Infant Mortality Rate By Country 2019

Infant mortality is the death of children under the age of one year. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Overall, infant mortality rates have decreased greatly all over the world.

Infant mortality in the United States is mostly caused by birth defects, preterm birth and low birth weight, maternal pregnancy complications, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and injuries (such as suffocation). Around the world, the top causes for infant mortality are neonatal encephalopathy (problems with brain function due to lack of oxygen during birth), infections, complications of preterm birth, lower respiratory infections, and diarrheal diseases. Causes differ for infants that are only a few days old and for older infants.

In countries of the world where infant mortality is high, several factors are attributed to necessitating these deaths. Among these are malaria, malnutrition, undeveloped infrastructure and poor conditions in health facilities.

Afghanistan has the highest infant mortality rate of 110.6. Much of Afghanistan is rural and recovering from years of conflict. Because communities are very spread out and most people travel by foot, accessing healthcare is very difficult, especially for pregnant women and young babies. There is also a significant lack of health education in Afghanistan, and so pregnancy complications are often untreated.

Monaco has the lowest infant mortality rate of 1.8. The reasons for such a low infant mortality rate include the overall extreme wealth of the small country, highly educated mothers and a good healthcare system.

The mortality rate in the United States is 5.8. This rate is significantly higher than other, comparable developed countries due to higher poverty rates, risky health behavior, and a fragmented health system.

Below is the infant mortality rate in every country. Rates are calculated as the number of infants deaths (under one year of age) per 1,000 live births.

* Infant Mortality Rate is number of deaths per 1,000 live births
Country Infant Mortality Rate Population 2019
Afghanistan110.638,041,754
Somalia94.815,442,905
Central African Republic86.34,745,185
Guinea Bissau85.71,920,922
Chad85.415,946,876
Niger81.123,310,715
Burkina Faso72.220,321,378
Nigeria69.8200,963,599
Mali69.519,658,031
Sierra Leone68.47,813,215
Angola67.631,825,295
Mozambique65.930,366,036
Equatorial Guinea65.21,355,986
South Sudan62.811,062,113
Zambia61.117,861,030
Comoros60850,886
Burundi58.811,530,580
Uganda56.144,269,594
Benin52.811,801,151
Liberia52.24,937,374
Pakistan52.1216,565,318
Western Sahara51.9582,463
Mauritania51.94,525,696
Cameroon5125,876,380
Guinea5012,771,246
Laos49.97,169,455
Ethiopia49.6112,078,730
Senegal49.116,296,364
Sudan48.842,813,238
Cambodia47.416,486,542
Haiti46.811,263,077
Lesotho46.12,125,268
Yemen4629,161,922
Djibouti45.8973,560
Sao Tome And Principe45.3215,056
Eritrea453,497,117
Gabon44.12,172,579
Malawi43.418,628,747
Togo42.28,082,366
Madagascar41.226,969,307
Tanzania39.958,005,463
India39.11,366,417,754
Iraq37.539,309,783
Kenya37.152,573,973
Papua New Guinea36.38,776,109
Bolivia35.311,513,100
Ghana35.230,417,856
Namibia35.12,494,530
Turkmenistan34.35,942,089
Zimbabwe32.714,645,468
Bhutan32.1763,092
Kiribati32.1117,606
Tajikistan31.89,321,018
Bangladesh31.7163,046,161
South Africa3158,558,270
Guyana30.4782,766
Rwanda29.712,626,950
Botswana29.62,303,697
Tuvalu2911,646
Nepal27.928,608,710
Kyrgyzstan25.96,415,850
Suriname24.5581,372
Azerbaijan23.810,047,718
Indonesia22.7270,625,568
Trinidad And Tobago22.31,394,973
Maldives22530,953
Morocco21.936,471,769
Philippines21.4108,116,615
Guatemala21.317,581,472
Mongolia21.13,225,167
Kazakhstan19.618,551,427
Algeria19.643,053,054
Marshall Islands19.358,791
Egypt19100,388,073
Belize18.9390,353
Paraguay18.77,044,636
Samoa18.6197,097
Peru18.432,510,453
Nicaragua18.36,545,502
Uzbekistan1832,981,716
Turkey17.683,429,615
Brazil17.5211,049,527
Dominican Republic17.510,738,958
Vietnam17.396,462,106
Honduras17.29,746,117
El Salvador16.86,453,553
Ecuador16.417,373,662
Iran15.982,913,906
Georgia15.23,996,765
Syria14.817,070,135
Solomon Islands14.7669,823
Vanuatu14.4299,882
Jordan14.210,101,694
Colombia13.650,339,443
Saudi Arabia13.234,268,528
Cook Islands1317,548
Oman12.84,974,986
Jamaica12.82,948,279
Northern Mariana Islands12.757,216
Armenia12.72,957,731
Guam12.6167,294
Malaysia12.531,949,777
Montserrat12.34,989
Venezuela12.228,515,829
British Virgin Islands12.130,030
Tunisia12.111,694,719
Antigua And Barbuda12.197,118
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines12110,589
Moldova124,043,263
China121,433,783,686
Albania11.92,880,917
Mexico11.6127,575,529
Tonga11.3104,494
American Samoa11.355,312
Saint Lucia10.9182,790
Libya10.86,777,452
Aruba10.7106,314
Palau10.618,008
Dominica10.671,808
Barbados10.2287,025
Turks And Caicos Islands10.138,191
United Arab Emirates109,770,529
Seychelles1097,739
Panama9.94,246,439
Mauritius9.81,269,668
Argentina9.844,780,677
Grenada9.7112,003
Brunei9.6433,285
Fiji9.5889,953
Romania9.419,364,557
Croatia9.34,130,304
Thailand9.269,625,582
Bahrain8.91,641,172
Greenland8.956,672
Saint Kitts And Nevis8.452,823
Sri Lanka8.421,323,733
Bulgaria8.47,000,119
Uruguay8.33,461,734
Sint Maarten8.142,388
Costa Rica85,047,561
Cyprus7.91,198,575
Ukraine7.843,993,638
Nauru7.810,756
Lebanon7.46,855,713
Kuwait74,207,083
Russia6.8145,872,256
Chile6.618,952,038
Saint Pierre And Miquelon6.55,822
Puerto Rico6.42,933,408
Qatar6.22,832,067
Gibraltar5.933,701
Cayman Islands5.964,948
United States5.8329,064,917
Serbia5.88,772,235
Bosnia And Herzegovina5.53,301,000
Faroe Islands5.448,678
New Caledonia5.2282,750
Latvia5.21,906,743
Slovakia5.15,457,013
Hungary4.99,684,679
Greece4.610,473,455
French Polynesia4.6279,287
Canada4.537,411,047
Poland4.437,887,768
New Zealand4.44,783,063
Cuba4.411,333,483
Wallis And Futuna4.311,432
United Kingdom4.367,530,172
San Marino4.333,860
Portugal4.310,226,187
Australia4.325,203,198
Taiwan4.323,773,876
Liechtenstein4.238,019
Isle Of Man484,584
Denmark45,771,876
Slovenia3.92,078,654
Lithuania3.82,759,627
Estonia3.81,325,648
Switzerland3.68,591,365
Netherlands3.617,097,130
Ireland3.64,882,495
Andorra3.677,142
Belarus3.69,452,411
Malta3.5440,372
Belgium3.411,539,328
Luxembourg3.4615,729
Austria3.48,955,102
Israel3.48,519,377
Germany3.483,517,045
Spain3.346,736,776
Anguilla3.314,869
Italy3.360,550,075
France3.265,129,728
Macau3.1640,445
Hong Kong2.77,436,154
Sweden2.610,036,379
Bermuda2.562,506
Norway2.55,378,857
Finland2.55,532,156
Singapore2.45,804,337
Iceland2.1339,031
Japan2126,860,301
Monaco1.838,964