Last Census - 2002
Guatemala is a country with a thriving population which was estimated to be around 14,099,033 in early 2013 and a 2014 estimate of 16,002,743 with a population growth rate of 1.948%. This statistic alone shows how quickly the population of the country has been growing over the past few years. Guatemala has a growing birth rate and total fertility rate that is higher than other statistics such as the death rate.
Guatemala Population 2014
The largest age bracket in Guatemala consists of infants and small children between newborns (less than 1 year) and 15 year-olds, which constitute 37.4% of the population. The age group between 15 years and 24 years also has a significant majority in the country with 22.2% of the population. However, the second largest majority age-wise belongs to the age bracket of 25-54 year-olds, which constitutes around 31.3% of the total population. The remaining 9.1% of the total belongs to the senior citizens of Guatemala, who make up the age bracket of 55 years and above.
From the above mentioned statistics, it is easy to point out that the birth rate of Guatemala is growing at an alarming rate. It was at 26.96 births per 1000 people in 2011 and dropped just a bit to 26.48 births per 1000 people in 2012. Nevertheless, there is an extremely significant number of newborns that Guatemala welcomes every day. Moreover, this also shows that the total fertility rate (TFR) of the country is significantly high as well. It lies at 3.18 children born per woman (2012 estimate).
Guatemala Life Expectancy
Apart from that, the average life expectancy in Guatemala is 71.17 years, although women tend to have a greater life expectancy than men in this region. The life expectancy of men is 69.29 years, while the life expectancy of women is 73.14 years. This marked difference highlights the higher sex ratio in favor of more women than men, especially in the senior citizens age bracket.
Delving a bit deeper in the male to female sex ratios, according to a 2012 estimate, it was reported that there are 0.97 males for every 1 female in Guatemala. This showcases the roughly even number of males and females that are present in the country. More specifically, although the sex ratio is skewed towards males in newborns with 1.05 males per 1 female, this ratio starts to get skewed towards females more at 0.94 males per 1 female in the 15-64 year age bracket and 0.87 males per 1 female in the 65 years and above age bracket.
Furthermore, the death rate of Guatemala is noticeably low as compared with the birth rates. During an average year, there are only 4.92 deaths per 1000 people in the country. It is also important to note that in Guatemala, the tendency for the citizens to move towards urban areas is significantly lower, with only 49% of its total population residing in urban areas such as Guatemala City, the capital. Nevertheless, the rate of urbanization is quickly picking up at a 3.4% increase annually. This showcases a large number of people who are starting to make their homes in urban centers to seek employment and other opportunities and are, as a result, moving out of the rural areas.