Gabon Population 2017

1,802,934

Gabon has a total area of almost 270,000 square kilometers (76th in the world) with a population density of around 5.5 people per square kilometer, which ranks 216th in the world. This makes Gabon one of the least densely populated countries on earth.

The capital and largest city is Libreville, which has a population estimated at 582,000 in 2015. While the population of Gabon has been increasing steadily since the 1960s, it declined between 1900 and 1940.

Gabon Demographics

Pygmy peoples were the first inhabitants of Gabon, although they were mostly absorbed by the Bantu tribes. Nearly all Gabonese today are of Bantu origin, but there are at least 40 ethnic groups in the country. It is believed that the Fang are the largest at 29%, but recent census information favors the Nzebi people. Other groups include the Myene, Kota, Shira, Puru and Kande. There are also several Pygmy groups, including the Baka, Kota and Bongo. The Pygmies were the earliest inhabitants of the area, although they were mostly replaced and absorbed by the Bantu tribes.

Gabon has relatively little ethnic tension, especially compared to other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, as its ethnic groups are spread throughout the country and intermarriage between groups is common.

Gabon Today

Gabon has the Human Development Indexes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Abundant petroleum, foreign private investment, and a low population density have helped to make the country one of the most prosperous in Sub-Saharan Africa with the third highest GDP per capita in the area.

Gabon Population in 2017Source: Bajan28

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Gabon Population Growth

Gabon's population is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year.

About Gabon

Official NameGabonese Republic
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersCMR, COG, GNQ
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-111.75
Currencies UsedXAF

Gabon Population Density

Name Population
Ndjole5,098
Fougamou5,649
Booue5,787
Ndende6,200
Okondja7,155
Lastoursville8,340
Ntoum8,569
Mounana8,780
Gamba9,928
Bitam10,297
Makokou13,571
Koulamoutou16,222
Tchibanga19,365
Lambarene20,714
Mouila22,469
Moanda30,151
Oyem30,870
Franceville42,967
Port-Gentil109,163
Libreville578,156

Gabon Population Clock

What is the population of Gabon (as of September 13, 2017)?1,802,934
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1801232
Births Per Day28
Deaths Per Day8
Net Migrations Per Day 3
Net Change Per Day 23
Population Change Since January 1st5,865

Gabon Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 28.734 births/thousand46
Crude Death Rate 7.977 deaths/thousand86
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.549 people/thousand58
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.831 years156
Male Life Expectancy 64.878 years148
Female Life Expectancy 66.755 years161
Total Fertility Rate 3.719 children/woman46
Net Reproduction Rate 1.638 surviving daughters/woman46
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 37.646 deaths/1,000 live births51
Under Five Mortality 52.528 deaths/thousand48
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.209 years97
Rate of Natural Increase 20.522 53
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 14.703 %164
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 15.066 %161
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 14.359 %164
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.679 %158
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 28.609 %145
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 26.748 %162
Crude Suicide Rate 7 suicides/thousand92
Median Age (Total) 18.6 years194
Median Age (Female) 18.8 years194
Median Age (Male) 18.4 years192

Gabon Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20171,801,23250.594%49.406%62142.11%151
20151,725,29250.567%49.433%62142.17%151
20101,541,93650.435%49.565%52162.27%151
20051,377,77750.061%49.939%52152.24%150
20001,231,54849.644%50.356%42162.32%151
19951,086,44849.217%50.783%42162.58%152
1990952,26848.98%51.02%32162.69%152
1985830,09148.718%51.282%32162.73%152
1980729,16548.442%51.558%22172.5%153
1975649,71948.162%51.838%22162.14%154
1970590,11947.9%52.1%22121.95%154
1965532,51248.5%51.5%22121.87%154
1960499,18948.807%51.193%12140.99%153
1955482,55848.776%51.224%12140.46%151
1950473,30048.771%51.229%12130.54%148

Gabon Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20201,917,16850.621%49.379%72142.03%151
20252,116,08150.637%49.363%82131.9%148
20302,320,85050.618%49.382%92131.78%148
20352,530,57050.568%49.432%92131.66%148
20402,743,14050.494%49.506%102131.54%146
20452,955,29250.406%49.594%112131.41%143
20503,163,61050.309%49.691%122131.28%142
20553,363,72450.21%49.79%132121.14%139
20603,551,14050.115%49.885%132121%137
20653,724,41750.025%49.975%142120.88%135
20703,882,30849.945%50.055%152120.76%135
20754,024,01749.875%50.125%152120.65%134
20804,148,27749.814%50.186%162110.55%133
20854,254,79749.764%50.236%162110.45%133
20904,343,13549.722%50.278%162110.36%133
20954,413,20249.687%50.313%172110.27%133
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations