Ghana Population 2015

Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is an independent state. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean towards the west side of Africa. Ghana consists of ten defensive regions, including many islands. Its west border is delineated by the Ivory Coast, while to its north lies Burkina Faso. East of Ghana lies Togo, while the south is bordered by the Atlantic and the Gulf of Guinea. The literal meaning of the word Ghana is Warrior King. In 2015, Ghana has an estimated population of 27 million, which ranks 48th in the world.

The current population of Ghana in 2015 is estimated to be 27 million, up from the official 2010 census figure of 24.2 million. Ghana's land mass is almost the same as the United Kingdom's. Savannas filled with flora and fauna dominate Ghana's northern regions, while rich industrial minerals and fuels are a feature of western Ghana. Its fossil fuel wealth is particularly rich in natural gas and petroleum.

The capital and largest city of Ghana is Accra, which has an urban population of 2.27 million. The Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) has about 4 million inhabitants, which makes it the 11th largest metro area in Africa.

Out of the 26,652,767 people in Ghana, around 50.9% is the male population, while the female population is around 49.1%. With a population growth rate of 2.2%, the total number of births this year (2014) will be approximately 586,361. The population growth rate is fairly high in Ghana.

Geographically, Ghana is the country which is the closer than any other country to the center of our planet Earth. The southern regions of Ghana are mostly filled with grasslands and shrublands, along with forests. The forests extend from the southwest Ghana coast to the north until they meet the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. These forests extend to the east for 270 km. South Ghana has become an important location for extracting industrial minerals.

Ghana Demographics

More than 98% of Ghanans are Black Africans, although the country is very multiethnic. The Ashanti people are the largest ethnic group in Ghana. Until the 10th century BC, most of Ghana was uninhabited by humans. By the 10th century AD, the Ashantis had established a settlement in the area and were later joined by others in the 16th century.

Most people in Ghana are citizens of Ashanti terroritories or Ashantiland: 4.7 million in Ashanti, 2.3 million in Brong-Ahafo, 2.2 million living in Central, 2.6 million in Eastern, 2.3 million living in Western, and 4 million in Greater Accra.

Major ethnic groups in Ghana include: Akan (47.5%), Dagbani (17%), Ewe (14%), Ga-Adangbe (7%), Gurma (6%), Guan (4%), Gurunsi (2.5%), and Bissa (1%).

71% of Ghanans are Christian and 17% are Muslim.

There are about 375,000 registered legal permanent residents in Ghana as well as foreign workers and students.

Ghana Climate and Culture

Ghana's climate can be described as tropical. Ghana's seasons can be divided into two different categories. The cold or the wet season and the hot or the dry season. The rainy season begins in the north part of Ghana in around March and prevails until the end of the month of November. The southern part of Ghana experiences the wet season from the start of the month of April until the middle of the month of November. For Ghana's latitude, its tropical climate can be considered fairly mild. From the month of December through the month of March, dry wind blows in northeastern Ghana, which pretty much lessens the humidity in the climate, as well as making the days hot and the nights cool in the northern part of Ghana. From about 21C to 28C (70 to 82F) is the average range of temperatures that dominate the weather of Ghana, while the humidity levels vary from about 77 to 78 percent.

The cuisine of Ghana has a very huge variety of foods which are mainly based on different types of stews and soups and include many different types of sea foods. Vegetables, poultry, meat or fish are some major ingredients of Ghanaian soups. Dishes like smoked fish, whitebait, and crayfish are major dishes. Fish is the most dominant and important part of Ghanaian cuisine.

One of the very popular and main dishes of Ghana is called banku. It is a starchy dish that is made from maize and staples that are based on cornmeal. The dish is usually served and eaten either with grilled tilapia or fried fish. This is also accompanied by an extremely spicy sauce that is prepared from fresh raw chilies.

Ghana Population Clock

What is the population of Ghana (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 12,187
Deaths Per Day 3,363
Net Migrations Per Day -274
Net Change Per Day 8,550
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Ghana Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 20.58 years 147th
Crude Birth Rate 30.708 births/thousand 41st
Crude Death Rate 8.475 deaths/thousand 67th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.69 people/thousand 116th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.01 years 167th
Life Expectancy (Male) 60.96 years 165th
Life Expectancy (Female) 63.03 years 168th
Total Fertility Rate 3.953 children/woman 40th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.676 surviving daughters/woman 42nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female 73rd
Infant Mortality Rate 46.85 deaths/1,000 live births 33rd
Under Five Mortality 71.174 deaths/thousand 30th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.68 years 77th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Ghana Population Growth

Ghana's fertility rate is currently 3.94 children born to every woman in rural areas and 2.78 to every woman in urban areas. Ghana's population is currently growing at a rate of 2% per year.

Ghana Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2015 27,409,892 13,635,406 13,774,487 120 2.2492%
2010 24,317,734 12,034,556 12,283,178 106 2.4806%
2005 21,389,514 10,685,864 10,703,650 94 2.5952%
2000 18,824,994 9,506,877 9,318,117 82 2.4599%
1995 16,760,991 8,474,232 8,286,759 73 2.4064%
1990 14,628,260 7,433,550 7,194,710 64 2.794%
1985 12,716,238 6,460,432 6,255,806 55 3.0036%
1980 10,802,025 5,490,016 5,312,009 47 2.8797%
1975 9,831,409 5,000,812 4,830,597 43 1.9347%
1970 8,596,976 4,378,407 4,218,570 37 2.6436%
1965 7,710,547 3,923,565 3,786,982 33 2.3133%
1960 6,652,285 3,380,189 3,272,096 29 3.1701%
1955 5,680,406 2,879,443 2,800,963 24 3.1756%
1950 4,980,878 2,517,724 2,463,154 21 1.7426%

Ghana Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 30,530,449 15,230,581 15,299,868 134 2.0336%
2025 33,678,282 16,831,539 16,846,744 148 1.8631%
2030 36,865,012 18,446,917 18,418,095 162 1.7356%
2035 40,123,436 20,097,577 20,025,859 176 1.635%
2040 43,453,895 21,783,465 21,670,431 190 1.5309%
2045 46,798,905 23,475,134 23,323,771 205 1.4061%
2050 50,070,657 25,128,787 24,941,870 220 1.2681%
2055 53,203,324 26,709,148 26,494,176 233 1.1345%
2060 56,174,839 28,201,633 27,973,206 246 1.0216%
2065 59,003,024 29,610,139 29,392,885 259 0.9262%
2070 61,686,477 30,932,044 30,754,434 271 0.8335%
2075 64,188,178 32,151,031 32,037,147 282 0.7361%
2080 66,462,250 33,242,422 33,219,828 292 0.6366%
2085 68,477,312 34,194,650 34,282,662 300 0.5388%
2090 70,222,115 35,013,158 35,208,957 308 0.4546%
2095 71,732,547 35,711,333 36,021,214 315 0.3835%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations