Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2019

What is the Human Development Index?

The Human Development Index – or simply, HDI – is an index that is used to rank countries based on human development. Human Development Index is scored using indicators including expectancy, per capita income, and education. Nations that rank higher on this index have a higher level of education, a higher lifespan, and a higher gross national income per capita than nations with a lower score.

HDI is ranked on a scale from 0 to 1.0, with 1.0 being the highest human development. HDI is broken down into four tiers: very high human development (0.8-1.0), high human development (0.7-0.79), medium human development (0.55-.70), and low human development (below 0.55).

Most countries that are “developed countries” have an HDI score of 0.8 or above (in the very high human development tier). These countries have stable governments, widespread education and healthcare, high life expectancies, and growing, powerful economies.

The least developed countries (LDCs) in the world have HDI scores in the low human development tiers with HDI scores below 0.55. LDCs face unstable governments, widespread poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and poor education. Additionally, these countries have low income and low life expectancies coupled with high birth rates. The HDI helps the United Nations determine which countries need assistance, specifically LDCs. The UN has held four conferences to assess LDCs and develop strategies to boost them out of the category.

The HDI was first launched in 1990 and has been released annually ever since, with the exception of 2012. The last report as of May 2019 was made available in September of 2018. The information in this article is based on that report.

The highest score on the HDI is 1.0. The top nation on this list is Norway with a score of 0.953. Switzerland is in second place with a score of 0.944. Australia ranks third with a score of 0.939.

The least developed country in the world with the lowest HDI is Niger, with an HDI of .354. Niger has widespread malnutrition and 44.1% of people live below to the poverty line.

The table below has each country’s HDI score.

Country Human Development Index Population 2019
Norway0.9535,378,857
Switzerland0.9448,591,365
Australia0.93925,203,198
Ireland0.9384,882,495
Germany0.93683,517,045
Iceland0.935339,031
Sweden0.93310,036,379
Hong Kong0.9337,436,154
Singapore0.9325,804,337
Netherlands0.93117,097,130
Denmark0.9295,771,876
Canada0.92637,411,047
United States0.924329,064,917
United Kingdom0.92267,530,172
Finland0.925,532,156
New Zealand0.9174,783,063
Belgium0.91611,539,328
Liechtenstein0.91638,019
Japan0.909126,860,301
Austria0.9088,955,102
Luxembourg0.904615,729
South Korea0.90351,225,308
Israel0.9038,519,377
France0.90165,129,728
Slovenia0.8962,078,654
Spain0.89146,736,776
Italy0.8860,550,075
Malta0.878440,372
Estonia0.8711,325,648
Greece0.8710,473,455
Cyprus0.8691,198,575
Poland0.86537,887,768
United Arab Emirates0.8639,770,529
Lithuania0.8582,759,627
Andorra0.85877,142
Qatar0.8562,832,067
Slovakia0.8555,457,013
Brunei0.853433,285
Saudi Arabia0.85334,268,528
Portugal0.84710,226,187
Latvia0.8471,906,743
Bahrain0.8461,641,172
Chile0.84318,952,038
Hungary0.8389,684,679
Croatia0.8314,130,304
Argentina0.82544,780,677
Oman0.8214,974,986
Russia0.816145,872,256
Montenegro0.814627,987
Bulgaria0.8137,000,119
Romania0.81119,364,557
Belarus0.8089,452,411
Bahamas0.807389,482
Uruguay0.8043,461,734
Kuwait0.8034,207,083
Malaysia0.80231,949,777
Barbados0.8287,025
Kazakhstan0.818,551,427
Palau0.79818,008
Iran0.79882,913,906
Seychelles0.79797,739
Costa Rica0.7945,047,561
Turkey0.79183,429,615
Mauritius0.791,269,668
Panama0.7894,246,439
Serbia0.7878,772,235
Albania0.7852,880,917
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,394,973
Antigua And Barbuda0.7897,118
Georgia0.783,996,765
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77852,823
Cuba0.77711,333,483
Mexico0.774127,575,529
Grenada0.772112,003
Sri Lanka0.7721,323,733
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,301,000
Venezuela0.76128,515,829
Brazil0.759211,049,527
Lebanon0.7576,855,713
Azerbaijan0.75710,047,718
Thailand0.75569,625,582
Armenia0.7552,957,731
Algeria0.75443,053,054
Ecuador0.75217,373,662
China0.7521,433,783,686
Ukraine0.75143,993,638
Peru0.7532,510,453
Saint Lucia0.747182,790
Colombia0.74750,339,443
Mongolia0.7413,225,167
Fiji0.741889,953
Dominican Republic0.73610,738,958
Tunisia0.73511,694,719
Jordan0.73510,101,694
Jamaica0.7322,948,279
Tonga0.726104,494
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723110,589
Suriname0.72581,372
Botswana0.7172,303,697
Maldives0.717530,953
Dominica0.71571,808
Samoa0.713197,097
Uzbekistan0.7132,981,716
Belize0.708390,353
Marshall Islands0.70858,791
Turkmenistan0.7065,942,089
Libya0.7066,777,452
Paraguay0.7027,044,636
Gabon0.7022,172,579
Moldova0.74,043,263
South Africa0.69958,558,270
Philippines0.699108,116,615
Egypt0.696100,388,073
Vietnam0.69496,462,106
Indonesia0.694270,625,568
Bolivia0.69311,513,100
Palestine0.6864,981,420
Iraq0.68539,309,783
El Salvador0.6746,453,553
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,415,850
Morocco0.66736,471,769
Nicaragua0.6586,545,502
Guyana0.654782,766
Cape Verde0.654549,935
Tajikistan0.659,321,018
Guatemala0.6517,581,472
Namibia0.6472,494,530
India0.641,366,417,754
Micronesia0.627113,815
Honduras0.6179,746,117
Bhutan0.612763,092
Kiribati0.612117,606
Bangladesh0.608163,046,161
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,380,508
Vanuatu0.603299,882
Laos0.6017,169,455
Ghana0.59230,417,856
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,355,986
Kenya0.5952,573,973
Sao Tome And Principe0.589215,056
Zambia0.58817,861,030
Cambodia0.58216,486,542
Angola0.58131,825,295
Myanmar0.57854,045,420
Nepal0.57428,608,710
Pakistan0.562216,565,318
Cameroon0.55625,876,380
Solomon Islands0.546669,823
Papua New Guinea0.5448,776,109
Tanzania0.53858,005,463
Zimbabwe0.53514,645,468
Nigeria0.532200,963,599
Rwanda0.52412,626,950
Mauritania0.524,525,696
Lesotho0.522,125,268
Madagascar0.51926,969,307
Uganda0.51644,269,594
Benin0.51511,801,151
Senegal0.50516,296,364
Togo0.5038,082,366
Comoros0.503850,886
Sudan0.50242,813,238
Afghanistan0.49838,041,754
Haiti0.49811,263,077
Ivory Coast0.49225,716,544
Malawi0.47718,628,747
Djibouti0.476973,560
Ethiopia0.463112,078,730
Gambia0.462,347,706
Guinea0.45912,771,246
Dr Congo0.45786,790,567
Guinea Bissau0.4551,920,922
Yemen0.45229,161,922
Eritrea0.443,497,117
Mozambique0.43730,366,036
Liberia0.4354,937,374
Mali0.42719,658,031
Burkina Faso0.42320,321,378
Sierra Leone0.4197,813,215
Burundi0.41711,530,580
Chad0.40415,946,876
South Sudan0.38811,062,113
Central African Republic0.3674,745,185
Niger0.35423,310,715