Hague Convention Countries 2019

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is a treaty that was first developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law and was signed by participating nations in 1980. It did not go into effect until three years later in 1983.

This treaty ensures that children that are internationally abducted by a parent are returned to their country as quickly as possible. Only children under the age of 16 are protected under this treaty.

As of 2018, there are a total of 98 nations that are part of the Convention. The states that have signed this treaty include:

Flag Name Population 2019 Area Growth Rate
Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²0.75%
Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²1.10%
Japan126,860,301377,930 km²-0.27%
Germany83,517,045357,114 km²0.47%
Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²1.32%
United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²0.58%
France65,129,728551,695 km²0.21%
Italy60,550,075301,336 km²-0.13%
South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²1.33%
Colombia50,339,4431,141,748 km²1.37%
Spain46,736,776505,992 km²0.09%
Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²0.95%
Ukraine43,993,638603,500 km²-0.57%
Poland37,887,768312,679 km²-0.09%
Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²0.91%
Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²1.56%
Peru32,510,4531,285,216 km²1.63%
Venezuela28,515,829916,445 km²-1.29%
Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²1.23%
Sri Lanka21,323,73365,610 km²0.45%
Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²2.89%
Romania19,364,557238,391 km²-0.73%
Chile18,952,038756,102 km²1.19%
Guatemala17,581,472108,889 km²1.93%
Ecuador17,373,662276,841 km²1.69%
Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²0.22%
Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²1.43%
Belgium11,539,32830,528 km²0.50%
Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²1.05%
Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²0.22%
Greece10,473,455131,990 km²-0.46%
Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²-0.29%
Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²0.65%
Honduras9,746,117112,492 km²1.65%
Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²-0.24%
Belarus9,452,411207,600 km²-0.00%
Austria8,955,10283,871 km²0.72%
Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²0.77%
Israel8,519,37720,770 km²1.64%
Hong Kong7,436,1541,104 km²0.87%
Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²1.27%
Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²-0.73%
Nicaragua6,545,502130,373 km²1.24%
El Salvador6,453,55321,041 km²0.51%
Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²1.56%
Singapore5,804,337710 km²0.81%
Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²0.34%
Finland5,532,156338,424 km²0.17%
Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²0.07%
Norway5,378,857323,802 km²0.77%
Costa Rica5,047,56151,100 km²0.96%
Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²1.32%
New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²0.84%
Panama4,246,43975,417 km²1.67%
Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²-0.63%
Moldova4,043,26333,846 km²-0.21%
Georgia3,996,76569,700 km²-0.15%
Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²0.36%
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,301,00051,209 km²-0.69%
Armenia2,957,73129,743 km²0.20%
Albania2,880,91728,748 km²-0.06%
Lithuania2,759,62765,300 km²-1.49%
Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²0.02%
Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²0.04%
Latvia1,906,74364,559 km²-1.13%
Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²0.37%
Estonia1,325,64845,227 km²0.21%
Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²0.20%
Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²0.78%
Fiji889,95318,272 km²0.73%
Macau640,44530 km²1.39%
Montenegro627,98713,812 km²0.03%
Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²1.90%
Malta440,372316 km²0.26%
Belize390,35322,966 km²1.90%
Bahamas389,48213,943 km²1.00%
Iceland339,031103,000 km²0.69%
Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²0.73%
Monaco38,9642.02 km²0.73%
San Marino33,86061 km²0.22%