Greece Population 2019
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is located in southeastern Europe with the mainland at the south end of the Balkan Peninsula. Greece is bordered by Bulgaria, Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, the Ionian Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, and Turkey. In 2019, Greece has an estimated population of 11.12 million, which ranks 85th in the world.
Population Density in Greece
The previous census in Greece took place in 2012 which found a population of 10.8 million. Greece has a population density of 82 people per square kilometer (212/square mile), which ranks 120th in the world. This is calculated by the total population and the total surface area which is currently at 131,957 square kilometers.
The largest city and capital is the ancient city of Athens. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world with a recorded history going back at least 3,400 years. Athens has an urban population of 3 million with a metro population of 3.75 million. Athens is the most densely populated region of Greece with 19,000 people per square mile in the city proper.
About 2/3 of Greek people live in urban regions. Along with Athens, other major cities include Thessaloniki (788,000), Patras (214,000), and Heraklion (174,000).
Millions of Greeks have migrated abroad to the U.S., the U.K., Germany, Canada, and Australia over the last century, which has led to a great Greek diaspora. Until the 1990s, most of the influx of migration into Greece was returning Greek migrants from Turkey, Georgia, Russia, and the Czech Republic.
According to the 2001 census, there were 762,000 people in Greece without Greek citizenship, or about 7% of the population. Of non-citizens, about 49,000 were EU nationals and 17,000 were Cypriots with privileged status. Most came from Eastern European countries, including Albania (56%), Bulgaria (5%) and Romania (3%).
The 2011 census found the population was comprised of Greek citizens (91%), Albanian citizens (4.5%), Bulgarian citizens (0.7%), Romanian citizens (0.4%), Pakistani citizens (0.3%) and Georgian citizens (0.25%).
Greece Population Decline
Greece is currently experiencing a declining birthrate, with hospitals reporting 10% fewer births in the past 4 years. Officials say that families simply can't afford to have children. The number of live births in the country has fallen nearly 15% and it's been unparalleled in Europe, highlighting the true impact of cost-cutting measures in the country that is at the heart of the Eurozone's financial problems.
Greece is now in its 8th straight year of recession, which is the longest on record for an advanced western economy. The country also has the highest unemployment rate in the Eurozone at almost 28%. The problem is so severe that many hospitals in Athens say social workers report growing numbers of uninsured migrant mothers who are fleeing the hospital at night with their babies and failing to register for fear of paying a delivery rate of about $600-$1,200 that most can't afford.
It’s easy to point to the current Eurozone Crisis which is affecting Greece and other countries across the world. As a result, it may be simple to deduce that fewer foreign nationals are coming to set up home here. The country has often been seen as a haven for migration but the numbers involved may not be as significant as some have thought.
Life Expectancy and Quality of Life in Greece
The current median age of the population in Greece is 44.5 years of age with a life expectancy of 80.7. 8.1% of the national GDP is spent on healthcare, resulting in a fairly high physician and hospital bed density, the respective numbers are at 6.26 physicians per 1,000 residents and 4.3 beds per 1,000 individuals residing within Greece. 100% of the population has access to clean drinking water, and only 1% struggle with access to improved sanitation facilities. The literacy rate of the population at or over the age of 15 is 97.7. Greece ranks in at number 79 in the World Happiness Report, giving a rating of 5.3 on a scale of 0-10 for overall happiness.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 6 minutes|
|One death every 4 minutes|
|One net migrant every 53 minutes|
|Net loss of one person every 21 minutes|