Hague Convention Countries 2019

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is a treaty that was first developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law and was signed by participating nations in 1980. It did not go into effect until three years later in 1983.

This treaty ensures that children that are internationally abducted by a parent are returned to their country as quickly as possible. Only children under the age of 16 are protected under this treaty.

As of 2018, there are a total of 98 nations that are part of the Convention. The states that have signed this treaty include:

Flag Name Population 2019 Area Growth Rate
Brazil212,392,7178,515,767 km²0.72%
Mexico132,328,0351,964,375 km²1.20%
Japan126,854,745377,930 km²-0.26%
Turkey82,961,805783,562 km²1.28%
Germany82,438,639357,114 km²0.18%
United Kingdom66,959,016242,900 km²0.58%
France65,480,710551,695 km²0.38%
Italy59,216,525301,336 km²-0.13%
South Africa58,065,0971,221,037 km²1.16%
Colombia49,849,8181,141,748 km²0.78%
Spain46,441,049505,992 km²0.09%
Argentina45,101,7812,780,400 km²0.92%
Ukraine43,795,220603,500 km²-0.49%
Poland38,028,278312,679 km²-0.20%
Canada37,279,8119,984,670 km²0.88%
Peru32,933,8351,285,216 km²1.17%
Uzbekistan32,807,368447,400 km²1.37%
Venezuela32,779,868916,445 km²1.23%
Australia25,088,6367,692,024 km²1.28%
Sri Lanka21,018,85965,610 km²0.33%
Burkina Faso20,321,560272,967 km²2.89%
Romania19,483,360238,391 km²-0.50%
Chile18,336,653756,102 km²0.77%
Guatemala17,577,842108,889 km²1.93%
Zimbabwe17,297,495390,757 km²2.27%
Netherlands17,132,90841,850 km²0.28%
Ecuador17,100,444276,841 km²1.41%
Belgium11,562,78430,528 km²0.56%
Greece11,124,603131,990 km²-0.16%
Dominican Republic10,996,77448,671 km²1.05%
Czech Republic10,630,58978,865 km²0.05%
Portugal10,254,66692,090 km²-0.35%
Sweden10,053,135450,295 km²0.71%
Hungary9,655,36193,028 km²-0.35%
Honduras9,568,688112,492 km²1.61%
Belarus9,433,874207,600 km²-0.19%
Austria8,766,20183,871 km²0.16%
Switzerland8,608,25941,284 km²0.75%
Israel8,583,91620,770 km²1.55%
Hong Kong7,490,7761,104 km²0.83%
Bulgaria6,988,739110,879 km²-0.68%
Paraguay6,981,981406,752 km²1.23%
El Salvador6,445,40521,041 km²0.53%
Nicaragua6,351,157130,373 km²1.06%
Turkmenistan5,942,561488,100 km²1.56%
Singapore5,868,104710 km²1.32%
Denmark5,775,22443,094 km²0.36%
Finland5,561,389338,424 km²0.34%
Slovakia5,450,98749,037 km²0.02%
Norway5,400,916323,802 km²0.89%
Costa Rica4,999,38451,100 km²0.93%
Ireland4,847,13970,273 km²0.90%
New Zealand4,792,409270,467 km²0.90%
Panama4,226,19775,417 km²1.53%
Croatia4,140,14856,594 km²-0.59%
Moldova4,029,75033,846 km²-0.28%
Georgia3,904,20469,700 km²-0.07%
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,501,77451,209 km²-0.05%
Uruguay3,482,156181,034 km²0.36%
Albania2,938,42828,748 km²0.14%
Armenia2,936,70629,743 km²0.09%
Lithuania2,864,45965,300 km²-0.42%
Macedonia2,086,72025,713 km²0.08%
Slovenia2,081,90020,273 km²0.03%
Latvia1,911,10864,559 km²-0.98%
Trinidad And Tobago1,375,4435,130 km²0.21%
Estonia1,303,79845,227 km²-0.23%
Mauritius1,271,3682,040 km²0.24%
Cyprus1,198,4279,251 km²0.79%
Fiji918,75718,272 km²0.71%
Macau642,09030 km²1.53%
Montenegro629,35513,812 km²0.02%
Luxembourg596,9922,586 km²1.13%
Malta433,245316 km²0.27%
Bahamas403,09513,943 km²0.95%
Belize390,23122,966 km²2.04%
Iceland340,566103,000 km²0.82%
Saint Kitts And Nevis56,345261 km²0.89%
Monaco39,1022.02 km²0.53%
San Marino33,68361 km²0.38%