Ghana Population 2018

29,227,318

Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is an independent state. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean towards the west side of Africa. Ghana consists of ten defensive regions, including many islands. Its west border is delineated by the Ivory Coast, while to its north lies Burkina Faso. East of Ghana lies Togo, while the south is bordered by the Atlantic and the Gulf of Guinea. The literal meaning of the word Ghana is Warrior King. In 2018, Ghana has an estimated population of 29.46 million, which ranks 48th in the world.

The current population of Ghana is estimated to be 29.46 million, up from the official 2010 census figure of 24.2 million. Ghana's land mass is almost the same as the United Kingdom's. Savannas filled with flora and fauna dominate Ghana's northern regions, while rich industrial minerals and fuels are a feature of western Ghana. Its fossil fuel wealth is particularly rich in natural gas and petroleum.

The capital and largest city of Ghana is Accra, which has an urban population of 2.27 million. The Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) has about 4 million inhabitants, which makes it the 11th largest metro area in Africa.

Out of the 26,652,767 people in Ghana, around 50.9% is the male population, while the female population is around 49.1%. With a population growth rate of 2.2%, the total number of births this year (2014) will be approximately 586,361. The population growth rate is fairly high in Ghana.

Geographically, Ghana is the country which is the closer than any other country to the center of our planet Earth. The southern regions of Ghana are mostly filled with grasslands and shrublands, along with forests. The forests extend from the southwest Ghana coast to the north until they meet the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. These forests extend to the east for 270 km. South Ghana has become an important location for extracting industrial minerals.

Ghana Demographics

More than 98% of Ghanans are Black Africans, although the country is very multiethnic. The Ashanti people are the largest ethnic group in Ghana. Until the 10th century BC, most of Ghana was uninhabited by humans. By the 10th century AD, the Ashantis had established a settlement in the area and were later joined by others in the 16th century.

Most people in Ghana are citizens of Ashanti terroritories or Ashantiland: 4.7 million in Ashanti, 2.3 million in Brong-Ahafo, 2.2 million living in Central, 2.6 million in Eastern, 2.3 million living in Western, and 4 million in Greater Accra.

Major ethnic groups in Ghana include: Akan (47.5%), Dagbani (17%), Ewe (14%), Ga-Adangbe (7%), Gurma (6%), Guan (4%), Gurunsi (2.5%), and Bissa (1%).

71% of Ghanans are Christian and 17% are Muslim.

There are about 375,000 registered legal permanent residents in Ghana as well as foreign workers and students.

Ghana Climate and Culture

Ghana's climate can be described as tropical. Ghana's seasons can be divided into two different categories. The cold or the wet season and the hot or the dry season. The rainy season begins in the north part of Ghana in around March and prevails until the end of the month of November. The southern part of Ghana experiences the wet season from the start of the month of April until the middle of the month of November. For Ghana's latitude, its tropical climate can be considered fairly mild. From the month of December through the month of March, dry wind blows in northeastern Ghana, which pretty much lessens the humidity in the climate, as well as making the days hot and the nights cool in the northern part of Ghana. From about 21C to 28C (70 to 82F) is the average range of temperatures that dominate the weather of Ghana, while the humidity levels vary from about 77 to 78 percent.

The cuisine of Ghana has a very huge variety of foods which are mainly based on different types of stews and soups and include many different types of sea foods. Vegetables, poultry, meat or fish are some major ingredients of Ghanaian soups. Dishes like smoked fish, whitebait, and crayfish are major dishes. Fish is the most dominant and important part of Ghanaian cuisine.

One of the very popular and main dishes of Ghana is called banku. It is a starchy dish that is made from maize and staples that are based on cornmeal. The dish is usually served and eaten either with grilled tilapia or fried fish. This is also accompanied by an extremely spicy sauce that is prepared from fresh raw chilies.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 36 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 50 seconds

Ghana Population in 2018Source: Tobias Eigen

Ghana Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400kGhana Male Population0k100k200k300k400kGhana Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Ghana Median Age

21


Total

20.5


Male

21.5


Female

Ghana Population by Age

There are 15,926,794 adults in Ghana.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ghana Population Growth

Ghana's fertility rate is currently 3.94 children born to every woman in rural areas and 2.78 to every woman in urban areas. Ghana's population is currently growing at a rate of 2% per year.

About Ghana

Official NameRepublic of Ghana
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude8-2
Currencies UsedGhana Cedi
DemonymGhanaian

Countries Bordering Ghana

Burkina Faso
Ivory Coast
Togo

Ghana Population Density

Ghana Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Accra1,963,264
Kumasi1,468,609
Tamale360,579
Takoradi232,919
Atsiaman202,932
Tema155,782
Teshi Old Town144,013
Cape Coast143,015
Sekondi-Takoradi138,872
Obuase137,856
Medina Estates101,207
Koforidua96,266
Wa78,107
Ejura70,807
Nungua70,483
Sunyani70,299
Ho69,998
Techiman69,720
Aflao66,546
Berekum62,364

Ghana Population Clock

The population of Ghana (as of 2/13/2018)?29,227,318
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)29,463,643
Births Per Day2,411
Deaths Per Day631
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 1,725
Population Change Since January 1st75,900

Ghana Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 30.202 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.904 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.686 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.17 years
Male Life Expectancy 62.1 years
Female Life Expectancy 64.21 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.893 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.676 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 40.401 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 59.296 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.792 years
Rate of Natural Increase 22.298

Ghana Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201829,463,64349.85%50.15%123.52492.18%
201728,833,62949.83%50.17%120.88492.22%
201628,206,72849.80%50.20%118.25492.26%
201527,582,82149.76%50.24%115.64492.39%
201024,512,10449.50%50.50%102.76482.62%
200521,542,00949.97%50.03%90.31492.61%
200018,938,76250.50%49.50%79.40512.47%
199516,760,46750.56%49.44%70.26522.76%
199014,628,26050.82%49.18%61.33532.84%
198512,716,22850.80%49.20%53.31543.32%
198010,802,02850.82%49.18%45.29551.90%
19759,831,40750.87%49.13%41.22572.72%
19708,596,98350.93%49.07%36.04622.20%
19657,710,54950.89%49.11%32.32653.00%
19606,652,28750.81%49.19%27.89663.21%
19555,680,41050.69%49.31%23.81662.66%
19504,980,87550.55%49.45%20.88660.00%

Ghana Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202030,733,75549.89%50.11%128.84480.00%
202533,969,75849.98%50.02%142.41482.02%
203037,294,01950.05%49.95%156.35431.88%
203540,719,33650.09%49.91%170.71431.77%
204044,221,82450.12%49.88%185.39411.66%
204547,766,70850.14%49.86%200.25401.55%
205051,269,94350.15%49.85%214.94401.43%
205554,655,60350.15%49.85%229.13381.29%
206057,896,92950.13%49.87%242.72381.16%
206560,994,93450.10%49.90%255.71371.05%
207063,943,44150.06%49.94%268.07350.95%
207566,710,96749.99%50.01%279.67360.85%
208069,256,20049.92%50.08%290.34370.75%
208571,545,85949.85%50.15%299.94380.65%
209073,544,16149.78%50.22%308.32360.55%
209575,273,29549.72%50.28%315.57340.47%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer