Greece Population 2019

10,460,155

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is located in southeastern Europe with the mainland at the south end of the Balkan Peninsula. Greece is bordered by Bulgaria, Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, the Ionian Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, and Turkey. In 2019, Greece has an estimated population of 10.47 million, which ranks 87th in the world.

Greece Area and Population Density

Greece is a beautiful country in southeast Europe that is made up of the mainland in addition to thousands of smaller islands scattered in both the Ionian and Aegean seas. The land itself is very mountainous, but the beaches are spectacular and some are known for their black sand. The cumulative area of Greece is 50,949 square miles (131,957 square kilometers). Using the 2017 population of 10.77 million, Greece has a population density of 211 people per square mile (82 per square kilometer), which ranks 97th in the world.

Largest Cities in Greece

The largest city and capital is the ancient city of Athens. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world with a recorded history going back at least 3,400 years. Athens has an urban population of 3 million with a metro population of 3.75 million. Athens is the most densely populated region of Greece with 19,000 people per square mile in the city proper. Athens, along with Sparta were the most powerful of the Greek city-states.

About 2/3 of Greek people live in urban regions. Along with Athens, other major cities include Thessaloniki (788,000), Patras (214,000), and Heraklion (174,000).

Greece Demographics

Millions of Greeks have migrated abroad to the U.S., the U.K., Germany, Canada, and Australia over the last century, which has led to a great Greek diaspora. Until the 1990s, most of the influx of migration into Greece was returning Greek migrants from Turkey, Georgia, Russia, and the Czech Republic.

According to the 2001 census, there were 762,000 people in Greece without Greek citizenship, or about 7% of the population. Of non-citizens, about 49,000 were EU nationals and 17,000 were Cypriots with privileged status. Most came from Eastern European countries, including Albania (56%), Bulgaria (5%) and Romania (3%).

The 2011 census found the population was comprised of Greek citizens (91%), Albanian citizens (4.5%), Bulgarian citizens (0.7%), Romanian citizens (0.4%), Pakistani citizens (0.3%) and Georgian citizens (0.25%).

Greece, as well as Spain and Italy, continue to face large numbers of illegal immigrants attempting to enter. Most illegal immigrants entering Greece do so from its border with Turkey.

Greece Religion, Economy and Politics

Greece is now in its 8th straight year of recession, which is the longest on record for an advanced western economy. The country also has the highest unemployment rate in the Eurozone at almost 28%. The problem is so severe that many hospitals in Athens say social workers report growing numbers of uninsured migrant mothers who are fleeing the hospital at night with their babies and failing to register for fear of paying a delivery rate of about $600-$1,200 that most can't afford.

The current median age of the population in Greece is 44.5 years of age with a life expectancy of 80.7. 8.1% of the national GDP is spent on healthcare, resulting in a fairly high physician and hospital bed density, the respective numbers are at 6.26 physicians per 1,000 residents and 4.3 beds per 1,000 individuals residing within Greece. 100% of the population has access to clean drinking water, and only 1% struggle with access to improved sanitation facilities. The literacy rate of the population at or over the age of 15 is 97.7. Greece ranks in at number 79 in the World Happiness Report, giving a rating of 5.3 on a scale of 0-10 for overall happiness.

Greece Population History

The history of Greece goes back to ancient times, but the country didn't gain its independence from the Ottoman Empire until the early 1800s. 100 years later in 1913, Greece gained additional territories from the Ottomans: Epirus, Macedonia, Crete, and the north Aegean Islands. Greece fell to the Germans during World War II and more than 100,000 died of starvation in 1941. Post-WWII, Greece became a parliamentary democracy and joined Nato.

A 1999 earthquake killed dozens and left thousands more homeless. A fire in 2007 left dozens more dead and destroyed forests across the country. Another fire in 2009 forced 10,000 to relocate. In the past decade, Greece has been struggling with crippling amounts of debt and unemployment.

Greece Population Growth

Greece is currently experiencing a declining birthrate, with hospitals reporting 10% fewer births in the past 4 years. Officials say that families simply can't afford to have children. The number of live births in the country has fallen nearly 15% and it's been unparalleled in Europe, highlighting the true impact of cost-cutting measures in the country that is at the heart of the Eurozone's financial problems.

It’s easy to point to the current Eurozone Crisis which is affecting Greece and other countries across the world. As a result, it may be simple to deduce that fewer foreign nationals are coming to set up home here. The country has often been seen as a haven for migration but the numbers involved may not be as significant as some have thought.

Greece Population Projections

The declining population of Greece is expected to stay on that trajectory in the years to come, losing more people each year- however, the decreases aren't massive. Current projections believe that the 2019 annual growth rate of -0.16% will decrease to -0.5% by 2050. With decreases this small, the changes in population won't be too dramatic. The same set of predictions believe that the population of Greece will be 11,102,572 in 2020, 10,783,625 in 2030, 10,451,869 in 2040 and 9,981,568 in 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 37 minutes
Net loss of one person every 11 minutes

Greece Population in 2018Source: By Simm [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Greece Population Pyramid 2019

Greece Population by Age

There are 8,703,154 adults in Greece.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201124 May 2011
200118 March 2001
199117 March 1991

Statistics claim that 19 per cent of the population of Greece in 2012 is aged 65 or over and this figure is predicted to rise to 23 per cent in 2025 and 30 per cent in 2050. This is a worrying statistic and one that points to further declines in the population as a whole.

As far as birth rates are concerned, the United Nation population projections claim that these are also set for a decline but they also suggest that positive immigration will counter this almost in its entirety.

After several decades of population growth, Greece could be looking ahead to a period of significant falls and some reports are suggesting that this is largely due to an ageing population. With birth rate and net migration cancelling each other out, there seems to be no help from these areas and the confirmed results from the 2011 census could be the first indication that the reports are true.

Official NameHellenic Republic
Languages SpokenGreek
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude39, 22
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymGreek
BordersAlbania
Bulgaria
Turkey
Macedonia
Name Population Location
Athens664,046Map
Thessaloniki354,290Map
Patra168,034Map
Piraeus163,688Map
Larisa144,651Map
Peristeri139,981Map
Irakleion137,154Map
Kallithea100,641Map
Acharnes99,346Map
Kalamaria91,617Map
Nikaia89,380Map
Glyfada87,305Map
Volos86,048Map
Ilion84,793Map
Ilioupoli78,153Map
Keratsini77,077Map
Khalandrion74,192Map
Nea Smyrni73,076Map
Marousi72,333Map
Agios Dimitrios71,294Map

Greece Population Clock

The population of Greece (as of 10/8/2019)?10,460,155
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)10,473,455
Births Per Day220
Deaths Per Day314
Net Migrations Per Day-39
Net Change Per Day-133
Population Change Since January 1st-37,373

Greece Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 8th 2019 is: 10,459,785

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201910,473,45549.08%50.92%79.3587-0.46%
201810,522,24649.08%50.92%79.7287-0.45%
201710,569,45049.09%50.91%80.0886-0.43%
201610,615,18549.09%50.91%80.4285-0.42%
201510,659,75049.09%50.91%80.7683-0.42%
201010,887,63749.13%50.88%82.4977-0.61%
200511,224,79149.50%50.50%85.04730.26%
200011,082,10449.70%50.30%83.96710.62%
199510,745,50349.69%50.31%81.41661.00%
199010,225,99249.58%50.42%77.48680.51%
19859,968,23849.59%50.41%75.52630.70%
19809,627,00249.49%50.51%72.94621.32%
19759,014,08549.30%50.70%68.29620.80%
19708,663,57149.17%50.83%65.64610.49%
19658,453,82149.03%50.97%64.05570.43%
19608,273,62949.02%50.98%62.68510.65%
19558,011,12448.75%51.25%60.69490.88%
19507,668,79448.65%51.35%58.10480.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,423,05449.08%50.92%78.97870.00%
202510,154,68549.11%50.89%76.9493-0.52%
20309,917,25049.16%50.84%75.1496-0.47%
20359,712,26449.20%50.80%73.5898-0.42%
20409,509,26849.24%50.76%72.0599-0.42%
20459,287,49449.30%50.70%70.37100-0.47%
20509,029,24949.38%50.62%68.41105-0.56%
20558,729,37649.46%50.53%66.14108-0.67%
20608,400,18949.55%50.45%63.64110-0.77%
20658,065,16349.65%50.35%61.10112-0.81%
20707,750,99549.73%50.27%58.72113-0.79%
20757,477,40949.81%50.19%56.65115-0.72%
20807,249,04749.85%50.15%54.92117-0.62%
20857,059,43549.86%50.14%53.48118-0.53%
20906,894,65849.85%50.15%52.24118-0.47%
20956,736,77349.84%50.16%51.04119-0.46%
  1. National Statistical Service
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census, resident population adjusted for underenumeration, official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer