Guatemala Population 2019
Guatemala is a Central American country bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Mexico, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador. In 2019, Guatemala has an estimated population of 17.58 million, which ranks 66th in the world.
Guatemala's population of 17.58 million makes it the most populous nation of Central America. The country has a population density of 134 people per square kilometer (349/square mile), which ranks 85th in the world.
The largest city and capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, or Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. Guatemala City has a metro population of more than 2.74 million.
Guatemala is a very multiethnic country with a culture that reflects its indigenous and Spanish influences. The 2010 census found that 41% of Guatemalans are Mestizo (Ladino), which means they have mixed European and indigenous ancestry. About 39% of Guatemalans are full Amerindian, which is a higher percentage than any other nation in the Western Hemisphere. The majority of indigenous people in Guatemala are of the Maya people: K'iche' (11%), Q'eqchi (8%), Kaqchikel (8%), Mam (5%), and other Mayan (7.5%).
Whites of European descent, or Criollo, account for 18.5% of Guatemala's population. Most are descended from Spanish and German settlers, although other ancestry groups are represented to a smaller degree, including Norwegian, French, Italian, English, Irish, and Russian.
There are about 110,000 Salvadorans living in Guatemala. There is a sizable population of Garifuna, who are descended from black Africans who intermarried with indigenous peoples. Mulattos and Afro-Guatemalans are mostly descended from plantation workers. Guatemala has a large population of Asians, particularly of Chinese and Korean descent. These groups make up the remaining 1.5% of Guatemala's population.
While 93% of the population speaks Spanish, there are also 21 Mayan languages spoken in Guatemala as well as two non-Mayan Amerindian languages.
Due to the country's long civil war, there is a large Guatemalan diaspora. Most Guatemalans living abroad are located in the U.S., where there is believed to be between 480,000 and 1.5 million Guatemalans.
Guatemala has one of the poorest health ratings in Latin America with among the highest infant mortality rates and one of the lowest life expectancy rates.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 1 minutes|
|One death every 6 minutes|
|One net migrant every 58 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 2 minutes|