Gabon Population 2018

2,047,717

Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic, is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa, bordered by the Republic of the Congo, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Gulf of Guinea. Gabon has a population estimated at 2.07 million in 2018, which ranks 151st in the world.

Gabon has a total area of almost 270,000 square kilometers (76th in the world) with a population density of around 5.5 people per square kilometer, which ranks 216th in the world. This makes Gabon one of the least densely populated countries on earth.

The capital and largest city is Libreville, which has a population estimated at 582,000 in 2015. While the population of Gabon has been increasing steadily since the 1960s, it declined between 1900 and 1940.

Gabon Demographics

Pygmy peoples were the first inhabitants of Gabon, although they were mostly absorbed by the Bantu tribes. Nearly all Gabonese today are of Bantu origin, but there are at least 40 ethnic groups in the country. It is believed that the Fang are the largest at 29%, but recent census information favors the Nzebi people. Other groups include the Myene, Kota, Shira, Puru and Kande. There are also several Pygmy groups, including the Baka, Kota and Bongo. The Pygmies were the earliest inhabitants of the area, although they were mostly replaced and absorbed by the Bantu tribes.

Gabon has relatively little ethnic tension, especially compared to other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, as its ethnic groups are spread throughout the country and intermarriage between groups is common.

Gabon Today

Gabon has the Human Development Indexes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Abundant petroleum, foreign private investment, and a low population density have helped to make the country one of the most prosperous in Sub-Saharan Africa with the third highest GDP per capita in the area.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 9 minutes
One death every 35 minutes
One net migrant every 480 minutes
Net gain of one person every 12 minutes

Gabon Population in 2018Source: Bajan28

Gabon Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15k20k25k30kGabon Male Population0k5k10k15k20k25k30kGabon Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Gabon Median Age

18.6


Total

18.4


Male

18.8


Female

Gabon Population by Age

There are 1,184,923 adults in Gabon.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Gabon Population Growth

Gabon's population is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year.

About Gabon

Official NameGabonese Republic
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-111.75
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BEAC) CFA Franc BEAC
DemonymGabonese

Gabon Population Density

Gabon Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Libreville578,156
Port-Gentil109,163
Franceville42,967
Oyem30,870
Moanda30,151
Mouila22,469
Lambarene20,714
Tchibanga19,365
Koulamoutou16,222
Makokou13,571
Bitam10,297
Gamba9,928
Mounana8,780
Ntoum8,569
Lastoursville8,340
Okondja7,155
Ndende6,200
Booue5,787
Fougamou5,649
Ndjole5,098

Gabon Population Clock

The population of Gabon (as of 1/17/2018)?2,047,717
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)2,067,561
Births Per Day159
Deaths Per Day41
Net Migrations Per Day 3
Net Change Per Day 121
Population Change Since January 1st2,057

Gabon Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 28.535 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.355 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.49 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.66 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.06 years
Female Life Expectancy 68.37 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.68 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.664 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.979 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 47.982 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.979 years
Rate of Natural Increase 21.18

Gabon Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20182,067,56151.33%48.67%7.721492.32%
20151,930,17551.39%48.61%7.211503.31%
20101,640,21051.03%48.97%6.131503.17%
20051,403,12650.08%49.92%5.241492.65%
20001,231,12249.60%50.40%4.601522.54%
19951,086,13749.21%50.79%4.061522.67%
1990952,21248.98%51.02%3.561522.78%
1985830,08548.72%51.28%3.101522.63%
1980729,15948.44%51.56%2.721532.33%
1975649,71648.16%51.84%2.431541.94%
1970590,11847.90%52.10%2.201542.08%
1965532,51148.50%51.50%1.991541.30%
1960499,18448.81%51.19%1.861530.68%
1955482,56048.77%51.22%1.801500.39%
1950473,29848.77%51.23%1.771490.00%

Gabon Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,151,28951.26%48.74%8.041470.00%
20252,371,13751.15%48.85%8.861471.97%
20302,593,51451.04%48.96%9.691471.81%
20352,820,80850.91%49.09%10.541451.69%
20403,053,26450.77%49.23%11.411421.60%
20453,287,13750.62%49.38%12.281421.49%
20503,516,14150.47%49.53%13.141371.36%
20553,733,94450.32%49.68%13.951361.21%
20603,936,75350.18%49.82%14.711361.06%
20654,124,30150.05%49.95%15.411350.94%
20704,297,78649.94%50.06%16.061350.83%
20754,457,64449.85%50.15%16.651320.73%
20804,602,49549.78%50.22%17.191320.64%
20854,730,63649.73%50.27%17.671320.55%
20904,839,82249.69%50.31%18.081310.46%
20954,928,31849.66%50.34%18.411310.36%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer