Iran Population 2017

81,554,993

Iran, which is also called Persia or the Islamic Republic of Iran, is located in western Asia. Adjoining Iran to the north are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia, with Kazakhstan and Russia to the north across the Caspian Sea. Iran's east is bordered by Pakistan and Afghanistan, and its south is bordered by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. It is bordered on the west by Iraq and on the northwest by Turkey. Iran is the 18th largest country in the world with a population estimated at 81.16 million in 2017, which ranks 17th in the world.

Iran is home to many different cultures and religions, and Iran offers freedom to practice and carry these out in their own ways. Moreover, Iran has the fourth largest petroleum reserves and largest natural gas reserves. Iran is one of the oldest civilizations in the world dating back to 3200-2800 BC.

The largest city and capital is Tehran, which has a population of nearly 8.4 million. The larger Tehran metropolitan area has a population estimated at 14 million, which makes it the largest city in all of Western Asia and one of the three largest cities in the Middle East after Cairo and Istanbul. Tehran has a population density of 11,887 people per square kilometer (30,790/square mile).

Iran Population History

From 1880 till 1920 the population of Iran remained at 10 million or below. From 1920 on it increased steadily, and the population rate reached 20 million by 1955. Then, according to the statistics, the drastic increase made the population reach 50 million in 1985. After increasing to 60 in 1995, it grew straight up to 70 million in 2005. The population statistics graph shows how dramatically the population had been increasing from year to year, and now the population of Iran is over 78 million.

Iran Demographics

The major part (89%) of the population in Iran is Shi'a Muslim, 10% is Sunni Muslim, and the remaining 1% are Christian, Zorastrian, Baha’i and Jewish. Judaism has a very long history in the country, although the Revolution and the establishment of Israel has left just under 9,000 Jews in the country. Christians are the largest minority religion at 250,000 to 370,000. Most Christians have an Armenian origin.

Iran has one of the largest refugee populations in the world, containing more than one million refugees, mostly from Iraq and Afghanistan. Iran also has a sizeable dysporia as over 5 million Iranians emigrated to other countries following the 1979 Iranian Revolution.

Iran is a very diverse country although the Iranian government does not collect information about ethnicity through its census. The largest ethnic groups are the Persians and Azerbaijanis. About 79% of the population belong to an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group. Persians account for 61% of the population, followed by Kurds (10%), Lurs (6%), and Balochs (2%). Other ethnicities account for the remaining 21%, including the Azerbaijanis (16%), Arabs (2%), Turkmens and Turkic tribes (2%), as well as Armenians, Assyrians, and Georgians.

Iran Population Growth

The population of Iran is increasing at an alarming rate. This is also due to the people migrating from the surrounding countries (Afghanistan and Iraq) for security reasons. The population of Iran changed and increased drastically during the past years, but now it is expected to drop by 2101 according to the deputy health minister of Iran, Fatima Rakhshani.

Iran's young population is expected to reach 14 percent of the total population in 2050.

Iran Population in 2018Source: Mehrad Watson

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Iran Population Growth

Iran's population growth is expected to slow over the coming decades, although the country is predicted to hit 100 million by 2050.

About Iran

Official NameIslamic Republic of Iran
Languages SpokenPersian
BordersAFG, ARM, AZE, IRQ, PAK, TUR, TKM
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude3253
Currencies UsedIRR

Iran Population Density

Name Population
Tehran7,153,309
Mashhad2,307,177
Isfahan1,547,164
Karaj1,448,075
Tabriz1,424,641
Shiraz1,249,942
Qom900,000
Ahvaz841,145
Kahriz766,706
Kermanshah621,100
Rasht594,590
Kerman577,514
Orumiyeh577,307
Zahedan551,980
Hamadan528,256
Azadshahr514,102
Arak503,647
Yazd477,905
Ardabil410,753
Abadan370,180
Zanjan357,471
Bandar 'Abbas352,173
Sanandaj349,176
Qazvin333,635
Khorramshahr330,606
Khorramabad329,825
Khomeyni Shahr277,334
Kashan272,359
Sari255,396
Borujerd251,958
Qarchak251,834
Gorgan244,937
Sabzevar226,183
Najafabad223,450
Nishabur220,929
Nazarabad213,388
Bukan213,331
Sirjan207,645
Babol202,796
Amol199,382
Birjand196,982
Bojnurd192,041
Varamin179,603
Malayer176,573
Saveh175,533
Khvoy175,370
Bandar-e Bushehr165,377
Mahabad162,434
Saqqez151,237
Rafsanjan147,680
Ilam140,940
Miandoab132,819
Shahrud131,889
Gonbad-e Kavus131,416
Iranshahr131,232
Shahr-e Kord129,153
Torbat-e Heydariyeh125,633
Semnan124,826
Marand124,191
Zabol121,989
Quchan111,752
Masjed Soleyman111,510
Bandar-e Anzali110,826
Baneh104,799
Parsabad101,661
Shahreza100,790
Kuhdasht100,208
Bam99,268
Akbarabad98,342
Fasa98,061
Yasuj96,786
Kashmar96,151
Dogonbadan94,638
Kazerun94,511
Ahar94,348
Behshahr93,500
Aligudarz91,041
Qorveh87,953
Borazjan86,059
Salmas81,606
Bonab80,359
Shahre Jadide Andisheh80,000
Behbahan79,327
Shushtar77,507
Khomeyn77,425
Nahavand76,250
Alvand74,889
Nurabad73,528
Naqadeh73,528
Takestan71,499
Minab70,790
Abhar69,889
Dehdasht69,726
Chalus69,638
Khash69,603
Langarud68,148
Damghan67,694
Firuzabad66,558
Nurabad64,041
Darab63,319
Robat Karim62,753
Piranshahr61,973
Kamyaran61,642
Esfarayen59,678
Asadabad59,617
Zarand58,983
Torbat-e Jam58,928
Shahriar58,849
Ardakan58,834
Harsin57,647
Abadeh56,988
Malard56,745
Abyek55,128
Bijar53,871
Pishva53,856
Kangavar53,414
Bandar-e Ganaveh52,750
Borujen52,654
Shahr-e Babak52,409
Shush52,284
Meybod51,874
Sarpol-e Zahab51,611
Takab51,541
Khalkhal51,024
Oshnaviyeh50,661
Khorramdarreh50,528
Tabas49,993
Falavarjan49,843
Istgah-e Rah Ahan-e Garmsar49,491
Rehnan49,143
Neka48,847
Babolsar48,051
Azadshahr47,590
Rudsar47,502
Azna47,482
Chabahar47,287
Omidiyeh46,983
Chenaran46,940
Sarakhs46,499
Dehloran46,002
Neyriz45,506
Hashtpar45,305
Golpayegan44,916
Gonabad43,465
Sonqor43,174
Astaneh-ye Ashrafiyeh42,784
Susangerd41,443
Shahin Dezh41,442
Ravar40,167
Qa'en40,157
Nowshahr40,000
Astara39,065
Ramhormoz38,821
Javanrud38,657
Qasr-e Qand37,722
Taybad37,513
Tonekabon37,501
Dorcheh Piaz37,462
Shadegan37,220
Bardsir37,192
Mahriz36,720
Eqbaliyeh36,709
Fereydunkenar34,097
Kalaleh33,700
Kelishad va Sudarjan33,630
Dowlatabad33,607
Delijan33,508
Farrokh Shahr32,391
Qarah Zia' od Din31,947
Bafq31,215
`Ajab Shir29,675
Qahderijan29,392
Damavand29,144
Bahar28,645
Juybar28,404
Aleshtar27,701
Semirom27,220
Gerash25,316
Farsan25,071
Qeshm25,000
Darreh Shahr24,961
Bandar-e Lengeh22,768
Aghajari21,785
Khvansar21,146
Mahdishahr21,000
Kish20,922
Ramshir19,454
Taft19,394
Abdanan19,360
Paveh17,779
Hashtrud16,888
Ardestan16,058
Tafresh14,399
Mehran11,831
Fareydunshahr11,562
Sharifabad8,870
Khark8,196
Shahrak-e Pabedana6,503
Nashta Rud5,837
Shahrak-e Emam Hasan-e Mojtaba5,394
Aq Qayeh5,114

Iran Population Clock

What is the population of Iran (as of 12/12/2017)?81,554,993
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)81,162,788
Births Per Day3,541
Deaths Per Day1,000
Net Migrations Per Day -164
Net Change Per Day 2,377
Population Change Since January 1st822,442

Iran Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 16.075 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.535 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.748 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.972 years
Male Life Expectancy 74.852 years
Female Life Expectancy 77.188 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.646 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.785 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 12.533 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 14.659 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.554 years
Rate of Natural Increase 11.54
Median Age (Total) 29.4 years
Median Age (Female) 29.7 years
Median Age (Male) 29.1 years

Iran Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201781,162,78850.29%49.71%49181.13%
201579,360,48750.33%49.67%48171.25%
201074,567,51150.58%49.42%45171.15%
200570,421,81151.07%48.93%43171.26%
200066,131,85450.70%49.30%40171.77%
199560,575,64450.74%49.26%37161.50%
199056,226,18550.96%49.04%34203.50%
198547,342,70251.07%48.93%29224.13%
198038,668,22051.53%48.47%23223.39%
197532,730,55451.38%48.62%20252.80%
197028,514,01051.39%48.61%17252.70%
196524,955,11551.39%48.61%15262.64%
196021,906,90351.32%48.68%13262.57%
195519,293,99951.17%48.83%12262.42%
195017,119,26850.88%49.12%10280.00%

Iran Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202083,587,12950.26%49.74%51180.00%
202586,729,78150.19%49.81%53170.74%
203088,863,30850.13%49.87%54170.49%
203590,478,77950.07%49.93%55190.36%
204091,899,46350.03%49.97%56190.31%
204593,045,08649.99%50.01%56200.25%
205093,553,45449.97%50.03%57210.11%
205593,147,42349.96%50.04%5721-0.09%
206091,802,46249.98%50.02%5624-0.29%
206589,721,57350.03%49.97%5425-0.46%
207087,177,09950.14%49.86%5326-0.57%
207584,401,12450.29%49.71%5126-0.65%
208081,606,26050.45%49.55%5028-0.67%
208579,001,89850.58%49.42%4830-0.65%
209076,667,12750.65%49.35%4733-0.60%
209574,533,59250.66%49.34%4536-0.56%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer