French Polynesia Population 2018

286,947

French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity or country of the French Republic that is comprised of many groups of Polynesian islands. The most well-known of these islands is Tahiti in the Society Islands group, with is also the most populous. In 2018, the population of French Polynesia is estimated at 285,859, which ranks 182nd in the world.

French Polynesia is divided into five island groups: the Austral Islands, the Marquesas Islands, the Gambier Islands, the Tuamotu Archipelago, and the Society Islands archipelago, which is made up of the Leeward Islands and the Windward Islands. 67 of the nation's 118 atolls and islands are inhabited. The most populous island is Tahiti, which is part of the Society Islands.

According to the 2012 census, 68.5% of the population lived on Tahiti. The capital city of Papeete, on Tahiti, has a population of 134,000. The country has an overall population density of 76 people per square kilometer (197/square mile), which ranks 130th in the world. The population of French Polynesia is believed to have grown from 268,000 in 2012 to 285,859 in 2018.

French Polynesia Demographics

The 2007 census found that 87% of the population in French Polynesia were born in the country, 9% were born in metropolitan France, 1% were born in overseas France outside of French Polynesia and 2% were born in foreign countries.

The last census that asked about ethnicity occurred in 1988, at which point 66.5% of the population was ethnically Polynesian, 7% was ethnically mixed Polynesian, 11.9% were European (primarily French), 93% were of mixed Polynesian and French descent (referred to as the Demis) and 4.7% were East Asians (primarily Chinese).

The Chinese, Demis and white population are concentrated on Tahiti, particularly in the capital of Papeete.

The main religion is Christianity. 54% belong to Protestant churches while 30% are Roman Catholic. About 50% of the population of the country belongs to the Maoi Protestant Church. There are also about 22,000 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and 2,700 Jehovah's Witnesses.

French Polynesia Population Growth

French Polynesia has a relatively high standard of living and access to health care is improving. Despite this, French Polynesia remains in a vulnerable position as it has few natural resources. The country has control over its own government, and, while independence from France is a possibility one day, it will not happen in the near future.

French Polynesia's population is currently growing at a rate of 1% per year. This modest growth rate is expected to continue for the next decade.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 120 minutes
One death every 360 minutes
One net migrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 180 minutes

French Polynesia Population in 2018Source: By dacowi (https://www.flickr.com/photos/dacowi/2425670923/) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

French Polynesia Population Growth

French Polynesia's population is currently growing at a rate of 1% per year. This modest growth rate is expected to continue for the next decade.

About French Polynesia

Official NameFrench Polynesia
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-15-140
Currencies UsedComptoirs Français du Pacifique (CFP) Franc
DemonymFrench Polynesian

Countries Bordering French Polynesia

None

French Polynesia Population Density

French Polynesia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Faaa29,851
Papeete26,357
Punaauia25,750
Pirae14,475
Mahina14,369
Paea12,084
Papao10,360
Arue9,458
Afaahiti5,186
Uturoa3,668
Taiohae1,224

French Polynesia Population Clock

The population of French Polynesia (as of 11/13/2018)?286,947
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)285,859
Births Per Day12
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 8
Population Change Since January 1st2,536

French Polynesia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 286,838

French Polynesia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018285,85950.89%49.11%68.601831.01%
2017283,00750.92%49.08%67.921821.00%
2016280,20850.95%49.05%67.241820.91%
2015277,69050.98%49.02%66.641820.73%
2010267,82051.15%48.85%64.271820.99%
2005254,88651.29%48.71%61.171821.44%
2000237,25851.48%48.52%56.941821.97%
1995215,19651.94%48.06%51.641811.64%
1990198,37551.96%48.04%47.611812.52%
1985175,20452.31%47.69%42.051812.92%
1980151,70851.99%48.00%36.411813.04%
1975130,61951.64%48.35%31.351833.40%
1970110,49551.18%48.81%26.521833.41%
196593,43851.30%48.71%22.421853.66%
196078,07651.43%48.58%18.741862.55%
195568,85451.81%48.18%16.521852.70%
195060,26652.24%47.77%14.461860.00%

French Polynesia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020290,74450.83%49.17%69.771830.00%
2025297,47550.69%49.31%71.391850.46%
2030306,76050.54%49.45%73.621850.62%
2035314,23350.42%49.58%75.411850.48%
2040319,83650.31%49.69%76.751860.35%
2045323,63250.23%49.77%77.671860.24%
2050325,71350.19%49.81%78.161860.13%
2055326,22750.18%49.82%78.291860.03%
2060325,44050.21%49.79%78.10186-0.05%
2065323,61750.26%49.74%77.66186-0.11%
2070320,92750.31%49.69%77.02185-0.17%
2075317,48050.36%49.64%76.19185-0.22%
2080313,31250.38%49.62%75.19185-0.26%
2085308,48250.39%49.61%74.03185-0.31%
2090303,17950.40%49.60%72.76185-0.35%
2095297,62950.40%49.60%71.43185-0.37%
Data Sources
  1. Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1962, 1971, 1988, 1996, 2002, 2007 and 2012 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer