Germany Population 2017

80,658,102

Despite a drop in the country's growth rate, its 2016 population is now estimated at 81.197 million, which makes Germany the 17th most populous country in the world. It's also the largest country in the European Union. Germany has a population density of about 227/square kilometer (583/square mile), which ranks 58th in the world.

East versus West

When East Germany and West Germany were reunited in 1990, the population of East Germany was around 16.1 million people.

Although living standards have improved dramatically in the East over the past 20 years, it still lags behind in economic development, and as a result, many people head west in search of better job opportunties.

Pollution is also a massive legacy of the East German era, where industrial output was prioritized more highly than the environment, and many seek to move simply for a better quality of life.

The New York Times reports that around 1.7 million people have left East Germany since 1990 -- that's a decrease in population of just over 10%.

Immigration into Germany

Of all the 27 European Union states, Germany has the highest percentage of immigrants in its population. Over 10 million people living in Germany today were born outside of Germany -- that's about 12% of the German population. Most immigrants come from other European countries, particularly from Turkey, Russia, Poland and Italy. Germany is the second most popular destination for immigrants in the world after the United States.

The German Government has been keen to encourage immigration over the past fifty years -- partly to address longer term demographic problems in Germany, such as its low birth rate, and partly to address shorter term labor shortages.

Germany Demographics

There are four groups considered "national minorities," which means their ancestors lived in their regions for many centuries. These groups are the Sorbs, Danes, Frisians, and the Roma and Sinti. There are about 50,000 Danes in the northernmost region of Germany. The Sorbs, who are a Slavic people, live in the Lustia region. There are large populations of Frisians in Lower Saxony and the western coast of Schleswig-Holstein.

About 3.4 million Germans are living abroad.

The majority of Germans are Christian, either Roman Catholic (29.9%) or Protestant (29.8%), although 1.3% of the population are also Orthodox Christians. Islam is the second largest religion in Germany – about 2.6% of Germans are adherents.

The largest single group, however, is non-believers, who make up 34% of the population. The number of atheists and agnostics is far higher in Eastern Germany than in Western Germany, largely because of the Communist East German state's policy of discouraging religous belief.

Largest Cities in Germany

Germany is divided into 16 states, referred to collectively as Länder, and each state has its own constitution and remains fairly autonomous. Each state also has its own capital. Despite its large population, Germany has relatively few large cities, and only four have a population over 1 million: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne.

Still, these cities are much larger when the metropolitan area is taken into account. Hamburg, for example, has a city population of 1.8 million as of 2012, but its metropolitan area is home to more than 5 million. Düsseldorf, the 7th largest city in Germany, has a population of close to 600,000, but its metropolitan area is home to over 11.3 million.

Here's a full list of the ten largest cities in Germany.

RankCityPopulation
1Berlin 3,439,100
2Hamburg 1,769,117
3Munich 1,330,440
4Cologne 998,105
5Frankfurt am Main 671,927
6Stuttgart 600,068
7Düsseldorf 586,217
8Dortmund 581,308
9Essen 576,259
10Bremen 547,685

Germany is home to a large number of smaller cities and towns, however, and in total there are currently 82 cities with a population of more than 100,000 people.

German Census

Censuses have only been intermittently conducted in Germany, and the last one took place in 1987. Instead, the German Government relies on extrapolations from sample data collected from a small percentage (around 1%) of the population. Still, Germany did participate in the EU-wide census in 2011, which gave much-needed insight into the country's population.

Germany Population Growth

The country is now spending about $265 million every year on family subsidies in an attempt to reverse a declining population, with little success. Germany has many issues to overcome, including attitudes in the country where working women with children are dubbed "raven mothers" with an implication of neglectfulness and immigrants are not always welcomed with open arms.

Some experts worry that the country has waited too long to try to address its population problem, and raising fertility rates has proven difficult. Giving money to families and tax breaks for stay-at-home mothers and married couples has done little, and demographers believe expanding after-school and day care programs would be a better investment for the country.

The country will also need to start bringing in more immigrants to fill hundreds of thousands of vacant skilled jobs.

Germany is a representation of the declining fertility rates Europe has seen over the past few decades, and Germany found that it had lost 1.5 million people in its most recent census. This news was a bit of a surprise to the country, which had not conducted a single census since its reunification, even after the Berlin Wall fell in 1989. It seems Germany missed this population loss because its people value privacy, and the last census in 1987 was very strongly opposed, and the one in 2011 was only done because it was required by the European Union.

Most of the 1.5 million who disappeared were migrants, who apparently did not deregister when they left the country, and thus lived on in records. Germany was found to have 1.1 million fewer foreigners than it thought, and 428,000 fewer Germans.

Germany Population in 2017Source: Thomas Wolf, www.foto-tw.de

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Germany Population Growth

Germany is currenty fighting a major population drop, and many towns that were thriving just a few decades ago are now filled with vacant homes that may never be sold. Germany's death rate has been higher than its birth rate since the 1970s.

It's estimated that the country will shrink by 2060 to just 71 million. With a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world, the population of Germany could well drop to around 65-70 million over the next 50 years.

About Germany

Official NameFederal Republic of Germany
Languages SpokenGerman
BordersAUT, BEL, CZE, DNK, FRA, LUX, NLD, POL, CHE
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude519
Currencies UsedEUR

Germany Population Density

Name Population
Fuerstenwalde33,539
Ostfildern33,598
Goch33,706
Limburg an der Lahn33,820
Leer33,886
Juelich33,911
Kehl34,009
Geldern34,013
Papenburg34,117
Meppen34,198
Tegel34,287
Schoenebeck34,301
Balingen34,414
Wernigerode34,463
Spandau34,506
Steinfurt34,601
Merseburg34,780
Tuttlingen34,847
Bernau bei Berlin34,866
Uelzen34,996
Greven35,080
Sinsheim35,219
Zweibruecken35,221
Markisches Viertel35,230
Neu Isenburg35,293
Langen35,416
Emsdetten35,582
Wesseling35,665
Pasing35,728
Falkenhagener Feld35,742
Backnang35,778
Gropiusstadt36,052
Lage36,097
Kempen36,312
Datteln36,338
Porta Westfalica36,364
Niederkassel36,480
Schwaebisch Hall36,543
Coesfeld36,631
Leinfelden-Echterdingen36,672
Wermelskirchen36,816
Germering36,834
Wuerselen37,074
Riesa37,156
Buchholz in der Nordheide37,404
Falkensee37,468
Hemer37,502
Wilhelmstadt37,624
Stendal37,722
Hofheim am Taunus37,750
Haltern37,788
Beckum37,814
Neustadt/Sued37,939
Schwedt (Oder)38,001
Muehlhausen38,108
Ahaus38,165
Buxtehude38,192
Maintal38,313
Saarlouis38,333
Buckow38,474
Westend38,501
Schwabach38,554
Altenburg38,568
Sankt Ingbert38,697
Warendorf38,707
Voerde38,759
Ettlingen38,942
Freital39,027
Siegburg39,135
Bensheim39,439
Britz39,488
Kamp-Lintfort39,490
Loehne39,521
Mettmann39,550
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz39,557
Schorndorf39,697
Halberstadt39,729
Dachau39,740
Hueckelhoven39,828
Laatzen40,038
Kirchheim unter Teck40,206
Nurtingen40,210
Barmbek-Nord40,261
Aurich40,319
Pirna40,322
Dreieich40,367
Pinneberg40,577
Oranienburg40,793
Rudow40,802
Borken40,876
Voelklingen41,132
Memmingen41,135
Koenigswinter41,164
Lankwitz41,242
Seevetal41,266
Heinsberg41,505
Langenhorn41,560
Landau in der Pfalz41,612
Muelheim41,711
Bietigheim-Bissingen41,769
Coburg41,901
Lemgo41,943
Bautzen41,972
Eberswalde41,980
Wunstorf42,080
Kaarst42,112
Nettetal42,417
Oberursel42,448
Kaufbeuren42,505
Weiden42,550
Staaken42,566
Freising42,570
Alt-Hohenschoenhausen42,609
Rottenburg42,721
Bruchsal42,785
Gifhorn43,000
Monheim am Rhein43,038
Bad Kreuznach43,213
Rodgau43,315
Weinheim43,325
Suhl43,509
Filderstadt43,550
Goslar43,560
Pirmasens43,582
Freiberg43,670
Hoyerswerda43,681
Eisenach43,846
Lahr43,863
Nordhausen43,912
Lehrte43,920
Fellbach43,935
Bruehl44,137
Halle Neustadt44,515
Straubing44,580
Homburg44,607
Erkelenz44,650
Amberg44,737
Wismar45,255
Meiderich45,297
Buende45,403
Hennef45,409
Stade45,634
Singen45,696
Leonberg45,711
Kamen45,927
Neustadt am Ruebenberge45,942
Rheda-Wiedenbrueck46,123
Gronau46,161
Boeblingen46,282
Alsdorf46,340
Melle46,514
Gotha46,615
Albstadt46,664
Loerrach47,002
Herzogenrath47,381
Frankenthal47,438
Duelmen47,495
Stuttgart-Ost47,500
Weissensee47,693
Erkrath47,815
Rastatt47,906
Soest48,037
Bornheim48,523
Elmshorn48,703
Frechen48,733
Ravensburg48,825
Kleve49,072
Friedrichsfelde49,109
Hof49,239
Lichtenrade49,489
Bad Oeynhausen49,513
Neunkirchen49,843
Mariendorf49,917
Peine49,953
Berlin Treptow50,000
Heidenheim an der Brenz50,067
Speyer50,343
Schwerte50,399
Langenhagen50,439
Passau50,560
Ibbenbueren50,577
Neubrueck51,109
Erftstadt51,207
Winterhude51,297
Lingen51,310
Neu-Ulm51,389
Emden51,526
Frankfurt (Oder)51,691
Willich51,843
Bad Homburg vor der Hoehe51,859
Bergkamen52,329
Wetzlar52,656
Cuxhaven52,677
Greifswald52,731
Nordhorn52,803
Waiblingen52,945
Gummersbach53,131
Neu-Hohenschoenhausen53,374
Pulheim53,762
Neustadt53,984
Schweinfurt54,012
Baden-Baden54,239
Huerth54,678
Wolfenbuettel54,740
Meerbusch54,826
Euskirchen54,889
Bad Salzuflen54,899
Ahlen55,280
Eschweiler55,778
Sankt Augustin56,094
Hilden56,565
Tempelhof Bezirk56,669
Hattingen56,866
Pankow57,113
Goerlitz57,751
Goeppingen58,040
Friedrichshafen58,403
Menden58,451
Zehlendorf Bezirk58,469
Hameln58,666
Stolberg58,874
Stralsund58,976
Offenburg59,238
Langenfeld59,378
Berlin Koepenick59,561
Ruesselsheim59,730
Brandenburg an der Havel59,826
Kopenick Bezirk60,128
Rosenheim60,167
Landshut60,488
Sindelfingen61,311
Schwabisch Gmund61,338
Kempten (Allgaeu)61,399
Wesel61,685
Garbsen63,355
Bergheim63,558
Dormagen63,582
Fulda63,760
Kerpen64,226
Weimar64,727
Grevenbroich64,779
Herford64,879
Herten65,306
Plauen66,412
Unna66,734
Neuwied66,805
Aalen67,085
Lippstadt67,219
Neubrandenburg68,082
Aschaffenburg68,551
Bamberg70,047
Dinslaken70,573
Moabit70,911
Celle71,010
Lueneburg71,260
Norderstedt71,439
Steglitz Bezirk72,464
Detmold73,680
Bocholt73,943
Giessen74,411
Troisdorf74,749
Hellersdorf74,847
Bayreuth75,061
Reinickendorf75,414
Delmenhorst75,893
Viersen76,153
Rheine76,491
Arnsberg76,612
Gladbeck76,940
Dessau77,315
Bogenhausen77,542
Castrop-Rauxel77,924
Wedding Bezirk78,290
Neumuenster78,383
Marburg an der Lahn78,895
Luedenscheid79,386
Dorsten79,981
Lichterfelde80,149
Worms81,099
Mitte81,205
Konstanz81,275
Villingen-Schwenningen81,770
Minden82,879
Tuebingen83,416
Wilhelmshaven84,393
Cottbus84,754
Gesundbrunnen84,789
Flensburg85,838
Ludwigsburg87,603
Velbert87,669
Hanau am Main88,648
Luenen91,009
Marl91,398
Ratingen91,606
Esslingen92,390
Dueren93,440
Wilmersdorf Bezirk94,113
Guetersloh96,180
Schwerin96,641
Iserlohn97,910
Kaiserslautern98,732
Zwickau98,796
Trier100,129
Witten101,247
Erlangen102,675
Hildesheim103,052
Marzahn103,768
Gera104,659
Jena104,712
Bergisch Gladbach106,184
Siegen107,242
Koblenz107,319
Moers107,816
Furth112,025
Reutlingen112,627
Nippes113,487
Schoneberg Bezirk115,976
Berlin Schoeneberg116,286
Remscheid117,118
Bremerhaven117,446
Friedrichshain Bezirk117,829
Offenbach119,192
Pforzheim119,313
Bergedorf119,665
Charlottenburg Bezirk119,857
Bottrop119,909
Ulm120,451
Ingolstadt120,658
Heilbronn120,733
Goettingen122,149
Recklinghausen122,438
Wolfsburg123,064
Regensburg129,151
Wuerzburg133,731
Darmstadt140,385
Paderborn142,161
Heidelberg143,345
Potsdam145,292
Bezirk Kreuzberg147,532
Prenzlauer Berg Bezirk148,878
Neuss152,457
Oldenburg159,218
Leverkusen162,738
Ludwigshafen am Rhein163,196
Solingen164,359
Osnabrueck166,462
Muelheim171,000
Herne172,108
Saarbruecken181,227
Mainz184,997
Hamm185,327
Kassel194,501
Rostock198,293
Hagen198,972
Harburg202,571
Erfurt203,254
Luebeck212,207
Freiburg215,966
Oberhausen219,176
Neue Neustadt226,851
Magdeburg229,826
Kiel232,758
Hamburg-Mitte233,144
Halle (Saale)234,107
Krefeld237,984
Braunschweig244,715
Chemnitz247,220
Altona250,192
Eimsbuettel251,907
Augsburg259,196
Moenchengladbach261,742
Aachen265,208
Gelsenkirchen270,028
Muenster270,184
Wiesbaden272,432
Hamburg-Nord280,000
Karlsruhe283,799
Marienthal287,101
Mannheim307,960
Bonn313,125
Bielefeld331,906
Wuppertal360,797
Bochum-Hordel380,000
Bochum385,729
Wandsbek411,422
Dresden486,854
Nuernberg499,237
Duisburg504,358
Leipzig504,971
Hannover515,140
Bremen546,501
Duesseldorf573,057
Dortmund588,462
Stuttgart589,793
Essen593,085
Frankfurt am Main650,000
Koeln963,395
Munich1,260,391
Hamburg1,739,117
Berlin3,426,354

Germany Population Clock

What is the population of Germany (as of September 13, 2017)?80,658,102
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)80636124
Births Per Day381
Deaths Per Day495
Net Migrations Per Day 411
Net Change Per Day 297
Population Change Since January 1st75,735

Germany Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 8.633 births/thousand194
Crude Death Rate 11.226 deaths/thousand25
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.862 people/thousand36
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.449 years24
Male Life Expectancy 79.172 years26
Female Life Expectancy 83.701 years29
Total Fertility Rate 1.431 children/woman187
Net Reproduction Rate 0.693 surviving daughters/woman186
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.058 males per female51
Infant Mortality Rate 2.626 deaths/1,000 live births186
Under Five Mortality 3.193 deaths/thousand185
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.803 years12
Rate of Natural Increase -2.598 188
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.373 %9
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.712 %9
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.022 %16
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 6.96 %29
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 8.731 %32
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.122 %26
Crude Suicide Rate 13 suicides/thousand44
Median Age (Total) 46.8 years3
Median Age (Female) 47.9 years3
Median Age (Male) 45.7 years2

Germany Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201780,636,12449.19%50.81%23155-0.09%18
201580,688,54549.143%50.857%23155-0.01%16
201080,435,30748.999%51.001%23053-0.01%16
200581,246,80048.968%51.032%23352-0.24%14
200081,895,92548.891%51.109%23452-0.11%12
199581,612,90048.733%51.267%234500.32%12
199078,958,23748.285%51.715%226450.66%12
198577,570,00947.798%52.202%222400.13%11
198078,159,52747.651%52.349%22435-0.22%9
197578,667,32747.46%52.54%22532-0.08%8
197078,366,60547.308%52.692%224290.28%8
196575,990,73747.038%52.962%218290.74%8
196073,179,66546.495%53.505%209270.69%7
195571,313,74046.341%53.659%204250.43%7
195069,786,24646.132%53.868%200240.47%6

Germany Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202080,392,21649.247%50.753%23057-0.1%19
202579,960,06449.338%50.662%22964-0.14%19
203079,294,14249.423%50.577%22769-0.2%20
203578,402,64449.495%50.505%22469-0.26%20
204077,300,33949.536%50.464%22172-0.32%22
204575,999,16049.546%50.454%21873-0.37%22
205074,512,85849.567%50.433%21375-0.42%25
205572,923,26049.613%50.387%20977-0.43%26
206071,390,56549.704%50.296%20479-0.41%29
206570,019,46449.808%50.192%20085-0.36%30
207068,843,26049.896%50.104%19785-0.32%31
207567,743,07649.945%50.055%19485-0.33%35
208066,633,70149.997%50.003%19187-0.33%37
208565,590,36750.059%49.941%18887-0.29%38
209064,689,75450.132%49.868%18588-0.25%39
209563,925,09950.179%49.821%18389-0.22%40
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations