Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2019

The Human Development Index – or simply, HDI – is an index that is used to rank countries based on human development. Indicators including expectancy, per capita income, and education are used to rank nations. Nations that rank higher on this index have a higher level of education, a higher lifespan, and a higher gross national income per capita than nations with a lower score.

The HDI was first launched in 1990 and has been released annually ever since, with the exception of 2012. The last report as of May 2019 was made available in September of 2018. The information in this article is based on that report.

The highest score on the HDI is a 1.0. Nations with a score from 0.80 to 1.0 are considered to be nations with “very high human development.” The top nation on this list is Norway with a score of 0.953. Switzerland is in second place with a score of 0.944. Australia ranks third with a score of 0.939.

All nations ranked as having very high human development, ranked by highest score, are:

The next group of countries are classified as having “high human development.” These nations have scores of at least 0.7 but less than 0.8. Nations with high human development include:

Finally, there are nations with a low human development, which have a score that falls below 0.55. Those nations are:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²3,617,827 mi²6.31%0.60%AmericasNorthern America
2Russia145,872,25617,098,242 km²6,599,921 mi²11.52%0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
3Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
4Germany83,517,045357,114 km²137,846 mi²0.24%0.47%EuropeWestern Europe
5United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
6France65,129,728551,695 km²212,954 mi²0.37%0.21%EuropeWestern Europe
7Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
8South Korea51,225,308100,210 km²38,681 mi²< 0.1%0.10%AsiaEastern Asia
9Spain46,736,776505,992 km²195,313 mi²0.34%0.09%EuropeSouthern Europe
10Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²1,073,234 mi²1.87%0.95%AmericasSouth America
11Poland37,887,768312,679 km²120,694 mi²0.21%-0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
12Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%0.91%AmericasNorthern America
13Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
14Malaysia31,949,777330,803 km²127,690 mi²0.22%1.34%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
15Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²2,969,121 mi²5.18%1.23%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
16Romania19,364,557238,391 km²92,019 mi²0.16%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
17Chile18,952,038756,102 km²291,855 mi²0.51%1.19%AmericasSouth America
18Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²1,051,811 mi²1.84%1.27%AsiaCentral Asia
19Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²16,154 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeWestern Europe
20Belgium11,539,32830,528 km²11,784 mi²< 0.1%0.50%EuropeWestern Europe
21Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²30,442 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeEastern Europe
22Greece10,473,455131,990 km²50,948 mi²< 0.1%-0.46%EuropeSouthern Europe
23Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²35,547 mi²< 0.1%-0.29%EuropeSouthern Europe
24Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²173,814 mi²0.30%0.65%EuropeNorthern Europe
25United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²32,270 mi²< 0.1%1.45%AsiaWestern Asia
26Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²35,909 mi²< 0.1%-0.24%EuropeEastern Europe
27Belarus9,452,411207,600 km²80,134 mi²0.14%-0.00%EuropeEastern Europe
28Austria8,955,10283,871 km²32,374 mi²< 0.1%0.72%EuropeWestern Europe
29Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²15,936 mi²< 0.1%0.77%EuropeWestern Europe
30Israel8,519,37720,770 km²8,017 mi²< 0.1%1.64%AsiaWestern Asia
31Hong Kong7,436,1541,104 km²426 mi²< 0.1%0.87%AsiaEastern Asia
32Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²42,799 mi²< 0.1%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
33Singapore5,804,337710 km²274 mi²< 0.1%0.81%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
34Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²16,634 mi²< 0.1%0.34%EuropeNorthern Europe
35Finland5,532,156338,424 km²130,632 mi²0.23%0.17%EuropeNorthern Europe
36Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²18,928 mi²< 0.1%0.07%EuropeEastern Europe
37Norway5,378,857323,802 km²124,988 mi²0.22%0.77%EuropeNorthern Europe
38Oman4,974,986309,500 km²119,467 mi²0.21%3.01%AsiaWestern Asia
39Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²27,125 mi²< 0.1%1.32%EuropeNorthern Europe
40New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²104,400 mi²0.18%0.84%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
41Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
42Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²21,845 mi²< 0.1%-0.63%EuropeSouthern Europe
43Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²69,879 mi²0.12%0.36%AmericasSouth America
44Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²4,472 mi²< 0.1%1.81%AsiaWestern Asia
45Lithuania2,759,62765,300 km²25,206 mi²< 0.1%-1.49%EuropeNorthern Europe
46Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²7,825 mi²< 0.1%0.04%EuropeSouthern Europe
47Latvia1,906,74364,559 km²24,920 mi²< 0.1%-1.13%EuropeNorthern Europe
48Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia
49Estonia1,325,64845,227 km²17,458 mi²< 0.1%0.21%EuropeNorthern Europe
50Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²3,571 mi²< 0.1%0.78%EuropeEastern Europe
51Montenegro627,98713,812 km²5,331 mi²< 0.1%0.03%EuropeSouthern Europe
52Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²998 mi²< 0.1%1.90%EuropeWestern Europe
53Malta440,372316 km²122 mi²< 0.1%0.26%EuropeSouthern Europe
54Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
55Bahamas389,48213,943 km²5,382 mi²< 0.1%1.00%AmericasCaribbean
56Iceland339,031103,000 km²39,758 mi²< 0.1%0.69%EuropeNorthern Europe
57Barbados287,025430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%0.13%AmericasCaribbean
58Andorra77,142468 km²181 mi²< 0.1%0.18%EuropeSouthern Europe
59Liechtenstein38,019160 km²62 mi²< 0.1%0.29%EuropeWestern Europe