Iraq Population 2015

Iraq, or the Republic of Iraq, lies in western Asia encircling the Mesopotamian plain, the northwestern part of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern branch of the Syrian desert. Syria lies on the northwest border of Iraq, Turkey is to the north, Iran is east, and Jordan is to the west. It has a narrow coastline of about 58km at the North Persian Gulf.

The Republic of Iraq has an area of 437,072 sq km and is mainly divided into 3 sections: a desert area in the west, a mountainous area in the north, and a large fertile plain in the middle of its southern area that is fed with water by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.

In 2015, Iraq has an estimated population of 36.3 million, which ranks 38th in the world. As a whole, Iraq has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer (184/square mile). The capital and largest city, Baghdad, has a population of 9 million. It's the Arab world's second-largest city after Cairo and the second-largest city in Western Asia behind Tehran. Other major cities include Basra (pop: 2.3 million), Arbil (2 million), Sulaymaniyah (1.6 million), Mosul (1 million), and Kirkuk (1 million).

Iraq Demographics

Almost 75% of Iraq's population is made up of the dominant ethnic group -- the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs. Other major ethnic groups include the Jurds (17%), Turkmen (3%), Assyrians (2%), and Persians (2%). There are about 20,000 Marsh Arabs in the southern part of the country and a population of 2,500 Chechens. Southern Iraq is also home to a community of Iraqis of African descent, who are descended from slaves prior to the Zanj Rebellion during the 9th century. Iraq was once home to a large Iraqi Jewish population of about 150,000 during the 1940s, although virtually all have left the country.

The official language in Iraq is Arabic, which is understood almost universally, although 10-15% of the population also speaks Kurdish. Islam is by far the most common religion at 95% of the population. Non-Muslims, mostly Assyrian Christians, make up 5% of the population. The Christian community in Iraq has existed for nearly 2,000 years and most are descended from the pre-Arab Mesopotamians-Assyrians. It's believed that 65% of Muslims are Shia while the remaining 35% are Sunni. Najaf and Karbala, Iraq are two of the holiest places for Shia Muslims.

Iraq has a large diaspora and nearly 2 million Iraqis have fled since the invasion in 2003, most going to Jordan and Syria. It's believed that there are almost 2 million people displaced within Iraq. The UN said in 2007 that almost half of Iraq's middle class population had fled persecution with no plans to return. Over half of Christians have fled the country since the U.S.-led invasion with almost 59,000 granted refugee-status citizenship in the United States. Meanwhile, there are about 160,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq who have fled the Syrian civil war.

Iraq Population Clock

What is the population of Iraq (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 17,806
Deaths Per Day 2,659
Net Migrations Per Day 55
Net Change Per Day 15,202
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Iraq Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 19.31 years 157th
Crude Birth Rate 33.161 births/thousand 30th
Crude Death Rate 4.952 deaths/thousand 176th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.103 people/thousand 63rd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.02 years 126th
Life Expectancy (Male) 67.73 years 116th
Life Expectancy (Female) 72.34 years 127th
Total Fertility Rate 4.35 children/woman 29th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.006 surviving daughters/woman 19th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female 18th
Infant Mortality Rate 27.904 deaths/1,000 live births 64th
Under Five Mortality 32.633 deaths/thousand 66th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.355 years 129th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Iraq Population Growth

While Iraq has a high growth and fertility rate, the invasion has caused widespread displacement. Despite more than half a million deaths since 2003, Iraq's population has grown significantly since that time in spite of a higher death rate and an exodus of refugees. This is because Iraqi families have many children -- or 4 on average -- and infant mortality is low.

Iraq Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2015 36,423,395 18,436,977 17,986,418 83 3.04%
2010 30,868,156 15,607,757 15,260,399 71 3.187%
2005 27,017,712 13,659,932 13,357,780 62 2.5553%
2000 23,574,751 11,899,053 11,675,698 54 2.8603%
1995 20,217,759 10,200,128 10,017,631 46 3.1052%
1990 17,478,455 8,823,720 8,654,735 40 2.6783%
1985 15,576,396 7,877,894 7,698,502 35 2.2941%
1980 13,653,358 6,972,416 6,680,942 31 2.8372%
1975 11,684,585 5,960,957 5,723,628 26 3.2303%
1970 9,917,982 5,044,851 4,873,131 22 3.3504%
1965 8,375,790 4,240,108 4,135,683 19 3.2349%
1960 7,289,759 3,666,628 3,623,131 16 2.5141%
1955 6,502,655 3,251,143 3,251,512 14 2.1901%
1950 5,719,191 2,852,339 2,866,852 13 3.138%

Iraq Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 41,972,388 21,265,121 20,707,267 96 2.6703%
2025 47,797,392 24,231,651 23,565,741 110 2.5097%
2030 54,070,782 27,423,288 26,647,494 124 2.4097%
2035 60,872,925 30,874,253 29,998,672 140 2.3012%
2040 68,127,336 34,551,415 33,575,921 156 2.1769%
2045 75,758,053 38,414,026 37,344,027 174 2.0394%
2050 83,652,059 42,404,215 41,247,844 192 1.8971%
2055 91,727,537 46,480,440 45,247,097 211 1.7657%
2060 99,957,659 50,636,881 49,320,778 230 1.6517%
2065 108,330,589 54,866,946 53,463,643 249 1.5444%
2070 116,775,896 59,139,237 57,636,659 268 1.4363%
2075 125,198,711 63,404,468 61,794,243 288 1.3281%
2080 133,506,765 67,619,431 65,887,334 307 1.2204%
2085 141,607,574 71,736,217 69,871,357 326 1.116%
2090 149,427,845 75,724,007 73,703,838 344 1.0137%
2095 156,882,337 79,555,362 77,326,975 361 0.9144%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations