Iceland is a land of huge contrasts: On the one hand there is a landscape that hasn’t changed for millions of years with mountains and dangerously active volcanos spread through the land. This, in turn, leads to a sparsely populated country that is also one of the richest and most highly developed in the world.
Iceland Population 2014
A recent and suspiciously rounded estimate suggests that the Iceland population in 2012 was 319,575. Today, the estimate is 333,547, which would make this only the 169th most populous country on earth.
Overall, Iceland has a surface area of 103,001 square kilometres (39,770 square miles) and it is the 108th largest in this respect. However, that harsh geographical landscape is one of the reasons why it is only the 232nd most densely populated with just 3.2 people for every square kilometre of land (8.4 per square mile).
Iceland Population Projections
Historical population figures within Iceland aren’t easy to obtain but in recent decades there has been sustained and steady growth right across the nation. The organisation known as Statistics Iceland has produced an interesting table of projections with regard to the expected population of Iceland in the future.
Taking the estimate that says the Iceland population in 2012 was 319,575, the bureau claims that by 2020, those figures will have risen to 343,836. Similar percentage increases are predicted for the decades that follow and by 2060, numbers will have risen to 493,800.
If the population of Iceland increases exponentially before then, however, it could well exceed half a million for the first time in the country’s history by the second half of the 21st century.
Age Structure and Life Expectancy
The CIA World Factbook issued a set of statistics pertaining to age and life expectancy within Iceland and these were based on total population figures from 2007 of 309,605.
Of that figure, it was said that 21.5% of the population of Iceland was aged between 0 and 14 years at the time. In addition, 67.5% were between the ages of 15 and 64 while 11% of the population of Iceland were aged over 65.
Life expectancy is relatively high in the country when put in comparison with the rest of the world and the overall total equates to 80.18 years. This can be split between males at 78.18 years and females at a healthy and respectable 82.27 years.
The future for Iceland
In many ways, Iceland’s attempts to record statistics pertaining to its own population have been patchy and sporadic and it is largely down to the efforts of the CIA and its world Factbook that we can analyze things in more detail.
Overall, the picture is one of healthy growth but with a small and sparsely populated area, it will be some time before Iceland reaches the modest milestone of half a million people.