Guatemala Population 2018

17,098,250

Guatemala is a Central American country bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Mexico, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador. In 2018, Guatemala has an estimated population of 17.25 million, which ranks 66th in the world.

Guatemala's population of 17.25 million makes it the most populous nation of Central America. The country has a population density of 134 people per square kilometer (349/square mile), which ranks 85th in the world.

The largest city and capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, or Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. Guatemala City has a metro population of more than 2.74 million.

Guatemala Demographics

Guatemala is a very multiethnic country with a culture that reflects its indigenous and Spanish influences. The 2010 census found that 41% of Guatemalans are Mestizo (Ladino), which means they have mixed European and indigenous ancestry. About 39% of Guatemalans are full Amerindian, which is a higher percentage than any other nation in the Western Hemisphere. The majority of indigenous people in Guatemala are of the Maya people: K'iche' (11%), Q'eqchi (8%), Kaqchikel (8%), Mam (5%), and other Mayan (7.5%).

Whites of European descent, or Criollo, account for 18.5% of Guatemala's population. Most are descended from Spanish and German settlers, although other ancestry groups are represented to a smaller degree, including Norwegian, French, Italian, English, Irish, and Russian.

There are about 110,000 Salvadorans living in Guatemala. There is a sizable population of Garifuna, who are descended from black Africans who intermarried with indigenous peoples. Mulattos and Afro-Guatemalans are mostly descended from plantation workers. Guatemala has a large population of Asians, particularly of Chinese and Korean descent. These groups make up the remaining 1.5% of Guatemala's population.

While 93% of the population speaks Spanish, there are also 21 Mayan languages spoken in Guatemala as well as two non-Mayan Amerindian languages.

Due to the country's long civil war, there is a large Guatemalan diaspora. Most Guatemalans living abroad are located in the U.S., where there is believed to be between 480,000 and 1.5 million Guatemalans.

Guatemala has one of the poorest health ratings in Latin America with among the highest infant mortality rates and one of the lowest life expectancy rates.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 58 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Guatemala Population in 2018Source: Roberto G. Medina (GuateRob)

Guatemala Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200kGuatemala Male Population0k50k100k150k200kGuatemala Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Guatemala Median Age

21.7


Total

21


Male

22.4


Female

Guatemala Population by Age

There are 9,833,510 adults in Guatemala.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Guatemala Population Growth

Guatemala has a fairly high fertility rate, despite poor access to health care and a low life expentancy. The country is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.

About Guatemala

Official NameRepublic of Guatemala
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude15.5-90.25
Currencies UsedGuatemala Quetzal
DemonymGuatemalan

Countries Bordering Guatemala

Belize
El Salvador
Honduras
Mexico

Guatemala Population Density

Guatemala Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Guatemala City994,938
Mixco473,080
Villa Nueva406,830
Petapa141,455
San Juan Sacatepequez136,886
Quetzaltenango132,230
Villa Canales122,194
Escuintla103,165
Chinautla97,172
Chimaltenango82,370
Chichicastenango79,759
Huehuetenango79,426
Amatitlan71,836
Totonicapan69,734
Santa Catarina Pinula67,994
Santa Lucia Cotzumalguapa62,097
Puerto Barrios56,605
San Francisco El Alto54,493
Coban53,375
San Jose Pinula47,247

Guatemala Population Clock

The population of Guatemala (as of 1/20/2018)?17,098,250
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)17,245,346
Births Per Day1,158
Deaths Per Day225
Net Migrations Per Day -25
Net Change Per Day 908
Population Change Since January 1st17,252

Guatemala Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 24.768 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.811 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.539 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.75 years
Male Life Expectancy 70.51 years
Female Life Expectancy 76.93 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.899 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.355 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 22.21 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 27.008 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.545 years
Rate of Natural Increase 19.957

Guatemala Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201817,245,34649.23%50.77%158.38672.00%
201516,252,42949.19%50.81%149.26672.13%
201014,630,41749.12%50.88%134.36682.24%
200513,096,02849.04%50.96%120.27672.37%
200011,650,74349.07%50.93%107.00662.28%
199510,408,48949.34%50.66%95.59682.36%
19909,263,81349.69%50.31%85.08742.37%
19858,240,06049.99%50.01%75.67752.50%
19807,283,45950.24%49.76%66.89752.51%
19756,433,72850.49%49.51%59.09772.73%
19705,621,79250.61%49.39%51.63782.91%
19654,869,71650.64%49.36%44.72772.95%
19604,210,74750.63%49.37%38.67793.04%
19553,625,30050.59%49.41%33.29833.08%
19503,114,95750.49%49.51%28.61860.00%

Guatemala Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202017,910,81249.25%50.75%164.49670.00%
202519,572,50249.29%50.71%179.75661.79%
203021,202,72649.33%50.67%194.72681.61%
203522,772,24749.36%50.64%209.13671.44%
204024,264,47249.40%50.60%222.84661.28%
204525,666,20149.44%50.56%235.71661.13%
205026,968,28749.49%50.51%247.67650.99%
205528,156,40949.55%50.45%258.58670.87%
206029,215,83449.61%50.39%268.31680.74%
206530,123,78549.68%50.32%276.65680.61%
207030,867,06849.75%50.25%283.47680.49%
207531,436,60449.81%50.19%288.70670.37%
208031,837,67049.86%50.14%292.39670.25%
208532,076,97049.90%50.10%294.58670.15%
209032,172,15749.92%50.08%295.46660.06%
209532,145,37549.95%50.05%295.2166-0.02%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer