France Population 2017

64,973,492

France, or the French Republic, is located in western Europe, with many overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the English Channel and North Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rhine, bordering Luxembourg, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Andorra, and Monaco. In 2016, the population in France is estimated to be around 66,689,000.

France also has many territories, including Clipperton Island, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and others.

In 2016, the population of France is estimated at 66,689,000, which ranks 20th in the world.

France has an estimated 2016 metro population of 64,750,000, which does not include overseas territories. Combined, the territories add an additional 2 million people. Metropolitan France has a population density of 117.37 people per square kilometer, which ranks 95th in the world.

Paris is the largest city and capital of France. The City of Paris has just 40 square miles of land with a population of 2.24 million in the city limits, and the most populous urban area in all of the European Union. The city proper has a density of over 21,000 people per square kilometer. The much larger Paris Region, with 4,638 square miles of land, has its own president and regional council with a population of 12 million. This accounts for 18% of France's total population.

France Demographics

A law from 1872 prohibits the French Republic from conducting census by making any distinction between its citizens in terms of race or religious beliefs, so French demographics can be a bit hard to determine. In 2004, it was estimated that 85% of the population of Metropolitan France was white or of European origin, with 10% from North Africa, 3.5% Black and 1.5% Asian.

This law does not apply to surveys or polls, and a marketing company called Solis estimated numbers of ethnic minorities in 2009 as 5.23% Maghrebis, 2.94% black (a majority from Sub-Saharan Africa) and 0.71% Turkish.

In 2010, 27% of newborns in Metro France had at least a single foreign-born parent. Most French people today are of Celtic origin. The country has experienced large-scale immigration over the last 100 years. It's believed that 40% of France's population is descended, at least in part, from the waves of immigration since the start of the 20th century.

France Population Growth

The figures reported in 2011 confirmed that France as a whole was growing at a faster rate than most other countries across the globe. In fact, its natural growth, which excludes any immigration figures, accounted for nearly the whole of the natural growth recorded in the European Union in 2003.

The birth rate exceeded the death rate by a considerable amount -- 302,432 in 2006 which was the highest recorded figure since 1973. Further contrasts in the rates led to the final figures declared in the 2011 census. The country also has the second highest number of children per family in Europe; 2.01 when the last figures were announced.

France Immigration

Like many of its neighbors, France represents a huge attraction for immigration and when statistics were released in 2008, it was reported that 11.8 million foreign born immigrants and their immediate descendants were residents in the country; a figure which accounted for around 19% of the total population of the time.

Exact figures in relation to this are slightly hampered by the fact that it is illegal for the French state as an entity to compile statistics when it comes to race and ethnicity. Data in relation to this is therefore supplied by independent agencies such as INED and INSEE.

What is clear however is that France’s population is growing quite significantly. The large discrepancy in the birth and death rate shows no signs of narrowing and as such, it will be fascinating to see the results from the next national census.

Largest Cities in France

For a country of such size, it is surprising that there is only one city proper with a population exceeding 1 million. The largest cities in France include:

Paris (2.2 million) The wider Paris urban area had a population of over 12.1 million in 2013. Marseille (853,000) While it's the second largest city in France, it has the third largest urban and metropolitan area with a population of 1.6 million. Lyon (484,000) Including suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon is the most populous area of France with a population of 1.7 million. Toulouse (449,000) This is the fourth largest metropolitan area of France with a population of 1.2 million.

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see its population grow by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 72 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its population growing despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

France Population in 2017Source: Tommie Hansen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

France Population Growth

Metropolitan France is expected to see a population that grows by another 9 million people over the next 40 years, placing the country's population around 71 million by 2050. To reach this projection, fertility rates will need to stay about the same, mortality will need to decrease, and net migration will need to remain about 100,000 annually.

With its growing population despite decreases in many of its neighboring countries, France is finally back in the race to be the most populous country in Europe. By 2050, it's expected that Germany will have just 70-74 million (compared to 2012's 82 million), while Britain's population will be about 73 million, compared to today's 63 million.

About France

Official NameFrench Republic
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersAND, BEL, DEU, ITA, LUX, MCO, ESP, CHE
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude462
Currencies UsedEUR

France Population Density

Name Population
Acheres22,555
Olivet22,604
Lormont22,636
Le Petit-Quevilly22,691
Le Puy-en-Velay22,718
Maisons-Laffitte22,772
Montgeron22,843
Vertou22,921
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumone22,977
Agde23,001
Mons-en-Baroeul23,006
Etampes23,012
Mont-Saint-Aignan23,078
Moulins23,095
La Valette-du-Var23,134
Grande-Synthe23,213
Hazebrouck23,307
Millau23,307
Cahors23,331
Begles23,504
Bourgoin-Jallieu23,517
Gif-sur-Yvette23,541
La Madeleine23,572
Saint-Pol-sur-Mer23,635
Fougeres23,719
Sevres23,724
Montfermeil23,829
Villeparisis23,931
Brunoy24,096
Eaubonne24,096
Beaune24,162
Miramas24,173
Le Bouscat24,232
Libourne24,240
Herouville-Saint-Clair24,258
Blagnac24,263
Bois-Colombes24,300
Muret24,313
Bretigny-sur-Orge24,317
Lanester24,352
Gradignan24,385
Torcy24,386
Sarreguemines24,446
Lisieux24,473
Bruay-la-Buissiere24,474
Auch24,494
Fontaine24,588
Saint-Die-des-Vosges24,628
Decines-Charpieu24,674
Fontenay-aux-Roses24,680
Romainville24,772
Bourgoin24,790
Fresnes24,803
Grigny24,940
Sucy-en-Brie25,014
Ris-Orangis25,082
Herblay25,153
Coudekerque-Branche25,201
Orvault25,338
Henin-Beaumont25,371
Le Creusot25,590
Oullins25,592
Oyonnax25,697
Marseille 0225,779
Les Ulis25,785
Villeneuve-sur-Lot25,869
Dole25,878
Savigny-le-Temple25,925
Vernon26,037
Vanves26,068
Montigny-les-Metz26,369
La Garenne-Colombes26,385
Abbeville26,461
Le Grand-Quevilly26,522
Cachan26,540
Lunel26,588
Armentieres26,646
Cherbourg-Octeville26,655
Rambouillet26,674
Cavaillon26,689
Vigneux-sur-Seine26,692
Gonesse26,758
Sannois26,869
Vichy27,019
Villiers-le-Bel27,028
Epernay27,082
La Teste-de-Buch27,253
Illkirch-Graffenstaden27,261
Taverny27,271
Vallauris27,286
Bezons27,570
Aix-les-Bains27,651
Champs-sur-Marne27,776
Le Kremlin-Bicetre27,867
Pierrefitte-sur-Seine27,914
Villemomble28,001
Rillieux-la-Pape28,076
Ermont28,117
La Garde28,257
Annemasse28,275
Bergerac28,317
Rodez28,337
Trappes28,367
Lambersart28,613
Laon28,688
Sens28,700
Saint-Cloud28,839
Montbeliard28,865
Yerres28,897
Meyzieu28,929
Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray28,953
Chaumont28,981
Clichy-sous-Bois29,062
Tournefeuille29,124
Le Chesnay29,154
Saint-Sebastien-sur-Loire29,238
Saint-Leu29,278
Draveil29,316
Malakoff29,420
Rochefort29,427
Saintes29,512
Saint-Laurent-du-Var29,516
Menton29,649
L'Hay-les-Roses29,703
Carpentras29,709
Thiais29,724
Saint-Medard-en-Jalles29,742
Vierzon29,876
Lomme29,892
Goussainville30,047
Chatou30,091
Villiers-sur-Marne30,252
Pontoise30,290
Villenave-d'Ornon30,347
Orange30,530
Sotteville-les-Rouen30,619
Alencon30,786
Elancourt30,831
Villeneuve-Saint-Georges30,881
Charenton-le-Pont30,910
Dreux31,058
Soissons31,100
Houilles31,121
Viry-Chatillon31,131
Athis-Mons31,225
Nogent-sur-Marne31,236
Colomiers31,363
Bethune31,568
Thonon-les-Bains31,684
Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy31,785
Creil31,863
Saint-Dizier31,918
Palaiseau31,987
Guyancourt31,989
Le Perreux-sur-Marne32,015
Les Mureaux32,134
Schiltigheim32,289
Vienne32,293
Chatillon32,383
Stains32,601
Chatenay-Malabry32,715
Villefranche-sur-Saone32,994
Echirolles33,088
La Ciotat33,113
Biarritz33,188
Saumur33,229
Bagnolet33,504
Maubeuge33,684
Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois33,689
Franconville34,284
Agen34,367
Lievin34,370
Neuilly-sur-Marne34,465
Aurillac34,724
Perigueux34,770
Six-Fours-les-Plages34,779
Pontault-Combault34,798
Saint-Raphael34,918
Romans-sur-Isere35,002
Macon35,484
Saint-Martin-d'Heres35,528
Choisy-le-Roi35,590
Tremblay-en-France35,591
Montelimar35,637
Dieppe35,707
Marignane35,873
Marseille 0735,981
Plaisir36,121
Mont-de-Marsan36,205
Conflans-Sainte-Honorine36,358
Poissy36,431
Cambrai36,492
Villepinte37,114
Chatellerault37,210
La Courneuve37,287
Alfortville37,290
Joue-les-Tours37,466
Vaulx-en-Velin37,489
Bron37,825
Saint-Chamond38,014
Gagny38,134
Lens38,265
Draguignan38,573
Vitrolles38,591
Marcq-en-Baroeul38,629
Montrouge38,708
Haguenau38,721
Massy38,768
Bagneux38,900
Melun38,953
Noisy-le-Sec38,955
Montigny-le-Bretonneux39,063
Reze39,248
Saint-Ouen39,353
Livry-Gargan39,518
Epinal39,518
Savigny-sur-Orge39,698
Roanne39,840
Garges-les-Gonesse39,847
Corbeil-Essonnes40,527
Puteaux40,646
Anglet40,658
Sete40,736
Marseille 0140,919
Bastia41,001
Saint-Germain-en-Laye41,142
Salon-de-Provence41,397
Auxerre41,516
Rosny-sous-Bois41,627
Saint-Priest41,641
Gennevilliers42,294
Ales42,410
Talence42,579
Gap42,715
Caluire-et-Cuire42,763
Wattrelos42,826
Le Cannet43,353
Marseille 0643,360
Chartres43,838
Nevers43,988
Compiegne44,243
Mantes-la-Jolie44,263
Thionville44,311
Istres44,373
Bayonne44,396
Marseille 0544,583
Meudon44,652
Suresnes44,697
Valenciennes44,821
Aubagne44,844
Montlucon44,960
Bobigny44,962
Bourg-en-Bresse45,340
Marseille 0345,414
Martigues45,749
Vincennes45,923
Epinay-sur-Seine46,145
Douai46,531
Saint-Herblain46,898
Cagnes-sur-Mer46,923
Chelles46,947
Boulogne-sur-Mer47,013
Arras47,052
Marseille 0447,193
Chalon-sur-Saone47,251
Castres47,275
Sevran47,334
Grasse47,581
Villejuif48,048
Le Blanc-Mesnil48,077
Bondy48,268
Annecy49,232
Angouleme49,468
Carcassonne49,600
Hyeres50,487
Laval50,489
Saint-Malo50,676
Narbonne50,776
Chalons-en-Champagne51,257
Marseille 1051,299
Clamart51,400
Evry51,900
Fontenay-sous-Bois52,075
Tarbes52,106
Albi52,409
Charleville-Mezieres52,415
Montauban52,434
Saint-Brieuc52,774
Pantin52,922
Frejus53,098
Cholet53,160
Chateauroux53,301
Beauvais53,393
Arles53,431
Brive-la-Gaillarde53,466
Blois53,660
Meaux53,811
Maisons-Alfort53,964
Sartrouville53,980
Vannes54,020
Ajaccio54,364
Belfort54,562
Niort54,660
Saint-Quentin55,407
Marseille 1156,792
Clichy57,467
Cergy57,576
Venissieux57,584
Evreux57,795
Ivry-sur-Seine57,897
Pessac57,944
Sarcelles57,979
Lorient58,112
Marseille 1258,734
La Roche-sur-Yon59,410
Antony59,845
Troyes60,785
Neuilly-sur-Seine61,300
Issy-les-Moulineaux61,447
Chambery61,640
Marseille 1461,920
Levallois-Perret62,178
La Seyne-sur-Mer62,330
Villeneuve-d'Ascq62,400
Noisy-le-Grand62,420
Drancy62,488
Quimper63,849
Valence63,864
Colmar65,405
Saint-Nazaire67,054
Bourges67,987
Merignac69,791
Cannes70,011
Aubervilliers70,914
Dunkerque71,287
Beziers74,081
Calais74,433
Saint-Maur-des-Fosses75,402
Antibes76,393
Rueil-Malmaison76,616
Champigny-sur-Marne76,726
La Rochelle76,810
Marseille 0976,868
Marseille 1577,770
Marseille 0878,837
Aulnay-sous-Bois80,615
Vitry-sur-Seine81,001
Colombes82,300
Pau82,697
Creteil84,833
Courbevoie85,158
Versailles85,416
Poitiers85,960
Nanterre86,719
Asnieres-sur-Seine86,742
Marseille 1389,316
Avignon89,769
Montreuil90,652
Tourcoing91,574
Roubaix95,721
Saint-Denis96,128
Argenteuil101,475
Nancy105,334
Boulogne-Billancourt108,782
Caen110,624
Perpignan110,706
Mulhouse111,430
Rouen112,787
Metz123,914
Orleans124,149
Besancon128,426
Villeurbanne131,445
Clermont-Ferrand138,681
Limoges141,176
Tours141,621
Amiens143,086
Le Mans144,515
Brest144,899
Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines146,598
Aix-en-Provence146,821
Nimes148,236
Dijon149,782
Grenoble158,552
Angers168,279
Toulon168,701
Saint-Etienne176,280
Cergy-Pontoise183,430
Le Havre185,972
Reims196,565
Rennes209,375
Lille228,328
Bordeaux231,844
Montpellier248,252
Strasbourg274,845
Nantes277,269
Nice338,620
Toulouse433,055
Lyon472,317
Marseille794,811
Paris2,138,551

France Population Clock

What is the population of France (as of 10/16/2017)?64,973,492
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)64,938,716
Births Per Day426
Deaths Per Day323
Net Migrations Per Day 219
Net Change Per Day 322
Population Change Since January 1st93,058

France Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 11.972 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.07 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.23 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.74 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.861 years
Female Life Expectancy 85.554 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.992 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.962 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.402 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.457 years
Rate of Natural Increase 2.843
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.625%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.098%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.148%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 7.672%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10.095%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.265%
Median Age (Total) 41.2 years
Median Age (Female) 42.9 years
Median Age (Male) 39.5 years

France Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201764,938,71648.70%51.30%1190.41%
201564,395,34548.67%51.33%1180.42%
201062,961,13648.72%51.28%1150.49%
200561,241,70048.80%51.20%1120.60%
200059,387,18348.91%51.09%1080.55%
199558,224,05149.01%50.99%1060.38%
199056,943,29949.10%50.90%1040.50%
198555,379,92349.18%50.82%1010.55%
198054,053,22449.29%50.71%990.42%
197553,010,72749.31%50.69%970.53%
197050,843,83049.14%50.86%930.84%
196548,952,28348.92%51.08%890.93%
196045,865,69948.64%51.36%841.31%
195543,528,06548.40%51.60%790.96%
195041,879,60748.09%51.91%760.46%

France Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202065,720,03048.76%51.24%1200.37%
202566,895,62148.82%51.18%1220.34%
203068,007,48948.85%51.15%1240.32%
203569,048,83548.85%51.15%1260.28%
204069,930,96548.85%51.15%1280.22%
204570,613,38248.89%51.11%1290.16%
205071,136,54748.96%51.04%1300.13%
205571,601,56449.05%50.95%1310.13%
206072,061,08549.15%50.85%1320.13%
206572,556,52549.25%50.75%1330.15%
207073,108,88149.35%50.65%1340.16%
207573,693,45849.44%50.56%1350.16%
208074,259,35349.50%50.50%1360.14%
208574,774,48849.56%50.44%1370.13%
209075,245,35149.59%50.41%1370.12%
209575,663,03649.60%50.40%1380.10%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations