Indonesia Population 2018

266,702,580

Indonesia is a sovereign archipelago in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populous country on earth after China, India, and the United States. Indonesia is made up of more than 17,000 islands with over 1.9 million square miles of land, which makes it the 15th largest country. Indonesia has a population estimated at 266.79 million in 2018, up from the 2015 estimate of 257 million. About 56.7% of Indonesia's population lives on Java, the most populous island.

Indonesia Demographics

Indonesia has more than 300 distinct ethnic and linguistic groups, although the largest and most dominant in terms of politics are the Javanese at over 40% of the population. Most Indonesians are descended from Austronesian-speaking people. Another major ethnic group are Melanesians who live on the eastern part of the country. Other major ethnic groups include: Sundanese (15.5%), Malay (2.27%), Madurese (3.03%), Batak (3.58%), Minankabau (2.73%), Betawi (2.88%), Bantenese (1.97%), Banjarese (1.74%), Balinese (1.67%), and Makasserese (1.13%)..

Chinese Indonesians account for about 3% of the population but they are influential, controlling most of the country's wealth and commerce.

There are more than 700 languages spoken in Indonesia. Indonesian, a form of Malay, is the official language and used mostly in education, media, commerce, and administration. Most people in Indonesia speak other languages as a primary language.

Largest Cities in Indonesia

According to the 2010 official population data, Indonesia has 11 cities with a population over 1 million, although estimates from 2014 show that there are now 14 cities that have populations that exceed 1 million. The 10 largest cities in Indonesia, with populations as of 2014, are:

  • Jakarta (Jakarta Province): 10.135 million
  • Surabaya (East Java): 2.843 million
  • Bandung (West Java): 2.575 million
  • Medan (North Sumatra): 2.497 million
  • Bekasi(West Java): 2.51 million
  • Semerang (Central Java): 2.067 million
  • Tangerang (Banten): 2.001 million
  • Depok (West Java): 1.869 million
  • Palembang (South Sumatra): 1.561 million
  • South Tanerand (Banten): 1.436 million

Jakarta isn't just the most populous city in Indonesia; it's also the most populous in Southeast Asia and the 14th most populated city on earth. The official metropolitan area, known as Jabodetabek, is the third largest in the world, and the metropolis's suburbs extend even further. The entire area has a population of over 30 million, which makes it one of the largest conurbations on earth. It's also one of the fastest-growing cities on earth, growing faster than Beijing and Bangkok, with a population density in the city proper of 15,342 people per square kilometer (39,740/square mile).

Indonesia Population Growth

Another interesting statistic involves the ages of the Indonesian population and although these figures date from the previous national census of 2000, they still tell an interesting story. Of the total 2000 population, 27.3% were aged between 0 and 14 years, 66.5% between 15 and 64, while just 6.1% of the population of Indonesia were aged over 65.

Birth rate was healthy compared to the death rate too and based on a 2012 estimate, it’s believed that there are 17.76 births per 1,000 people compared to just 6.28 deaths. Add in a loss of 1.08 people to net migration and you have a total annual growth rate of 1.04%.

That final figure of 1.04% may not seem like a lot but on a population of over 250 million, it leads to some significant increases. As the Jakarta Post reported in 2013, Indonesia's population has doubled within just 40 years from 119 million in 1971 to almost 240 million in 2010, based on figures from the Central Statistics Agency. In another 40 years, the country's population is expected to climb much higher.

According to the Jakarta Post author, the high Muslim population in Indonesia is leading to a very high birth rate, which cannot be sustained. The article points out that Jakarta, Indonesia's largest city, is in a naturally flood-prone area, and the depth and extend of floods only increases as the population density increases.

Unfortunately, Indonesia's attempts at family planning education and population control have not been very successful, and it's hard to say how sustainable the country's growth will be.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 6 seconds
One death every 17 seconds
One net migrant every 3 minutes
Net gain of one person every 11 seconds

Indonesia Population in 2018Source: By Gunawan Kartapranata [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Indonesia Population Pyramid 2018

0k500k1M2M2M3MIndonesia Male Population0k500k1M2M2M3MIndonesia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Indonesia Median Age

29.9


Total

29.3


Male

30.5


Female

Indonesia Population by Age

There are 177,843,233 adults in Indonesia.

Census Years

Year Date
20202020
201031 May 2010
200030 June 2000
199031 October 1990

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Indonesia Population Growth

Predictions currently place Indonesia's population at 321 million by 2050.

About Indonesia

Official NameRepublic of Indonesia
Languages SpokenIndonesian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-5120
Currencies UsedIndonesia Rupiah
DemonymIndonesian

Countries Bordering Indonesia

Timor Leste
Malaysia
Papua New Guinea

Indonesia Population Density

Indonesia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Jakarta8,540,121
Surabaya2,374,658
Medan1,750,971
Bandung1,699,719
Bekasi1,520,119
Palembang1,441,500
Tangerang1,372,124
Makassar1,321,717
South Tangerang1,303,569
Semarang1,288,084
Depok1,198,129
Padang840,352
Denpasar834,881
Bandar Lampung800,348
Bogor800,000
Malang746,716
Pekanbaru703,956
City of Balikpapan700,000
Yogyakarta636,660
Situbondo600,000

Indonesia Population Clock

The population of Indonesia (as of 6/18/2018)?266,702,580
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)266,794,980
Births Per Day13,369
Deaths Per Day5,217
Net Migrations Per Day -452
Net Change Per Day 7,700
Population Change Since January 1st1,301,300

Indonesia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 18.411 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.184 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.622 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.43 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.35 years
Female Life Expectancy 71.65 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.32 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.083 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 21.333 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 25.917 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.17 years
Rate of Natural Increase 11.227

Indonesia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018266,794,98050.33%49.67%140.0841.06%
2017263,991,37950.34%49.66%138.6141.10%
2016261,115,45650.36%49.64%137.1041.14%
2015258,162,11350.37%49.63%135.5541.26%
2010242,524,12350.42%49.58%127.3441.36%
2005226,712,73050.20%49.80%119.0441.39%
2000211,540,42950.05%49.95%111.0741.44%
1995196,957,84950.02%49.98%103.4141.66%
1990181,436,82150.22%49.78%95.2641.92%
1985165,012,19650.00%50.00%86.6442.27%
1980147,490,36549.96%50.04%77.4442.44%
1975130,724,11549.91%50.09%68.6452.63%
1970114,834,78049.85%50.15%60.2952.74%
1965100,308,89449.79%50.21%52.6752.70%
196087,792,51549.70%50.30%46.1062.57%
195577,327,79449.64%50.36%40.6062.14%
195069,543,31649.61%50.39%36.5170.00%

Indonesia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020272,222,98750.30%49.70%142.9340.00%
2025284,751,04550.20%49.80%149.5140.90%
2030295,595,23450.08%49.92%155.2040.75%
2035304,758,62749.94%50.06%160.0140.61%
2040312,134,18849.80%50.20%163.8950.48%
2045317,731,98549.68%50.32%166.8350.36%
2050321,550,68649.58%50.42%168.8350.24%
2055323,790,91249.50%50.50%170.0150.14%
2060324,706,15949.44%50.56%170.4960.06%
2065324,574,72249.39%50.61%170.426-0.01%
2070323,652,78949.36%50.64%169.936-0.06%
2075322,033,59249.33%50.67%169.086-0.10%
2080319,781,24849.31%50.69%167.906-0.14%
2085316,961,61549.30%50.70%166.427-0.18%
2090313,660,54449.30%50.70%164.697-0.21%
2095309,964,67449.34%50.66%162.757-0.24%
Data Sources
  1. Central Bureau of Statistics Indonesia
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with censuses from 1961 to 2010, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer