Germany Population 2017

82,155,210

Germany is a western-central European country bordered by Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Austria, France, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Germany is the most populous country in the European Union with an estimated 2017 population of 82.11 million, which ranks 17th in the world.

Despite a drop in the country's growth rate, its 2017 population is now estimated at 82.11 million, which makes Germany the 17th most populous country in the world. It's also the largest country in the European Union. Germany has a population density of about 227/square kilometer (583/square mile), which ranks 58th in the world.

East versus West

When East Germany and West Germany were reunited in 1990, the population of East Germany was around 16.1 million people.

Although living standards have improved dramatically in the East over the past 20 years, it still lags behind in economic development, and as a result, many people head west in search of better job opportunties.

Pollution is also a massive legacy of the East German era, where industrial output was prioritized more highly than the environment, and many seek to move simply for a better quality of life.

The New York Times reports that around 1.7 million people have left East Germany since 1990 -- that's a decrease in population of just over 10%.

Immigration into Germany

Of all the 27 European Union states, Germany has the highest percentage of immigrants in its population. Over 10 million people living in Germany today were born outside of Germany -- that's about 12% of the German population. Most immigrants come from other European countries, particularly from Turkey, Russia, Poland and Italy. Germany is the second most popular destination for immigrants in the world after the United States.

The German Government has been keen to encourage immigration over the past fifty years -- partly to address longer term demographic problems in Germany, such as its low birth rate, and partly to address shorter term labor shortages.

Germany Demographics

There are four groups considered "national minorities," which means their ancestors lived in their regions for many centuries. These groups are the Sorbs, Danes, Frisians, and the Roma and Sinti. There are about 50,000 Danes in the northernmost region of Germany. The Sorbs, who are a Slavic people, live in the Lustia region. There are large populations of Frisians in Lower Saxony and the western coast of Schleswig-Holstein.

The majority of Germans are Christian, either Roman Catholic (29.9%) or Protestant (29.8%), although 1.3% of the population are also Orthodox Christians. Islam is the second largest religion in Germany – about 2.6% of Germans are adherents.

The largest single group, however, is non-believers, who make up 34% of the population. The number of atheists and agnostics is far higher in Eastern Germany than in Western Germany, largely because of the Communist East German state's policy of discouraging religous belief.

Largest Cities in Germany

Germany is divided into 16 states, referred to collectively as Länder, and each state has its own constitution and remains fairly autonomous. Each state also has its own capital. Despite its large population, Germany has relatively few large cities, and only four have a population over 1 million: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne.

Still, these cities are much larger when the metropolitan area is taken into account. Hamburg, for example, has a city population of 1.8 million as of 2012, but its metropolitan area is home to more than 5 million. Düsseldorf, the 7th largest city in Germany, has a population of close to 600,000, but its metropolitan area is home to over 11.3 million.

Here's a full list of the ten largest cities in Germany.

RankCityPopulation
1Berlin 3,439,100
2Hamburg 1,769,117
3Munich 1,330,440
4Cologne 998,105
5Frankfurt am Main 671,927
6Stuttgart 600,068
7Düsseldorf 586,217
8Dortmund 581,308
9Essen 576,259
10Bremen 547,685

Germany is home to a large number of smaller cities and towns, however, and in total there are currently 82 cities with a population of more than 100,000 people.

German Census

Censuses have only been intermittently conducted in Germany, and the last one took place in 1987. Instead, the German Government relies on extrapolations from sample data collected from a small percentage (around 1%) of the population. Still, Germany did participate in the EU-wide census in 2011, which gave much-needed insight into the country's population.

Germany Population Growth

The country is now spending about $265 million every year on family subsidies in an attempt to reverse a declining population, with little success. Germany has many issues to overcome, including attitudes in the country where working women with children are dubbed "raven mothers" with an implication of neglectfulness and immigrants are not always welcomed with open arms.

Some experts worry that the country has waited too long to try to address its population problem, and raising fertility rates has proven difficult. Giving money to families and tax breaks for stay-at-home mothers and married couples has done little, and demographers believe expanding after-school and day care programs would be a better investment for the country.

The country will also need to start bringing in more immigrants to fill hundreds of thousands of vacant skilled jobs.

Germany is a representation of the declining fertility rates Europe has seen over the past few decades, and Germany found that it had lost 1.5 million people in its most recent census. This news was a bit of a surprise to the country, which had not conducted a single census since its reunification, even after the Berlin Wall fell in 1989. It seems Germany missed this population loss because its people value privacy, and the last census in 1987 was very strongly opposed, and the one in 2011 was only done because it was required by the European Union.

Most of the 1.5 million who disappeared were migrants, who apparently did not deregister when they left the country, and thus lived on in records. Germany was found to have 1.1 million fewer foreigners than it thought, and 428,000 fewer Germans.

Germany Population in 2018Source: Thomas Wolf, www.foto-tw.de

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Germany Population Growth

Germany is currenty fighting a major population drop, and many towns that were thriving just a few decades ago are now filled with vacant homes that may never be sold. Germany's death rate has been higher than its birth rate since the 1970s.

It's estimated that the country will shrink by 2060 to just 71 million. With a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world, the population of Germany could well drop to around 65-70 million over the next 50 years.

About Germany

Official NameFederal Republic of Germany
Languages SpokenGerman
BordersAUT, BEL, CZE, DNK, FRA, LUX, NLD, POL, CHE
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude519
Currencies UsedEUR

Germany Population Density

Name Population
Berlin3,426,354
Hamburg1,739,117
Munich1,260,391
Koeln963,395
Frankfurt am Main650,000
Essen593,085
Stuttgart589,793
Dortmund588,462
Dusseldorf573,057
Bremen546,501
Hannover515,140
Leipzig504,971
Duisburg504,358
Nuernberg499,237
Dresden486,854
Wandsbek411,422
Bochum385,729
Bochum-Hordel380,000
Wuppertal360,797
Bielefeld331,906
Bonn313,125
Mannheim307,960
Marienthal287,101
Karlsruhe283,799
Hamburg-Nord280,000
Wiesbaden272,432
Muenster270,184
Gelsenkirchen270,028
Aachen265,208
Monchengladbach261,742
Augsburg259,196
Eimsbuettel251,907
Altona250,192
Chemnitz247,220
Braunschweig244,715
Halle Neustadt240,000
Krefeld237,984
Halle (Saale)234,107
Hamburg-Mitte233,144
Kiel232,758
Magdeburg229,826
Neue Neustadt226,851
Oberhausen219,176
Freiburg215,966
Luebeck212,207
Erfurt203,254
Harburg202,571
Hagen198,972
Rostock198,293
Kassel194,501
Hamm185,327
Mainz184,997
Saarbrucken181,227
Herne172,108
Muelheim (Ruhr)171,000
Osnabrueck166,462
Solingen164,359
Ludwigshafen am Rhein163,196
Leverkusen162,738
Oldenburg159,218
Neuss152,457
Prenzlauer Berg Bezirk148,878
Bezirk Kreuzberg147,532
Potsdam145,292
Heidelberg143,345
Paderborn142,161
Darmstadt140,385
Wuerzburg133,731
Regensburg129,151
Wolfsburg123,064
Recklinghausen122,438
Goettingen122,149
Heilbronn120,733
Ingolstadt120,658
Ulm120,451
Bottrop119,909
Charlottenburg Bezirk119,857
Bergedorf119,665
Pforzheim119,313
Offenbach119,192
Friedrichshain Bezirk117,829
Bremerhaven117,446
Remscheid117,118
Berlin Schoeneberg116,286
Schoneberg Bezirk115,976
Nippes113,487
Reutlingen112,627
Furth112,025
Moers107,816
Koblenz107,319
Siegen107,242
Bergisch Gladbach106,184
Jena104,712
Gera104,659
Marzahn103,768
Hildesheim103,052
Erlangen102,675
Witten101,247
Trier100,129
Zwickau98,796
Kaiserslautern98,732
Iserlohn97,910
Schwerin96,641
Guetersloh96,180
Wilmersdorf Bezirk94,113
Dueren93,440
Esslingen92,390
Ratingen91,606
Marl91,398
Lunen91,009
Hanau am Main88,648
Velbert87,669
Ludwigsburg87,603
Flensburg85,838
Gesundbrunnen84,789
Cottbus84,754
Wilhelmshaven84,393
Tuebingen83,416
Minden82,879
Villingen-Schwenningen81,770
Konstanz81,275
Mitte81,205
Worms81,099
Lichterfelde80,149
Dorsten79,981
Luedenscheid79,386
Marburg an der Lahn78,895
Neumunster78,383
Wedding Bezirk78,290
Castrop-Rauxel77,924
Bogenhausen77,542
Dessau77,315
Gladbeck76,940
Arnsberg76,612
Rheine76,491
Viersen76,153
Delmenhorst75,893
Reinickendorf75,414
Bayreuth75,061
Hellersdorf74,847
Troisdorf74,749
Giessen74,411
Bocholt73,943
Detmold73,680
Steglitz Bezirk72,464
Norderstedt71,439
Lueneburg71,260
Celle71,010
Moabit70,911
Dinslaken70,573
Bamberg70,047
Aschaffenburg68,551
Neubrandenburg68,082
Lippstadt67,219
Aalen67,085
Neuwied66,805
Unna66,734
Plauen66,412
Herten65,306
Herford64,879
Grevenbroich64,779
Weimar64,727
Kerpen64,226
Fulda63,760
Dormagen63,582
Bergheim63,558
Garbsen63,355
Wesel61,685
Kempten (Allgaeu)61,399
Schwabisch Gmund61,338
Sindelfingen61,311
Landshut60,488
Rosenheim60,167
Kopenick Bezirk60,128
Brandenburg an der Havel59,826
Russelsheim59,730
Berlin Koepenick59,561
Langenfeld59,378
Offenburg59,238
Stralsund58,976
Stolberg58,874
Hameln58,666
Zehlendorf Bezirk58,469
Menden58,451
Friedrichshafen58,403
Goeppingen58,040
Goerlitz57,751
Pankow57,113
Hattingen56,866
Tempelhof Bezirk56,669
Hilden56,565
Sankt Augustin56,094
Eschweiler55,778
Ahlen55,280
Bad Salzuflen54,899
Euskirchen54,889
Meerbusch54,826
Wolfenbuettel54,740
Hurth54,678
Baden-Baden54,239
Schweinfurt54,012
Neustadt53,984
Pulheim53,762
Neu-Hohenschoenhausen53,374
Gummersbach53,131
Waiblingen52,945
Nordhorn52,803
Greifswald52,731
Cuxhaven52,677
Wetzlar52,656
Bergkamen52,329
Bad Homburg vor der Hoehe51,859
Willich51,843
Frankfurt (Oder)51,691
Emden51,526
Neu-Ulm51,389
Lingen51,310
Winterhude51,297
Erftstadt51,207
Neubrueck51,109
Ibbenburen50,577
Passau50,560
Langenhagen50,439
Schwerte50,399
Speyer50,343
Heidenheim an der Brenz50,067
Berlin Treptow50,000
Peine49,953
Mariendorf49,917
Neunkirchen49,843
Bad Oeynhausen49,513
Lichtenrade49,489
Hof49,239
Friedrichsfelde49,109
Kleve49,072
Ravensburg48,825
Frechen48,733
Elmshorn48,703
Bornheim48,523
Soest48,037
Rastatt47,906
Erkrath47,815
Weissensee47,693
Stuttgart-Ost47,500
Dulmen47,495
Frankenthal47,438
Herzogenrath47,381
Loerrach47,002
Albstadt46,664
Gotha46,615
Melle46,514
Alsdorf46,340
Boeblingen46,282
Gronau46,161
Rheda-Wiedenbruck46,123
Neustadt am Rubenberge45,942
Kamen45,927
Leonberg45,711
Singen45,696
Stade45,634
Hennef45,409
Buende45,403
Meiderich45,297
Wismar45,255
Amberg44,737
Erkelenz44,650
Homburg44,607
Straubing44,580
Bruhl44,137
Fellbach43,935
Lehrte43,920
Nordhausen43,912
Lahr43,863
Eisenach43,846
Hoyerswerda43,681
Freiberg43,670
Pirmasens43,582
Goslar43,560
Filderstadt43,550
Suhl43,509
Weinheim43,325
Rodgau43,315
Bad Kreuznach43,213
Monheim am Rhein43,038
Gifhorn43,000
Bruchsal42,785
Rottenburg42,721
Alt-Hohenschoenhausen42,609
Freising42,570
Staaken42,566
Weiden42,550
Kaufbeuren42,505
Oberursel42,448
Nettetal42,417
Kaarst42,112
Wunstorf42,080
Eberswalde41,980
Bautzen41,972
Lemgo41,943
Coburg41,901
Bietigheim-Bissingen41,769
Muelheim41,711
Landau in der Pfalz41,612
Langenhorn41,560
Heinsberg41,505
Seevetal41,266
Lankwitz41,242
Konigswinter41,164
Memmingen41,135
Volklingen41,132
Borken40,876
Rudow40,802
Oranienburg40,793
Pinneberg40,577
Dreieich40,367
Pirna40,322
Aurich40,319
Barmbek-Nord40,261
Nurtingen40,210
Kirchheim unter Teck40,206
Laatzen40,038
Huckelhoven39,828
Dachau39,740
Halberstadt39,729
Schorndorf39,697
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz39,557
Mettmann39,550
Loehne39,521
Kamp-Lintfort39,490
Britz39,488
Bensheim39,439
Siegburg39,135
Freital39,027
Ettlingen38,942
Voerde38,759
Warendorf38,707
Sankt Ingbert38,697
Altenburg38,568
Schwabach38,554
Westend38,501
Buckow38,474
Saarlouis38,333
Maintal38,313
Buxtehude38,192
Ahaus38,165
Muehlhausen38,108
Schwedt (Oder)38,001
Neustadt/Sued37,939
Beckum37,814
Haltern37,788
Hofheim am Taunus37,750
Stendal37,722
Wilhelmstadt37,624
Hemer37,502
Falkensee37,468
Buchholz in der Nordheide37,404
Riesa37,156
Wurselen37,074
Germering36,834
Wermelskirchen36,816
Leinfelden-Echterdingen36,672
Coesfeld36,631
Schwaebisch Hall36,543
Niederkassel36,480
Porta Westfalica36,364
Datteln36,338
Kempen36,312
Lage36,097
Gropiusstadt36,052
Backnang35,778
Falkenhagener Feld35,742
Pasing35,728
Wesseling35,665
Emsdetten35,582
Langen35,416
Neu Isenburg35,293
Markisches Viertel35,230
Zweibrucken35,221
Sinsheim35,219
Greven35,080
Uelzen34,996
Bernau bei Berlin34,866
Tuttlingen34,847
Merseburg34,780
Steinfurt34,601
Spandau34,506
Wernigerode34,463
Balingen34,414
Schonebeck34,301
Tegel34,287
Meppen34,198
Papenburg34,117
Geldern34,013
Kehl34,009
Julich33,911
Leer33,886
Limburg an der Lahn33,820
Goch33,706
Ostfildern33,598
Furstenwalde33,539

Germany Population Clock

What is the population of Germany (as of 11/15/2017)?82,155,210
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)82,114,224
Births Per Day381
Deaths Per Day495
Net Migrations Per Day 411
Net Change Per Day 297
Population Change Since January 1st94,743

Germany Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 8.633 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 11.226 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.862 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.449 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.172 years
Female Life Expectancy 83.701 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.431 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.693 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.058 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.626 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.193 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.803 years
Rate of Natural Increase -2.598
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.373%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.712%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.022%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 6.96%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 8.731%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.122%
Median Age (Total) 46.8 years
Median Age (Female) 47.9 years
Median Age (Male) 45.7 years

Germany Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201782,114,22449.24%50.76%2300.25%
201581,707,78949.18%50.82%2290.20%
201080,894,78549.02%50.98%227-0.19%
200581,671,23448.86%51.14%2290.04%
200081,487,75748.69%51.31%2280.06%
199581,240,60448.48%51.52%2270.53%
199079,118,32648.24%51.76%2220.36%
198577,717,43147.80%52.20%218-0.15%
198078,300,65047.66%52.34%219-0.14%
197578,866,49847.50%52.50%2210.07%
197078,572,98447.35%52.65%2200.60%
196576,255,92647.05%52.95%2140.76%
196073,414,42746.51%53.49%2060.52%
195571,537,53746.35%53.65%2000.45%
195069,966,24346.14%53.86%1960.00%

Germany Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202082,540,45049.32%50.68%2310.00%
202582,455,04449.42%50.58%231-0.02%
203082,186,73649.51%50.49%230-0.07%
203581,730,11749.60%50.40%229-0.11%
204081,099,55749.66%50.34%227-0.15%
204580,269,19149.71%50.29%225-0.21%
205079,238,48649.75%50.25%222-0.26%
205578,063,80949.80%50.20%219-0.30%
206076,918,85049.87%50.13%215-0.30%
206575,953,38049.93%50.07%213-0.25%
207075,163,79649.97%50.03%210-0.21%
207574,404,47749.98%50.02%208-0.20%
208073,581,31750.00%50.00%206-0.22%
208572,755,69250.02%49.98%204-0.23%
209072,055,94950.05%49.95%202-0.19%
209571,502,89750.07%49.93%200-0.15%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer