Hindu Countries 2019
Hinduism is a major world religion originating on the Indian subcontinent and widely practiced through parts of Southeast Asia. Hinduism is considered to be dharma, or way of life, and comprises varied systems of philosophy, belief, and rituals. The four largest denominations of Hinduism are Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.
Hinduism, more so than any other religion, accepts and celebrates that truth or reality cannot be encapsulated and must be sought in multiple sources. Many Hindus strongly believe that tolerance is the foremost religious virtue and consider Hinduism to be a way of life more so than a religion.
Prominent themes in Hindu beliefs include the four Puruṣārthas, the proper goals or aims of human life. These are Dharma (ethics/duties), Artha (prosperity/work), Kama (desires/passions), and Moksha (liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth/salvation). Additionally, Hinduism is shaped by five elements: doctrine, practice, society, story, and devotion.
Hinduism is believed to be the oldest religion in the world, developing between 500 BCE and 300 BCE. It is currently the third-largest religion worldwide with approximately 1.15 billion Hindus around the world. Hinduism is the dominant religion in India, Nepal, and Mauritius and has significant populations in the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, North America, South America and other places around the world.
The ten countries with the highest Hindu population are:
- Sri Lanka
- United States
- United Kingdom
India, unsurprisingly, has the largest Hindu population in the world of 1.053 billion. This comprises 79.80% of India’s total population. Nepal has the second-highest Hindu population of 23.5 million, which is 81.30% of the country’s population.
Below is a table of each country’s total Hindu population and the percentage of the total population that is Hindu.