Iceland Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Iceland is a land of huge contrasts: On the one hand there is a landscape that hasn’t changed for millions of years with mountains and dangerously active volcanos spread through the land. This, in turn, leads to a sparsely populated country that is also one of the richest and most highly developed in the world.

This Nordic island nation is located between the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. Iceland has an estimated population of 338,800 in 2015, which ranks 175th in the world.

Overall, Iceland has a surface area of 103,001 square kilometres (39,770 square miles) and it is the 108th largest in this respect. However, that harsh geographical landscape is one of the reasons why it's population remains so low. Iceland has the lowest population density of all European countries at just 3 people per kilometer (8/square mile).

The capital and largest city of Iceland is Reykjavik, which is also the northernmost capital in the world and a major tourist destination. Reykjavik has a population of about 120,000 or 200,00c0 if the larger Capital Region is included. It's believed that the city was the site of the first permanent settlement on the island, founded sometime around AD 870. It's one of the safest, greenest, and cleanest global cities. The Capital Region accounts for 64% of Iceland's total population.

Iceland Demographics

The original population of the island was of Gaelic and Nordic origin based on genetic analysis and literary evidence from the island's settlement. One genetic study of Icelanders found most men were of Nordic origin while most women were of Gaelic origin.

In the island's early history, the harsh winters, volcanic eruptions, and outbreaks of plague affected its growth many times, with 37 famines recorded between 1500 and 1804. The first census of Iceland found a population of more than 50,000 in 1703, which declined to 40,000 after massive eruptions of the Laki volcano between 1783 and 1784. As living conditions improved, the population began to grow, eventually hitting 60,000 in 1850 then 320,000 by 2008.

Iceland's population is fairly young for such a developed country. Iceland is also rare in that it is one of the few European nations with a fertility rate well above the replacement rate at 2.1 children born per woman.

The ethnic composition of Iceland today is 93% Icelandic. The largest ethnic minority is Polish at 3% of the population. There are about 8,000 Poles on the island, accounting for 75% of the workforce in Fjarðabyggð. More than 13% of the population was born abroad while 6% hold foreign citizenship. There is also significant Icelandic dysporia with 88,000 people of Icelandic descent in Canada and more than 40,000 in the United States.

Iceland  Population in 2016 Source: Jóhann Heiðar Árnason

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Iceland Population Growth

Iceland is expected to continue its steady growth, potentially hitting 493,000 by 2060, exceeding half a million for the first time by the second half of the 21st century.

Iceland Population Density

About Iceland

Official Name Iceland
Languages Spoken Icelandic
Borders
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 65,-18
Currencies Used ISK

Iceland Population Clock

What is the population of Iceland (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 2
Deaths Per Day 1
Net Migrations Per Day 1
Net Change Per Day 2
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Iceland Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 13.063 births/thousand 141st
Crude Death Rate 6.416 deaths/thousand 136th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.133 people/thousand 46th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.891 years 7th
Life Expectancy (Male) 81.451 years 2nd
Life Expectancy (Female) 84.305 years 14th
Total Fertility Rate 1.91 children/woman 134th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.928 surviving daughters/woman 128th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.037 males per female 157th
Infant Mortality Rate 1.851 deaths/1,000 live births 198th
Under Five Mortality 2.378 deaths/thousand 197th
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.209 years 21st
Rate of Natural Increase 6.441 137th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.358% 8th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.836% 17th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 0.858% 3rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 4.921% 8th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 6.021% 17th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 3.8% 3rd
Crude Suicide Rate 15.1 suicides/thousand 32nd
Median Age (Total) 36.3 years 66th
Median Age (Female) 36.9 years 66th
Median Age (Male) 35.7 years 65th

Iceland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 331,778 50.085% 49.915% 3 219 0.76% 180
2015 329,425 50.093% 49.907% 3 217 0.71% 180
2010 318,042 50.304% 49.696% 3 217 0.94% 180
2005 296,745 50.28% 49.72% 2 223 1.39% 179
2000 281,214 50.062% 49.938% 2 222 1% 178
1995 267,454 50.141% 49.859% 2 219 0.98% 177
1990 254,830 50.207% 49.793% 2 219 1% 178
1985 241,410 50.285% 49.716% 2 218 1.13% 176
1980 228,127 50.415% 49.585% 2 217 1.05% 174
1975 217,958 50.532% 49.468% 2 216 1.01% 174
1970 204,392 50.569% 49.431% 2 212 1.29% 173
1965 192,250 50.548% 49.453% 1 219 1.39% 171
1960 175,520 50.514% 49.486% 1 214 2.02% 170
1955 157,584 50.357% 49.643% 1 214 2.23% 171
1950 142,656 50.007% 49.993% 1 213 1.58% 171

Iceland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 342,140 50.155% 49.846% 3 220 0.72% 180
2025 354,026 50.206% 49.794% 3 223 0.63% 180
2030 364,450 50.236% 49.765% 3 223 0.51% 181
2035 372,920 50.242% 49.758% 3 224 0.39% 183
2040 379,642 50.228% 49.772% 3 225 0.31% 182
2045 384,899 50.223% 49.777% 3 225 0.23% 182
2050 388,718 50.234% 49.766% 3 226 0.16% 182
2055 391,301 50.26% 49.74% 3 225 0.1% 182
2060 392,945 50.291% 49.709% 3 224 0.06% 183
2065 393,925 50.316% 49.684% 3 224 0.03% 183
2070 394,288 50.319% 49.681% 3 224 0% 183
2075 394,009 50.304% 49.696% 3 224 -0.04% 183
2080 392,967 50.276% 49.724% 3 224 -0.07% 183
2085 391,263 50.247% 49.753% 3 224 -0.1% 183
2090 389,118 50.22% 49.78% 3 224 -0.12% 183
2095 386,707 50.207% 49.793% 3 224 -0.13% 183
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations