Indonesia Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Indonesia is a sovereign archipelago in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populous country on earth after China, India, and the United States. Indonesia is made up of more than 17,000 islands with over 1.9 million square miles of land, which makes it the 15th largest country. Indonesia has a population estimated at 260 million in 2016, up from the 2015 estimate of 257 million. About 56.7% of Indonesia's population lives on Java, the most populous island.

Indonesia Demographics

Indonesia has more than 300 distinct ethnic and linguistic groups, although the largest and most dominant in terms of politics are the Javanese at over 40% of the population. Most Indonesians are descended from Austronesian-speaking people. Another major ethnic group are Melanesians who live on the eastern part of the country. Other major ethnic groups include: Sundanese (15.5%), Malay (2.27%), Madurese (3.03%), Batak (3.58%), Minankabau (2.73%), Betawi (2.88%), Bantenese (1.97%), Banjarese (1.74%), Balinese (1.67%), and Makasserese (1.13%)..

Chinese Indonesians account for about 3% of the population but they are influential, controlling most of the country's wealth and commerce.

In addition to this diverse population, Indonesia is also the world's most populous Muslim-majority country, as just over 87% of Indonesians declared Muslim on the 2010 census. 9.87% are Christian, 1.69% are Hindu, 0.72% are Buddhist and 0.56% practice other faiths. The Indonesian constitution grants religious freedom although the government only officially recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.

There are more than 700 languages spoken in Indonesia. Indonesian, a form of Malay, is the official language and used mostly in education, media, commerce, and administration. Most people in Indonesia speak other languages as a primary language.

Largest Cities in Indonesia

According to the 2010 official population data, Indonesia has 11 cities with a population over 1 million, although estimates from 2014 show that there are now 14 cities that have populations that exceed 1 million. The 10 largest cities in Indonesia, with populations as of 2014, are:

  • Jakarta (Jakarta Province): 10.135 million
  • Surabaya (East Java): 2.843 million
  • Bandung (West Java): 2.575 million
  • Medan (North Sumatra): 2.497 million
  • Bekasi(West Java): 2.51 million
  • Semerang (Central Java): 2.067 million
  • Tangerang (Banten): 2.001 million
  • Depok (West Java): 1.869 million
  • Palembang (South Sumatra): 1.561 million
  • South Tanerand (Banten): 1.436 million

Jakarta isn't just the most populous city in Indonesia; it's also the most populous in Southeast Asia and the 14th most populated city on earth. The official metropolitan area, known as Jabodetabek, is the third largest in the world, and the metropolis's suburbs extend even further. The entire area has a population of over 30 million, which makes it one of the largest conurbations on earth. It's also one of the fastest-growing cities on earth, growing faster than Beijing and Bangkok, with a population density in the city proper of 15,342 people per square kilometer (39,740/square mile).

Indonesia Population Growth

Another interesting statistic involves the ages of the Indonesian population and although these figures date from the previous national census of 2000, they still tell an interesting story. Of the total 2000 population, 27.3% were aged between 0 and 14 years, 66.5% between 15 and 64, while just 6.1% of the population of Indonesia were aged over 65.

Birth rate was healthy compared to the death rate too and based on a 2012 estimate, it’s believed that there are 17.76 births per 1,000 people compared to just 6.28 deaths. Add in a loss of 1.08 people to net migration and you have a total annual growth rate of 1.04%.

That final figure of 1.04% may not seem like a lot but on a population of over 250 million, it leads to some significant increases. As the Jakarta Post reported in 2013, Indonesia's population has doubled within just 40 years from 119 million in 1971 to almost 240 million in 2010, based on figures from the Central Statistics Agency. In another 40 years, the country's population is expected to climb much higher.

According to the Jakarta Post author, the high Muslim population in Indonesia is leading to a very high birth rate, which cannot be sustained. The article points out that Jakarta, Indonesia's largest city, is in a naturally flood-prone area, and the depth and extend of floods only increases as the population density increases.

Unfortunately, Indonesia's attempts at family planning education and population control have not been very successful, and it's hard to say how sustainable the country's growth will be.

Indonesia  Population in 2016 Source: Gunawan Kartapranata

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Indonesia Population Growth

Predictions currently place Indonesia's population at 321 million by 2050.

Indonesia Population Density

About Indonesia

Official Name Republic of Indonesia
Languages Spoken Indonesian
Borders TLS, MYS, PNG
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude -5,120
Currencies Used IDR

Indonesia Population Clock

What is the population of Indonesia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 2,734
Deaths Per Day 1,023
Net Migrations Per Day -383
Net Change Per Day 1,328
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Indonesia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 19.185 births/thousand 96th
Crude Death Rate 7.179 deaths/thousand 111th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.529 people/thousand 104th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.232 years 138th
Life Expectancy (Male) 67.201 years 129th
Life Expectancy (Female) 71.404 years 138th
Total Fertility Rate 2.408 children/woman 85th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.1 surviving daughters/woman 88th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 23.017 deaths/1,000 live births 75th
Under Five Mortality 27.724 deaths/thousand 76th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.188 years 145th
Rate of Natural Increase 11.328 103rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.167% 124th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.107% 115th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.187% 131st
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 19.646% 124th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 22.728% 115th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 16.417% 131st
Crude Suicide Rate 3.7 suicides/thousand 126th
Median Age (Total) 29.9 years 109th
Median Age (Female) 30.5 years 107th
Median Age (Male) 29.3 years 108th

Indonesia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 260,581,100 50.337% 49.663% 143 80 1.12% 4
2015 257,563,815 50.352% 49.648% 142 80 1.16% 4
2010 241,613,126 50.4% 49.6% 133 81 1.31% 4
2005 226,254,703 50.203% 49.797% 124 84 1.32% 4
2000 211,540,428 50.046% 49.954% 116 84 1.37% 4
1995 196,957,845 50.024% 49.976% 108 86 1.5% 4
1990 181,436,821 50.219% 49.781% 100 89 1.74% 4
1985 165,012,195 49.997% 50.003% 91 92 2.03% 4
1980 147,490,366 49.956% 50.044% 81 90 2.34% 4
1975 130,724,118 49.907% 50.093% 72 94 2.48% 5
1970 114,834,781 49.851% 50.149% 63 101 2.65% 5
1965 100,308,896 49.787% 50.213% 55 103 2.71% 5
1960 87,792,511 49.704% 50.296% 48 104 2.64% 6
1955 77,327,799 49.64% 50.36% 42 104 2.43% 6
1950 69,543,319 49.605% 50.395% 38 106 1.89% 7

Indonesia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 271,857,420 50.282% 49.718% 150 80 0.97% 4
2025 284,504,973 50.19% 49.81% 157 80 0.81% 4
2030 295,481,797 50.08% 49.92% 163 80 0.68% 4
2035 304,847,101 49.957% 50.043% 168 81 0.54% 4
2040 312,439,305 49.839% 50.161% 172 82 0.42% 5
2045 318,216,067 49.735% 50.265% 175 83 0.29% 5
2050 322,237,405 49.657% 50.343% 177 85 0.19% 5
2055 324,727,075 49.603% 50.397% 179 86 0.11% 5
2060 326,037,518 49.583% 50.417% 179 90 0.04% 6
2065 326,419,545 49.582% 50.418% 180 90 0% 6
2070 326,116,328 49.591% 50.409% 180 91 -0.04% 6
2075 325,247,577 49.606% 50.394% 179 92 -0.07% 6
2080 323,863,800 49.622% 50.378% 178 92 -0.11% 6
2085 321,855,201 49.638% 50.362% 177 92 -0.15% 7
2090 319,315,797 49.679% 50.321% 176 91 -0.17% 7
2095 316,496,928 49.743% 50.257% 174 91 -0.18% 7
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations