France Population 2016

France, or the French Republic, is located in western Europe, with many overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the English Channel and North Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rhine, bordering Luxembourg, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Andorra, and Monaco. In 2016, the population in France is estimated to be around 66,689,000.

France also has many territories, including Clipperton Island, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and others.

In 2016, the population of France is estimated at 66,689,000, which ranks 20th in the world.

France has an estimated 2016 metro population of 64,750,000, which does not include overseas territories. Combined, the territories add an additional 2 million people. Metropolitan France has a population density of 117.37 people per square kilometer, which ranks 95th in the world.

Paris is the largest city and capital of France. The City of Paris has just 40 square miles of land with a population of 2.24 million in the city limits, and the most populous urban area in all of the European Union. The city proper has a density of over 21,000 people per square kilometer. The much larger Paris Region, with 4,638 square miles of land, has its own president and regional council with a population of 12 million. This accounts for 18% of France's total population.

France Demographics

A law from 1872 prohibits the French Republic from conducting census by making any distinction between its citizens in terms of race or religious beliefs, so French demographics can be a bit hard to determine. In 2004, it was estimated that 85% of the population of Metropolitan France was white or of European origin, with 10% from North Africa, 3.5% Black and 1.5% Asian.

This law does not apply to surveys or polls, and a marketing company called Solis estimated numbers of ethnic minorities in 2009 as 5.23% Maghrebis, 2.94% black (a majority from Sub-Saharan Africa) and 0.71% Turkish.

In 2010, 27% of newborns in Metro France had at least a single foreign-born parent. Most French people today are of Celtic origin. The country has experienced large-scale immigration over the last 100 years. It's believed that 40% of France's population is descended, at least in part, from the waves of immigration since the start of the 20th century.

France Population Growth

The figures reported in 2011 confirmed that France as a whole was growing at a faster rate than most other countries across the globe. In fact, its natural growth, which excludes any immigration figures, accounted for nearly the whole of the natural growth recorded in the European Union in 2003.

The birth rate exceeded the death rate by a considerable amount -- 302,432 in 2006 which was the highest recorded figure since 1973. Further contrasts in the rates led to the final figures declared in the 2011 census. The country also has the second highest number of children per family in Europe; 2.01 when the last figures were announced.

France Immigration

Like many of its neighbors, France represents a huge attraction for immigration and when statistics were released in 2008, it was reported that 11.8 million foreign born immigrants and their immediate descendants were residents in the country; a figure which accounted for around 19% of the total population of the time.

Exact figures in relation to this are slightly hampered by the fact that it is illegal for the French state as an entity to compile statistics when it comes to race and ethnicity. Data in relation to this is therefore supplied by independent agencies such as INED and INSEE.

What is clear however is that France’s population is growing quite significantly. The large discrepancy in the birth and death rate shows no signs of narrowing and as such, it will be fascinating to see the results from the next national census.

Largest Cities in France

For a country of such size, it is surprising that there is only one city proper with a population exceeding 1 million. The largest cities in France include:)

Paris (2.2 million) The wider Paris urban area had a population of over 12.1 million in 2013. Marseille (853,000) While it's the second largest city in France, it has the third largest urban and metropolitan area with a population of 1.6 million. Lyon (484,000) Including suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon is the most populous area of France with a population of 1.7 million. Toulouse (449,000) This is the fourth largest metropolitan area of France with a population of 1.2 million.

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see its population grow by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 72 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its population growing despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

France Population Clock

What is the population of France (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 2,125
Deaths Per Day 1,619
Net Migrations Per Day 219
Net Change Per Day 725
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

France Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 11.93 births/thousand 145th
Crude Death Rate 9.087 deaths/thousand 57th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.23 people/thousand 38th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.84 years 10th
Life Expectancy (Male) 79.97 years 16th
Life Expectancy (Female) 85.64 years 7th
Total Fertility Rate 1.99 children/woman 113th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.962 surviving daughters/woman 111th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female 78th
Infant Mortality Rate 2.782 deaths/1,000 live births 173rd
Under Five Mortality 3.326 deaths/thousand 174th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.457 years 43rd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see a population that grows by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 71 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its growing population despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

France Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 64,668,129 48.7% 51.3% 118 71 0.42% 22
2015 64,395,345 48.7% 51.3% 117 71 0.42% 22
2010 62,961,136 48.7% 51.3% 114 70 0.49% 21
2005 61,241,700 48.8% 51.2% 111 68 0.6% 20
2000 59,387,183 48.9% 51.1% 108 67 0.55% 20
1995 58,224,051 49% 51% 106 65 0.38% 19
1990 56,943,299 49.1% 50.9% 103 65 0.5% 17
1985 55,379,922 49.2% 50.8% 101 61 0.55% 16
1980 54,053,224 49.3% 50.7% 98 60 0.42% 16
1975 53,010,727 49.3% 50.7% 96 56 0.53% 15
1970 50,843,830 49.1% 50.9% 92 55 0.84% 15
1965 48,952,282 48.9% 51.1% 89 53 0.93% 14
1960 45,865,699 48.6% 51.4% 83 55 1.31% 12
1955 43,528,065 48.4% 51.6% 79 50 0.96% 11
1950 41,879,607 48.1% 51.9% 76 48 0.46% 11

France Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 65,720,030 48.8% 51.2% 120 71 0.37% 22
2025 66,895,621 48.8% 51.2% 122 74 0.34% 23
2030 68,007,489 48.9% 51.1% 124 73 0.32% 23
2035 69,048,835 48.9% 51.1% 126 77 0.28% 24
2040 69,930,965 48.9% 51.1% 127 78 0.22% 24
2045 70,613,382 48.9% 51.1% 128 81 0.16% 26
2050 71,136,547 49% 51% 129 81 0.13% 27
2055 71,601,564 49% 51% 130 83 0.13% 29
2060 72,061,085 49.1% 50.9% 131 82 0.13% 28
2065 72,556,525 49.3% 50.7% 132 82 0.15% 28
2070 73,108,881 49.4% 50.6% 133 83 0.16% 29
2075 73,693,458 49.4% 50.6% 134 86 0.16% 30
2080 74,259,353 49.5% 50.5% 135 86 0.14% 32
2085 74,774,488 49.6% 50.4% 136 87 0.13% 33
2090 75,245,351 49.6% 50.4% 137 87 0.12% 33
2095 75,663,036 49.6% 50.4% 138 87 0.1% 34
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations