Hispanic Countries

We’ve all heard the term “Hispanic,” but do you really know what it means? This term is a reference to the culture, people, and nations that are linked to Spain or the Spanish language. However, there are different contexts in which the term “Hispanic” is used. For example, the United States Census Bureau defines “Hispanic” as anyone of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, South American, Central American or other Spanish origin. This definition is further expanded to indicate that Hispanics can be any ancestry, ethnicity or race. According to this definition, there were over 50 million people that identified themselves as Hispanic in the last U.S. Census taken in 2010. Most of the Hispanic countries were once owned by the Spanish Empire after the European colonization of the Americas. However, its earliest meaning was used in reference to the people of Roman Hispania. Today, this area includes Portugal, Andorra, Spain and Gibraltar.

Hispanic countries today are characterized by having Spanish as their official language. These countries include:

Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
Mexico1,964,375 km²130,759,0741.24%
Colombia1,141,748 km²49,464,6830.81%
Spain505,992 km²46,397,4520.09%
Argentina2,780,400 km²44,688,8640.94%
Peru1,285,216 km²32,551,8151.20%
Venezuela916,445 km²32,381,2211.26%
Chile756,102 km²18,197,2090.79%
Guatemala108,889 km²17,245,3461.96%
Ecuador276,841 km²16,863,4251.44%
Cuba109,884 km²11,489,0820.04%
Bolivia1,098,581 km²11,215,6741.48%
Dominican Republic48,671 km²10,882,9961.08%
Honduras112,492 km²9,417,1671.64%
El Salvador21,041 km²6,411,5580.53%
Nicaragua130,373 km²6,284,7571.08%