Iceland Population 2017

334,519

Iceland is a land of huge contrasts: On the one hand there is a landscape that hasn’t changed for millions of years with mountains and dangerously active volcanos spread through the land. This, in turn, leads to a sparsely populated country that is also one of the richest and most highly developed in the world.

This Nordic island nation is located between the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. Iceland has an estimated population of 338,800 in 2015, which ranks 175th in the world.

Overall, Iceland has a surface area of 103,001 square kilometres (39,770 square miles) and it is the 108th largest in this respect. However, that harsh geographical landscape is one of the reasons why it's population remains so low. Iceland has the lowest population density of all European countries at just 3 people per kilometer (8/square mile).

The capital and largest city of Iceland is Reykjavik, which is also the northernmost capital in the world and a major tourist destination. Reykjavik has a population of about 120,000 or 200,00c0 if the larger Capital Region is included. It's believed that the city was the site of the first permanent settlement on the island, founded sometime around AD 870. It's one of the safest, greenest, and cleanest global cities. The Capital Region accounts for 64% of Iceland's total population.

Iceland Demographics

The original population of the island was of Gaelic and Nordic origin based on genetic analysis and literary evidence from the island's settlement. One genetic study of Icelanders found most men were of Nordic origin while most women were of Gaelic origin.

In the island's early history, the harsh winters, volcanic eruptions, and outbreaks of plague affected its growth many times, with 37 famines recorded between 1500 and 1804. The first census of Iceland found a population of more than 50,000 in 1703, which declined to 40,000 after massive eruptions of the Laki volcano between 1783 and 1784. As living conditions improved, the population began to grow, eventually hitting 60,000 in 1850 then 320,000 by 2008.

Iceland's population is fairly young for such a developed country. Iceland is also rare in that it is one of the few European nations with a fertility rate well above the replacement rate at 2.1 children born per woman.

The ethnic composition of Iceland today is 93% Icelandic. The largest ethnic minority is Polish at 3% of the population. There are about 8,000 Poles on the island, accounting for 75% of the workforce in Fjarðabyggð. More than 13% of the population was born abroad while 6% hold foreign citizenship. There is also significant Icelandic dysporia with 88,000 people of Icelandic descent in Canada and more than 40,000 in the United States.

Iceland Population in 2017Source: Jóhann Heiðar Árnason

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Iceland Population Growth

Iceland is expected to continue its steady growth, potentially hitting 493,000 by 2060, exceeding half a million for the first time by the second half of the 21st century.

About Iceland

Official NameIceland
Languages SpokenIcelandic
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude65-18
Currencies UsedISK

Iceland Population Density

Name Population
Borgarnes1,759
Egilsstadir2,265
Saudarkrokur2,575
Isafjoerdur2,624
Selfoss6,510
Akranes6,612
Mosfellsbaer8,651
Gardabaer11,421
Akureyri17,693
Hafnarfjoerdur26,808
Kopavogur31,719
Reykjavik118,918

Iceland Population Clock

What is the population of Iceland (as of 10/16/2017)?334,519
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)334,303
Births Per Day2
Deaths Per Day1
Net Migrations Per Day 1
Net Change Per Day 2
Population Change Since January 1st578

Iceland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 12.946 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.441 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.133 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.056 years
Male Life Expectancy 81.652 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.435 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.901 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.928 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.037 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 1.799 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.312 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.209 years
Rate of Natural Increase 6.441
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.358%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.836%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 0.858%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 4.921%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 6.021%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 3.8%
Median Age (Total) 36.3 years
Median Age (Female) 36.9 years
Median Age (Male) 35.7 years

Iceland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017334,30350.09%49.91%30.79%
2015329,42550.09%49.91%30.71%
2010318,04250.30%49.70%30.94%
2005296,74550.28%49.72%31.39%
2000281,21450.06%49.94%31.00%
1995267,45450.14%49.86%30.98%
1990254,83050.21%49.79%31.00%
1985241,41150.28%49.72%21.13%
1980228,12750.41%49.59%21.05%
1975217,95850.53%49.47%21.01%
1970204,39250.57%49.43%21.29%
1965192,25150.55%49.45%21.39%
1960175,52050.51%49.49%22.02%
1955157,58450.36%49.64%22.23%
1950142,65650.01%49.99%11.58%

Iceland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020342,14150.15%49.85%30.72%
2025354,02650.21%49.79%40.63%
2030364,45150.24%49.76%40.51%
2035372,92050.24%49.76%40.39%
2040379,64250.23%49.77%40.31%
2045384,89950.22%49.78%40.23%
2050388,71850.23%49.77%40.16%
2055391,30250.26%49.74%40.10%
2060392,94650.29%49.71%40.06%
2065393,92550.32%49.68%40.03%
2070394,28850.32%49.68%4-0.00%
2075394,00950.30%49.70%4-0.04%
2080392,96750.28%49.72%4-0.07%
2085391,26350.25%49.75%4-0.10%
2090389,11850.22%49.78%4-0.12%
2095386,70750.21%49.79%4-0.13%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations