Gambia Population 2017

2,122,637

The Gambia has just 10,689 square kilometers of land, which ranks 164th in the world. Its 2015 population is estimated at 1.97 million with a population density of 176 people per square kilometer (74th in the world). Despite having very little land area, the Gambia's population continues to grow due to a high fertility rate.

The capital of the Gambia is Banjul, which has a city population of 35,000. The Greater Banjul Area has a population estimated at 380,000 with an urban population density of 3,800 people per square kilometer (9,900/square mile). The Gambia's largest city is Serekunda, which has a city population of 350,000.

Gambia Demographics

There are many ethnic groups in the Gambia. The largest is the Mandinka (42%), followed by the Fula (18%), Wolof (16%), Jola (10%), Serers, Serahule, and the Bianunkas. The Krio people are one of the smallest ethnicities in the country. There are about 3,500 non-Africans living in the country, including Europeans.

90% of the country adheres to Islam. Nearly 30% of the Gambia's population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. The Gambia is ranked 151st out of 169 countries on the Human Development Index.

Gambia Today

The Gambia is one of the smallest and poorest nations in Africa with widespread poverty. The country has very little economic diversity, which makes it vulnerable to food price volatility and erratic rainfall. The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year with a fertility rate of 4 children born to every woman.

Gambia Population in 2017Source: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Gambia Population Growth

The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year.

About Gambia

Official NameRepublic of the Gambia
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersSEN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13.46666666-16.56666666
Currencies UsedGMD

Gambia Population Density

Name Population
Mansa Konko1,978
Kerewan2,751
Georgetown3,584
Barra5,323
Essau5,907
Abuko6,572
Bansang7,615
Sabi7,738
Soma9,869
Gunjur14,088
Basse Santa Su14,380
Sukuta15,131
Lamin24,797
Farafenni29,867
Banjul34,589
Bakau43,098
Brikama77,700

Gambia Population Clock

What is the population of Gambia (as of September 13, 2017)?2,122,637
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)2120417
Births Per Day47
Deaths Per Day10
Net Migrations Per Day -7
Net Change Per Day 30
Population Change Since January 1st7,650

Gambia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 40.728 births/thousand8
Crude Death Rate 8.276 deaths/thousand77
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.205 people/thousand136
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 60.968 years179
Male Life Expectancy 59.615 years179
Female Life Expectancy 62.379 years179
Total Fertility Rate 5.566 children/woman8
Net Reproduction Rate 2.352 surviving daughters/woman5
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 43 deaths/1,000 live births41
Under Five Mortality 75.878 deaths/thousand26
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.907 years70
Rate of Natural Increase 32.21 3
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.936 %177
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 18.684 %174
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.186 %176
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.606 %175
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.429 %178
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.88 %176
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand132
Median Age (Total) 0 years0
Median Age (Female) 0 years0
Median Age (Male) 0 years0

Gambia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20172,120,41749.497%50.503%209653.1%146
20151,990,92449.501%50.499%196693.17%148
20101,693,00249.524%50.476%167703.26%149
20051,440,54249.573%50.427%142703.22%149
20001,228,86349.659%50.341%121813.06%152
19951,065,74650.022%49.978%105892.78%153
1990916,81150.346%49.654%90983.5%153
1985732,09249.85%50.15%721124.61%154
1980604,37149.588%50.412%591123.42%156
1975521,07050.426%49.574%511132.9%158
1970447,28351.171%48.829%441132.85%158
1965400,86550.024%49.976%391141.81%157
1960367,92949.191%50.809%361122.37%156
1955304,03348.895%51.105%301164.15%159
1950271,37248.705%51.295%261160.5%159

Gambia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20202,325,50249.497%50.503%229583.03%145
20252,697,53549.509%50.491%266542.88%143
20303,104,87049.53%50.47%306472.72%139
20353,544,39049.559%50.441%350392.54%137
20404,009,55549.591%50.41%396362.35%131
20454,491,94549.621%50.379%443322.15%131
20504,981,35749.641%50.359%492321.95%130
20555,470,99449.651%50.349%540261.76%129
20605,954,39249.649%50.351%588211.59%123
20656,425,07449.632%50.368%634201.42%120
20706,878,10249.6%50.4%679201.27%116
20757,307,46549.557%50.443%722191.12%114
20807,704,69149.507%50.493%761190.97%113
20858,065,66049.449%50.551%797200.83%108
20908,384,94549.381%50.619%828200.7%106
20958,660,68449.315%50.685%855190.58%106
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations