Guinea-Bissau Population 2018

1,913,316

Guinea Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, is a country in West Africa bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Senegal, and Guinea. In 2018, the population of Guinea Bissau is estimated at 1.91 million, which ranks 149th in the world.

Guinea Bissau's population is believed to have grown to 1.91 million, compared to the official population of 1.3 million at the 2002 census. The population density of Guinea Bissau is 44 people per square kilometer (154th in the world).

The only city with a population of more than 30,000 is Bissau, the capital, with an estimated population of 388,000 in 2005. The next-largest city is Bafata, with about 23,000 people.

Guinea Bissau Demographics

Guinea Bissau is an ethnically diverse country. The Fula (30%) and Mandinka-speaking people (13%) make up the largest percentage of the population and live mostly in the north and northeast. The Balanta (30%) and Papel (7%) people live in the southern coastal area. The Manjaco (14%) and Mancanha people live in the central and northern coastal regions of the country. The rest of the population is mostly mesticos of mixed African and Portuguese descent with a small Cape Verdean population.

Guinea Bissau did have a high Portuguese population until it gained independence, at which point most Portuguese people left.

While Portuguese is the official language of Guinea Bissau, only 14% of the population peaks the language. 44% speak Kriol, a Portuguese-based creole language, while the rest speak several native African languages. Because Guinea Bissau is surrounded by French-speaking countries, French is taught in schools as well.

About 50% of the population practices Islam, while 10% practice Christianity. An estimated 40% continue to practice indigenous religions, although many residents combine Islamic and Christian faiths with traditional beliefs.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 8 minutes
One death every 27 minutes
One net migrant every 288 minutes
Net gain of one person every 11 minutes

Guinea-Bissau Population in 2018Source: By (WT-en) Pis bus at English Wikivoyage [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Guinea-Bissau Population Growth

Guinea Bissau is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. By 2020, Guinea Bissau is predicted to have a population of 1.893 million, which should pass two million by 2025.

About Guinea-Bissau

Official NameRepublic of Guinea-Bissau
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude12-15
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymGuinea-Bissauan

Countries Bordering Guinea-Bissau

Guinea
Senegal

Guinea-Bissau Population Density

Guinea-Bissau Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bissau388,028
Bafata22,521
Gabu14,430
Bissora12,688
Bolama10,769
Cacheu10,490
Catio9,898
Bubaque9,244
Mansoa7,821
Buba7,779
Quebo7,072
Canchungo6,853
Farim6,792
Quinhamel3,128

Guinea-Bissau Population Clock

The population of Guinea-Bissau (as of 8/17/2018)?1,913,316
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)1,907,268
Births Per Day184
Deaths Per Day53
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 126
Population Change Since January 1st28,854

Guinea-Bissau Population Estimator

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Estimate as of August 17th 2018 is: 1,913,250

Guinea-Bissau Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20181,907,26849.22%50.78%52.801512.47%
20171,861,28349.20%50.80%51.521512.51%
20161,815,69849.18%50.82%50.261512.55%
20151,770,52649.16%50.84%49.011512.62%
20101,555,88049.02%50.98%43.071512.42%
20051,380,83848.83%51.17%38.221502.12%
20001,243,22948.93%51.07%34.411501.80%
19951,137,12248.88%51.12%31.481502.35%
19901,012,28048.79%51.21%28.021512.39%
1985899,50948.69%51.32%24.901512.35%
1980800,85448.55%51.45%22.171510.57%
1975778,47049.32%50.68%21.551501.81%
1970711,82749.30%50.70%19.701491.75%
1965652,56249.31%50.69%18.061471.15%
1960616,40949.35%50.65%17.061461.39%
1955575,38249.40%50.60%15.931451.45%
1950535,43049.43%50.57%14.821440.00%

Guinea-Bissau Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,000,69449.26%50.74%55.381500.00%
20252,241,86549.35%50.65%62.061482.30%
20302,492,58049.40%50.60%69.001482.14%
20352,755,47349.44%50.56%76.281462.03%
20403,031,19649.46%50.54%83.911431.93%
20453,315,68049.46%50.54%91.781401.81%
20503,602,73649.45%50.55%99.731361.67%
20553,886,40049.43%50.57%107.581341.53%
20604,163,16549.40%50.60%115.241341.39%
20654,432,07949.36%50.64%122.691331.26%
20704,691,25049.30%50.70%129.861311.14%
20754,939,05649.24%50.76%136.721311.03%
20805,171,09649.16%50.84%143.141300.92%
20855,385,21949.09%50.91%149.071290.81%
20905,578,22649.02%50.98%154.411290.71%
20955,749,86548.95%51.05%159.171260.61%
Data Sources
  1. Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1979, 1989 and 2009 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with the total population enumerated in the 1991 census, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer