiopia94.2112,078,730
Kenya93.552,573,973
North Korea92.725,666,161
Republic Of The Congo92.55,380,508
Libya92.26,777,452
Ivory Coast92.125,716,544
Liberia90.24,937,374
Mauritania90.14,525,696
Venezuela89.328,515,829
Mozambique88.730,366,036
Egypt88.4100,388,073
Angola87.831,825,295
Bangladesh87.7163,046,161
Rwanda87.512,626,950
Togo87.48,082,366
Sierra Leone86.87,813,215
Zambia85.717,861,030
Swaziland85.31,148,130
Djibouti85.1973,560
Lebanon856,855,713
Nepal84.728,608,710
Sri Lanka8421,323,733
Burkina Faso83.920,321,378
Gambia83.92,347,706
Malawi83.318,628,747
Philippines83.1108,116,615
Papua New Guinea83.18,776,109
Iran8382,913,906
Equatorial Guinea82.61,355,986
Cambodia82.516,486,542
Solomon Islands81.9669,823
Comoros81.7850,886
Guatemala81.417,581,472
Madagascar80.926,969,307
Turkey80.383,429,615
Tanzania80.158,005,463
Lesotho79.72,125,268
Laos78.77,169,455
Nicaragua78.16,545,502
Honduras77.89,746,117
Tajikistan77.79,321,018
Senegal77.216,296,364
Israel76.58,519,377
Kyrgyzstan76.26,415,850
Jordan75.910,101,694
Uzbekistan75.732,981,716
Colombia75.750,339,443
Algeria75.443,053,054
Russia74.7145,872,256
India74.41,366,417,754
Morocco73.936,471,769
Benin73.611,801,151
Azerbaijan73.210,047,718
Thailand73.169,625,582
Micronesia73113,815
Bolivia72.911,513,100
Bhutan72763,092
Georgia723,996,765
Brazil71.8211,049,527
Fiji71.7889,953
Turkmenistan71.45,942,089
Bosnia And Herzegovina71.33,301,000
Ecuador71.217,373,662
South Africa71.158,558,270
Sao Tome And Principe71.1215,056
China71.11,433,783,686
Ukraine7143,993,638
Gabon70.52,172,579
Saudi Arabia70.434,268,528
Indonesia70.4270,625,568
Tunisia70.111,694,719
Maldives69.8530,953
El Salvador69.86,453,553
Mexico69.7127,575,529
Peru68.232,510,453
Guyana68.2782,766
Belarus68.29,452,411
Serbia688,772,235
Moldova67.14,043,263
Paraguay677,044,636
Armenia66.72,957,731
Cape Verde66.6549,935
Namibia66.42,494,530
Dominican Republic66.210,738,958
Vietnam66.196,462,106
Ghana65.930,417,856
Samoa64.2197,097
Bahrain63.81,641,172
Belize62.5390,353
Suriname61.9581,372
Kazakhstan61.618,551,427
Jamaica61.22,948,279
Cuba60.811,333,483
Malaysia60.531,949,777
Botswana59.52,303,697
Albania58.92,880,917
Cyprus57.81,198,575
Grenada57.6112,003
Brunei57.5433,285
Montenegro55.3627,987
Seychelles55.297,739
Antigua And Barbuda54.497,118
Mongolia54.13,225,167
Greece53.910,473,455
Trinidad And Tobago531,394,973
Bulgaria50.67,000,119
Oman504,974,986
Hungary49.69,684,679
Bahamas48.8389,482
Barbados48287,025
Romania47.819,364,557
Croatia47.54,130,304
Panama474,246,439
Argentina4644,780,677
Qatar45.42,832,067
Latvia43.91,906,743
Italy43.860,550,075
Poland42.837,887,768
Costa Rica425,047,561
Estonia40.81,325,648
Spain40.746,736,776
United Arab Emirates40.19,770,529
Mauritius38.91,269,668
Chile38.918,952,038
Lithuania38.12,759,627
United States38329,064,917
Czech Republic37.610,689,209
United Kingdom36.767,530,172
Malta34.5440,372
Japan34.3126,860,301
Uruguay343,461,734
South Korea33.751,225,308
France3265,129,728
Belgium28.611,539,328
Singapore28.15,804,337
Slovenia282,078,654
Portugal25.310,226,187
Austria258,955,102
Netherlands24.817,097,130
Germany24.783,517,045
Luxembourg20.4615,729
Sweden20.310,036,379
New Zealand20.14,783,063
Canada2037,411,047
Iceland19.8339,031
Australia19.725,203,198
Denmark19.55,771,876
Switzerland18.78,591,365
Norway185,378,857
Finland16.95,532,156
Kuwait3.24,207,083