Also See: Major Cities in Iran
Iran, which is also called Persia, is officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran and is located in western Asia. Adjoining Iran to the north are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia, with Kazakhstan and Russia to the north across the Caspian Sea. Iran's east is bordered by Pakistan and Afghanistan, and its south is bordered by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. It is bordered on the west by Iraq and on the northwest by Turkey. Due to its huge area, Iran is considered to be the 18th largest country of the world. It has a total population of around 7.5 million, containing many different cultures and religions, and Iran offers freedom to practice and carry these out in their own ways. Moreover, Iran has the fourth largest petroleum reserves and largest natural gas reserves. As a mountainous country, it also holds great geographical importance.
Iran Population 2013
In a 2006 survey, the population of Iran was somewhere below 69,000,000 with the estimated population growth at 1.1%. The age group of 0-14 years claims 26.1% of the population, 69% is between 15 and 64, and only 4.9% is 65 or older. Average age of females in Iran is 25, and average age of males is 24. This indicates that the majority in Iran are youth, creating a greater need for the government to provide employment for them. Life expectancy for the Iranian population at birth is approximately 70 years (68 years for Iranian males and 71 years for Iranian females).
Iran Population History
From 1880 till 1920 the population of Iran remained at 10 million or below. From 1920 on it increased steadily, and the population rate reached 20 million by 1955. Then, according to the statistics, the drastic increase made the population reach 50 million in 1985. After increasing to 60 in 1995, it grew straight up to 70 million in 2005. The population statistics graph shows how dramatically the population had been increasing from year to year, and now the population of Iran is over 75 million.
Life Expectancy in Iran
From the year 1960 to 1977 the life expectancy of Iran kept on growing steadily from 43 to 57. Then coming closer to the 1980s, life expectancy suddenly dropped to 50 and a little below 50. In 1985 it started to grow and reached 70 by the year 2000. In 2010 the life expectancy is estimated to be around 73.
The major part (89%) of the population in Iran is Shi'a Muslim, 10% is Sunni Muslim, and the remaining 1% are Christian, Zorastrian, Baha’i and Jewish. Iran's census of the population in 1956 was about 19 million. Then the population accelerated during the latter half of the 20th century and reached 75 million by 2009. However, the birth rate dropped to 1.29% in July 2012. Iran’s population rate is expected to reach 105 million by 2050.
Moreover, one of the largest refugee populations in the world, containing more than one million refugees basically from Iraq and Afghanistan, is also hosted by Iran. Due to this, since the Iranian Revolution of 1979 Iranian citizens have emigrated from Iran to other countries. The Iranian officials had been working with the UNHCR and Afghan officials so that the refugees could return to their origin.
The Iranian constitution states that the government is responsible for providing every Iranian citizen with pensions after retirement, as well as social security to people in unemployment, disability, old age, accidents, or other calamities. It is responsible to provide the citizens of Iran with health and medical services. It is all obtained from public contributions and public revenue.
Iran's health system level was ranked as 58th and its overall health system as 93rd among the world's nations in 2000 by the World Health Organization.
Future of Iran's Population
The population of Iran is increasing at an alarming rate. This is also due to the people migrating from the surrounding countries (Afghanistan and Iraq) for security reasons. The population of Iran changed and increased drastically during the past years, but now it is expected to drop by 2101 according to the deputy health minister of Iran, Fatima Rakhshani.
Iran's young population is expected to reach 14 percent of the total population in 2050. The studies project that Iran's rate of population growth will continue to slow until it stabilizes above 100 million by 2050. More than half of Iran's population was under 35 years old in 2012.