Hispanic Countries 2019

We’ve all heard the term “Hispanic,” but do you really know what it means? This term is a reference to the culture, people, and nations that are linked to Spain or the Spanish language. This is different from the term "Latino," which refers to the people, culture, and countries in Latin America. "Hispanic" includes Spain but excludes Brazil while "Latino" includes Brazil but excludes Spain.

However, there are different contexts in which the term “Hispanic” is used. For example, the United States Census Bureau defines “Hispanic” as anyone of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, South American, Central American or other Spanish origin. This definition is further expanded to indicate that Hispanics can be any ancestry, ethnicity or race. According to this definition, there were over 50 million people that identified themselves as Hispanic in the last U.S. Census taken in 2010.

Most of the Hispanic countries were once owned by the Spanish Empire after the European colonization of the Americas. However, its earliest meaning was used in reference to the people of Roman Hispania. Today, this area includes Portugal, Andorra, Spain and Gibraltar.

Hispanic countries today are characterized by having Spanish as their official language. These countries include:

Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1Mexico127,575,529
2Colombia50,339,443
3Spain46,736,776
4Argentina44,780,677
5Peru32,510,453
6Venezuela28,515,829
7Chile18,952,038
8Guatemala17,581,472
9Ecuador17,373,662
10Bolivia11,513,100
11Cuba11,333,483
12Dominican Republic10,738,958
13Honduras9,746,117
14Nicaragua6,545,502
15El Salvador6,453,553