France Population 2015

France, or the French Republic, is located in western Europe, with many overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the English Channel and North Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rhine, bordering Luxembourg, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Andorra, and Monaco.

France also has many territories, including Clipperton Island, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and others.

In 2015, the population of France is estimated at 64.9 million, which ranks 21st in the world.

France has an estimated 2015 population of 64.9 million, which does not include overseas territories. Combined, the territories add an additional 3 million. Metropolitan France has a population density of 116 people per square kilometer (301/square mile), which ranks 89th in the world.

Paris is the largest city and capital of France. The City of Paris has just 40 square miles of land with a population of 2.27 million in the city limits, and the most populous urban area in all of the European Union. The city proper has a density of 22,000 people per square kilometer (56,000/square mile). The much larger Paris Region, with 4,638 square miles of land, has its own president and regional council with a population of 12 million. This accounts for 18% of France's total population.

France Demographics

A law from 1872 prohibits the French Republic from conducting census by making any distinction between its citizens in terms of race or religious beliefs, so French demographics can be a bit hard to determine. In 2004, it was estimated that 85% of the population of Metropolitan France was white or of European origin, with 10% from North Africa, 3.5% Black and 1.5% Asian.

This law does not apply to surveys or polls, and a marketing company called Solis estimated numbers of ethnic minorities in 2009 as 5.23% Maghrebis, 2.94% black (a majority from Sub-Saharan Africa) and 0.71% Turkish.

In 2010, 27% of newborns in Metro France had at least a single foreign-born parent. Most French people today are of Celtic origin. The country has experienced large-scale immigration over the last 100 years. It's believed that 40% of France's population is descended, at least in part, from the waves of immigration since the start of the 20th century.

France Population Growth

The figures reported in 2011 confirmed that France as a whole was growing at a faster rate than most other countries across the globe. In fact, its natural growth, which excludes any immigration figures, accounted for nearly the whole of the natural growth recorded in the European Union in 2003.

The birth rate exceeded the death rate by a considerable amount -- 302,432 in 2006 which was the highest recorded figure since 1973. Further contrasts in the rates led to the final figures declared in the 2011 census. The country also has the second highest number of children per family in Europe; 2.01 when the last figures were announced.

France Immigration

Like many of its neighbours, France represents a huge attraction for immigration and when statistics were released in 2008, it was reported that 11.8 million foreign born immigrants and their immediate descendants were residents in the country; a figure which accounted for around 19% of the total population of the time.

Exact figures in relation to this are slightly hampered by the fact that it is illegal for the French state as an entity to compile statistics when it comes to race and ethnicity. Data in relation to this is therefore supplied by independent agencies such as INED and INSEE.

What is clear however is that France’s population is growing quite significantly. Already twentieth in the global list, that large discrepancy in the birth and death rate shows no signs of narrowing and as such, it will be fascinating to see the results from the next national census.

Largest Cities in France

For a country of such size, it is surprising that there is only one city proper with a population of 1 million. The largest cities in France include:

Paris (2.2 million) The wider Paris urban area had a population of over 12.1 million in 2013. Marseille (853,000) While it's the second largest city in France, it has the third largest urban and metropolitan area with a population of 1.6 million. Lyon (484,000) Including suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon is the most populous area of France with a population of 1.7 million. Toulouse (449,000) This is the fourth largest metropolitan area of France with a population of 1.2 million.

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see a population that grows by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 72 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its growing population despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

France Population Clock

What is the population of France (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 10,632
Deaths Per Day 8,099
Net Migrations Per Day 1,096
Net Change Per Day 3,629
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

France Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 41.24 years 25th
Crude Birth Rate 11.93 births/thousand 145th
Crude Death Rate 9.087 deaths/thousand 57th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.23 people/thousand 38th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.84 years 10th
Life Expectancy (Male) 79.97 years 16th
Life Expectancy (Female) 85.64 years 7th
Total Fertility Rate 1.99 children/woman 113th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.962 surviving daughters/woman 111th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female 78th
Infant Mortality Rate 2.782 deaths/1,000 live births 173rd
Under Five Mortality 3.326 deaths/thousand 174th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.457 years 43rd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see a population that grows by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 72 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its growing population despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

France Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2015 64,395,345 31,341,653 33,053,692 117 0.4227%
2010 62,961,136 30,675,773 32,285,363 114 0.4868%
2005 61,241,700 29,884,704 31,356,996 111 0.5996%
2000 59,387,183 29,047,684 30,339,499 108 0.5453%
1995 58,224,051 28,533,081 29,690,970 106 0.3759%
1990 56,943,299 27,960,166 28,983,133 103 0.4961%
1985 55,379,922 27,233,313 28,146,610 101 0.5523%
1980 54,053,224 26,644,348 27,408,876 98 0.4169%
1975 53,010,727 26,139,439 26,871,288 96 0.5311%
1970 50,843,830 24,986,169 25,857,661 92 0.8425%
1965 48,952,282 23,946,606 25,005,677 89 0.9334%
1960 45,865,699 22,308,600 23,557,099 83 1.3113%
1955 43,528,065 21,065,613 22,462,452 79 0.9568%
1950 41,879,607 20,138,801 21,740,806 76 0.456%

France Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 65,720,030 32,044,207 33,675,823 120 0.3729%
2025 66,895,621 32,661,371 34,234,250 122 0.3379%
2030 68,007,489 33,222,473 34,785,016 124 0.317%
2035 69,048,835 33,730,590 35,318,245 126 0.2766%
2040 69,930,965 34,162,881 35,768,084 127 0.2175%
2045 70,613,382 34,522,632 36,090,750 128 0.1623%
2050 71,136,547 34,829,628 36,306,919 129 0.134%
2055 71,601,564 35,120,319 36,481,245 130 0.1268%
2060 72,061,085 35,415,319 36,645,766 131 0.132%
2065 72,556,525 35,734,508 36,822,017 132 0.1461%
2070 73,108,881 36,079,323 37,029,558 133 0.1581%
2075 73,693,458 36,432,469 37,260,989 134 0.1573%
2080 74,259,353 36,761,228 37,498,125 135 0.1444%
2085 74,774,488 37,054,573 37,719,915 136 0.1307%
2090 75,245,351 37,312,548 37,932,803 137 0.1175%
2095 75,663,036 37,529,113 38,133,923 138 0.0989%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations