Gambia Population 2017

2,104,708

The Gambia, officially the Republic of the Gambia, is a small country in Wet Africa along the Gambia River, surrounded by Senegal and a short bit of Atlantic coastline. The Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa. The estimated 2017 population is 2.10 million, which ranks 149th in the world.

The Gambia has just 10,689 square kilometers of land, which ranks 164th in the world. Its 2017 population is estimated at 2.10 million with a population density of 176 people per square kilometer (74th in the world). Despite having very little land area, the Gambia's population continues to grow due to a high fertility rate.

The capital of the Gambia is Banjul, which has a city population of 35,000. The Greater Banjul Area has a population estimated at 380,000 with an urban population density of 3,800 people per square kilometer (9,900/square mile). The Gambia's largest city is Serekunda, which has a city population of 350,000.

Gambia Demographics

There are many ethnic groups in the Gambia. The largest is the Mandinka (42%), followed by the Fula (18%), Wolof (16%), Jola (10%), Serers, Serahule, and the Bianunkas. The Krio people are one of the smallest ethnicities in the country. There are about 3,500 non-Africans living in the country, including Europeans.

90% of the country adheres to Islam. Nearly 30% of the Gambia's population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. The Gambia is ranked 151st out of 169 countries on the Human Development Index.

Gambia Today

The Gambia is one of the smallest and poorest nations in Africa with widespread poverty. The country has very little economic diversity, which makes it vulnerable to food price volatility and erratic rainfall. The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year with a fertility rate of 4 children born to every woman.

Gambia Population in 2018Source: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Gambia Population Growth

The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year.

About Gambia

Official NameRepublic of the Gambia
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersSEN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.46666666-16.56666666
Currencies UsedGMD

Gambia Population Density

Name Population
Brikama77,700
Bakau43,098
Banjul34,589
Farafenni29,867
Lamin24,797
Sukuta15,131
Basse Santa Su14,380
Gunjur14,088
Soma9,869
Sabi7,738
Bansang7,615
Abuko6,572
Essau5,907
Barra5,323
Georgetown3,584
Kerewan2,751
Mansa Konko1,978

Gambia Population Clock

What is the population of Gambia (as of 11/15/2017)?2,104,708
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)2,100,568
Births Per Day47
Deaths Per Day10
Net Migrations Per Day -7
Net Change Per Day 30
Population Change Since January 1st9,570

Gambia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 40.728 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.276 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.205 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 60.968 years
Male Life Expectancy 59.615 years
Female Life Expectancy 62.379 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.566 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.352 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 43 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 75.878 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.907 years
Rate of Natural Increase 32.21
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.936%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 18.684%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.186%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.606%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.429%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.88%

Gambia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20172,100,56849.50%50.50%1973.06%
20151,977,59049.50%50.50%1853.17%
20101,692,14949.52%50.48%1583.22%
20051,444,20449.59%50.41%1353.23%
20001,231,84449.68%50.32%1152.93%
19951,066,22350.03%49.97%1003.07%
1990916,80850.35%49.65%864.60%
1985732,09649.85%50.15%683.91%
1980604,36949.59%50.41%573.01%
1975521,07050.43%49.57%493.10%
1970447,28551.17%48.83%422.22%
1965400,86150.02%49.98%381.73%
1960367,92849.19%50.81%343.89%
1955304,02948.89%51.11%282.30%
1950271,37748.70%51.29%250.00%

Gambia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20202,293,49349.49%50.51%2150.00%
20252,635,74049.49%50.51%2472.82%
20303,000,66749.49%50.51%2812.63%
20353,383,47549.49%50.51%3172.43%
20403,777,10249.50%50.50%3532.23%
20454,172,60149.49%50.51%3902.01%
20504,562,15249.48%50.52%4271.80%
20554,940,79349.46%50.54%4621.61%
20605,304,34549.43%50.57%4961.43%
20655,648,73649.37%50.62%5281.27%
20705,969,71949.31%50.69%5581.11%
20756,261,59949.23%50.77%5860.96%
20806,519,34949.13%50.87%6100.81%
20856,739,86249.03%50.97%6310.67%
20906,923,09348.93%51.07%6480.54%
20957,068,75848.82%51.18%6610.42%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer