Haiti Population 2017
Located on the western side of the Hispaniola Island, Haiti was the first nation to attain independence in Latin America. Haiti is where Columbus arrived when he discovered the New World, and was home to the indigenous population known as the Taino, who were known to speak the Arawak language. With the migration of various foreigners to Haiti following its discovery and subsequent occupation, various diseases spread, which are believed to be the cause of the extermination of its native population.
Today, this great nation is home to approximately 10.98 million people, an increase from the estimate of 9,893,934 in 2013.
Haiti is located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago. Haiti takes up the smaller section of the western part of the island that it shares with the Dominican Republic. As a whole, the country has a population density of 350 people per square kilometer (907/square mile), which ranks 32nd in the world.
The largest city and capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince, which has a population last estimated at 900,000 in 2009. The larger Port-au-Prince metropolitan area is home to about 2.3 million people, or 25,000 people per square kilometer (65,000/square mile). The metro area includes Port-au-Prince as well as Tabarre, Cite Soleil, Petion-Ville, and Carrefour. In 2010, Port-au-Prince suffered from a massive earthquake that killed an estimated 230,000 people.
Haiti is a very young country with more than half of its population under the age of 20. Most Haitians are descended from black African slaves an Mulattoes (mixed racial background). The rest have European and Levantine/Semitic background. These Arab Haitians make up a large share of the population. Arab immigrants first came to Haiti during the mid- to late-19th century when the country's economy was dominated by Italian and German immigrants.
There is a large Haitian diaspora with millions of Haitians living in the United States (880,000), Cuba (300,000), Dominican Republic (800,000), France (80,000), the Bahamas (80,000), France (80,000), and Canada (100,000).
A gene pool test of Haiti found its people are 95.5% Sub-Saharan African, 4.3% European, and traces of East Asian.
About 80% of Haitians are Catholic while 16% are Protestants, which includes 10% Baptist. Vodou is also practiced by some Haitians as well as Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism.
Haiti has a wide-ranging history as a result of the different groups that have settled on this land in the past. Haitian music is distinguished by having a fusion of French, Spanish, and African elements. Similarly, Haitian art is famous for its traditional and voodoo influences. Haiti is a nation that integrates art and religion to fulfill the purpose of both these significant spheres of life. The Haitian art form often tells a moralistic story, with the transformation of a human into an animal as one of its typical aspects. Furthermore, animal designs and dance drawings are also depictive of Haitian art. The most significant mediums of art employed by the artists of Haiti are painting and sculpting. This nation has a unique ethnicity contained in it, and this is expressed through various forms of art.
Haiti is a country with an unforgettable history and a wondrous culture, which one cannot fail to notice. It was after all, the first nation to initiate empowerment among its colored people. The Haitian Revolution, which lasted from 1791 to 1804, was a determined struggle for equal rights for men of all races. It teaches us a lot today; never underestimate the impact a few driven people can make, and to have faith that these few can cause ripples weighty enough to drive a powerful movement. Haiti is thus, through its long history of struggle and perseverance, a resilient and strong nation.
The economy of Haiti is considerably dependent on the agricultural sector, which accounts for almost two-fifths of its income. The farming there mainly consists of small-scale subsistence farming, and thus it is this faction of the work force that was most affected by the destructive earthquake. Haiti has a free-market economy, with imports constituting 80% of the food consumed by its people. Such is the extent of dependence Haiti is subjected to on other countries, particularly the United States. Furthermore, the disparity between the rich and the poor in Haiti is shocking, with the richest 1% in possession of half of the entire country's wealth.
The poor economic conditions in Haiti can be ascribed to diversified reasons, ranging from a low literacy rate, which results in low level of technical skills instilled in the labor force, to the inferior health conditions and finally, the country's vulnerability to natural disasters. Despite this unpleasant portrait of this nation, the stoicism that this nation has shown whilst recovering from the catastrophic earthquake is nothing less than remarkable.