Guatemala Population 2016
Guatemala is a Central American country bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Mexico, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador. In 2015, Guatemala has an estimated population of 16.3 million, which ranks 66th in the world.
Guatemala's 2015 population of 16.3 million makes it the most populous nation of Central America. The country has a population density of 129 people per square kilometer (349/square mile), which ranks 85th in the world.
The largest city and capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, or Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. Guatemala City has a city population of more than 2 million, although the metropolitan population is believed to have about 5 million inhabitants.
Guatemala is a very multiethnic country with a culture that reflects its indigenous and Spanish influences. The 2010 census found that 41.5% of Guatemalans are Mestizo (Ladino), which means they have mixed European and indigenous ancestry. About 41% of Guatemalans are full Amerindian, which is a higher percentage than any other nation in the Western Hemisphere. The majority of indigenous people in Guatemala are of the Maya people: K'iche' (11%), Q'eqchi (8%), Kaqchikel (8%), Mam (5%), and other Mayan (7.5%).
Whites of European descent, or Criollo, account for almost 19% of Guatemala's population. Most are descended from Spanish and German settlers, although other ancestry groups are represented to a smaller degree, including Norwegian, French, Italian, English, Irish, and Russian.
There are about 110,000 Salvadorans living in Guatemala. There is a sizable population of Garifuna, who are descended from black Africans who intermarried with indigenous peoples. Mulattos and Afro-Guatemalans are mostly descended from plantation workers. Guatemala has a large population of Asians, particularly of Chinese and Korean descent.
While 93% of the population speaks Spanish, there are also 21 Mayan languages spoken in Guatemala as well as two non-Mayan Amerindian languages.
Due to the country's long civil war, there is a large Guatemalan diaspora. Most Guatemalans living abroad are located in the U.S., where there is believed to be between 480,000 and 1.5 million Guatemalans.
Guatemala has one of the poorest health ratings in Latin America with among the highest infant mortality rates and one of the lowest life expectancy rates.