Fragile States Index 2020

The Fragile States Index is a report released by the Fund for Peace and the magazine, Foreign Policy. This report has been released annually since 2005. The primary purpose of this report is to assess the vulnerability of sovereign states throughout the nation. All sovereign states that are members of the United Nations are included in the report when enough data is available with the exception of Taiwan, Kosovo, Western Sahara, Northern Cyprus, and the Palestinian Territories.

The report uses indicators across four categories to determine if a state is vulnerable to conflict or collapse. The categories that are assessed include:

  • Cohesion
  • Economic
  • Political
  • Social

There are 12 different indicators used to determine the vulnerability of the states. These factors include human rights, public services, demographic pressures, refugees and internally displaced persons, and security.

The higher a state is ranked on the list, the more vulnerable it is. According to the 2018 Fragile States Index, South Sudan was the most vulnerable with a score of 113.4. Not far behind was the state of Somalia with a score of 113.2. The third most vulnerable state on the index was Yemen was a score of 112.7.

From the 2018 Index, the top 10 most vulnerable states included:

On the flip side, states with the lowest scores were found to be the most vulnerable and less at-risk for conflict or collapse. The top state based on the 2018 Index was Finland with a score of 17.9. Norway came in second place with a score of 18.3, while Switzerland came in next with a score of 19.2.

The states that appear at the bottom of the Index of 2018 and thus are less vulnerable to conflict or collapse include:

Country Fragile States Index Population 2019
Kuwait3.24,207,083
Finland16.95,532,156
Norway185,378,857
Switzerland18.78,591,365
Denmark19.55,771,876
Australia19.725,203,198
Iceland19.8339,031
Canada2037,411,047
New Zealand20.14,783,063
Sweden20.310,036,379
Luxembourg20.4615,729
Germany24.783,517,045
Netherlands24.817,097,130
Austria258,955,102
Portugal25.310,226,187
Slovenia282,078,654
Singapore28.15,804,337
Belgium28.611,539,328
France3265,129,728
South Korea33.751,225,308
Uruguay343,461,734
Japan34.3126,860,301
Malta34.5440,372
United Kingdom36.767,530,172
Czech Republic37.610,689,209
United States38329,064,917
Lithuania38.12,759,627
Chile38.918,952,038
Mauritius38.91,269,668
United Arab Emirates40.19,770,529
Spain40.746,736,776
Estonia40.81,325,648
Costa Rica425,047,561
Poland42.837,887,768
Italy43.860,550,075
Latvia43.91,906,743
Qatar45.42,832,067
Argentina4644,780,677
Panama474,246,439
Croatia47.54,130,304
Romania47.819,364,557
Barbados48287,025
Bahamas48.8389,482
Hungary49.69,684,679
Oman504,974,986
Bulgaria50.67,000,119
Trinidad And Tobago531,394,973
Greece53.910,473,455
Mongolia54.13,225,167
Antigua And Barbuda54.497,118
Seychelles55.297,739
Montenegro55.3627,987
Brunei57.5433,285
Grenada57.6112,003
Cyprus57.81,198,575
Albania58.92,880,917
Botswana59.52,303,697
Malaysia60.531,949,777
Cuba60.811,333,483
Jamaica61.22,948,279
Kazakhstan61.618,551,427
Suriname61.9581,372
Belize62.5390,353
Bahrain63.81,641,172
Samoa64.2197,097
Ghana65.930,417,856
Vietnam66.196,462,106
Dominican Republic66.210,738,958
Namibia66.42,494,530
Cape Verde66.6549,935
Armenia66.72,957,731
Paraguay677,044,636
Moldova67.14,043,263
Serbia688,772,235
Belarus68.29,452,411
Guyana68.2782,766
Peru68.232,510,453
Mexico69.7127,575,529
El Salvador69.86,453,553
Maldives69.8530,953
Tunisia70.111,694,719
Indonesia70.4270,625,568
Saudi Arabia70.434,268,528
Gabon70.52,172,579
Ukraine7143,993,638
China71.11,433,783,686
Sao Tome And Principe71.1215,056
South Africa71.158,558,270
Ecuador71.217,373,662
Bosnia And Herzegovina71.33,301,000
Turkmenistan71.45,942,089
Fiji71.7889,953
Brazil71.8211,049,527
Georgia723,996,765
Bhutan72763,092
Bolivia72.911,513,100
Micronesia73113,815
Thailand73.169,625,582
Azerbaijan73.210,047,718
Benin73.611,801,151
Morocco73.936,471,769
India74.41,366,417,754
Russia74.7145,872,256
Algeria75.443,053,054
Colombia75.750,339,443
Uzbekistan75.732,981,716
Jordan75.910,101,694
Kyrgyzstan76.26,415,850
Israel76.58,519,377
Senegal77.216,296,364
Tajikistan77.79,321,018
Honduras77.89,746,117
Nicaragua78.16,545,502
Laos78.77,169,455
Lesotho79.72,125,268
Tanzania80.158,005,463
Turkey80.383,429,615
Madagascar80.926,969,307
Guatemala81.417,581,472
Comoros81.7850,886
Solomon Islands81.9669,823
Cambodia82.516,486,542
Equatorial Guinea82.61,355,986
Iran8382,913,906
Papua New Guinea83.18,776,109
Philippines83.1108,116,615
Malawi83.318,628,747
Gambia83.92,347,706
Burkina Faso83.920,321,378
Sri Lanka8421,323,733
Nepal84.728,608,710
Lebanon856,855,713
Djibouti85.1973,560
Swaziland85.31,148,130
Zambia85.717,861,030
Sierra Leone86.87,813,215
Togo87.48,082,366
Rwanda87.512,626,950
Bangladesh87.7163,046,161
Angola87.831,825,295
Egypt88.4100,388,073
Mozambique88.730,366,036
Venezuela89.328,515,829
Mauritania90.14,525,696
Liberia90.24,937,374
Ivory Coast92.125,716,544
Libya92.26,777,452
Republic Of The Congo92.55,380,508
North Korea92.725,666,161
Kenya93.552,573,973
Ethiopia94.2112,078,730
Pakistan94.2216,565,318
Myanmar94.354,045,420
Mali94.519,658,031
Uganda95.344,269,594
Niger96.223,310,715
Eritrea96.43,497,117
Cameroon9725,876,380
Burundi98.211,530,580
Nigeria98.5200,963,599
Haiti99.311,263,077
Guinea99.412,771,246
Zimbabwe99.514,645,468
Afghanistan10538,041,754
Sudan10842,813,238
Chad108.515,946,876
Central African Republic108.94,745,185
Dr Congo110.286,790,567
Syria111.517,070,135
South Sudan112.211,062,113
Somalia112.315,442,905
Yemen113.529,161,922