Gulf Countries 2019

The Arab states of the Persian Gulf – also known as Gulf countries or the “Arabian Gulf” – is a set of Arab states that border the Persian Gulf. There is a total of seven countries that are part of this region. Almost all of the countries with the exception of just one (Iraq) are members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, a regional intergovernmental union. Iran is also located along the Persian Gulf but this non-Arab state is not included as part of the Arabian Gulf.

Many of these countries share very similar cultures and values. From pastime activities such as theater, radio and soap operas to music styles and a maritime-focused lifestyle, there are many similarities found in residents throughout the region. They also have similar economies, bringing in significant revenue from petroleum. However, many of the nations are becoming less reliant on petroleum and have branched out into other sectors, including banking and tourism.

The states do have their differences, however, particularly when it comes to political structures. Some of the nations have a constitutional monarchy, while states like Saudi Arabia are hereditary monarchies and the Sultanate of Oman has an advisory council that is elected.

As mentioned, there are seven Gulf countries. These countries are:

Of these nations, Iraq is the most populous with a population of over 36 million people. Bahrain is the least populous nation, with about 1.78 million residents per recent projections.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Iraq39,309,783438,317 km²169,190 mi²0.30%2.28%AsiaWestern Asia
2Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
3United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²32,270 mi²< 0.1%1.45%AsiaWestern Asia
4Oman4,974,986309,500 km²119,467 mi²0.21%3.01%AsiaWestern Asia
5Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
6Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²4,472 mi²< 0.1%1.81%AsiaWestern Asia
7Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia