France Population 2017

65,096,698

France, or the French Republic, is located in western Europe, with many overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the English Channel and North Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rhine, bordering Luxembourg, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Andorra, and Monaco. In 2017, the population in France is estimated to be around 64.98 million.

France also has many territories, including Clipperton Island, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and others.

In 2017, the population of France is estimated at 64.98 million, which ranks 20th in the world.

France has an estimated 2016 metro population of 64,750,000, which does not include overseas territories. Combined, the territories add an additional 2 million people. Metropolitan France has a population density of 117.37 people per square kilometer, which ranks 95th in the world.

Paris is the largest city and capital of France. The City of Paris has just 40 square miles of land with a population of 2.24 million in the city limits, and the most populous urban area in all of the European Union. The city proper has a density of over 21,000 people per square kilometer. The much larger Paris Region, with 4,638 square miles of land, has its own president and regional council with a population of 12 million. This accounts for 18% of France's total population.

France Demographics

A law from 1872 prohibits the French Republic from conducting census by making any distinction between its citizens in terms of race or religious beliefs, so French demographics can be a bit hard to determine. In 2004, it was estimated that 85% of the population of Metropolitan France was white or of European origin, with 10% from North Africa, 3.5% Black and 1.5% Asian.

This law does not apply to surveys or polls, and a marketing company called Solis estimated numbers of ethnic minorities in 2009 as 5.23% Maghrebis, 2.94% black (a majority from Sub-Saharan Africa) and 0.71% Turkish.

In 2010, 27% of newborns in Metro France had at least a single foreign-born parent. Most French people today are of Celtic origin. The country has experienced large-scale immigration over the last 100 years. It's believed that 40% of France's population is descended, at least in part, from the waves of immigration since the start of the 20th century.

France Population Growth

The figures reported in 2011 confirmed that France as a whole was growing at a faster rate than most other countries across the globe. In fact, its natural growth, which excludes any immigration figures, accounted for nearly the whole of the natural growth recorded in the European Union in 2003.

The birth rate exceeded the death rate by a considerable amount -- 302,432 in 2006 which was the highest recorded figure since 1973. Further contrasts in the rates led to the final figures declared in the 2011 census. The country also has the second highest number of children per family in Europe; 2.01 when the last figures were announced.

France Immigration

Like many of its neighbors, France represents a huge attraction for immigration and when statistics were released in 2008, it was reported that 11.8 million foreign born immigrants and their immediate descendants were residents in the country; a figure which accounted for around 19% of the total population of the time.

Exact figures in relation to this are slightly hampered by the fact that it is illegal for the French state as an entity to compile statistics when it comes to race and ethnicity. Data in relation to this is therefore supplied by independent agencies such as INED and INSEE.

What is clear however is that France’s population is growing quite significantly. The large discrepancy in the birth and death rate shows no signs of narrowing and as such, it will be fascinating to see the results from the next national census.

Largest Cities in France

For a country of such size, it is surprising that there is only one city proper with a population exceeding 1 million. The largest cities in France include:

Paris (2.2 million) The wider Paris urban area had a population of over 12.1 million in 2013. Marseille (853,000) While it's the second largest city in France, it has the third largest urban and metropolitan area with a population of 1.6 million. Lyon (484,000) Including suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon is the most populous area of France with a population of 1.7 million. Toulouse (449,000) This is the fourth largest metropolitan area of France with a population of 1.2 million.

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see its population grow by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 72 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its population growing despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

France Population in 2018Source: Tommie Hansen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see a population that grows by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 71 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its growing population despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

About France

Official NameFrench Republic
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersAND, BEL, DEU, ITA, LUX, MCO, ESP, CHE
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude462
Currencies UsedEUR

France Population Density

Name Population
Paris2,138,551
Marseille794,811
Lyon472,317
Toulouse433,055
Nice338,620
Nantes277,269
Strasbourg274,845
Montpellier248,252
Bordeaux231,844
Lille228,328
Rennes209,375
Reims196,565
Le Havre185,972
Cergy-Pontoise183,430
Saint-Etienne176,280
Toulon168,701
Angers168,279
Grenoble158,552
Dijon149,782
Nimes148,236
Aix-en-Provence146,821
Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines146,598
Brest144,899
Le Mans144,515
Amiens143,086
Tours141,621
Limoges141,176
Clermont-Ferrand138,681
Villeurbanne131,445
Besancon128,426
Orleans124,149
Metz123,914
Rouen112,787
Mulhouse111,430
Perpignan110,706
Caen110,624
Boulogne-Billancourt108,782
Nancy105,334
Argenteuil101,475
Saint-Denis96,128
Roubaix95,721
Tourcoing91,574
Montreuil90,652
Avignon89,769
Marseille 1389,316
Asnieres-sur-Seine86,742
Nanterre86,719
Poitiers85,960
Versailles85,416
Courbevoie85,158
Creteil84,833
Pau82,697
Colombes82,300
Vitry-sur-Seine81,001
Aulnay-sous-Bois80,615
Marseille 0878,837
Marseille 1577,770
Marseille 0976,868
La Rochelle76,810
Champigny-sur-Marne76,726
Rueil-Malmaison76,616
Antibes76,393
Saint-Maur-des-Fosses75,402
Calais74,433
Beziers74,081
Dunkerque71,287
Aubervilliers70,914
Cannes70,011
Merignac69,791
Bourges67,987
Saint-Nazaire67,054
Colmar65,405
Valence63,864
Quimper63,849
Drancy62,488
Noisy-le-Grand62,420
Villeneuve-d'Ascq62,400
La Seyne-sur-Mer62,330
Levallois-Perret62,178
Marseille 1461,920
Chambery61,640
Issy-les-Moulineaux61,447
Neuilly-sur-Seine61,300
Troyes60,785
Antony59,845
La Roche-sur-Yon59,410
Marseille 1258,734
Lorient58,112
Sarcelles57,979
Pessac57,944
Ivry-sur-Seine57,897
Evreux57,795
Venissieux57,584
Cergy57,576
Clichy57,467
Marseille 1156,792
Saint-Quentin55,407
Niort54,660
Belfort54,562
Ajaccio54,364
Vannes54,020
Sartrouville53,980
Maisons-Alfort53,964
Meaux53,811
Blois53,660
Brive-la-Gaillarde53,466
Arles53,431
Beauvais53,393
Chateauroux53,301
Cholet53,160
Frejus53,098
Pantin52,922
Saint-Brieuc52,774
Montauban52,434
Charleville-Mezieres52,415
Albi52,409
Tarbes52,106
Fontenay-sous-Bois52,075
Evry51,900
Clamart51,400
Marseille 1051,299
Chalons-en-Champagne51,257
Narbonne50,776
Saint-Malo50,676
Laval50,489
Hyeres50,487
Carcassonne49,600
Angouleme49,468
Annecy49,232
Bondy48,268
Le Blanc-Mesnil48,077
Villejuif48,048
Grasse47,581
Sevran47,334
Castres47,275
Chalon-sur-Saone47,251
Marseille 0447,193
Arras47,052
Boulogne-sur-Mer47,013
Chelles46,947
Cagnes-sur-Mer46,923
Saint-Herblain46,898
Douai46,531
Epinay-sur-Seine46,145
Vincennes45,923
Martigues45,749
Marseille 0345,414
Bourg-en-Bresse45,340
Bobigny44,962
Montlucon44,960
Aubagne44,844
Valenciennes44,821
Suresnes44,697
Meudon44,652
Marseille 0544,583
Bayonne44,396
Istres44,373
Thionville44,311
Mantes-la-Jolie44,263
Compiegne44,243
Nevers43,988
Chartres43,838
Marseille 0643,360
Le Cannet43,353
Wattrelos42,826
Caluire-et-Cuire42,763
Gap42,715
Talence42,579
Ales42,410
Gennevilliers42,294
Saint-Priest41,641
Rosny-sous-Bois41,627
Auxerre41,516
Salon-de-Provence41,397
Saint-Germain-en-Laye41,142
Bastia41,001
Marseille 0140,919
Sete40,736
Anglet40,658
Puteaux40,646
Corbeil-Essonnes40,527
Garges-les-Gonesse39,847
Roanne39,840
Savigny-sur-Orge39,698
Epinal39,518
Livry-Gargan39,518
Saint-Ouen39,353
Reze39,248
Montigny-le-Bretonneux39,063
Noisy-le-Sec38,955
Melun38,953
Bagneux38,900
Massy38,768
Haguenau38,721
Montrouge38,708
Marcq-en-Baroeul38,629
Vitrolles38,591
Draguignan38,573
Lens38,265
Gagny38,134
Saint-Chamond38,014
Bron37,825
Vaulx-en-Velin37,489
Joue-les-Tours37,466
Alfortville37,290
La Courneuve37,287
Chatellerault37,210
Villepinte37,114
Cambrai36,492
Poissy36,431
Conflans-Sainte-Honorine36,358
Mont-de-Marsan36,205
Plaisir36,121
Marseille 0735,981
Marignane35,873
Dieppe35,707
Montelimar35,637
Tremblay-en-France35,591
Choisy-le-Roi35,590
Saint-Martin-d'Heres35,528
Macon35,484
Romans-sur-Isere35,002
Saint-Raphael34,918
Pontault-Combault34,798
Six-Fours-les-Plages34,779
Perigueux34,770
Aurillac34,724
Neuilly-sur-Marne34,465
Lievin34,370
Agen34,367
Franconville34,284
Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois33,689
Maubeuge33,684
Bagnolet33,504
Saumur33,229
Biarritz33,188
La Ciotat33,113
Echirolles33,088
Villefranche-sur-Saone32,994
Chatenay-Malabry32,715
Stains32,601
Chatillon32,383
Vienne32,293
Schiltigheim32,289
Les Mureaux32,134
Le Perreux-sur-Marne32,015
Guyancourt31,989
Palaiseau31,987
Saint-Dizier31,918
Creil31,863
Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy31,785
Thonon-les-Bains31,684
Bethune31,568
Colomiers31,363
Nogent-sur-Marne31,236
Athis-Mons31,225
Viry-Chatillon31,131
Houilles31,121
Soissons31,100
Dreux31,058
Charenton-le-Pont30,910
Villeneuve-Saint-Georges30,881
Elancourt30,831
Alencon30,786
Sotteville-les-Rouen30,619
Orange30,530
Villenave-d'Ornon30,347
Pontoise30,290
Villiers-sur-Marne30,252
Chatou30,091
Goussainville30,047
Lomme29,892
Vierzon29,876
Saint-Medard-en-Jalles29,742
Thiais29,724
Carpentras29,709
L'Hay-les-Roses29,703
Menton29,649
Saint-Laurent-du-Var29,516
Saintes29,512
Rochefort29,427
Malakoff29,420
Draveil29,316
Saint-Leu29,278
Saint-Sebastien-sur-Loire29,238
Le Chesnay29,154
Tournefeuille29,124
Clichy-sous-Bois29,062
Chaumont28,981
Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray28,953
Meyzieu28,929
Yerres28,897
Montbeliard28,865
Saint-Cloud28,839
Sens28,700
Laon28,688
Lambersart28,613
Trappes28,367
Rodez28,337
Bergerac28,317
Annemasse28,275
La Garde28,257
Ermont28,117
Rillieux-la-Pape28,076
Villemomble28,001
Pierrefitte-sur-Seine27,914
Le Kremlin-Bicetre27,867
Champs-sur-Marne27,776
Aix-les-Bains27,651
Bezons27,570
Vallauris27,286
Taverny27,271
Illkirch-Graffenstaden27,261
La Teste-de-Buch27,253
Epernay27,082
Villiers-le-Bel27,028
Vichy27,019
Sannois26,869
Gonesse26,758
Vigneux-sur-Seine26,692
Cavaillon26,689
Rambouillet26,674
Cherbourg-Octeville26,655
Armentieres26,646
Lunel26,588
Cachan26,540
Le Grand-Quevilly26,522
Abbeville26,461
La Garenne-Colombes26,385
Montigny-les-Metz26,369
Vanves26,068
Vernon26,037
Savigny-le-Temple25,925
Dole25,878
Villeneuve-sur-Lot25,869
Les Ulis25,785
Marseille 0225,779
Oyonnax25,697
Oullins25,592
Le Creusot25,590
Henin-Beaumont25,371
Orvault25,338
Coudekerque-Branche25,201
Herblay25,153
Ris-Orangis25,082
Sucy-en-Brie25,014
Grigny24,940
Fresnes24,803
Bourgoin24,790
Romainville24,772
Fontenay-aux-Roses24,680
Decines-Charpieu24,674
Saint-Die-des-Vosges24,628
Fontaine24,588
Auch24,494
Bruay-la-Buissiere24,474
Lisieux24,473
Sarreguemines24,446
Torcy24,386
Gradignan24,385
Lanester24,352
Bretigny-sur-Orge24,317
Muret24,313
Bois-Colombes24,300
Blagnac24,263
Herouville-Saint-Clair24,258
Libourne24,240
Le Bouscat24,232
Miramas24,173
Beaune24,162
Eaubonne24,096
Brunoy24,096
Villeparisis23,931
Montfermeil23,829
Sevres23,724
Fougeres23,719
Saint-Pol-sur-Mer23,635
La Madeleine23,572
Gif-sur-Yvette23,541
Bourgoin-Jallieu23,517
Begles23,504
Cahors23,331
Millau23,307
Hazebrouck23,307
Grande-Synthe23,213
La Valette-du-Var23,134
Moulins23,095
Mont-Saint-Aignan23,078
Etampes23,012
Mons-en-Baroeul23,006
Agde23,001
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumone22,977
Vertou22,921
Montgeron22,843
Maisons-Laffitte22,772
Le Puy-en-Velay22,718
Le Petit-Quevilly22,691
Lormont22,636
Olivet22,604
Acheres22,555

France Population Clock

What is the population of France (as of 12/12/2017)?65,096,698
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)64,979,548
Births Per Day2,088
Deaths Per Day1,593
Net Migrations Per Day 215
Net Change Per Day 710
Population Change Since January 1st245,660

France Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 11.768 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.973 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.21 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.618 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.672 years
Female Life Expectancy 85.54 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.975 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.956 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.949 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.52 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.286 years
Rate of Natural Increase 2.795
Median Age (Total) 41.2 years
Median Age (Female) 42.9 years
Median Age (Male) 39.5 years

France Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201764,979,54849.17%50.83%118220.40%
201564,457,20149.14%50.86%117220.45%
201063,026,74049.08%50.92%114220.58%
200561,233,90049.06%50.94%111200.54%
200059,608,20149.03%50.97%108200.46%
199558,241,79149.01%50.99%106190.45%
199056,960,83549.10%50.90%103180.56%
198555,397,48249.18%50.82%100160.49%
198054,070,81749.29%50.71%98160.40%
197553,010,73049.31%50.69%96150.84%
197050,843,82949.14%50.86%92150.76%
196548,952,25548.92%51.08%89141.31%
196045,865,39648.64%51.36%83121.05%
195543,527,76248.40%51.60%79110.77%
195041,879,60548.09%51.91%76110.00%

France Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202065,721,16549.21%50.79%119220.00%
202566,841,95149.26%50.74%121230.34%
203067,894,27149.27%50.73%123230.31%
203568,860,56049.24%50.76%125250.28%
204069,648,31149.22%50.78%126240.23%
204570,211,63649.23%50.77%127270.16%
205070,608,99849.28%50.72%128280.11%
205570,930,25649.33%50.67%129300.09%
206071,227,44549.38%50.62%129300.08%
206571,561,00349.44%50.56%130300.09%
207071,955,83449.48%50.52%130320.11%
207572,396,52549.51%50.49%131330.12%
208072,847,89249.52%50.48%132330.12%
208573,265,87649.53%50.47%133340.11%
209073,652,80949.53%50.47%134350.11%
209573,986,57949.53%50.47%134370.09%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer