Iceland Population 2015

Iceland is a land of huge contrasts: On the one hand there is a landscape that hasn’t changed for millions of years with mountains and dangerously active volcanos spread through the land. This, in turn, leads to a sparsely populated country that is also one of the richest and most highly developed in the world.

This Nordic island nation is located between the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. Iceland has an estimated population of 338,800 in 2015, which ranks 175th in the world.

Overall, Iceland has a surface area of 103,001 square kilometres (39,770 square miles) and it is the 108th largest in this respect. However, that harsh geographical landscape is one of the reasons why it's population remains so low. Iceland has the lowest population density of all European countries at just 3 people per kilometer (8/square mile).

The capital and largest city of Iceland is Reykjavik, which is also the northernmost capital in the world and a major tourist destination. Reykjavik has a population of about 120,000 or 200,00c0 if the larger Capital Region is included. It's believed that the city was the site of the first permanent settlement on the island, founded sometime around AD 870. It's one of the safest, greenest, and cleanest global cities. The Capital Region accounts for 64% of Iceland's total population.

Iceland Demographics

The original population of the island was of Gaelic and Nordic origin based on genetic analysis and literary evidence from the island's settlement. One genetic study of Icelanders found most men were of Nordic origin while most women were of Gaelic origin.

In the island's early history, the harsh winters, volcanic eruptions, and outbreaks of plague affected its growth many times, with 37 famines recorded between 1500 and 1804. The first census of Iceland found a population of more than 50,000 in 1703, which declined to 40,000 after massive eruptions of the Laki volcano between 1783 and 1784. As living conditions improved, the population began to grow, eventually hitting 60,000 in 1850 then 320,000 by 2008.

Iceland's population is fairly young for such a developed country. Iceland is also rare in that it is one of the few European nations with a fertility rate well above the replacement rate at 2.1 children born per woman.

The ethnic composition of Iceland today is 93% Icelandic. The largest ethnic minority is Polish at 3% of the population. There are about 8,000 Poles on the island, accounting for 75% of the workforce in Fjarðabyggð. More than 13% of the population was born abroad while 6% hold foreign citizenship. There is also significant Icelandic dysporia with 88,000 people of Icelandic descent in Canada and more than 40,000 in the United States.

Iceland Population Clock

What is the population of Iceland (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 59
Deaths Per Day 30
Net Migrations Per Day 5
Net Change Per Day 34
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Iceland Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 35.97 years 54th
Crude Birth Rate 12.908 births/thousand 134th
Crude Death Rate 6.467 deaths/thousand 129th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.133 people/thousand 41st
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.13 years 7th
Life Expectancy (Male) 81.74 years 1st
Life Expectancy (Female) 84.5 years 12th
Total Fertility Rate 1.901 children/woman 127th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.928 surviving daughters/woman 122nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.037 males per female 150th
Infant Mortality Rate 1.756 deaths/1,000 live births 189th
Under Five Mortality 2.27 deaths/thousand 188th
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.209 years 20th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Iceland Population Growth

Iceland is expected to continue its steady growth, potentially hitting 493,000 by 2060, exceeding half a million for the first time by the second half of the 21st century.

Iceland Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2015 329,425 165,020 164,405 3 0.7117%
2010 318,042 159,988 158,054 3 0.9351%
2005 296,745 149,202 147,543 2 1.3862%
2000 281,214 140,780 140,434 2 0.9989%
1995 267,454 134,105 133,349 2 0.9804%
1990 254,830 127,942 126,888 2 0.9984%
1985 241,410 121,392 120,019 2 1.1261%
1980 228,127 115,010 113,117 2 1.0457%
1975 217,958 110,139 107,819 2 1.0061%
1970 204,392 103,359 101,033 2 1.2921%
1965 192,250 97,178 95,073 1 1.3864%
1960 175,520 88,663 86,857 1 2.0225%
1955 157,584 79,354 78,230 1 2.229%
1950 142,656 71,338 71,318 1 1.5801%

Iceland Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 342,140 171,599 170,542 3 0.7228%
2025 354,026 177,744 176,282 3 0.6254%
2030 364,450 183,084 181,367 3 0.5069%
2035 372,920 187,361 185,559 3 0.3947%
2040 379,642 190,687 188,955 3 0.3067%
2045 384,899 193,306 191,593 3 0.2271%
2050 388,718 195,270 193,448 3 0.1563%
2055 391,301 196,669 194,633 3 0.1006%
2060 392,945 197,616 195,330 3 0.0623%
2065 393,925 198,208 195,717 3 0.0307%
2070 394,288 198,403 195,885 3 -0.0003%
2075 394,009 198,202 195,807 3 -0.0373%
2080 392,967 197,570 195,397 3 -0.0746%
2085 391,263 196,596 194,667 3 -0.1023%
2090 389,118 195,415 193,703 3 -0.1203%
2095 386,707 194,154 192,553 3 -0.1278%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations