How Many Countries Are There 2019

How many countries are there in the world? The simplest answer is there are 197 countries in the world.

Calculating the number of countries in the world may seem like it should be a simple task, but it is one that quickly becomes fraught with political, geographical and socio-economic difficulties. Depending on the source, the number of countries can vary quite considerably and there is no universal agreement on the total.

However, many people look to the United Nations as the most reliable source, as for a country to become a member of the UN requires a considerable process of assessment and voting by existing members. A country applying for UN membership must receive consent from all five permanent member countries of the Security Council (United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia and China), in addition to receiving approval from a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly.

At present, the UN recognises a total of 197 countries. This includes 193 member countries, two UN observers (Holy See (Vatican) and Palestine), and Taiwan and Kosovo, each widely regarded as self-governed territories, and Taiwan in particular recognised as having significant economic resources. However, it should be noted that China regards Taiwan as being part of its territory, as does Serbia with Kosovo. Both are good examples of the political sensitivities involved in defining what makes a country, particularly when the area involved shares contested space, such as in the case of Palestine.

It is also worth noting that some well-established countries haven't always been members of the UN, which complicates using UN figures. For example, Switzerland joined the UN in 2002, but few would argue over Switzerland's status as a sovereign state long before this date. It can therefore be useful to look to other internationally-recognised organisations for country data, such as the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

When looking at a map of the world, it may seem relatively easy to determine areas of the globe that look like they should be countries. For example, Greenland, a large island between the north Atlantic and Arctic oceans, certainly looks like it ought to be a country. However, Greenland is not a UN member country and, while it controls many of its own domestic affairs, it is in fact ultimately controlled by Denmark, a much smaller European country thousands of miles away.

Even the United Kingdom, a permanent member of the UN Security Council and a strong global economic player, is simply the collective name for the constituent countries of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, all of which have varying levels of devolution and each of which has a complicated political history with England, including territorial disputes that continue to this day.

All of this demonstrates that it is not so simple to determine the exact number of countries there are in the world, and the constantly changing nature of politics means that issues around sovereignty are unlikely to ever be fully resolved as the ever-shifting forces of globalisation continue to redefine the meaning of nationhood.

The table below shows 232 because it includes territories and regions that have some element of self-governance but are not considered soverign states.

Rank Country Population 2019 Area Region Subregion
1China1,433,783,6869,706,961 km²AsiaEastern Asia
2India1,366,417,7543,287,590 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
3United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²AmericasNorthern America
4Indonesia270,625,5681,904,569 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
5Pakistan216,565,318881,912 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
6Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²AmericasSouth America
7Nigeria200,963,599923,768 km²AfricaWestern Africa
8Bangladesh163,046,161147,570 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
9Russia145,872,25617,098,242 km²EuropeEastern Europe
10Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²AmericasCentral America
11Japan126,860,301377,930 km²AsiaEastern Asia
12Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²AfricaEastern Africa
13Philippines108,116,615342,353 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
14Egypt100,388,0731,002,450 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
15Vietnam96,462,106331,212 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
16Dr Congo86,790,5672,344,858 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
17Germany83,517,045357,114 km²EuropeWestern Europe
18Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²AsiaWestern Asia
19Iran82,913,9061,648,195 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
20Thailand69,625,582513,120 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
21United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
22France65,129,728551,695 km²EuropeWestern Europe
23Italy60,550,075301,336 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
24South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
25Tanzania58,005,463945,087 km²AfricaEastern Africa
26Myanmar54,045,420676,578 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
27Kenya52,573,973580,367 km²AfricaEastern Africa
28South Korea51,225,308100,210 km²AsiaEastern Asia
29Colombia50,339,4431,141,748 km²AmericasSouth America
30Spain46,736,776505,992 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
31Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²AmericasSouth America
32Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²AfricaEastern Africa
33Ukraine43,993,638603,500 km²EuropeEastern Europe
34Algeria43,053,0542,381,741 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
35Sudan42,813,2381,886,068 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
36Iraq39,309,783438,317 km²AsiaWestern Asia
37Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
38Poland37,887,768312,679 km²EuropeEastern Europe
39Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²AmericasNorthern America
40Morocco36,471,769446,550 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
41Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²AsiaWestern Asia
42Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²AsiaCentral Asia
43Peru32,510,4531,285,216 km²AmericasSouth America
44Malaysia31,949,777330,803 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
45Angola31,825,2951,246,700 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
46Ghana30,417,856238,533 km²AfricaWestern Africa
47Mozambique30,366,036801,590 km²AfricaEastern Africa
48Yemen29,161,922527,968 km²AsiaWestern Asia
49Nepal28,608,710147,181 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
50Venezuela28,515,829916,445 km²AmericasSouth America
51Madagascar26,969,307587,041 km²AfricaEastern Africa
52Cameroon25,876,380475,442 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
53Ivory Coast25,716,544322,463 km²AfricaWestern Africa
54North Korea25,666,161120,538 km²AsiaEastern Asia
55Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
56Taiwan23,773,87636,193 km²AsiaEastern Asia
57Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²AfricaWestern Africa
58Sri Lanka21,323,73365,610 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
59Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²AfricaWestern Africa
60Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²AfricaWestern Africa
61Romania19,364,557238,391 km²EuropeEastern Europe
62Chile18,952,038756,102 km²AmericasSouth America
63Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²AfricaEastern Africa
64Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²AsiaCentral Asia
65Zambia17,861,030752,612 km²AfricaEastern Africa
66Guatemala17,581,472108,889 km²AmericasCentral America
67Ecuador17,373,662276,841 km²AmericasSouth America
68Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²EuropeWestern Europe
69Syria17,070,135185,180 km²AsiaWestern Asia
70Cambodia16,486,542181,035 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
71Senegal16,296,364196,722 km²AfricaWestern Africa
72Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
73Somalia15,442,905637,657 km²AfricaEastern Africa
74Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²AfricaEastern Africa
75Guinea12,771,246245,857 km²AfricaWestern Africa
76Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²AfricaEastern Africa
77Benin11,801,151112,622 km²AfricaWestern Africa
78Tunisia11,694,719163,610 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
79Belgium11,539,32830,528 km²EuropeWestern Europe
80Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²AfricaEastern Africa
81Bolivia11,513,1001,098,581 km²AmericasSouth America
82Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²AmericasCaribbean
83Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²AmericasCaribbean
84South Sudan11,062,113619,745 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
85Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²AmericasCaribbean
86Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²EuropeEastern Europe
87Greece10,473,455131,990 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
88Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
89Jordan10,101,69489,342 km²AsiaWestern Asia
90Azerbaijan10,047,71886,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
91Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
92United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
93Honduras9,746,117112,492 km²AmericasCentral America
94Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²EuropeEastern Europe
95Belarus9,452,411207,600 km²EuropeEastern Europe
96Tajikistan9,321,018143,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
97Austria8,955,10283,871 km²EuropeWestern Europe
98Papua New Guinea8,776,109462,840 km²OceaniaMelanesia
99Serbia8,772,23588,361 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
100Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²EuropeWestern Europe
101Israel8,519,37720,770 km²AsiaWestern Asia
102Togo8,082,36656,785 km²AfricaWestern Africa
103Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²AfricaWestern Africa
104Hong Kong7,436,1541,104 km²AsiaEastern Asia
105Laos7,169,455236,800 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
106Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²AmericasSouth America
107Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²EuropeEastern Europe
108Lebanon6,855,71310,452 km²AsiaWestern Asia
109Libya6,777,4521,759,540 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
110Nicaragua6,545,502130,373 km²AmericasCentral America
111El Salvador6,453,55321,041 km²AmericasCentral America
112Kyrgyzstan6,415,850199,951 km²AsiaCentral Asia
113Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
114Singapore5,804,337710 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
115Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
116Finland5,532,156338,424 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
117Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²EuropeEastern Europe
118Republic Of The Congo5,380,508342,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
119Norway5,378,857323,802 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
120Costa Rica5,047,56151,100 km²AmericasCentral America
121Palestine4,981,4206,220 km²AsiaWestern Asia
122Oman4,974,986309,500 km²AsiaWestern Asia
123Liberia4,937,374111,369 km²AfricaWestern Africa
124Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
125New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
126Central African Republic4,745,185622,984 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
127Mauritania4,525,6961,030,700 km²AfricaWestern Africa
128Panama4,246,43975,417 km²AmericasCentral America
129Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²AsiaWestern Asia
130Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
131Moldova4,043,26333,846 km²EuropeEastern Europe
132Georgia3,996,76569,700 km²AsiaWestern Asia
133Eritrea3,497,117117,600 km²AfricaEastern Africa
134Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²AmericasSouth America
135Bosnia And Herzegovina3,301,00051,209 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
136Mongolia3,225,1671,564,110 km²AsiaEastern Asia
137Armenia2,957,73129,743 km²AsiaWestern Asia
138Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²AmericasCaribbean
139Puerto Rico2,933,4088,870 km²AmericasCaribbean
140Albania2,880,91728,748 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
141Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²AsiaWestern Asia
142Lithuania2,759,62765,300 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
143Namibia2,494,530825,615 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
144Gambia2,347,70610,689 km²AfricaWestern Africa
145Botswana2,303,697582,000 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
146Gabon2,172,579267,668 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
147Lesotho2,125,26830,355 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
148Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
149Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
150Guinea Bissau1,920,92236,125 km²AfricaWestern Africa
151Latvia1,906,74364,559 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
152Bahrain1,641,172765 km²AsiaWestern Asia
153Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²AmericasCaribbean
154Equatorial Guinea1,355,98628,051 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
155Estonia1,325,64845,227 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
156Timor Leste1,293,11914,874 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
157Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²AfricaEastern Africa
158Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²EuropeEastern Europe
159Swaziland1,148,13017,364 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
160Djibouti973,56023,200 km²AfricaEastern Africa
161Fiji889,95318,272 km²OceaniaMelanesia
162Reunion888,9272,511 km²AfricaEastern Africa
163Comoros850,8861,862 km²AfricaEastern Africa
164Guyana782,766214,969 km²AmericasSouth America
165Bhutan763,09238,394 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
166Solomon Islands669,82328,896 km²OceaniaMelanesia
167Macau640,44530 km²AsiaEastern Asia
168Montenegro627,98713,812 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
169Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²EuropeWestern Europe
170Western Sahara582,463266,000 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
171Suriname581,372163,820 km²AmericasSouth America
172Cape Verde549,9354,033 km²AfricaWestern Africa
173Maldives530,953300 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
174Malta440,372316 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
175Brunei433,2855,765 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
176Guadeloupe400,0561,628 km²AmericasCaribbean
177Belize390,35322,966 km²AmericasCentral America
178Bahamas389,48213,943 km²AmericasCaribbean
179Martinique375,5541,128 km²AmericasCaribbean
180Iceland339,031103,000 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
181Vanuatu299,88212,189 km²OceaniaMelanesia
182French Guiana290,83283,534 km²AmericasSouth America
183Barbados287,025430 km²AmericasCaribbean
184New Caledonia282,75018,575 km²OceaniaMelanesia
185French Polynesia279,2874,167 km²OceaniaPolynesia
186Mayotte266,150374 km²AfricaEastern Africa
187Sao Tome And Principe215,056964 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
188Samoa197,0972,842 km²OceaniaPolynesia
189Saint Lucia182,790616 km²AmericasCaribbean
190Guam167,294549 km²OceaniaMicronesia
191Curacao163,424444 km²AmericasCaribbean
192Kiribati117,606811 km²OceaniaMicronesia
193Micronesia113,815702 km²OceaniaMicronesia
194Grenada112,003344 km²AmericasCaribbean
195Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589389 km²AmericasCaribbean
196Aruba106,314180 km²AmericasCaribbean
197United States Virgin Islands104,578347 km²AmericasCaribbean
198Tonga104,494747 km²OceaniaPolynesia
199Seychelles97,739452 km²AfricaEastern Africa
200Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²AmericasCaribbean
201Isle Of Man84,584572 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
202Andorra77,142468 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
203Dominica71,808751 km²AmericasCaribbean
204Cayman Islands64,948264 km²AmericasCaribbean
205Bermuda62,50654 km²AmericasNorthern America
206Marshall Islands58,791181 km²OceaniaMicronesia
207Northern Mariana Islands57,216464 km²OceaniaMicronesia
208Greenland56,6722,166,086 km²AmericasNorthern America
209American Samoa55,312199 km²OceaniaPolynesia
210Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²AmericasCaribbean
211Faroe Islands48,6781,393 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
212Sint Maarten42,38834 km²AmericasCaribbean
213Monaco38,9642.02 km²EuropeWestern Europe
214Turks And Caicos Islands38,191948 km²AmericasCaribbean
215Liechtenstein38,019160 km²EuropeWestern Europe
216Saint Martin38,00253 km²AmericasCaribbean
217San Marino33,86061 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
218Gibraltar33,7016 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
219British Virgin Islands30,030151 km²AmericasCaribbean
220Palau18,008459 km²OceaniaMicronesia
221Cook Islands17,548236 km²OceaniaPolynesia
222Anguilla14,86991 km²AmericasCaribbean
223Tuvalu11,64626 km²OceaniaPolynesia
224Wallis And Futuna11,432142 km²OceaniaPolynesia
225Nauru10,75621 km²OceaniaMicronesia
226Saint Barthélemy9,84721 km²AmericasCaribbean
227Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,822242 km²AmericasNorthern America
228Montserrat4,989102 km²AmericasCaribbean
229Falkland Islands3,37712,173 km²AmericasSouth America
230Niue1,615260 km²OceaniaPolynesia
231Tokelau1,34012 km²OceaniaPolynesia
232Vatican City7990.44 km²EuropeSouthern Europe