G20 Countries 2019

The G20 is a forum that is used to discuss policies surrounding international financial stability. The forum was originally formed in 1999. The G20 is made up of a group of nations with the most advanced and emergency economies in the world. These countries make up about 85% of global GDP, over 75% of global trade, and approximately two-thirds of the world’s total population. These nations also make up about half of the earth’s total land area.

The nations that make up the G20 include:

The presidency of the forum rotates every year, and the president has the responsibility of putting together the G20’s agenda is coordination with other members.

Every year, the president of the G20 invites guest countries to add to the agenda and participate in events. Past guests included Malaysia, Zimbabwe, and Sengal. There are also several permanent guest invitees including the Financial Stability Board, Spain, the United Nations, the World Bank Group, and the World Trade Organization.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1China1,433,783,6869,706,961 km²3,746,887 mi²6.54%0.43%AsiaEastern Asia
2India1,366,417,7543,287,590 km²1,269,010 mi²2.21%1.02%AsiaSouthern Asia
3United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²3,617,827 mi²6.31%0.60%AmericasNorthern America
4Indonesia270,625,5681,904,569 km²735,164 mi²1.28%1.10%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
5Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²3,287,086 mi²5.74%0.75%AmericasSouth America
6Russia145,872,25617,098,242 km²6,599,921 mi²11.52%0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
7Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²758,249 mi²1.32%1.10%AmericasCentral America
8Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
9Germany83,517,045357,114 km²137,846 mi²0.24%0.47%EuropeWestern Europe
10Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²302,455 mi²0.53%1.32%AsiaWestern Asia
11United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
12France65,129,728551,695 km²212,954 mi²0.37%0.21%EuropeWestern Europe
13Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
14South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²471,320 mi²0.82%1.33%AfricaSouthern Africa
15South Korea51,225,308100,210 km²38,681 mi²< 0.1%0.10%AsiaEastern Asia
16Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²1,073,234 mi²1.87%0.95%AmericasSouth America
17Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%0.91%AmericasNorthern America
18Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
19Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²2,969,121 mi²5.18%1.23%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand