Guatemala Population 2015

Guatemala is a Central American country bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Mexico, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador. In 2015, Guatemala has an estimated population of 16.3 million, which ranks 66th in the world.

Guatemala's 2015 population of 16.3 million makes it the most populous nation of Central America. The country has a population density of 129 people per square kilometer (349/square mile), which ranks 85th in the world.

The largest city and capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, or Nueva Guatemala de la AsunciĆ³n. Guatemala City has a city population of more than 2 million, although the metropolitan population is believed to have about 5 million inhabitants.

Guatemala Demographics

Guatemala is a very multiethnic country with a culture that reflects its indigenous and Spanish influences. The 2010 census found that 41.5% of Guatemalans are Mestizo (Ladino), which means they have mixed European and indigenous ancestry. About 41% of Guatemalans are full Amerindian, which is a higher percentage than any other nation in the Western Hemisphere. The majority of indigenous people in Guatemala are of the Maya people: K'iche' (11%), Q'eqchi (8%), Kaqchikel (8%), Mam (5%), and other Mayan (7.5%).

Whites of European descent, or Criollo, account for almost 19% of Guatemala's population. Most are descended from Spanish and German settlers, although other ancestry groups are represented to a smaller degree, including Norwegian, French, Italian, English, Irish, and Russian.

There are about 110,000 Salvadorans living in Guatemala. There is a sizable population of Garifuna, who are descended from black Africans who intermarried with indigenous peoples. Mulattos and Afro-Guatemalans are mostly descended from plantation workers. Guatemala has a large population of Asians, particularly of Chinese and Korean descent.

While 93% of the population speaks Spanish, there are also 21 Mayan languages spoken in Guatemala as well as two non-Mayan Amerindian languages.

Due to the country's long civil war, there is a large Guatemalan diaspora. Most Guatemalans living abroad are located in the U.S., where there is believed to be between 480,000 and 1.5 million Guatemalans.

Guatemala has one of the poorest health ratings in Latin America with among the highest infant mortality rates and one of the lowest life expectancy rates.

Guatemala Population Clock

What is the population of Guatemala (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 6,081
Deaths Per Day 1,240
Net Migrations Per Day -260
Net Change Per Day 4,581
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Guatemala Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 21.22 years 141st
Crude Birth Rate 25.839 births/thousand 54th
Crude Death Rate 5.27 deaths/thousand 164th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.103 people/thousand 135th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.64 years 108th
Life Expectancy (Male) 69.1 years 111th
Life Expectancy (Female) 76.13 years 103rd
Total Fertility Rate 3.033 children/woman 58th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.416 surviving daughters/woman 57th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 85th
Infant Mortality Rate 18.746 deaths/1,000 live births 82nd
Under Five Mortality 26.544 deaths/thousand 74th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.896 years 144th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Guatemala Population Growth

Guatemala has a fairly high fertility rate, despite poor access to health care and a low life expentancy. The country is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.

Guatemala Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2015 16,342,896 7,993,268 8,349,629 152 1.9995%
2010 14,732,261 7,197,037 7,535,224 137 2.129%
2005 13,183,505 6,433,998 6,749,507 123 2.2985%
2000 11,688,660 5,713,593 5,975,067 109 2.4346%
1995 10,357,354 5,099,677 5,257,677 96 2.4317%
1990 9,158,546 4,543,741 4,614,806 85 2.4425%
1985 8,117,499 4,060,381 4,057,118 75 2.47%
1980 7,118,628 3,577,878 3,540,750 66 2.6583%
1975 6,237,963 3,146,087 3,091,876 58 2.6898%
1970 5,423,384 2,741,082 2,682,302 50 2.8079%
1965 4,728,202 2,392,909 2,335,294 44 2.7263%
1960 4,127,555 2,090,053 2,037,502 38 2.6898%
1955 3,614,477 1,829,040 1,785,437 33 2.6622%
1950 3,146,073 1,589,430 1,556,643 29 2.8777%

Guatemala Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 18,014,921 8,821,776 9,193,145 168 1.8666%
2025 19,719,988 9,668,193 10,051,796 184 1.7183%
2030 21,424,124 10,515,009 10,909,115 199 1.5688%
2035 23,103,455 11,351,755 11,751,700 215 1.4187%
2040 24,729,501 12,165,284 12,564,217 230 1.276%
2045 26,286,795 12,948,753 13,338,042 245 1.1398%
2050 27,754,338 13,690,842 14,063,496 258 1.0075%
2055 29,111,885 14,382,162 14,729,723 271 0.8758%
2060 30,336,717 15,012,381 15,324,336 283 0.7488%
2065 31,417,356 15,576,204 15,841,152 293 0.6276%
2070 32,344,247 16,067,108 16,277,139 301 0.5144%
2075 33,117,535 16,487,124 16,630,411 309 0.4127%
2080 33,742,198 16,837,137 16,905,061 314 0.3137%
2085 34,210,996 17,109,613 17,101,383 319 0.2232%
2090 34,538,570 17,309,056 17,229,514 322 0.1429%
2095 34,734,835 17,443,215 17,291,620 324 0.0708%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations