Indonesia Population 2017

263,605,458

Indonesia Demographics

Indonesia has more than 300 distinct ethnic and linguistic groups, although the largest and most dominant in terms of politics are the Javanese at over 40% of the population. Most Indonesians are descended from Austronesian-speaking people. Another major ethnic group are Melanesians who live on the eastern part of the country. Other major ethnic groups include: Sundanese (15.5%), Malay (2.27%), Madurese (3.03%), Batak (3.58%), Minankabau (2.73%), Betawi (2.88%), Bantenese (1.97%), Banjarese (1.74%), Balinese (1.67%), and Makasserese (1.13%)..

Chinese Indonesians account for about 3% of the population but they are influential, controlling most of the country's wealth and commerce.

In addition to this diverse population, Indonesia is also the world's most populous Muslim-majority country, as just over 87% of Indonesians declared Muslim on the 2010 census. 9.87% are Christian, 1.69% are Hindu, 0.72% are Buddhist and 0.56% practice other faiths. The Indonesian constitution grants religious freedom although the government only officially recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.

There are more than 700 languages spoken in Indonesia. Indonesian, a form of Malay, is the official language and used mostly in education, media, commerce, and administration. Most people in Indonesia speak other languages as a primary language.

Largest Cities in Indonesia

According to the 2010 official population data, Indonesia has 11 cities with a population over 1 million, although estimates from 2014 show that there are now 14 cities that have populations that exceed 1 million. The 10 largest cities in Indonesia, with populations as of 2014, are:

  • Jakarta (Jakarta Province): 10.135 million
  • Surabaya (East Java): 2.843 million
  • Bandung (West Java): 2.575 million
  • Medan (North Sumatra): 2.497 million
  • Bekasi(West Java): 2.51 million
  • Semerang (Central Java): 2.067 million
  • Tangerang (Banten): 2.001 million
  • Depok (West Java): 1.869 million
  • Palembang (South Sumatra): 1.561 million
  • South Tanerand (Banten): 1.436 million

Jakarta isn't just the most populous city in Indonesia; it's also the most populous in Southeast Asia and the 14th most populated city on earth. The official metropolitan area, known as Jabodetabek, is the third largest in the world, and the metropolis's suburbs extend even further. The entire area has a population of over 30 million, which makes it one of the largest conurbations on earth. It's also one of the fastest-growing cities on earth, growing faster than Beijing and Bangkok, with a population density in the city proper of 15,342 people per square kilometer (39,740/square mile).

Indonesia Population Growth

Another interesting statistic involves the ages of the Indonesian population and although these figures date from the previous national census of 2000, they still tell an interesting story. Of the total 2000 population, 27.3% were aged between 0 and 14 years, 66.5% between 15 and 64, while just 6.1% of the population of Indonesia were aged over 65.

Birth rate was healthy compared to the death rate too and based on a 2012 estimate, it’s believed that there are 17.76 births per 1,000 people compared to just 6.28 deaths. Add in a loss of 1.08 people to net migration and you have a total annual growth rate of 1.04%.

That final figure of 1.04% may not seem like a lot but on a population of over 250 million, it leads to some significant increases. As the Jakarta Post reported in 2013, Indonesia's population has doubled within just 40 years from 119 million in 1971 to almost 240 million in 2010, based on figures from the Central Statistics Agency. In another 40 years, the country's population is expected to climb much higher.

According to the Jakarta Post author, the high Muslim population in Indonesia is leading to a very high birth rate, which cannot be sustained. The article points out that Jakarta, Indonesia's largest city, is in a naturally flood-prone area, and the depth and extend of floods only increases as the population density increases.

Unfortunately, Indonesia's attempts at family planning education and population control have not been very successful, and it's hard to say how sustainable the country's growth will be.

Indonesia Population in 2017Source: Gunawan Kartapranata

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Indonesia Population Growth

Predictions currently place Indonesia's population at 321 million by 2050.

About Indonesia

Official NameRepublic of Indonesia
Languages SpokenIndonesian
BordersTLS, MYS, PNG
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-5120
Currencies UsedIDR

Indonesia Population Density

Name Population
Tanjung Selor
Munduk6,200
Bejubang Dua7,957
Laikit, Laikit II (Dimembe)8,000
Sembakung8,098
Legian10,000
Tobelo10,000
Parapat10,000
Labuan Lombok10,000
Tomok Bolon10,000
Lembar10,000
Mamuju15,000
Sinabang15,000
Tongging16,000
Sigli17,504
Manismata18,888
Kebonarun21,745
Ngawi22,412
Gongdanglegi Kulon22,468
Kamal22,515
Gambiran Satu22,525
Ngoro22,871
Dampit23,094
Kroya23,255
Mojoagung23,534
Trucuk23,584
Ngemplak23,750
Kalianget23,897
Pundong24,081
Prigen24,164
Delanggu24,440
Sabang24,519
Seririt25,000
Tanjungtiram25,118
Teluk Nibung25,146
Soko25,494
Pangkalan Brandan25,542
Bireun25,793
Welahan26,163
Wanaraja26,240
Colomadu26,274
Ngunut26,297
Tayu26,413
Muntok26,709
Driyorejo26,827
Stabat26,862
Babat27,038
Paciran27,072
Demak27,251
Bulakamba27,367
Wonosari27,458
Tomohon27,624
Soe27,717
Sijunjung27,786
Margasari27,814
Klungkung27,836
Deli Tua27,940
Mranggen28,026
Jogonalan28,114
Kraksaan28,248
Ubud28,373
Balapulang28,483
Randudongkal28,532
Ceper28,646
Lasem28,948
Trenggalek29,083
Wongsorejo29,193
Singojuruh29,418
Kefamenanu29,490
Srandakan29,529
Maros30,000
Kuta30,012
Selogiri30,180
Pakisaji30,213
Sidareja30,313
Panarukan30,749
Karangampel31,234
Kutoarjo31,352
Bandar31,442
Karangasem31,869
Gombong31,965
Boyolangu32,287
Jaten32,378
Tanggulangin32,866
Negara33,191
Tondano33,317
Mlonggo33,542
Labuan33,576
Lebaksiu33,606
Tabanan33,667
Kuala Tungkal33,683
Pemangkat34,029
Pandaan34,184
Manggar34,520
Ruteng34,569
Meulaboh35,062
Praya35,183
Sumberpucung35,285
Wangon35,530
Kualakapuas35,632
Atambua35,793
Sofifi36,197
Srono36,260
Simpang36,652
Banjar37,263
Jekulo37,521
Majene37,715
Pangkalanbuun38,057
Wonopringgo38,429
Krian38,603
Buaran38,770
Majenang38,897
Wiradesa39,407
Tual39,502
Rajapolah39,840
Pekan Bahapal40,000
Juwana40,177
Reuleuet40,393
Rantepao40,438
Sinjai40,797
Kijang41,344
Diwek41,719
Kotabumi42,366
Baturaden42,394
Katabu42,750
Panji42,789
Pelabuhanratu43,001
Kencong43,046
Gebog43,756
Nabire43,898
Rembangan44,030
Ketanggungan44,288
Bambanglipuro44,713
Berastagi44,765
Muntilan44,859
Candi Prambanan44,925
Curup46,245
Singkil46,800
Poso47,110
Maumere47,598
Balung47,631
Amahai47,653
Sungai Raya47,735
Luwuk47,778
Buduran48,152
Pameungpeuk48,294
Solok48,372
Banyumas48,378
Waingapu48,828
Singaparna48,882
Gatak48,959
Dompu49,000
Gampengrejo49,118
Labuhan Deli49,668
Jatiroto50,059
Kawalu50,541
Karanganom50,670
Comal51,092
Blora51,811
Kepanjen51,919
Terbanggi Besar52,566
Sumbawa Besar52,654
Tanjungagung53,117
Manokwari53,190
Sampang53,269
Langsa54,465
Cepu55,055
Wedi55,300
Besuki55,465
Amuntai55,560
Pandak56,043
Sleman56,215
Mendaha56,268
Balaipungut56,452
Pare56,699
Purbalingga56,903
Kabanjahe57,159
Singosari57,793
Baekrajan57,920
Jatiwangi57,973
Polewali58,190
Weleri58,448
Bantul58,653
Baki58,909
Lamongan59,224
Sengkang59,523
Boyolali59,851
Barabai60,192
Kertosono60,782
Pecangaan61,046
Slawi61,206
Bangkalan62,178
Abepura62,248
Tanjung Pandan62,374
Godean63,164
Tulangan Utara63,889
Muncar64,537
Tulungagung65,262
Lahat65,906
Sampit66,053
Gamping Lor66,110
Sokaraja66,482
Bima66,970
Melati67,090
Nganjuk69,011
Bondowoso69,783
Mertoyudan69,871
Pagar Alam70,386
Sragen71,522
Kuningan72,085
Jatibarang73,010
Sewon73,585
Gresik73,629
Petarukan74,188
Sungailiat74,719
Batu75,631
Tarub75,739
Karangsembung75,856
Kebomas75,982
Tuban76,242
Ende77,205
Ciranjang-hilir77,758
Ponorogo79,026
Gedangan79,230
Genteng79,652
Sibolga79,714
Serpong80,193
Kedungwaru80,257
Watampone81,629
Galesong83,050
Margahayukencana83,119
Ambarawa84,379
Sumenep84,656
Kasihan86,234
Bojonegoro86,568
Majalengka87,732
Klangenan88,378
Kartasura88,927
Cicurug88,965
Lhokseumawe88,974
Banjar89,040
Caringin91,845
Kudus92,156
Pariaman92,183
Pandeglang92,316
Pamekasan92,447
Palimanan92,600
Wonosobo92,990
Sumber93,420
Sungai Penuh95,913
Tarakan97,478
Dukuhturi98,074
Bukittinggi98,746
Padangsidempuan100,561
Grogol100,613
Bontang101,691
Ternate101,731
Singkawang101,838
Belawan102,707
Rantauprapat103,009
Prabumulih103,470
Depok104,527
Arjawinangun105,845
Cikarang106,479
Banyuwangi108,166
Citeureup110,155
Kresek110,182
Magelang111,461
Cileunyi111,476
Mojokerto112,557
Sawangan114,069
Pamanukan114,290
Batang115,537
Kedungwuni117,249
Tebingtinggi117,530
Sepatan118,439
Bangil120,000
Payakumbuh121,572
Pati122,785
Indramayu123,263
Lumajang123,626
Ciamis123,637
Padalarang124,946
Sorong125,535
Pangkalpinang125,933
Paseh126,181
Jombang126,465
Klaten126,831
Rangkasbitung126,910
Ungaran127,812
Teluknaga128,275
Palopo129,273
Kisaran129,911
Martapura131,449
Blitar132,416
Singaraja133,784
Adiwerna134,188
Baturaja134,759
Jayapura134,895
Bitung137,364
Weru139,004
Sidoarjo139,189
Parepare140,000
Tanjungbalai142,506
Dumai143,760
Gorontalo144,195
Cikampek145,620
Astanajapura148,047
Palangkaraya148,139
Lubuklinggau148,243
Metro149,526
Purwodadi150,206
Soreang150,932
Pasarkemis154,234
Perbaungan157,174
Sunggal157,914
Pasuruan158,600
Lawang159,380
Serang164,767
Banjaran164,952
Plumbon167,105
Salatiga172,645
Cikupa174,041
Pamulang174,557
Probolinggo181,656
Lembang183,130
Pemalang184,149
Madiun186,099
Cibinong188,663
Labuan Bajo188,724
Curug191,406
Tanjungpinang192,493
Parung193,898
Kendari195,006
Rengasdengklok201,463
Cileungsir202,190
Sumedang Utara206,746
Ciampea207,212
Ciputat207,858
Pematangsiantar209,614
Loa Janan212,816
Purwakarta215,803
Purwokerto217,222
Binjai228,763
Kediri235,143
Tegal237,084
Banda Aceh250,757
Cirebon254,298
Pekalongan257,945
Tasikmalaya271,143
Sukabumi276,414
Kupang282,396
Palu282,431
Jember298,585
Bengkulu309,712
Percut311,063
Mataram318,674
Samarinda355,160
Ambon355,596
Jambi City420,323
Balikpapan433,866
Manado451,893
Pontianak455,173
Cimahi493,698
Surakarta555,308
Banjarmasin572,837
Situbondo600,000
Yogyakarta636,660
City of Balikpapan700,000
Pekanbaru703,956
Malang746,716
Bogor800,000
Bandar Lampung800,348
Denpasar834,881
Padang840,352
Depok1,198,129
Semarang1,288,084
South Tangerang1,303,569
Makassar1,321,717
Tangerang1,372,124
Palembang1,441,500
Bekasi1,520,119
Bandung1,699,719
Medan1,750,971
Surabaya2,374,658
Jakarta8,540,121

Indonesia Population Clock

What is the population of Indonesia (as of September 13, 2017)?263,605,458
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)263510146
Births Per Day2,709
Deaths Per Day1,038
Net Migrations Per Day -383
Net Change Per Day 1,288
Population Change Since January 1st328,440

Indonesia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 18.791 births/thousand94
Crude Death Rate 7.198 deaths/thousand110
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.529 people/thousand104
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.409 years139
Male Life Expectancy 67.357 years132
Female Life Expectancy 71.602 years139
Total Fertility Rate 2.378 children/woman85
Net Reproduction Rate 1.1 surviving daughters/woman88
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 22.571 deaths/1,000 live births75
Under Five Mortality 27.152 deaths/thousand75
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.188 years145
Rate of Natural Increase 11.328 103
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.167 %124
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.107 %115
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.187 %131
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 19.646 %128
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 22.728 %119
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 16.417 %138
Crude Suicide Rate 3.7 suicides/thousand126
Median Age (Total) 29.9 years109
Median Age (Female) 30.5 years107
Median Age (Male) 29.3 years108

Indonesia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017263,510,14650.324%49.676%145801.07%4
2015257,563,81550.352%49.648%142801.16%4
2010241,613,12650.4%49.6%133811.31%4
2005226,254,70350.203%49.797%124841.32%4
2000211,540,42850.046%49.954%116841.37%4
1995196,957,84550.024%49.976%108861.5%4
1990181,436,82150.219%49.781%100891.74%4
1985165,012,19549.997%50.003%91922.03%4
1980147,490,36649.956%50.044%81902.34%4
1975130,724,11849.907%50.093%72942.48%5
1970114,834,78149.851%50.149%631012.65%5
1965100,308,89649.787%50.213%551032.71%5
196087,792,51149.704%50.296%481042.64%6
195577,327,79949.64%50.36%421042.43%6
195069,543,31949.605%50.395%381061.89%7

Indonesia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020271,857,42050.282%49.718%150800.97%4
2025284,504,97350.19%49.81%157800.81%4
2030295,481,79750.08%49.92%163800.68%4
2035304,847,10149.957%50.043%168810.54%4
2040312,439,30549.839%50.161%172820.42%5
2045318,216,06749.735%50.265%175830.29%5
2050322,237,40549.657%50.343%177850.19%5
2055324,727,07549.603%50.397%179860.11%5
2060326,037,51849.583%50.417%179900.04%6
2065326,419,54549.582%50.418%180900%6
2070326,116,32849.591%50.409%18091-0.04%6
2075325,247,57749.606%50.394%17992-0.07%6
2080323,863,80049.622%50.378%17892-0.11%6
2085321,855,20149.638%50.362%17792-0.15%7
2090319,315,79749.679%50.321%17691-0.17%7
2095316,496,92849.743%50.257%17491-0.18%7
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations