Indonesia Population 2017

264,169,123

Indonesia is a sovereign archipelago in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populous country on earth after China, India, and the United States. Indonesia is made up of more than 17,000 islands with over 1.9 million square miles of land, which makes it the 15th largest country. Indonesia has a population estimated at 263.99 million in 2017, up from the 2015 estimate of 257 million. About 56.7% of Indonesia's population lives on Java, the most populous island.

Indonesia Demographics

Indonesia has more than 300 distinct ethnic and linguistic groups, although the largest and most dominant in terms of politics are the Javanese at over 40% of the population. Most Indonesians are descended from Austronesian-speaking people. Another major ethnic group are Melanesians who live on the eastern part of the country. Other major ethnic groups include: Sundanese (15.5%), Malay (2.27%), Madurese (3.03%), Batak (3.58%), Minankabau (2.73%), Betawi (2.88%), Bantenese (1.97%), Banjarese (1.74%), Balinese (1.67%), and Makasserese (1.13%)..

Chinese Indonesians account for about 3% of the population but they are influential, controlling most of the country's wealth and commerce.

There are more than 700 languages spoken in Indonesia. Indonesian, a form of Malay, is the official language and used mostly in education, media, commerce, and administration. Most people in Indonesia speak other languages as a primary language.

Largest Cities in Indonesia

According to the 2010 official population data, Indonesia has 11 cities with a population over 1 million, although estimates from 2014 show that there are now 14 cities that have populations that exceed 1 million. The 10 largest cities in Indonesia, with populations as of 2014, are:

  • Jakarta (Jakarta Province): 10.135 million
  • Surabaya (East Java): 2.843 million
  • Bandung (West Java): 2.575 million
  • Medan (North Sumatra): 2.497 million
  • Bekasi(West Java): 2.51 million
  • Semerang (Central Java): 2.067 million
  • Tangerang (Banten): 2.001 million
  • Depok (West Java): 1.869 million
  • Palembang (South Sumatra): 1.561 million
  • South Tanerand (Banten): 1.436 million

Jakarta isn't just the most populous city in Indonesia; it's also the most populous in Southeast Asia and the 14th most populated city on earth. The official metropolitan area, known as Jabodetabek, is the third largest in the world, and the metropolis's suburbs extend even further. The entire area has a population of over 30 million, which makes it one of the largest conurbations on earth. It's also one of the fastest-growing cities on earth, growing faster than Beijing and Bangkok, with a population density in the city proper of 15,342 people per square kilometer (39,740/square mile).

Indonesia Population Growth

Another interesting statistic involves the ages of the Indonesian population and although these figures date from the previous national census of 2000, they still tell an interesting story. Of the total 2000 population, 27.3% were aged between 0 and 14 years, 66.5% between 15 and 64, while just 6.1% of the population of Indonesia were aged over 65.

Birth rate was healthy compared to the death rate too and based on a 2012 estimate, it’s believed that there are 17.76 births per 1,000 people compared to just 6.28 deaths. Add in a loss of 1.08 people to net migration and you have a total annual growth rate of 1.04%.

That final figure of 1.04% may not seem like a lot but on a population of over 250 million, it leads to some significant increases. As the Jakarta Post reported in 2013, Indonesia's population has doubled within just 40 years from 119 million in 1971 to almost 240 million in 2010, based on figures from the Central Statistics Agency. In another 40 years, the country's population is expected to climb much higher.

According to the Jakarta Post author, the high Muslim population in Indonesia is leading to a very high birth rate, which cannot be sustained. The article points out that Jakarta, Indonesia's largest city, is in a naturally flood-prone area, and the depth and extend of floods only increases as the population density increases.

Unfortunately, Indonesia's attempts at family planning education and population control have not been very successful, and it's hard to say how sustainable the country's growth will be.

Indonesia Population in 2018Source: Gunawan Kartapranata

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Indonesia Population Growth

Predictions currently place Indonesia's population at 321 million by 2050.

About Indonesia

Official NameRepublic of Indonesia
Languages SpokenIndonesian
BordersTLS, MYS, PNG
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-5120
Currencies UsedIDR

Indonesia Population Density

Name Population
Jakarta8,540,121
Surabaya2,374,658
Medan1,750,971
Bandung1,699,719
Bekasi1,520,119
Palembang1,441,500
Tangerang1,372,124
Makassar1,321,717
South Tangerang1,303,569
Semarang1,288,084
Depok1,198,129
Padang840,352
Bandarlampung800,348
Bogor800,000
Malang746,716
Pekanbaru703,956
City of Balikpapan700,000
Yogyakarta636,660
Situbondo600,000
Banjarmasin572,837
Surakarta555,308
Cimahi493,698
Pontianak455,173
Manado451,893
Balikpapan433,866
Jambi City420,323
Denpasar405,923
Ambon355,596
Samarinda355,160
Mataram318,674
Percut311,063
Bengkulu309,712
Jember298,585
Palu282,431
Kupang282,396
Sukabumi276,414
Tasikmalaya271,143
Pekalongan257,945
Cirebon254,298
Banda Aceh250,757
Tegal237,084
Kediri235,143
Binjai228,763
Purwokerto217,222
Purwakarta215,803
Loa Janan212,816
Pematangsiantar209,614
Ciputat207,858
Ciampea207,212
Sumedang Utara206,746
Cileungsir202,190
Rengasdengklok201,463
Kendari195,006
Parung193,898
Tanjungpinang192,493
Curug191,406
Labuhanbajo188,724
Cibinong188,663
Madiun186,099
Pemalang184,149
Lembang183,130
Probolinggo181,656
Pamulang174,557
Cikupa174,041
Salatiga172,645
Plumbon167,105
Banjaran164,952
Serang164,767
Lawang159,380
Pasuruan158,600
Sunggal157,914
Perbaungan157,174
Pasarkemis154,234
Soreang150,932
Purwodadi150,206
Metro149,526
Lubuklinggau148,243
Palangkaraya148,139
Astanajapura148,047
Cikampek145,620
Gorontalo144,195
Dumai143,760
Tanjungbalai142,506
Parepare140,000
Sidoarjo139,189
Weru139,004
Bitung137,364
Jayapura134,895
Baturaja134,759
Adiwerna134,188
Singaraja133,784
Blitar132,416
Martapura131,449
Kisaran129,911
Palopo129,273
Teluknaga128,275
Ungaran127,812
Rangkasbitung126,910
Klaten126,831
Jombang126,465
Paseh126,181
Pangkalpinang125,933
Sorong125,535
Padalarang124,946
Ciamis123,637
Lumajang123,626
Indramayu123,263
Pati122,785
Payakumbuh121,572
Bangil120,000
Sepatan118,439
Tebingtinggi117,530
Kedungwuni117,249
Batang115,537
Pamanukan114,290
Sawangan114,069
Mojokerto112,557
Cileunyi111,476
Magelang111,461
Kresek110,182
Citeureup110,155
Banyuwangi108,166
Cikarang106,479
Arjawinangun105,845
Depok104,527
Prabumulih103,470
Rantauprapat103,009
Belawan102,707
Singkawang101,838
Ternate101,731
Bontang101,691
Grogol100,613
Padangsidempuan100,561
Bukittinggi98,746
Dukuhturi98,074
Tarakan97,478
Sungai Penuh95,913
Sumber93,420
Wonosobo92,990
Palimanan92,600
Pamekasan92,447
Pandeglang92,316
Pariaman92,183
Kudus92,156
Caringin91,845
Banjar89,040
Lhokseumawe88,974
Cicurug88,965
Kartasura88,927
Klangenan88,378
Majalengka87,732
Bojonegoro86,568
Kasihan86,234
Sumenep84,656
Ambarawa84,379
Margahayukencana83,119
Galesong83,050
Watampone81,629
Kedungwaru80,257
Serpong80,193
Sibolga79,714
Genteng79,652
Gedangan79,230
Ponorogo79,026
Ciranjang-hilir77,758
Ende77,205
Tuban76,242
Kebomas75,982
Karangsembung75,856
Tarub75,739
Batu75,631
Sungailiat74,719
Petarukan74,188
Gresik73,629
Sewon73,585
Jatibarang73,010
Kuningan72,085
Sragen71,522
Pageralam70,386
Mertoyudan69,871
Bondowoso69,783
Nganjuk69,011
Melati67,090
Bima66,970
Sokaraja66,482
Gamping Lor66,110
Sampit66,053
Lahat65,906
Tulungagung65,262
Muncar64,537
Tulangan Utara63,889
Godean63,164
Tanjung Pandan62,374
Abepura62,248
Bangkalan62,178
Slawi61,206
Pecangaan61,046
Kertosono60,782
Barabai60,192
Boyolali59,851
Sengkang59,523
Lamongan59,224
Baki58,909
Bantul58,653
Weleri58,448
Polewali58,190
Jatiwangi57,973
Baekrajan57,920
Singosari57,793
Kabanjahe57,159
Purbalingga56,903
Pare56,699
Balaipungut56,452
Mendaha56,268
Sleman56,215
Pandak56,043
Amuntai55,560
Besuki55,465
Wedi55,300
Cepu55,055
Langsa54,465
Sampang53,269
Manokwari53,190
Tanjungagung53,117
Sumbawa Besar52,654
Terbanggi Besar52,566
Kepanjen51,919
Blora51,811
Comal51,092
Karanganom50,670
Kawalu50,541
Jatiroto50,059
Labuhan Deli49,668
Gampengrejo49,118
Gatak48,959
Singaparna48,882
Waingapu48,828
Banyumas48,378
Solok48,372
Pameungpeuk48,294
Buduran48,152
Luwuk47,778
Sungai Raya47,735
Amahai47,653
Balung47,631
Maumere47,598
Poso47,110
Singkil46,800
Curup46,245
Candi Prambanan44,925
Muntilan44,859
Berastagi44,765
Bambanglipuro44,713
Ketanggungan44,288
Rembangan44,030
Nabire43,898
Gebog43,756
Kencong43,046
Pelabuhanratu43,001
Panji42,789
Katabu42,750
Baturaden42,394
Kotabumi42,366
Diwek41,719
Kijang41,344
Sinjai40,797
Rantepao40,438
Reuleuet40,393
Juwana40,177
Pekan Bahapal40,000
Rajapolah39,840
Tual39,502
Wiradesa39,407
Majenang38,897
Buaran38,770
Krian38,603
Wonopringgo38,429
Pangkalanbuun38,057
Majene37,715
Jekulo37,521
Banjar37,263
Simpang36,652
Srono36,260
Sofifi36,197
Atambua35,793
Kualakapuas35,632
Wangon35,530
Sumberpucung35,285
Praya35,183
Meulaboh35,062
Ruteng34,569
Manggar34,520
Pandaan34,184
Pemangkat34,029
Kualatungkal33,683
Tabanan33,667
Lebaksiu33,606
Labuan33,576
Mlonggo33,542
Tondano33,317
Negara33,191
Tanggulangin32,866
Jaten32,378
Boyolangu32,287
Gombong31,965
Karangasem31,869
Bandar31,442
Kutoarjo31,352
Karangampel31,234
Panarukan30,749
Sidareja30,313
Pakisaji30,213
Selogiri30,180
Kuta30,012
Srandakan29,529
Kefamenanu29,490
Singojuruh29,418
Wongsorejo29,193
Trenggalek29,083
Lasem28,948
Ceper28,646
Randudongkal28,532
Balapulang28,483
Ubud28,373
Kraksaan28,248
Jogonalan28,114
Mranggen28,026
Deli Tua27,940
Klungkung27,836
Margasari27,814
Sijunjung27,786
Soe27,717
Tomohon27,624
Wonosari27,458
Bulakamba27,367
Demak27,251
Paciran27,072
Babat27,038
Stabat26,862
Driyorejo26,827
Muntok26,709
Tayu26,413
Ngunut26,297
Colomadu26,274
Wanaraja26,240
Welahan26,163
Bireun25,793
Pangkalan Brandan25,542
Soko25,494
Teluk Nibung25,146
Tanjungtiram25,118
Seririt25,000
Sabang24,519
Delanggu24,440
Prigen24,164
Pundong24,081
Kalianget23,897
Ngemplak23,750
Trucuk23,584
Mojoagung23,534
Kroya23,255
Dampit23,094
Ngoro22,871
Gambiran Satu22,525
Kamal22,515
Gongdanglegi Kulon22,468
Ngawi22,412
Kebonarun21,745
Manismata18,888
Sigli17,504
Tongging16,000
Mamuju15,000
Sinabang15,000
Tobelo10,000
Sembakung8,098
Laikit, Laikit II (Dimembe)8,000
Bejubang Dua7,957
Munduk6,200
Tanjung Selor

Indonesia Population Clock

What is the population of Indonesia (as of 11/15/2017)?264,169,123
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)263,991,379
Births Per Day2,709
Deaths Per Day1,038
Net Migrations Per Day -383
Net Change Per Day 1,288
Population Change Since January 1st410,872

Indonesia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 18.791 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.198 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.529 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.409 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.357 years
Female Life Expectancy 71.602 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.378 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.1 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 22.571 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 27.152 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.188 years
Rate of Natural Increase 11.328
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.167%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.107%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.187%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 19.646%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 22.728%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 16.417%
Median Age (Total) 29.9 years
Median Age (Female) 30.5 years
Median Age (Male) 29.3 years

Indonesia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017263,991,37950.34%49.66%1391.12%
2015258,162,11350.37%49.63%1361.26%
2010242,524,12350.42%49.58%1271.36%
2005226,712,73050.20%49.80%1191.39%
2000211,540,42950.05%49.95%1111.44%
1995196,957,84950.02%49.98%1031.66%
1990181,436,82150.22%49.78%951.92%
1985165,012,19650.00%50.00%872.27%
1980147,490,36549.96%50.04%772.44%
1975130,724,11549.91%50.09%692.63%
1970114,834,78049.85%50.15%602.74%
1965100,308,89449.79%50.21%532.70%
196087,792,51549.70%50.30%462.57%
195577,327,79449.64%50.36%412.14%
195069,543,31649.61%50.39%370.00%

Indonesia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020272,222,98750.30%49.70%1430.00%
2025284,751,04550.20%49.80%1500.90%
2030295,595,23450.08%49.92%1550.75%
2035304,758,62749.94%50.06%1600.61%
2040312,134,18849.80%50.20%1640.48%
2045317,731,98549.68%50.32%1670.36%
2050321,550,68649.58%50.42%1690.24%
2055323,790,91249.50%50.50%1700.14%
2060324,706,15949.44%50.56%1700.06%
2065324,574,72249.39%50.61%170-0.01%
2070323,652,78949.36%50.64%170-0.06%
2075322,033,59249.33%50.67%169-0.10%
2080319,781,24849.31%50.69%168-0.14%
2085316,961,61549.30%50.70%166-0.18%
2090313,660,54449.30%50.70%165-0.21%
2095309,964,67449.34%50.66%163-0.24%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer