Ghana Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is an independent state. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean towards the west side of Africa. Ghana consists of ten defensive regions, including many islands. Its west border is delineated by the Ivory Coast, while to its north lies Burkina Faso. East of Ghana lies Togo, while the south is bordered by the Atlantic and the Gulf of Guinea. The literal meaning of the word Ghana is Warrior King. In 2015, Ghana has an estimated population of 27 million, which ranks 48th in the world.

The current population of Ghana is estimated to be 27 million, up from the official 2010 census figure of 24.2 million. Ghana's land mass is almost the same as the United Kingdom's. Savannas filled with flora and fauna dominate Ghana's northern regions, while rich industrial minerals and fuels are a feature of western Ghana. Its fossil fuel wealth is particularly rich in natural gas and petroleum.

The capital and largest city of Ghana is Accra, which has an urban population of 2.27 million. The Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) has about 4 million inhabitants, which makes it the 11th largest metro area in Africa.

Out of the 26,652,767 people in Ghana, around 50.9% is the male population, while the female population is around 49.1%. With a population growth rate of 2.2%, the total number of births this year (2014) will be approximately 586,361. The population growth rate is fairly high in Ghana.

Geographically, Ghana is the country which is the closer than any other country to the center of our planet Earth. The southern regions of Ghana are mostly filled with grasslands and shrublands, along with forests. The forests extend from the southwest Ghana coast to the north until they meet the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. These forests extend to the east for 270 km. South Ghana has become an important location for extracting industrial minerals.

Ghana Demographics

More than 98% of Ghanans are Black Africans, although the country is very multiethnic. The Ashanti people are the largest ethnic group in Ghana. Until the 10th century BC, most of Ghana was uninhabited by humans. By the 10th century AD, the Ashantis had established a settlement in the area and were later joined by others in the 16th century.

Most people in Ghana are citizens of Ashanti terroritories or Ashantiland: 4.7 million in Ashanti, 2.3 million in Brong-Ahafo, 2.2 million living in Central, 2.6 million in Eastern, 2.3 million living in Western, and 4 million in Greater Accra.

Major ethnic groups in Ghana include: Akan (47.5%), Dagbani (17%), Ewe (14%), Ga-Adangbe (7%), Gurma (6%), Guan (4%), Gurunsi (2.5%), and Bissa (1%).

71% of Ghanans are Christian and 17% are Muslim.

There are about 375,000 registered legal permanent residents in Ghana as well as foreign workers and students.

Ghana Climate and Culture

Ghana's climate can be described as tropical. Ghana's seasons can be divided into two different categories. The cold or the wet season and the hot or the dry season. The rainy season begins in the north part of Ghana in around March and prevails until the end of the month of November. The southern part of Ghana experiences the wet season from the start of the month of April until the middle of the month of November. For Ghana's latitude, its tropical climate can be considered fairly mild. From the month of December through the month of March, dry wind blows in northeastern Ghana, which pretty much lessens the humidity in the climate, as well as making the days hot and the nights cool in the northern part of Ghana. From about 21C to 28C (70 to 82F) is the average range of temperatures that dominate the weather of Ghana, while the humidity levels vary from about 77 to 78 percent.

The cuisine of Ghana has a very huge variety of foods which are mainly based on different types of stews and soups and include many different types of sea foods. Vegetables, poultry, meat or fish are some major ingredients of Ghanaian soups. Dishes like smoked fish, whitebait, and crayfish are major dishes. Fish is the most dominant and important part of Ghanaian cuisine.

One of the very popular and main dishes of Ghana is called banku. It is a starchy dish that is made from maize and staples that are based on cornmeal. The dish is usually served and eaten either with grilled tilapia or fried fish. This is also accompanied by an extremely spicy sauce that is prepared from fresh raw chilies.

Ghana  Population in 2016 Source: Tobias Eigen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ghana Population Growth

Ghana's fertility rate is currently 3.94 children born to every woman in rural areas and 2.78 to every woman in urban areas. Ghana's population is currently growing at a rate of 2% per year.

Ghana Population Density

About Ghana

Official Name Republic of Ghana
Languages Spoken English
Borders BFA, CIV, TGO
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 8,-2
Currencies Used GHS

Ghana Population Clock

What is the population of Ghana (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 486
Deaths Per Day 133
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 298
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Ghana Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 31.702 births/thousand 41st
Crude Death Rate 8.686 deaths/thousand 65th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.69 people/thousand 111th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.721 years 173rd
Life Expectancy (Male) 60.695 years 172nd
Life Expectancy (Female) 62.718 years 174th
Total Fertility Rate 4.058 children/woman 40th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.676 surviving daughters/woman 43rd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female 75th
Infant Mortality Rate 48.071 deaths/1,000 live births 34th
Under Five Mortality 73.003 deaths/thousand 30th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.68 years 84th
Rate of Natural Increase 22.233 45th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 16.857% 170th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 17.155% 169th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.543% 173rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.175% 170th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 33.343% 169th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.101% 173rd
Crude Suicide Rate 2.3 suicides/thousand 150th
Median Age (Total) 21 years 173rd
Median Age (Female) 21.5 years 174th
Median Age (Male) 20.5 years 173rd

Ghana Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 28,033,375 49.789% 50.211% 123 90 2.2% 48
2015 27,409,892 49.746% 50.254% 120 91 2.25% 48
2010 24,317,734 49.489% 50.511% 106 98 2.48% 49
2005 21,389,514 49.958% 50.042% 94 104 2.6% 50
2000 18,824,994 50.501% 49.499% 82 108 2.46% 51
1995 16,760,991 50.559% 49.441% 73 116 2.41% 52
1990 14,628,260 50.816% 49.184% 64 117 2.79% 53
1985 12,716,238 50.805% 49.195% 55 120 3% 54
1980 10,802,025 50.824% 49.176% 47 120 2.88% 55
1975 9,831,409 50.866% 49.134% 43 121 1.93% 57
1970 8,596,976 50.93% 49.07% 37 124 2.64% 62
1965 7,710,547 50.886% 49.114% 33 122 2.31% 65
1960 6,652,285 50.812% 49.188% 29 122 3.17% 66
1955 5,680,406 50.691% 49.309% 24 126 3.18% 66
1950 4,980,878 50.548% 49.452% 21 127 1.74% 66

Ghana Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 30,530,449 49.887% 50.113% 134 87 2.03% 47
2025 33,678,282 49.977% 50.023% 148 83 1.86% 47
2030 36,865,012 50.039% 49.961% 162 81 1.74% 44
2035 40,123,436 50.089% 49.911% 176 76 1.64% 44
2040 43,453,895 50.13% 49.87% 190 76 1.53% 41
2045 46,798,905 50.162% 49.838% 205 75 1.41% 40
2050 50,070,657 50.187% 49.813% 220 72 1.27% 40
2055 53,203,324 50.202% 49.798% 233 71 1.13% 40
2060 56,174,839 50.203% 49.797% 246 69 1.02% 39
2065 59,003,024 50.184% 49.816% 259 65 0.93% 39
2070 61,686,477 50.144% 49.856% 271 60 0.83% 38
2075 64,188,178 50.089% 49.911% 282 57 0.74% 37
2080 66,462,250 50.017% 49.983% 292 55 0.64% 38
2085 68,477,312 49.936% 50.064% 300 52 0.54% 36
2090 70,222,115 49.861% 50.139% 308 52 0.45% 36
2095 71,732,547 49.784% 50.216% 315 53 0.38% 36
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations