8/28/2019
1,369,133,810

India Population 2019

1,369,133,810

India's 2019 population is estimated at 1.37 billion based on the most recent UN data. India, located in South Asia, is bordered by the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean, and is also bordered by the countries of Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Nepal, Myanmar (formerly Burma), and Bangladesh. India is the world's 7th largest country by area and the 2nd most populous country with more than 1.3 billion residents.

India Area and Population Density

1 of every 6 people on the planet live in India, and between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the country grew by 17.7%, adding 181.5 million people. The country has doubled in size in just 40 years, and is expected to unseat China as the world's most populated country in the next couple of decades. India's current yearly growth rate is 1.02%.

The country as a whole has a population density of 416 people per square kilometer, which ranks 31st in the world. In Mumbai, the population density is 21,000 people per square kilometer (54,000/square mile).

Largest Cities in India

India's largest city is Mumbai, with a population of 12.5 million, closely followed by Delhi, with a population of over 11 million. Overall, there are more than 50 urban areas in India with a population of more than one million people.

Mumbai (formerly Bombay) had an official population of 12,478,447 in 2011, although its wider metropolitan area is much larger - home to 18,414,288 people. It has more than doubled in size in the past forty years, although growth has slowed dramatically in the past decade. During the 1971 census, its population was recorded as 5.9 million.

Delhi, India's second most populous city was home to 11,034,555 people according to 2011 data, and its metro area contains 21,753,486 people. Growth in Delhi is even more rapid than Mumbai's, and it is likely that it will overtake Mumbai to become the largest city in India within a decade. The city has struggled to keep up with growth. Nearly half of its residents live in slums, and the city's poverty rate is four times the national average. Contained within Delhi's boundaries is the city of New Delhi, an enclave city which is the official capital city of India. It has a population of 249,998 people.

Other major cities in India are Bangalore (pop: 8.43 million), Hyderabad (pop: 6.81 million) and Ahmedabad (pop: 5.57 million). There are 53 cities in India with a population of at least 1 million.

There are 29 states in India. Their populations range massively in size – the largest, Uttar Pradesh, holds almost 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million.

India's largest state is Uttar Pradesh which, with a population of 199,581,520 in 2011, is larger than most countries in the world. If it were a country in its own right, it would be the fifth largest in the world, falling just behind China, India, the United States and Indonesia.

Two other Indian states are home to more than 100 million people - Maharashtra (pop: 112.4 million) and Bihar (pop: 103.8 million). The smallest state in India is Sikkim (pop: 607,688).

India Demographics

Data on ethnicity is not collected by the Indian census, although the CIA World Factbook estimates the population is 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, and 3% Mongoloid and other.

Hinduism is the most common religion in India, accounting for about 80% of the population. Islam is the second-largest religion at 13% of the population. Other major religious groups in India are Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%). People who claimed no religion are officially recorded under 'other' by the census. In 2011, 0.9% of Indians selected the 'No Religion' category.

While the number of Indians living in urban areas has increased over the last two decades, about 67% of people still live in rural areas. In 2011, India had a literacy rate of 74%: 82% for men and 65% for women. The literacy rate varies wildly by state. Bihar is the least literate with a rate of 63.82%.

India Religion, Economy and Politics

The population of India uses numerous languages to converse across the county. These languages include English, Hindi, and Tamil along with many additional tongues and dialects; however, the former two languages (English and Hindi) are the official languages of the Indian Government. Additionally, 44% of the population uses Hindi as their mother tongue.

The current ranking of India's quality of life is 49 out of 66, giving it a quality of life index of 121.61. The health care ratio is 68.04, and the cost of living index is 23.81.

India Population History

The first comprehensive nationwide census was carried out under the auspices of Lord Ripon, the British Viceroy of India at the time, and counted a population of 288 million in 1881. Since then, a census has been held every ten years in India.

India Population Growth

The 2011 census was the second largest the world has ever seen - second only to China's census the previous year. It took place in two phases. The first phase, in April 2010, counted all of the buildings in India, and the second phase collected data about the people of India.

The census was a massive exercise, employing millions of Indians. The total cost of the census came to $439 million which was actually considerably cheaper per person than most censuses held around the world. The average census costs over $4 per person, whereas the census in India cost just $.50 per person.

The 2011 census was the fifteenth nationwide census carried out in India. The first was held in 1881, although it was not able to cover all of the British-held Indian territory.

India Population Projections

India's population continues to grow fairly steadily as the years progress. Most notably, the population is growing faster than China's. India is expected to surpass China as the world's most populous country around 2024, but like China, the growth is expected to stagnate and eventually decrease in the latter half of the 21st century.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 seconds
One death every 3 seconds
One net migrant every 1 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 seconds

India Population in 2018Source: By Varun Shiv Kapur [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

India Population Pyramid 2019

India Population by Age

There are 926,955,840 adults in India.

Census Years

Year Date
202128 February 2021
201128 February 2011
20011 March 2001
19911 March 1991
India Population Growth

While India's population growth has slowed remarkably over the last few years, it's still growing faster than China and is expected to surpass China in population by 2028, when both will have about 1.55 billion people.

Official NameRepublic of India
Languages SpokenEnglish, Hindi, Tamil
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2077
Currencies UsedIndia Rupee
DemonymIndian
Name Population Location
Mumbai12,691,836Map
Delhi10,927,986Map
Bengaluru5,104,047Map
Kolkata4,631,392Map
Chennai4,328,063Map
Ahmedabad3,719,710Map
Hyderabad3,597,816Map
Pune2,935,744Map
Surat2,894,504Map
Kanpur2,823,249Map
Jaipur2,711,758Map
Navi Mumbai2,600,000Map
Lucknow2,472,011Map
Nagpur2,228,018Map
Indore1,837,041Map
Patna1,599,920Map
Bhopal1,599,914Map
Ludhiana1,545,368Map
Tirunelveli1,435,844Map
Agra1,430,055Map

India Population Clock

The population of India (as of 9/11/2019)?1,369,133,810
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)1,366,417,754
Births Per Day66,206
Deaths Per Day27,062
Net Migrations Per Day -1,421
Net Change Per Day 37,723
Population Change Since January 1st9,543,919

India Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 11th 2019 is: 1,369,097,857

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20191,366,417,75451.97%48.03%415.6321.02%
20181,352,642,28051.98%48.02%411.4421.04%
20171,338,676,78551.98%48.02%407.1921.07%
20161,324,517,24951.99%48.01%402.8821.10%
20151,310,152,40352.00%48.00%398.5121.20%
20101,234,281,17052.03%47.97%375.4421.47%
20051,147,609,92752.03%47.97%349.0721.67%
20001,056,575,54952.00%48.00%321.3821.85%
1995963,922,58851.96%48.04%293.2021.99%
1990873,277,79851.90%48.10%265.6322.17%
1985784,360,00851.85%48.15%238.5822.33%
1980698,952,84451.82%48.18%212.6022.32%
1975623,102,89751.82%48.18%189.5322.33%
1970555,189,79251.78%48.22%168.8722.15%
1965499,123,32451.71%48.29%151.8222.07%
1960450,547,67951.60%48.40%137.0421.91%
1955409,880,59551.46%48.54%124.6821.72%
1950376,325,20051.31%48.69%114.4720.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,380,004,38551.96%48.04%419.7620.00%
20251,445,011,62051.93%48.07%439.5420.92%
20301,503,642,32251.87%48.13%457.3710.80%
20351,553,723,81051.78%48.22%472.6010.66%
20401,592,691,51351.68%48.32%484.4610.50%
20451,620,619,20051.57%48.43%492.9510.35%
20501,639,176,03351.46%48.54%498.6010.23%
20551,649,513,16051.35%48.65%501.7410.13%
20601,651,589,52851.24%48.76%502.3710.03%
20651,645,287,23451.13%48.87%500.451-0.08%
20701,630,705,92551.04%48.96%496.021-0.18%
20751,609,040,63150.96%49.04%489.431-0.27%
20801,582,193,25550.89%49.11%481.261-0.34%
20851,551,731,74750.85%49.15%472.001-0.39%
20901,519,176,26850.83%49.17%462.091-0.42%
20951,485,150,51650.83%49.17%451.741-0.45%
  1. Indian Census
  2. India Population Projections
  3. Population Projection for India
  4. Ministry of Statistics India
  5. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  6. GeoNames Gazetteer