India Population 2017

1,343,083,246

1 of every 6 people on the planet live in India, and between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the country grew by 17.7%, adding 181.5 million people. The country has doubled in size in just 40 years, and is expected to unseat China as the world's most populated country in the next couple decades.

The country as a whole has a population density of 387.9 people per square kilometer (1,004.7/square mile), which ranks 31st in the world. In Mumbai, the population density is 21,000 people per square kilometer (54,000/square mile).

Largest Cities in India

India's largest city is Mumbai, with a population of 12.5 million, closely followed by Delhi, with a population of over 11 million. Overall, there are more than 50 urban areas in India with a population of more than one million people.

Mumbai (formerly Bombay) had an official population of 12,478,447 in 2011, although its wider metropolitan area is much larger - home to 18,414,288 people. It has more than doubled in size in the past forty years, although growth has slowed dramatically in the past decade. During the 1971 census its population was recorded as 5.9 million.

Delhi, India's second most populous city was home to 11,034,555 people according to 2011 data, and its metro area contains 21,753,486 people. Growth in Delhi is even more rapid than Mumbai's, and it is likely that it will overtake Mumbai to become the largest city in India within a decade. The city has struggled to keep up with growth. Nearly half of its residents live in slums, and the city's poverty rate is four times the national average. Contained within Delhi's boundaries is the city of New Delhi, an enclave city which is the official capital city of India. It has a population of 249,998 people.

Other major cities in India are Bangalore (pop: 8.43 million), Hyderabad (pop: 6.81 million) and Ahmedabad (pop: 5.57 million). There are 53 cities in India with a population of at least 1 million.

Largest States in India

There are 29 states in India. Their populations range massively in size – the largest, Uttar Pradesh, holds almost 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million.

India's largest state is Uttar Pradesh which, with a population of 199,581,520 in 2011, is larger than most countries in the world. If it were a country in its own right, it would be the fifth largest in the world, falling just behind China, India, the United States and Indonesia.

Two other Indian states are home to more than 100 million people - Maharashta (pop: 112.4 million) and Bihar (pop: 103.8 million). The smallest state in India is Sikkim (pop: 607,688).

India Demographics

Data on ethnicity is not collected by the Indian census, although the CIA World Factbook estimates the population is 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, and 3% Mongoloid and other.

Hinduism is the most common religion in India, accounting for about 80% of the population. Islam is the second-largest religion at 13% of the population. Other major religious groups in India are Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%). People who claimed no religion are officially recorded under 'other' by the census. In 2011, 0.9% of Indians selected the 'No Religion' category.

While the number of Indians living in urban areas has increased over the last two decades, about 67% of people still live in rural areas. In 2011, India had a literacy rate of 74%: 82% for men and 65% for women. The literacy rate varies wildly by state. Bihar is the least literate with a rate of 63.82%.

The 2011 census was the second largest the world has ever seen - second only to China's census the previous year. It took place in two phases. The first phase, in April 2010, counted all of the buildings in India, and the second phase collected data about the people of India.

The census was a massive exercise, employing millions of Indians. The total cost of the census came to $439 million which was actually considerably cheaper per person than most censuses held around the world. The average census costs over $4 per person, whereas the census in India cost just $.50 per person.

The 2011 census was the fifteenth nationwide census carried out in India. The first was held in 1881, although it was not able to cover all of British-held Indian territory. The first comprehensive nationwide census was carried out under the auspices of Lord Ripon, the British Viceroy of India at the time, and counted a population of 288 million in 1881. Since then, a census has been held every ten years in India.

India Population in 2017Source: fish-bone

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

India Population Growth

While India's population growth has slowed remarkably over the last few years, it's still growing faster than China and is expected to surpass China in population by 2028, when both will have about 1.55 billion people.

About India

Official NameRepublic of India
Languages SpokenHindi, Tamil, English
BordersAFG, BGD, BTN, MMR, CHN, NPL, PAK, LKA
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2077
Currencies UsedINR

India Population Density

Name Population
Jalpaiguri107,832
Tadepallegudem108,167
Bansbaria108,474
Madanapalle108,593
Sawai Madhopur108,612
Hoshangabad109,358
Ambur109,873
Sultanpur110,368
Barsi110,983
Navadwip111,123
Achalpur111,278
Ashoknagar Kalyangarh111,475
Chhatarpur111,594
Bangaon111,693
Suriapet111,729
Port Blair112,050
Rewari112,079
Pudukkottai112,118
Chas112,141
Mothihari112,144
Chanduasi112,635
Satara112,793
Jhunjhunun113,193
Wardha113,759
Maler Kotla113,840
Dharmavaram114,050
Balasore114,321
Basti115,115
Baidyabati115,504
Gudivada116,161
Yelahanka116,447
Azamgarh116,644
Rishra117,014
Botad117,053
Khanna117,137
Patan117,863
Morbi118,022
Jetpur118,068
Uppal Kalan118,259
Chicacole118,299
Adilabad118,526
Damoh118,776
Siwan119,181
Gangapur120,115
Guntakal Junction120,964
Raigarh121,278
Chikmagalur121,484
Vejalpur121,610
Bhadreswar121,662
Nalgonda121,826
Palwal121,965
Dibrugarh122,155
Puruliya122,533
Hardoi122,635
Dam Dam122,719
Palanpur123,294
Mohali123,484
Darjiling123,797
Rajapalaiyam124,168
Gondia124,897
Mandsaur124,988
Kolar126,441
Lalitpur126,475
Hathras126,882
Bettiah127,008
Cuddapah127,010
Titagarh127,751
Panvel128,046
Halisahar128,172
Yavatmal128,175
Khardah128,346
Hassan128,531
Udipi129,113
Deoria129,570
Dehri129,938
Moga130,549
Abohar130,603
Beawar130,777
Pilibhit131,008
Raniganj131,261
Kishangarh131,749
Godhra131,913
Palakkad132,728
Shillong132,842
Hindupur133,298
Bhuj133,459
Gonda City133,583
Hajipur133,606
Bankura133,966
Mandya134,845
Chhindwara134,847
Robertsonpet135,218
Dimapur135,860
Mahbubnagar136,135
Kanchrapara136,954
Anand138,009
Tiruvannamalai138,243
Thanesar138,279
Chitradurga138,587
Porbandar138,872
Kumbakonam139,264
Habra139,297
Haldwani139,497
Vidisha140,045
Hazaribag140,063
Lakhimpur140,223
Kaithal140,604
Balurghat141,404
Bhimavaram142,967
Batala145,468
Saharsa145,764
Krishnanagar145,926
Ambala146,787
Erode147,270
Barakpur148,174
Shantipur149,983
Malkajgiri150,000
Virar150,357
Serilingampalle150,525
Raj-Nandgaon150,755
Tonk151,331
Morena152,004
Banda152,218
Silchar152,393
Dinapore152,940
Fyzabad153,047
Medinipur153,349
Bharuch153,528
Bahadurgarh153,613
Guna153,689
Alandur153,775
Kanchipuram155,029
Hanumangarh155,687
Pallavaram157,145
Orai158,265
Cuddalore158,569
Jaigaon158,664
Jamuria160,242
Madhyamgram161,126
Jind161,260
Budaun161,555
Unnao161,671
Gadag162,569
Sambalpur162,887
Veraval163,326
Adoni163,631
Bhadravati163,903
Shivpuri164,215
Sitapur164,435
Loni164,810
Nandyal165,337
Gandhidham166,388
Fatehpur166,480
Jaunpur169,572
Ingraj Bazar170,039
Raiganj170,252
Khammam170,503
Haldia170,695
Puri170,841
Ongole172,872
Shimla173,503
Bhind174,035
Pathankot174,306
Amroha176,253
Alleppey176,783
Hugli177,005
Vellore177,081
Proddatur177,797
Vizianagaram179,358
Surendranagar179,628
Baharampur180,547
Chandannagar180,623
Sirsa181,639
Bahraigh182,218
Khandwa182,841
Bhusaval183,001
Ellore183,387
Sujangarh183,808
Junagadh184,447
Singrauli185,580
Haridwar186,079
Raebareli186,433
Kultali187,942
Bhiwani190,855
Katihar192,555
Machilipatnam192,827
Nangloi Jat194,363
Murwara195,856
Ghandinagar195,985
Sambhal196,109
Gurgaon197,340
Hospet197,846
Purnia198,453
Bulandshahr198,612
Sikar199,932
Dindigul200,797
Chapra201,597
Nadiad202,067
Burhanpur202,695
Monghyr203,163
Agartala203,264
Bidar204,071
Secunderabad204,182
Rewa208,461
Yamunanagar208,931
Pali210,103
Nagercoil213,858
Amarnath217,780
Thanjavur219,571
Dhanbad219,636
Kharagpur219,665
Mirzapur220,029
Gosaba222,764
Imphal223,523
Arrah223,676
Karnal225,049
Quthbullapur225,816
Raichur225,962
Shrirampur226,317
Puducherry227,411
Karimnagar228,745
Bharatpur229,384
Ganganagar231,838
Ramagundam235,000
Ratlam236,843
Barasat237,783
Anantapur240,442
Farrukhabad241,152
Bhatinda242,800
Hapur242,920
Bihar Sharif244,230
Mau246,050
Saugor247,333
Tiruvottiyur248,059
Avadi250,044
Sonipat250,521
Tirupati250,821
Naihati253,221
Durg255,283
Etawah257,448
Satna257,778
Gajuwaka258,944
Baranagar260,072
Dewas261,218
Lal Bahadur Nagar261,987
Jalna262,034
Aizawl265,331
Bijapur271,064
Ichalkaranji274,383
Bilaspur282,705
Alwar283,228
Darbhanga287,150
Parbhani289,629
Panipat292,808
Kakinada292,923
Noida293,908
Greater Noida293,908
Rampur296,418
Hisar296,436
Bali296,973
Barasat298,127
Mandu300,000
Barddhaman301,725
Rajahmundry304,804
Kulti305,405
Nizamabad305,438
Firozabad306,409
Tumkur307,359
Rohtak317,245
New Delhi317,797
Shimoga319,550
Shahjanpur320,434
Brahmapur324,726
Trichur325,110
Bhilwara326,431
Chanda328,351
Patiala329,224
Mathura330,511
Kamarhati332,965
Muzaffarpur333,200
Bellary336,681
Ambattur341,049
Kukatpalli341,709
Latur348,967
Muzaffarnagar349,706
Punasa350,000
Bhagalpur361,548
Dhulia366,980
Ahmadnagar367,140
Panihati378,705
Kollam394,163
Tiruppur397,521
Nellore404,158
Jhansi412,927
Mangalore417,387
Bokaro418,533
Korba419,146
Udaipur422,784
Gaya423,692
Belgaum428,720
Akola428,857
Jalgaon429,298
Malegaon435,362
Tirunelveli435,844
Kozhikode439,922
Nangi440,894
Shyamnagar441,956
Ramgundam452,261
Ujjain457,346
Jammu465,567
Bhatpara483,129
Gulbarga483,615
Saharanpur484,873
Jamnagar492,056
Asansol504,271
Karol Bagh505,241
Bilimora510,879
Shiliguri515,574
Kolhapur516,142
Ulhasnagar516,584
Ajmer517,911
Durgapur518,872
Bhayandar520,301
Dehra Dun522,081
Guntur530,577
Nanded550,564
Bhavnagar554,978
Warangal557,802
Bikaner576,015
Cuttack580,000
Sangli601,214
Amravati603,837
Cochin604,696
Borivli609,617
Jamshedpur616,338
Bhilai625,138
Gorakhpur674,246
Raipur679,995
Bhiwandi707,035
Moradabad721,139
Bareilly745,435
Aligarh753,207
Bhubaneshwar762,243
Kota763,088
Tiruchirappalli775,484
Salem778,396
Thiruvananthapuram784,153
Jalandhar785,178
Hubli840,214
Ranchi846,454
Mysore868,313
Vijayawada874,587
Gwalior882,458
Guwahati899,094
Madurai909,908
Jodhpur921,476
Coimbatore959,823
Chandigarh960,787
Srinagar975,857
Solapur997,281
Shivaji Nagar1,000,000
Aurangabad1,016,441
Haora1,027,672
Jabalpur1,030,168
Teni1,034,724
Visakhapatnam1,063,178
Allahabad1,073,438
Amritsar1,092,450
Varanasi1,164,404
Rajkot1,177,362
Dombivli1,193,000
Ghaziabad1,199,191
Faridabad1,220,229
Nowrangapur1,220,946
Meerut1,223,184
Thane1,261,517
Kalyan1,262,255
Pimpri1,284,606
Nashik1,289,497
Gorakhpur1,324,570
Vadodara1,409,476
Agra1,430,055
Ludhiana1,545,368
Bhopal1,599,914
Patna1,599,920
Indore1,837,041
Nagpur2,228,018
Lucknow2,472,011
Navi Mumbai2,600,000
Jaipur2,711,758
Kanpur2,823,249
Surat2,894,504
Pune2,935,744
Hyderabad3,597,816
Ahmedabad3,719,710
Chennai4,328,063
Kolkata4,631,392
Bengaluru5,104,047
Delhi10,927,986
Mumbai12,691,836

India Population Clock

What is the population of India (as of September 13, 2017)?1,343,083,246
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1342512706
Births Per Day14,092
Deaths Per Day5,349
Net Migrations Per Day -1,033
Net Change Per Day 7,710
Population Change Since January 1st1,966,050

India Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 19.156 births/thousand89
Crude Death Rate 7.274 deaths/thousand106
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.279 people/thousand90
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 68.947 years142
Male Life Expectancy 67.508 years127
Female Life Expectancy 70.515 years144
Total Fertility Rate 2.347 children/woman89
Net Reproduction Rate 1.039 surviving daughters/woman98
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.106 males per female4
Infant Mortality Rate 34.559 deaths/1,000 live births56
Under Five Mortality 44.052 deaths/thousand55
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.271 years196
Rate of Natural Increase 11.807 97
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 9.267 %140
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.774 %135
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.722 %146
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 21.453 %138
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 24.57 %129
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 18.056 %142
Crude Suicide Rate 20.9 suicides/thousand12
Median Age (Total) 27.6 years132
Median Age (Female) 28.3 years124
Median Age (Male) 26.9 years132

India Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20171,342,512,70651.819%48.181%451261.16%2
20151,311,050,52751.832%48.168%440251.19%2
20101,230,984,50451.857%48.143%414261.33%2
20051,144,326,29351.83%48.17%384251.54%2
20001,053,481,07151.799%48.201%354251.73%2
1995960,874,98251.776%48.224%323281.9%2
1990870,601,77651.753%48.247%292302.04%2
1985782,085,12751.761%48.239%263312.22%2
1980697,229,74551.789%48.211%234332.32%2
1975621,703,64151.817%48.183%209352.3%2
1970553,943,22651.777%48.223%186342.26%2
1965497,920,27051.71%48.29%167382.08%2
1960449,661,87451.6%48.4%151381.99%2
1955409,280,19651.459%48.541%137411.81%2
1950376,325,20551.314%48.686%126391.56%2

India Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20201,388,858,91751.797%48.203%467271.08%2
20251,461,625,23451.745%48.255%491270.94%1
20301,527,657,98851.676%48.324%513270.8%1
20351,585,349,85251.596%48.404%533250.65%1
20401,633,727,67151.499%48.501%549230.53%1
20451,673,618,76751.401%48.599%562220.42%1
20501,705,332,54451.311%48.689%573220.32%1
20551,729,354,06051.243%48.757%581210.22%1
20601,745,182,40651.195%48.805%586230.12%1
20651,752,843,33151.161%48.839%589230.04%1
20701,753,603,93851.158%48.842%58924-0.04%1
20751,747,945,83251.176%48.824%58724-0.1%1
20801,737,150,04551.212%48.788%58424-0.16%1
20851,722,039,44051.274%48.726%57924-0.2%1
20901,704,072,95151.356%48.644%57324-0.23%1
20951,683,339,04551.44%48.56%56624-0.27%1
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. Indian Census
  3. India Population Projections
  4. Population Projection for India