Gambia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The Gambia has just 10,689 square kilometers of land, which ranks 164th in the world. Its 2015 population is estimated at 1.97 million with a population density of 176 people per square kilometer (74th in the world). Despite having very little land area, the Gambia's population continues to grow due to a high fertility rate.

The capital of the Gambia is Banjul, which has a city population of 35,000. The Greater Banjul Area has a population estimated at 380,000 with an urban population density of 3,800 people per square kilometer (9,900/square mile). The Gambia's largest city is Serekunda, which has a city population of 350,000.

Gambia Demographics

There are many ethnic groups in the Gambia. The largest is the Mandinka (42%), followed by the Fula (18%), Wolof (16%), Jola (10%), Serers, Serahule, and the Bianunkas. The Krio people are one of the smallest ethnicities in the country. There are about 3,500 non-Africans living in the country, including Europeans.

90% of the country adheres to Islam. Nearly 30% of the Gambia's population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. The Gambia is ranked 151st out of 169 countries on the Human Development Index.

Gambia Today

The Gambia is one of the smallest and poorest nations in Africa with widespread poverty. The country has very little economic diversity, which makes it vulnerable to food price volatility and erratic rainfall. The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year with a fertility rate of 4 children born to every woman.

Gambia Population in 2017 Source: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Gambia Population Growth

The Gambia is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year.

Gambia Population Density

About Gambia

Official Name Republic of the Gambia
Languages Spoken English
Borders SEN
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 13.46666666,-16.56666666
Currencies Used GMD

Gambia Population Clock

What is the population of Gambia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 47
Deaths Per Day 10
Net Migrations Per Day -7
Net Change Per Day 30
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Gambia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 40.728 births/thousand 8th
Crude Death Rate 8.276 deaths/thousand 77th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.205 people/thousand 136th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 60.968 years 179th
Life Expectancy (Male) 59.615 years 179th
Life Expectancy (Female) 62.379 years 179th
Total Fertility Rate 5.566 children/woman 8th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.352 surviving daughters/woman 5th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 43 deaths/1,000 live births 41st
Under Five Mortality 75.878 deaths/thousand 26th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.907 years 70th
Rate of Natural Increase 32.21 3rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.936% 177th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 18.684% 174th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.186% 176th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.606% 177th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.429% 174th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.88% 176th
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand 132nd
Median Age (Total) 0 years 0th
Median Age (Female) 0 years 0th
Median Age (Male) 0 years 0th

Gambia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 2,120,417 49.497% 50.503% 209 65 3.1% 146
2015 1,990,924 49.501% 50.499% 196 69 3.17% 148
2010 1,693,002 49.524% 50.476% 167 70 3.26% 149
2005 1,440,542 49.573% 50.427% 142 70 3.22% 149
2000 1,228,863 49.659% 50.341% 121 81 3.06% 152
1995 1,065,746 50.022% 49.978% 105 89 2.78% 153
1990 916,811 50.346% 49.654% 90 98 3.5% 153
1985 732,092 49.85% 50.15% 72 112 4.61% 154
1980 604,371 49.588% 50.412% 59 112 3.42% 156
1975 521,070 50.426% 49.574% 51 113 2.9% 158
1970 447,283 51.171% 48.829% 44 113 2.85% 158
1965 400,865 50.024% 49.976% 39 114 1.81% 157
1960 367,929 49.191% 50.809% 36 112 2.37% 156
1955 304,033 48.895% 51.105% 30 116 4.15% 159
1950 271,372 48.705% 51.295% 26 116 0.5% 159

Gambia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 2,325,502 49.497% 50.503% 229 58 3.03% 145
2025 2,697,535 49.509% 50.491% 266 54 2.88% 143
2030 3,104,870 49.53% 50.47% 306 47 2.72% 139
2035 3,544,390 49.559% 50.441% 350 39 2.54% 137
2040 4,009,555 49.591% 50.41% 396 36 2.35% 131
2045 4,491,945 49.621% 50.379% 443 32 2.15% 131
2050 4,981,357 49.641% 50.359% 492 32 1.95% 130
2055 5,470,994 49.651% 50.349% 540 26 1.76% 129
2060 5,954,392 49.649% 50.351% 588 21 1.59% 123
2065 6,425,074 49.632% 50.368% 634 20 1.42% 120
2070 6,878,102 49.6% 50.4% 679 20 1.27% 116
2075 7,307,465 49.557% 50.443% 722 19 1.12% 114
2080 7,704,691 49.507% 50.493% 761 19 0.97% 113
2085 8,065,660 49.449% 50.551% 797 20 0.83% 108
2090 8,384,945 49.381% 50.619% 828 20 0.7% 106
2095 8,660,684 49.315% 50.685% 855 19 0.58% 106
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations