Gambia Population 2018

2,161,689

The Gambia, officially the Republic of the Gambia, is a small country in Wet Africa along the Gambia River, surrounded by Senegal and a short bit of Atlantic coastline. The Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa. The estimated 2018 population is 2.16 million, which ranks 149th in the world.

The Gambia has just 10,689 square kilometers of land, which ranks 164th in the world. Its 2018 population is estimated at 2.16 million with a population density of 176 people per square kilometer (74th in the world). Despite having very little land area, the Gambia's population continues to grow due to a high fertility rate.

The capital of the Gambia is Banjul, which has a city population of 35,000. The Greater Banjul Area has a population estimated at 380,000 with an urban population density of 3,800 people per square kilometer (9,900/square mile). The Gambia's largest city is Serekunda, which has a city population of 350,000.

Gambia Demographics

There are many ethnic groups in the Gambia. The largest is the Mandinka (42%), followed by the Fula (18%), Wolof (16%), Jola (10%), Serers, Serahule, and the Bianunkas. The Krio people are one of the smallest ethnicities in the country. There are about 3,500 non-Africans living in the country, including Europeans.

90% of the country adheres to Islam. Nearly 30% of the Gambia's population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. The Gambia is ranked 151st out of 169 countries on the Human Development Index.

Gambia Today

The Gambia is one of the smallest and poorest nations in Africa with widespread poverty. The country has very little economic diversity, which makes it vulnerable to food price volatility and erratic rainfall. The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year with a fertility rate of 4 children born to every woman.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 6 minutes
One death every 31 minutes
One net migrant every 206 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Gambia Population in 2018Source: By Ikiwaner [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], from Wikimedia Commons

Gambia Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40kGambia Male Population0k10k20k30k40kGambia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Gambia Population by Age

There are 1,006,479 adults in Gambia.

Census Years

Year Date
20232023
201328 April 2013
200315 April 2003
199315 April 1993

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Gambia Population Growth

The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year.

About Gambia

Official NameRepublic of the Gambia
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.46666666-16.56666666
Currencies UsedGambia Dalasi
DemonymGambian

Countries Bordering Gambia

Senegal

Gambia Population Density

Gambia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Serekunda340,000
Brikama77,700
Bakau43,098
Banjul34,589
Farafenni29,867
Lamin24,797
Sukuta15,131
Basse Santa Su14,380
Gunjur14,088
Soma9,869
Sabi7,738
Bansang7,615
Abuko6,572
Essau5,907
Barra5,323
Georgetown3,584
Kerewan2,751
Mansa Konko1,978

Gambia Population Clock

The population of Gambia (as of 6/18/2018)?2,161,689
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)2,163,765
Births Per Day226
Deaths Per Day46
Net Migrations Per Day -7
Net Change Per Day 173
Population Change Since January 1st29,237

Gambia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 38.678 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.875 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.217 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.53 years
Male Life Expectancy 60.17 years
Female Life Expectancy 62.95 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.318 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.275 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 44.86 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 67.797 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.4 years
Rate of Natural Increase 30.803

Gambia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20182,163,76549.50%50.50%202.431463.01%
20172,100,56849.50%50.50%196.521463.04%
20162,038,50149.50%50.50%190.711483.08%
20151,977,59049.50%50.50%185.011493.17%
20101,692,14949.52%50.48%158.311493.22%
20051,444,20449.59%50.41%135.111483.23%
20001,231,84449.68%50.32%115.241512.93%
19951,066,22350.03%49.97%99.751533.07%
1990916,80850.35%49.65%85.771534.60%
1985732,09649.85%50.15%68.491543.91%
1980604,36949.59%50.41%56.541563.01%
1975521,07050.43%49.57%48.751583.10%
1970447,28551.17%48.83%41.851582.22%
1965400,86150.02%49.98%37.501571.73%
1960367,92849.19%50.81%34.421563.89%
1955304,02948.89%51.11%28.441592.30%
1950271,37748.70%51.29%25.391590.00%

Gambia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,293,49349.49%50.51%214.571460.00%
20252,635,74049.49%50.51%246.581442.82%
20303,000,66749.49%50.51%280.721402.63%
20353,383,47549.49%50.51%316.541392.43%
20403,777,10249.50%50.50%353.361332.23%
20454,172,60149.49%50.51%390.361312.01%
20504,562,15249.48%50.52%426.811311.80%
20554,940,79349.46%50.54%462.231301.61%
20605,304,34549.43%50.57%496.241291.43%
20655,648,73649.37%50.62%528.461281.27%
20705,969,71949.31%50.69%558.491261.11%
20756,261,59949.23%50.77%585.801220.96%
20806,519,34949.13%50.87%609.911190.81%
20856,739,86249.03%50.97%630.541180.67%
20906,923,09348.93%51.07%647.681160.54%
20957,068,75848.82%51.18%661.311150.42%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistics Department
  2. Central Statistics Department
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1973. 1983, 1993 and 2003 censuses adjusted for underenumeration; with the total population from the 2013 census; with the structure by age and sex from the 2005-2006 MICS3 and 2010 MICS4 surveys; and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer