Guatemala Population 2016

Guatemala is a Central American country bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Mexico, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador. In 2015, Guatemala has an estimated population of 16.3 million, which ranks 66th in the world.

Guatemala's 2015 population of 16.3 million makes it the most populous nation of Central America. The country has a population density of 129 people per square kilometer (349/square mile), which ranks 85th in the world.

The largest city and capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, or Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. Guatemala City has a city population of more than 2 million, although the metropolitan population is believed to have about 5 million inhabitants.

Guatemala Demographics

Guatemala is a very multiethnic country with a culture that reflects its indigenous and Spanish influences. The 2010 census found that 41.5% of Guatemalans are Mestizo (Ladino), which means they have mixed European and indigenous ancestry. About 41% of Guatemalans are full Amerindian, which is a higher percentage than any other nation in the Western Hemisphere. The majority of indigenous people in Guatemala are of the Maya people: K'iche' (11%), Q'eqchi (8%), Kaqchikel (8%), Mam (5%), and other Mayan (7.5%).

Whites of European descent, or Criollo, account for almost 19% of Guatemala's population. Most are descended from Spanish and German settlers, although other ancestry groups are represented to a smaller degree, including Norwegian, French, Italian, English, Irish, and Russian.

There are about 110,000 Salvadorans living in Guatemala. There is a sizable population of Garifuna, who are descended from black Africans who intermarried with indigenous peoples. Mulattos and Afro-Guatemalans are mostly descended from plantation workers. Guatemala has a large population of Asians, particularly of Chinese and Korean descent.

While 93% of the population speaks Spanish, there are also 21 Mayan languages spoken in Guatemala as well as two non-Mayan Amerindian languages.

Due to the country's long civil war, there is a large Guatemalan diaspora. Most Guatemalans living abroad are located in the U.S., where there is believed to be between 480,000 and 1.5 million Guatemalans.

Guatemala has one of the poorest health ratings in Latin America with among the highest infant mortality rates and one of the lowest life expectancy rates.

  • US Population Rank 68
  • % of World Pop 0.24%
  • Density 155

Guatemala Population Clock

What is the population of Guatemala (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 6,081
Deaths Per Day 1,240
Net Migrations Per Day -260
Net Change Per Day 4,581
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Guatemala Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 25.839 births/thousand 54th
Crude Death Rate 5.27 deaths/thousand 164th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.103 people/thousand 135th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.64 years 108th
Life Expectancy (Male) 69.1 years 111th
Life Expectancy (Female) 76.13 years 103rd
Total Fertility Rate 3.033 children/woman 58th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.416 surviving daughters/woman 57th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 85th
Infant Mortality Rate 18.746 deaths/1,000 live births 82nd
Under Five Mortality 26.544 deaths/thousand 74th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.896 years 144th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Guatemala Population Growth

Guatemala has a fairly high fertility rate, despite poor access to health care and a low life expentancy. The country is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.

Guatemala Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 16,672,956 48.9% 51.1% 155 55 1.97% 68
2015 16,342,896 48.9% 51.1% 152 55 2% 67
2010 14,732,261 48.9% 51.1% 137 58 2.13% 68
2005 13,183,505 48.8% 51.2% 123 63 2.3% 67
2000 11,688,660 48.9% 51.1% 109 66 2.43% 66
1995 10,357,354 49.2% 50.8% 96 72 2.43% 68
1990 9,158,546 49.6% 50.4% 85 79 2.44% 74
1985 8,117,499 50% 50% 75 85 2.47% 75
1980 7,118,628 50.3% 49.7% 66 84 2.66% 76
1975 6,237,963 50.4% 49.6% 58 83 2.69% 78
1970 5,423,384 50.5% 49.5% 50 83 2.81% 78
1965 4,728,202 50.6% 49.4% 44 83 2.73% 79
1960 4,127,555 50.6% 49.4% 38 85 2.69% 83
1955 3,614,477 50.6% 49.4% 33 86 2.66% 83
1950 3,146,073 50.5% 49.5% 29 87 2.88% 85

Guatemala Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 18,014,921 49% 51% 168 55 1.87% 67
2025 19,719,988 49% 51% 184 55 1.72% 65
2030 21,424,124 49.1% 50.9% 199 55 1.57% 66
2035 23,103,455 49.1% 50.9% 215 54 1.42% 65
2040 24,729,501 49.2% 50.8% 230 52 1.28% 65
2045 26,286,795 49.3% 50.7% 245 52 1.14% 65
2050 27,754,338 49.3% 50.7% 258 48 1.01% 65
2055 29,111,885 49.4% 50.6% 271 45 0.88% 67
2060 30,336,717 49.5% 50.5% 283 42 0.75% 67
2065 31,417,356 49.6% 50.4% 293 40 0.63% 66
2070 32,344,247 49.7% 50.3% 301 38 0.51% 66
2075 33,117,535 49.8% 50.2% 309 38 0.41% 66
2080 33,742,198 49.9% 50.1% 314 36 0.31% 66
2085 34,210,996 50% 50% 319 38 0.22% 65
2090 34,538,570 50.1% 49.9% 322 38 0.14% 64
2095 34,734,835 50.2% 49.8% 324 38 0.07% 65
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations