High Income Countries 2019

The World Bank defines a high-income country as one that has a gross national income per capital exceeding $12,056. The gross national income (GNI) is calculated by adding gross domestic product to factor incomes from foreign residents, then subtracting income earned by nonresidents. Both developed and developed countries may be classified as high-income countries.

In 2019, there are 81 countries and territories classified by the World Bank as high-income countries. Some of these countries, such as the United States, have held this classification consistently since the 1980s. Other nations, like Saudi Arabia, have held the classification, dropped off the list, and have now reappeared. Some countries, such as Russia and Venezuela, have been classified as high-income in the past but no longer hold that distinction.

As of April 2019, the countries that are classified as high-income are:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²3,617,827 mi²6.31%0.60%AmericasNorthern America
2Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
3Germany83,517,045357,114 km²137,846 mi²0.24%0.47%EuropeWestern Europe
4United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
5France65,129,728551,695 km²212,954 mi²0.37%0.21%EuropeWestern Europe
6Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
7South Korea51,225,308100,210 km²38,681 mi²< 0.1%0.10%AsiaEastern Asia
8Spain46,736,776505,992 km²195,313 mi²0.34%0.09%EuropeSouthern Europe
9Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²1,073,234 mi²1.87%0.95%AmericasSouth America
10Poland37,887,768312,679 km²120,694 mi²0.21%-0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
11Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%0.91%AmericasNorthern America
12Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
13Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²2,969,121 mi²5.18%1.23%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
14Taiwan23,773,87636,193 km²13,970 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AsiaEastern Asia
15Chile18,952,038756,102 km²291,855 mi²0.51%1.19%AmericasSouth America
16Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²16,154 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeWestern Europe
17Belgium11,539,32830,528 km²11,784 mi²< 0.1%0.50%EuropeWestern Europe
18Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²30,442 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeEastern Europe
19Greece10,473,455131,990 km²50,948 mi²< 0.1%-0.46%EuropeSouthern Europe
20Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²35,547 mi²< 0.1%-0.29%EuropeSouthern Europe
21Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²173,814 mi²0.30%0.65%EuropeNorthern Europe
22United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²32,270 mi²< 0.1%1.45%AsiaWestern Asia
23Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²35,909 mi²< 0.1%-0.24%EuropeEastern Europe
24Austria8,955,10283,871 km²32,374 mi²< 0.1%0.72%EuropeWestern Europe
25Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²15,936 mi²< 0.1%0.77%EuropeWestern Europe
26Israel8,519,37720,770 km²8,017 mi²< 0.1%1.64%AsiaWestern Asia
27Hong Kong7,436,1541,104 km²426 mi²< 0.1%0.87%AsiaEastern Asia
28Singapore5,804,337710 km²274 mi²< 0.1%0.81%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
29Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²16,634 mi²< 0.1%0.34%EuropeNorthern Europe
30Finland5,532,156338,424 km²130,632 mi²0.23%0.17%EuropeNorthern Europe
31Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²18,928 mi²< 0.1%0.07%EuropeEastern Europe
32Norway5,378,857323,802 km²124,988 mi²0.22%0.77%EuropeNorthern Europe
33Oman4,974,986309,500 km²119,467 mi²0.21%3.01%AsiaWestern Asia
34Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²27,125 mi²< 0.1%1.32%EuropeNorthern Europe
35New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²104,400 mi²0.18%0.84%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
36Panama4,246,43975,417 km²29,111 mi²< 0.1%1.67%AmericasCentral America
37Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
38Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²21,845 mi²< 0.1%-0.63%EuropeSouthern Europe
39Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²69,879 mi²0.12%0.36%AmericasSouth America
40Puerto Rico2,933,4088,870 km²3,424 mi²< 0.1%-3.49%AmericasCaribbean
41Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²4,472 mi²< 0.1%1.81%AsiaWestern Asia
42Lithuania2,759,62765,300 km²25,206 mi²< 0.1%-1.49%EuropeNorthern Europe
43Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²7,825 mi²< 0.1%0.04%EuropeSouthern Europe
44Latvia1,906,74364,559 km²24,920 mi²< 0.1%-1.13%EuropeNorthern Europe
45Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia
46Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%0.37%AmericasCaribbean
47Estonia1,325,64845,227 km²17,458 mi²< 0.1%0.21%EuropeNorthern Europe
48Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²3,571 mi²< 0.1%0.78%EuropeEastern Europe
49Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²998 mi²< 0.1%1.90%EuropeWestern Europe
50Malta440,372316 km²122 mi²< 0.1%0.26%EuropeSouthern Europe
51Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
52Bahamas389,48213,943 km²5,382 mi²< 0.1%1.00%AmericasCaribbean
53Iceland339,031103,000 km²39,758 mi²< 0.1%0.69%EuropeNorthern Europe
54Barbados287,025430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%0.13%AmericasCaribbean
55New Caledonia282,75018,575 km²7,170 mi²< 0.1%0.98%OceaniaMelanesia
56French Polynesia279,2874,167 km²1,608 mi²< 0.1%0.58%OceaniaPolynesia
57Guam167,294549 km²212 mi²< 0.1%0.92%OceaniaMicronesia
58Aruba106,314180 km²69 mi²< 0.1%0.44%AmericasCaribbean
59Seychelles97,739452 km²174 mi²< 0.1%0.66%AfricaEastern Africa
60Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²171 mi²< 0.1%0.86%AmericasCaribbean
61Isle Of Man84,584572 km²221 mi²< 0.1%0.60%EuropeNorthern Europe
62Andorra77,142468 km²181 mi²< 0.1%0.18%EuropeSouthern Europe
63Cayman Islands64,948264 km²102 mi²< 0.1%1.21%AmericasCaribbean
64Bermuda62,50654 km²21 mi²< 0.1%-0.40%AmericasNorthern America
65Northern Mariana Islands57,216464 km²179 mi²< 0.1%0.59%OceaniaMicronesia
66Greenland56,6722,166,086 km²836,109 mi²1.46%0.19%AmericasNorthern America
67Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²101 mi²< 0.1%0.73%AmericasCaribbean
68Faroe Islands48,6781,393 km²538 mi²< 0.1%0.37%EuropeNorthern Europe
69Sint Maarten42,38834 km²13 mi²< 0.1%1.07%AmericasCaribbean
70Monaco38,9642.02 km²1 mi²< 0.1%0.73%EuropeWestern Europe
71Turks And Caicos Islands38,191948 km²366 mi²< 0.1%1.40%AmericasCaribbean
72Liechtenstein38,019160 km²62 mi²< 0.1%0.29%EuropeWestern Europe
73Saint Martin38,00253 km²20 mi²< 0.1%1.98%AmericasCaribbean
74San Marino33,86061 km²24 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeSouthern Europe
75Gibraltar33,7016 km²2 mi²< 0.1%-0.05%EuropeSouthern Europe
76British Virgin Islands30,030151 km²58 mi²< 0.1%0.77%AmericasCaribbean
77Palau18,008459 km²177 mi²< 0.1%0.56%OceaniaMicronesia