Hong Kong Population 2017

7,406,837

At the end of 2012, Hong Kong’s population figure stood at 7,173,900. Today it is estimated to be 7.33 million, which makes it one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Hong Kong has a population density of 6,300 people per square kilometer. It also possesses one of the lowest birth rates in the world at 1.11 children per woman, with 1,032 babies born to every 1,000 fertile women in 2009.

Hong Kong Demographics

93.6% of Hong Kong's population consists of ethnic Chinese. Most are Taishanese, Chiu Chow, other Cantonese people, and Hakka. Most Han people in Hong Kong are from the Taishan and Guangzhou regions. Of the non-ethnic Chinese in Hong Kong, many are South Asians -- including Indians, Nepalese, and Pakistanis -- as well as Vietnamese refugees. There are also many Canadians, Britons, Americans, Koreans, and Japanese working in the city.

Foreign domestic helpers make up 4% of Hong Kong’s population. The estimated 250,000 foreign domestic workers mostly come from the Philippines and Indonesia.

Most people in Hong Kong have no religious affiliation, claiming to be atheist or agnostic. Just 43% of the population practices some religion, although it's estimated that up to 80% of Hong Kong residents have no religion. The main religions include Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. Christians account for 11% of the population, most of whom are Protestant.

Hong Kong had the longest life expectancy in the world for women, which was recorded as 86.70 years in 2011. Meanwhile, the life expectancy for men was recorded at 80 years. There are several reasons for these statistics, such as residents of Hong Kong generally having an upbeat personality as well as the affordable and accessible health services provider there. In addition, financial stability is a major factor for long life expectancies there as this allows a person to remain calm instead of stressing out, which can take years of a person’s life. Most residents of Hong Kong follow a healthy diet, combined with regular exercise.

Hong Kong Population History

When the British forces formally took over Hong Kong in 1841, the population was 7,541. A century later, the figure officially stood at 1,600,000. This figure fell to 500,000 in 1945, following the Battle of Hong Kong. However, ever since then, the population has steadily increased culminating in its current figure.

Large numbers of Chinese immigrated to Hong Kong in the 1850s due to the Taiping Rebellion. Several natural disasters such as floods, typhoons and famine led to many people moving to Hong Kong to escape the disasters. Despite 60,000 Chinese leaving Hong Kong in 1914 due to a fear of attack on their colony, the population increased to 530,000 in 1916 to 725,000 in 1925 to 1.6 million in 1941.

Hong Kong’s population in 1950 was 2.2 million. By 2001, it increased to 6.7 million, which means the population increased more than 3 times in size. However, the rate of the growth of population has been in decline over the years. This means that over the past fifty years, Hong Kong has transitioned from a high growth phase to a low growth phase.

Hong Kong's Low Fertility Rate

Over the past three decades, the fertility rate has greatly decreased. In fact, in 2001, it was 927 children per 1,000 women, which was a great drop from the replacement level of 2,100 children per 1000 women. This decline has been attributed to women pursuing higher studies, late marriages, higher proportion of people who never marry and an increasing participation by women in the labor force.

The government has been taking steps toward encouraging people to have bigger families. To this effect, there have been calls for increasing the government’s system of providing free education to children up to the age of 9, to the age of 15, in order to reduce the financial burden on the parents. In addition, calls for subsidizing medical and nursery services are being made to encourage more parents to have children in order to boost the population.

Hong Kong currently has one of the lowest birth rates in the world. It is estimated that by 2033, 26.8% of the population will be above 65 years, which is an increase of 12.1% from 2005. With greater emphasis laid on earning more money and pursuing higher education, more and more people are opting to not have a child, which has resulted in the rate of population growth steadily decreasing over the years.

Due to the low birthrate, the population increase will not be significant over the years. Therefore, to boost population the government is taking various steps, one of which is to convince people from the Mainland to migrate to Hong Kong. In order for these immigrants to be productive and contribute to society, the government is starting programs based on helping them settle and adjust to life in Hong Kong.

Hong Kong Population in 2017Source: Exploringlife

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Hong Kong Population Growth

Hong Kong’s population is expected to reach 8.469 million by 2041, with 52100 births and 82,400 deaths predicted by The Census and Statistics Department. It expects over 30% of the population to be above 65 by 2041.

Hong Kong Population Density

Name Population
Wong Tai Sin
Wan Chai
Sham Shui Po
Central
Yung Shue Wan6,000
Sai Kung11,927
Tai Po16,302
Tuen Mun16,940
Sha Tin21,559
Tung Chung45,000
Yuen Long Kau Hui141,900
Tsuen Wan288,728
Kowloon2,019,533
Hong Kong7,012,738

About Hong Kong

Official NameHong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Languages SpokenChinese, English
BordersCHN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude22.267114.188
Currencies UsedHKD

Hong Kong Population Clock

What is the population of Hong Kong (as of August 21, 2017)?7,406,837
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)7401941
Births Per Day40
Deaths Per Day26
Net Migrations Per Day 82
Net Change Per Day 96
Population Change Since January 1st22,272

Hong Kong Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 9.895 births/thousand182
Crude Death Rate 6.502 deaths/thousand133
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.042 people/thousand20
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 84.462 years1
Male Life Expectancy 81.645 years2
Female Life Expectancy 87.295 years1
Total Fertility Rate 1.293 children/woman196
Net Reproduction Rate 0.624 surviving daughters/woman196
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.067 males per female17
Infant Mortality Rate 1.594 deaths/1,000 live births199
Under Five Mortality 2.278 deaths/thousand198
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.424 years4
Rate of Natural Increase 3.211 155
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.057 %1
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.318 %1
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 0.82 %2
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 4.692 %1
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 6.357 %4
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 3.274 %1
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand0
Median Age (Total) 44 years9
Median Age (Female) 44.5 years17
Median Age (Male) 43.2 years7

Hong Kong Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20177,401,94146.969%53.031%704940.72%103
20157,287,98346.949%53.051%694040.8%103
20106,993,57046.911%53.089%666040.72%101
20056,842,46547.792%52.208%651630.2%98
20006,783,50148.712%51.288%646030.78%95
19956,144,49850.032%49.968%585131.98%94
19905,794,03451.13%48.87%551831.09%94
19855,414,79051.775%48.225%515631.32%93
19805,053,68452.243%47.757%481331.93%94
19754,355,30051.621%48.379%414732.95%97
19703,958,19750.866%49.134%376931.19%96
19653,801,81451.261%48.739%362031.74%94
19603,075,75251.306%48.694%292934.81%97
19552,490,06951.355%48.645%237134.47%106
19501,973,99751.378%48.622%187953.1%110

Hong Kong Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20207,557,18046.959%53.041%719740.64%103
20257,781,12846.931%53.069%741040.49%105
20307,950,91546.872%53.128%757240.33%105
20358,057,95146.785%53.215%767440.17%106
20408,107,17746.694%53.306%772140.07%108
20458,130,84246.662%53.338%774340.05%111
20508,147,68046.754%53.246%775940.01%111
20558,142,42446.984%53.016%77544-0.05%111
20608,109,15547.333%52.667%77234-0.12%111
20658,054,79147.764%52.236%76714-0.15%111
20707,990,80048.206%51.794%76104-0.16%111
20757,929,79548.619%51.381%75524-0.13%111
20807,887,27948.987%51.013%75114-0.07%111
20857,872,90849.272%50.728%749840.01%110
20907,883,33549.464%50.536%750740.04%109
20957,901,18149.585%50.415%752440.05%109
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations