Haiti Population 2018

11,162,177

Located on the western side of the Hispaniola Island, Haiti was the first nation to attain independence in Latin America. Haiti is where Columbus arrived when he discovered the New World, and was home to the indigenous population known as the Taino, who were known to speak the Arawak language. With the migration of various foreigners to Haiti following its discovery and subsequent occupation, various diseases spread, which are believed to be the cause of the extermination of its native population.

Today, this nation is home to approximately 11.11 million people, an increase from the estimate of 9,893,934 in 2013.

Haiti is located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago. Haiti takes up the smaller section of the western part of the island that it shares with the Dominican Republic. It has 27,750 square kilometers of area within its borders. As a whole, the country has a population density of 400 people per square kilometer (907/square mile), which ranks 32nd in the world.

Capital and City Centers

The largest city and capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince, which has a population last estimated at 900,000 in 2009. The larger Port-au-Prince metropolitan area is home to about 2.3 million people, or 25,000 people per square kilometer (65,000/square mile). The metro area includes Port-au-Prince as well as Tabarre, Cite Soleil, Petion-Ville, and Carrefour. In 2010, Port-au-Prince suffered from a massive earthquake that killed an estimated 230,000 people.

Haiti Demographics

Haiti is a very young country with more than half (approximately 54%) of its population under the age of 25 years. Most Haitians are descended from black African slaves and mixed racial backgrounds. The rest have European and Levantine/Semitic background. These Arab Haitians make up a large share of the population. Arab immigrants first came to Haiti during the mid- to late-19th century when the country's economy was dominated by Italian and German immigrants.

There is a large Haitian diaspora with millions of Haitians living in the United States (880,000), Cuba (300,000), Dominican Republic (800,000), France (80,000), the Bahamas (80,000), France (80,000), and Canada (100,000).

A gene pool test of Haiti found its people are 95.5% Sub-Saharan African, 4.3% European, and traces of East Asian.

About 80% of Haitians are Catholic while 16% are Protestants, which includes 10% Baptist. Vodou (and combinations of Vodou and other religions) is also practiced by some Haitians as well as Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism.

French and Creole are the official languages in Haiti.

The median age of the Haitian population is 23 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 64.2 years.

Quality of Life in Haiti

In terms of quality of life and overall happiness, Haiti is still striving for improvements. 42.3% of the total population struggle with access to clean drinking water while at least 72.4% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities.

Also, in the World Happiness Report for 2018, Haiti comes in with a ranking of 148 out of the 156 countries that participated, with an overall happiness rating of 3.582 out of 10.

When examining literacy in Haiti, the World Factbook reports a 2015 estimate of approximately 60% literacy among the population over the age of 15.

Haiti History

Haiti has a wide-ranging history as a result of the different groups that have settled on this land in the past. Haitian music is distinguished by having a fusion of French, Spanish, and African elements. Similarly, Haitian art is famous for its traditional and voodoo influences. Haiti is a nation that integrates art and religion to fulfill the purpose of both these significant spheres of life. The Haitian art form often tells a moralistic story, with the transformation of a human into an animal as one of its typical aspects. Furthermore, animal designs and dance drawings are also depictive of Haitian art. The most significant mediums of art employed by the artists of Haiti are painting and sculpting. This nation has a unique ethnicity contained in it, and this is expressed through various forms of art.

Haiti is a country with an unforgettable history and a wondrous culture, which one cannot fail to notice. It was after all, the first nation to initiate empowerment among its colored people. The Haitian Revolution, which lasted from 1791 to 1804, was a determined struggle for equal rights for men of all races. It teaches us a lot today; never underestimate the impact a few driven people can make, and to have faith that these few can cause ripples weighty enough to drive a powerful movement. Haiti is thus, through its long history of struggle and perseverance, a resilient and strong nation.

Haiti Economy

The economy of Haiti is considerably dependent on the agricultural sector, which accounts for almost two-fifths of its income. The farming there mainly consists of small-scale subsistence farming, and thus it is this faction of the work force that was most affected by the destructive earthquake. Haiti has a free-market economy, with imports constituting 80% of the food consumed by its people. Such is the extent of dependence Haiti is subjected to on other countries, particularly the United States. Furthermore, the disparity between the rich and the poor in Haiti is shocking, with the richest 1% in possession of half of the entire country's wealth. Currently, it is named the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, according to the World Factbook.

The poor economic conditions in Haiti can be ascribed to diversified reasons, ranging from a low literacy rate, which results in low level of technical skills instilled in the labor force, to the inferior health conditions and finally, the country's vulnerability to natural disasters. Despite this unpleasant portrait of this nation, the stoicism that this nation has shown whilst recovering from the catastrophic earthquake is nothing less than remarkable.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 15 minutes
Net gain of one person every 4 minutes

Haiti Population in 2018Source: By SPC Gibran Torres, United States Army (United States Army) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Haiti Population Growth

Haiti is currently growing at a rate of 1.4% per year with much of its growth in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area.

About Haiti

Official NameRepublic of Haiti
Languages SpokenFrench, Haitian Creole
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude19-72.41666666
Currencies UsedHaiti Gourde, United States Dollar
DemonymHaitian

Countries Bordering Haiti

Dominican Republic

Haiti Population Density

Haiti Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Port-au-Prince1,234,742
Carrefour442,156
Delmas 73382,920
Petionville283,052
Port-de-Paix250,000
Croix-des-Bouquets229,127
Jacmel137,966
Okap134,815
Leogane134,190
Les Cayes125,799
Tigwav117,504
Jeremie97,503
Miragoane89,202
Gonayiv84,961
Saint-Marc66,226
Thomazeau52,017
Grangwav49,288
Verrettes48,724
Kenscoff42,175
Saint-Raphael37,739

Haiti Population Clock

The population of Haiti (as of 11/13/2018)?11,162,177
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)11,112,945
Births Per Day716
Deaths Per Day258
Net Migrations Per Day -96
Net Change Per Day 362
Population Change Since January 1st114,754

Haiti Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 11,160,994

Haiti Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201811,112,94549.44%50.56%400.47851.20%
201710,981,22949.45%50.55%395.72841.23%
201610,847,33449.45%50.55%390.89841.27%
201510,711,06149.46%50.54%385.98831.38%
20109,999,61749.43%50.57%360.35841.54%
20059,263,40449.41%50.59%333.82841.62%
20008,549,20049.38%50.62%308.08861.80%
19957,819,80649.34%50.66%281.79871.95%
19907,099,73249.29%50.71%255.85892.15%
19856,384,19549.22%50.78%230.06892.33%
19805,688,83649.17%50.83%205.00882.05%
19755,140,35749.17%50.83%185.24861.77%
19704,708,64249.22%50.78%169.68851.97%
19654,271,13349.18%50.82%153.91882.01%
19603,866,15949.08%50.92%139.32861.93%
19553,514,07448.94%51.06%126.63851.76%
19503,221,28348.80%51.20%116.08840.00%

Haiti Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202011,371,18549.42%50.58%409.77840.00%
202511,986,04549.38%50.62%431.93821.06%
203012,543,96449.32%50.68%452.03820.91%
203513,036,25749.26%50.74%469.78820.77%
204013,454,08549.18%50.82%484.83810.63%
204513,792,76049.08%50.92%497.04820.50%
205014,041,13548.97%51.03%505.99840.36%
205514,205,59248.85%51.15%511.91850.23%
206014,280,33848.72%51.28%514.61860.11%
206514,269,80548.58%51.42%514.2388-0.01%
207014,185,44048.44%51.56%511.1989-0.12%
207514,041,19248.29%51.71%505.9990-0.20%
208013,853,15948.17%51.83%499.2190-0.27%
208513,631,58648.08%51.92%491.2394-0.32%
209013,384,27948.01%51.99%482.3295-0.37%
209513,118,30847.96%52.04%472.7396-0.40%
Data Sources
  1. Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d’Informatique
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2003 census adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer