India Population 2017

1,340,244,107

India's 2017 population is estimated at 1.34 billion based on the most recent UN data. India, located in South Asia, is bordered by the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Nepal, Burma, and Bangladesh. India is the world's 7th largest country by area and the second-most populous with more than 1.3 billion residents.

1 of every 6 people on the planet live in India, and between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the country grew by 17.7%, adding 181.5 million people. The country has doubled in size in just 40 years, and is expected to unseat China as the world's most populated country in the next couple decades.

The country as a whole has a population density of 387.9 people per square kilometer (1,004.7/square mile), which ranks 31st in the world. In Mumbai, the population density is 21,000 people per square kilometer (54,000/square mile).

Largest Cities in India

India's largest city is Mumbai, with a population of 12.5 million, closely followed by Delhi, with a population of over 11 million. Overall, there are more than 50 urban areas in India with a population of more than one million people.

Mumbai (formerly Bombay) had an official population of 12,478,447 in 2011, although its wider metropolitan area is much larger - home to 18,414,288 people. It has more than doubled in size in the past forty years, although growth has slowed dramatically in the past decade. During the 1971 census its population was recorded as 5.9 million.

Delhi, India's second most populous city was home to 11,034,555 people according to 2011 data, and its metro area contains 21,753,486 people. Growth in Delhi is even more rapid than Mumbai's, and it is likely that it will overtake Mumbai to become the largest city in India within a decade. The city has struggled to keep up with growth. Nearly half of its residents live in slums, and the city's poverty rate is four times the national average. Contained within Delhi's boundaries is the city of New Delhi, an enclave city which is the official capital city of India. It has a population of 249,998 people.

Other major cities in India are Bangalore (pop: 8.43 million), Hyderabad (pop: 6.81 million) and Ahmedabad (pop: 5.57 million). There are 53 cities in India with a population of at least 1 million.

Largest States in India

There are 29 states in India. Their populations range massively in size – the largest, Uttar Pradesh, holds almost 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million.

India's largest state is Uttar Pradesh which, with a population of 199,581,520 in 2011, is larger than most countries in the world. If it were a country in its own right, it would be the fifth largest in the world, falling just behind China, India, the United States and Indonesia.

Two other Indian states are home to more than 100 million people - Maharashta (pop: 112.4 million) and Bihar (pop: 103.8 million). The smallest state in India is Sikkim (pop: 607,688).

India Demographics

Data on ethnicity is not collected by the Indian census, although the CIA World Factbook estimates the population is 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, and 3% Mongoloid and other.

Hinduism is the most common religion in India, accounting for about 80% of the population. Islam is the second-largest religion at 13% of the population. Other major religious groups in India are Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%). People who claimed no religion are officially recorded under 'other' by the census. In 2011, 0.9% of Indians selected the 'No Religion' category.

While the number of Indians living in urban areas has increased over the last two decades, about 67% of people still live in rural areas. In 2011, India had a literacy rate of 74%: 82% for men and 65% for women. The literacy rate varies wildly by state. Bihar is the least literate with a rate of 63.82%.

The 2011 census was the second largest the world has ever seen - second only to China's census the previous year. It took place in two phases. The first phase, in April 2010, counted all of the buildings in India, and the second phase collected data about the people of India.

The census was a massive exercise, employing millions of Indians. The total cost of the census came to $439 million which was actually considerably cheaper per person than most censuses held around the world. The average census costs over $4 per person, whereas the census in India cost just $.50 per person.

The 2011 census was the fifteenth nationwide census carried out in India. The first was held in 1881, although it was not able to cover all of British-held Indian territory. The first comprehensive nationwide census was carried out under the auspices of Lord Ripon, the British Viceroy of India at the time, and counted a population of 288 million in 1881. Since then, a census has been held every ten years in India.

India Population in 2018Source: fish-bone

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

India Population Growth

While India's population growth has slowed remarkably over the last few years, it's still growing faster than China and is expected to surpass China in population by 2028, when both will have about 1.55 billion people.

About India

Official NameRepublic of India
Languages SpokenTamil, Hindi, English
BordersAFG, BGD, BTN, MMR, CHN, NPL, PAK, LKA
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2077
Currencies UsedINR

India Population Density

Name Population
Mumbai12,691,836
Delhi10,927,986
Bangalore5,104,047
Kolkata4,631,392
Chennai4,328,063
Ahmedabad3,719,710
Hyderabad3,597,816
Pune2,935,744
Surat2,894,504
Kanpur2,823,249
Jaipur2,711,758
Navi Mumbai2,600,000
Lucknow2,472,011
Nagpur2,228,018
Indore1,837,041
Patna1,599,920
Bhopal1,599,914
Ludhiana1,545,368
Agra1,430,055
Vadodara1,409,476
Gorakhpur1,324,570
Nashik1,289,497
Pimpri1,284,606
Kalyan1,262,255
Thane1,261,517
Meerut1,223,184
Nowrangapur1,220,946
Faridabad1,220,229
Ghaziabad1,199,191
Dombivli1,193,000
Rajkot1,177,362
Varanasi1,164,404
Amritsar1,092,450
Allahabad1,073,438
Visakhapatnam1,063,178
Teni1,034,724
Jabalpur1,030,168
Haora1,027,672
Aurangabad1,016,441
Shivaji Nagar1,000,000
Solapur997,281
Srinagar975,857
Chandigarh960,787
Coimbatore959,823
Jodhpur921,476
Madurai909,908
Guwahati899,094
Gwalior882,458
Vijayawada874,587
Mysore868,313
Ranchi846,454
Hubli840,214
Jalandhar785,178
Thiruvananthapuram784,153
Salem778,396
Tiruchirappalli775,484
Kota763,088
Bhubaneshwar762,243
Aligarh753,207
Bareilly745,435
Moradabad721,139
Bhiwandi707,035
Raipur679,995
Gorakhpur674,246
Bhilai625,138
Jamshedpur616,338
Borivli609,617
Cochin604,696
Amravati603,837
Sangli601,214
Cuttack580,000
Bikaner576,015
Warangal557,802
Bhavnagar554,978
Nanded550,564
Guntur530,577
Dehra Dun522,081
Bhayandar520,301
Durgapur518,872
Ajmer517,911
Ulhasnagar516,584
Kolhapur516,142
Shiliguri515,574
Bilimora510,879
Karol Bagh505,241
Asansol504,271
Jamnagar492,056
Saharanpur484,873
Gulbarga483,615
Bhatpara483,129
Jammu465,567
Ujjain457,346
Ramgundam452,261
Shyamnagar441,956
Nangi440,894
Kozhikode439,922
Tirunelveli435,844
Malegaon435,362
Jalgaon429,298
Akola428,857
Belgaum428,720
Gaya423,692
Udaipur422,784
Korba419,146
Bokaro418,533
Mangalore417,387
Jhansi412,927
Nellore404,158
Tiruppur397,521
Kollam394,163
Panihati378,705
Ahmadnagar367,140
Dhule366,980
Bhagalpur361,548
Punasa350,000
Muzaffarnagar349,706
Latur348,967
Kukatpalli341,709
Ambattur341,049
Bellary336,681
Muzaffarpur333,200
Kamarhati332,965
Mathura330,511
Patiala329,224
Chandrapur328,351
Bhilwara326,431
Trichur325,110
Brahmapur324,726
Shahjahanpur320,434
Shimoga319,550
New Delhi317,797
Rohtak317,245
Tumkur307,359
Firozabad306,409
Nizamabad305,438
Kulti305,405
Rajahmundry304,804
Barddhaman301,725
Mandu300,000
Barasat298,127
Bali296,973
Hisar296,436
Rampur296,418
Greater Noida293,908
Noida293,908
Kakinada292,923
Panipat292,808
Parbhani289,629
Darbhanga287,150
Alwar283,228
Bilaspur282,705
Ichalkaranji274,383
Bijapur271,064
Aizawl265,331
Jalna262,034
Lal Bahadur Nagar261,987
Dewas261,218
Baranagar260,072
Gajuwaka258,944
Satna257,778
Etawah257,448
Durg255,283
Naihati253,221
Tirupati250,821
Sonipat250,521
Avadi250,044
Tiruvottiyur248,059
Sagar247,333
Mau246,050
Bihar Sharif244,230
Hapur242,920
Bhatinda242,800
Farrukhabad241,152
Anantapur240,442
Barasat237,783
Ratlam236,843
Ramagundam235,000
Ganganagar231,838
Bharatpur229,384
Karimnagar228,745
Puducherry227,411
Shrirampur226,317
Raichur225,962
Quthbullapur225,816
Karnal225,049
Ara223,676
Imphal223,523
Gosaba222,764
Mirzapur220,029
Kharagpur219,665
Dhanbad219,636
Thanjavur219,571
Amarnath217,780
Nagercoil213,858
Pali210,103
Yamunanagar208,931
Rewa208,461
Secunderabad204,182
Bidar204,071
Agartala203,264
Munger203,163
Burhanpur202,695
Nadiad202,067
Chhapra201,597
Dindigul200,797
Sikar199,932
Bulandshahr198,612
Purnia198,453
Hospet197,846
Gurgaon197,340
Sambhal196,109
Ghandinagar195,985
Murwara195,856
Nangloi Jat194,363
Machilipatnam192,827
Katihar192,555
Bhiwani190,855
Kultali187,942
Rae Bareli186,433
Haridwar186,079
Singrauli185,580
Junagadh184,447
Sujangarh183,808
Eluru183,387
Bhusawal183,001
Khandwa182,841
Bahraich182,218
Sirsa181,639
Chandannagar180,623
Baharampur180,547
Surendranagar179,628
Vizianagaram179,358
Proddatur177,797
Vellore177,081
Hugli177,005
Alleppey176,783
Amroha176,253
Pathankot174,306
Bhind174,035
Shimla173,503
Ongole172,872
Puri170,841
Haldia170,695
Khammam170,503
Raiganj170,252
Ingraj Bazar170,039
Jaunpur169,572
Fatehpur166,480
Gandhidham166,388
Nandyal165,337
Loni164,810
Sitapur164,435
Shivpuri164,215
Bhadravati163,903
Adoni163,631
Veraval163,326
Sambalpur162,887
Gadag162,569
Unnao161,671
Budaun161,555
Jind161,260
Madhyamgram161,126
Jamuria160,242
Jaigaon158,664
Cuddalore158,569
Orai158,265
Pallavaram157,145
Hanumangarh155,687
Kanchipuram155,029
Alandur153,775
Guna153,689
Bahadurgarh153,613
Bharuch153,528
Medinipur153,349
Faizabad153,047
Danapur152,940
Silchar152,393
Banda152,218
Morena152,004
Tonk151,331
Raj Nandgaon150,755
Serilingampalle150,525
Virar150,357
Malkajgiri150,000
Shantipur149,983
Barakpur148,174
Erode147,270
Ambala146,787
Krishnanagar145,926
Saharsa145,764
Batala145,468
Bhimavaram142,967
Balurghat141,404
Kaithal140,604
Lakhimpur140,223
Hazaribag140,063
Vidisha140,045
Haldwani139,497
Habra139,297
Kumbakonam139,264
Porbandar138,872
Chitradurga138,587
Thanesar138,279
Tiruvannamalai138,243
Anand138,009
Kanchrapara136,954
Mahbubnagar136,135
Dimapur135,860
Robertsonpet135,218
Chhindwara134,847
Mandya134,845
Bankura133,966
Hajipur133,606
Gonda133,583
Bhuj133,459
Hindupur133,298
Shillong132,842
Palakkad132,728
Godhra131,913
Kishangarh131,749
Raniganj131,261
Pilibhit131,008
Beawar130,777
Abohar130,603
Moga130,549
Dehri129,938
Deoria129,570
Udipi129,113
Hassan128,531
Khardah128,346
Yavatmal128,175
Halisahar128,172
Panvel128,046
Titagarh127,751
Cuddapah127,010
Bettiah127,008
Hathras126,882
Lalitpur126,475
Kolar126,441
Mandsaur124,988
Gondia124,897
Rajapalaiyam124,168
Darjiling123,797
Mohali123,484
Palanpur123,294
Dam Dam122,719
Hardoi122,635
Puruliya122,533
Dibrugarh122,155
Palwal121,965
Nalgonda121,826
Bhadreswar121,662
Vejalpur121,610
Chikmagalur121,484
Raigarh121,278
Guntakal120,964
Gangapur120,115
Siwan119,181
Damoh118,776
Adilabad118,526
Srikakulam118,299
Uppal Kalan118,259
Jetpur118,068
Morbi118,022
Patan117,863
Khanna117,137
Botad117,053
Rishra117,014
Azamgarh116,644
Yelahanka116,447
Gudivada116,161
Baidyabati115,504
Basti115,115
Balasore114,321
Dharmavaram114,050
Maler Kotla113,840
Wardha113,759
Jhunjhunun113,193
Satara112,793
Chandausi112,635
Motihari112,144
Chas112,141
Pudukkottai112,118
Rewari112,079
Port Blair112,050
Suriapet111,729
Bangaon111,693
Chhatarpur111,594
Ashoknagar Kalyangarh111,475
Achalpur111,278
Navadwip111,123
Barsi110,983
Sultanpur110,368
Ambur109,873
Hoshangabad109,358
Sawai Madhopur108,612
Madanapalle108,593
Bansbaria108,474
Tadepallegudem108,167
Jalpaiguri107,832

India Population Clock

What is the population of India (as of 11/15/2017)?1,340,244,107
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1,339,180,127
Births Per Day14,092
Deaths Per Day5,349
Net Migrations Per Day -1,033
Net Change Per Day 7,710
Population Change Since January 1st2,459,490

India Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.156 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.274 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.279 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 68.947 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.508 years
Female Life Expectancy 70.515 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.347 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.039 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.106 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.559 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 44.052 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.271 years
Rate of Natural Increase 11.807
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 9.267%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.774%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.722%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 21.453%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 24.57%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 18.056%
Median Age (Total) 27.6 years
Median Age (Female) 28.3 years
Median Age (Male) 26.9 years

India Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20171,339,180,12751.82%48.18%4071.14%
20151,309,053,98051.84%48.16%3981.24%
20101,230,980,69151.87%48.13%3741.47%
20051,144,118,67451.84%48.16%3481.67%
20001,053,050,91251.80%48.20%3201.86%
1995960,482,79551.78%48.22%2922.00%
1990870,133,48051.76%48.24%2652.17%
1985781,666,67151.76%48.24%2382.33%
1980696,783,51751.79%48.21%2122.32%
1975621,301,72051.82%48.18%1892.34%
1970553,578,51351.78%48.22%1682.15%
1965497,702,36551.71%48.29%1512.06%
1960449,480,60851.60%48.40%1371.89%
1955409,269,05551.46%48.54%1241.69%
1950376,325,20051.31%48.69%1140.00%

India Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20201,383,197,75351.79%48.21%4210.00%
20251,451,829,00451.72%48.28%4420.97%
20301,512,985,20751.64%48.36%4600.83%
20351,564,570,22351.53%48.47%4760.67%
20401,605,355,57451.41%48.59%4880.52%
20451,636,496,30851.28%48.72%4980.38%
20501,658,978,16251.15%48.85%5050.27%
20551,673,078,32151.03%48.97%5090.17%
20601,678,568,11150.91%49.09%5110.07%
20651,675,744,29150.80%49.20%510-0.03%
20701,665,179,39150.71%49.29%507-0.13%
20751,648,425,09150.63%49.37%501-0.20%
20801,626,927,00250.57%49.43%495-0.26%
20851,602,017,42450.52%49.48%487-0.31%
20901,574,797,20150.51%49.49%479-0.34%
20951,545,958,89850.52%49.48%470-0.37%