Georgia Population 2017
Georgia's population is estimated to have grown to 4.3 million, down slightly from in 2012. Georgia is divided into 9 regions, 2 autonomous republics, and one city. The capital is Tbilisi, which is also the largest city in the country with a population of nearly 1.5 million people. The population density of Georgia is about 65 people per square kilometer, which ranks 144th in the world.
Most Georgians do not fit into main ethnic groups of Asia or Europe. It is believed that modern-day Georgians are the result of a fusion of aboriginal inhabitants with immigrants from South Caucasus. Ethnic Georgians account for 84% of the population, with other ethnicities including Armenians, Greeks, Russians, Jews, Azerbaijanis, Ossetians, and Abkhazians. Georgian Jews are one of the oldest Jewish communities on earth.
Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, more than 1.5 million Georgian nationals have left the country. There are believed to be 1 million Georgian immigrants living in Russia.
Orthodox Christianity accounts for 84% of the population. The Georgian Orthodox Church is one of the oldest Christian churches in the world. Other major religions include Armenian Christians (4%), Muslims (10%), and Roman Catholics (0.8%).
There are several reasons the country's population remains flat, including a preference for boys that has led to more abortions of females and fewer potential mothers, as well as the financial hardship of having more than one child. One possible way to address this overall stagnant population is welfare benefits and assistance for large families and pregnant women.