Iraq Population 2017

38,760,873

Iraq, or the Republic of Iraq, lies in western Asia encircling the Mesopotamian plain, the northwestern part of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern branch of the Syrian desert. Syria lies on the northwest border of Iraq, Turkey is to the north, Iran is east, and Jordan is to the west. It has a narrow coastline of about 58km at the North Persian Gulf.

The Republic of Iraq has an area of 437,072 sq km and is mainly divided into 3 sections: a desert area in the west, a mountainous area in the north, and a large fertile plain in the middle of its southern area that is fed with water by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.

Iraq has an estimated population of 38.27 million, which ranks 38th in the world. As a whole, Iraq has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer (184/square mile). The capital and largest city, Baghdad, has a population of 9 million. It's the Arab world's second-largest city after Cairo and the second-largest city in Western Asia behind Tehran. Other major cities include Basra (pop: 2.3 million), Arbil (2 million), Sulaymaniyah (1.6 million), Mosul (1 million), and Kirkuk (1 million).

Iraq Demographics

Almost 75% of Iraq's population is made up of the dominant ethnic group -- the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs. Other major ethnic groups include the Jurds (17%), Turkmen (3%), Assyrians (2%), and Persians (2%). There are about 20,000 Marsh Arabs in the southern part of the country and a population of 2,500 Chechens. Southern Iraq is also home to a community of Iraqis of African descent, who are descended from slaves prior to the Zanj Rebellion during the 9th century. Iraq was once home to a large Iraqi Jewish population of about 150,000 during the 1940s, although virtually all have left the country.

The official language in Iraq is Arabic, which is understood almost universally, although 10-15% of the population also speaks Kurdish. Islam is by far the most common religion at 95% of the population. Non-Muslims, mostly Assyrian Christians, make up 5% of the population. The Christian community in Iraq has existed for nearly 2,000 years and most are descended from the pre-Arab Mesopotamians-Assyrians. It's believed that 65% of Muslims are Shia while the remaining 35% are Sunni. Najaf and Karbala, Iraq are two of the holiest places for Shia Muslims.

Iraq has a large diaspora and nearly 2 million Iraqis have fled since the invasion in 2003, most going to Jordan and Syria. It's believed that there are almost 2 million people displaced within Iraq. The UN said in 2007 that almost half of Iraq's middle class population had fled persecution with no plans to return. Over half of Christians have fled the country since the U.S.-led invasion with almost 59,000 granted refugee-status citizenship in the United States. Meanwhile, there are about 160,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq who have fled the Syrian civil war.

Iraq Population in 2018Source: Robert Smith

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Iraq Population Growth

While Iraq has a high growth and fertility rate, the invasion has caused widespread displacement. Despite more than half a million deaths since 2003, Iraq's population has grown significantly since that time in spite of a higher death rate and an exodus of refugees. This is because Iraqi families have many children -- or 4 on average -- and infant mortality is low.

About Iraq

Official NameRepublic of Iraq
Languages SpokenArabic, Aramaic, Sorani
BordersIRN, JOR, KWT, SAU, SYR, TUR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude3344
Currencies UsedIQD

Iraq Population Density

Name Population
Baghdad5,672,513
Al Basrah2,600,000
Al Mawsil al Jadidah2,065,597
Al Basrah al Qadimah2,015,483
Mosul1,739,800
Erbil932,800
Abu Ghurayb900,000
As Sulaymaniyah723,170
Kirkuk601,433
An Najaf482,576
Karbala434,450
An Nasiriyah400,249
Al `Amarah323,302
Ad Diwaniyah318,801
Al Kut315,162
Al Hillah289,709
Dihok284,000
Ramadi274,539
Al Fallujah190,159
Samarra'158,508
As Samawah152,890
Baqubah152,550
Sinah128,776
Az Zubayr122,676
Kufa110,000
Umm Qasr107,620
Al Faw104,569
Zaxo95,052
Al Harithah92,395
Ash Shatrah82,732
Al Hayy78,272
Jamjamal75,634
Khalis70,046
Tozkhurmato59,886
Ash Shamiyah57,661
Al Hindiyah57,490
Halabjah57,333
Al Miqdadiyah50,698
Al-Hamdaniya50,000
Ar Rumaythah47,248
Koysinceq44,987
Al `Aziziyah44,751
Al Musayyib42,901
Tikrit42,477
As Suwayrah42,354
Balad42,088
Sinjar38,294
Imam Qasim36,992
Bayji36,454
Hit31,901
Hadithah30,925
Nahiyat Ghammas30,909
Nahiyat Saddat al Hindiyah30,622
Kifri30,143
Mandali29,785
Baynjiwayn27,116
Ad Dujayl26,362
Tallkayf23,524
Al Mishkhab23,189
'Aqrah23,000
Ruwandiz22,943
Nahiyat ash Shinafiyah22,643
Ar Rutbah22,370
`Afak21,888
Nahiyat al Fuhud21,551
Rawah20,580
`Anat al Qadimah19,719
`Ali al Gharbi19,711

Iraq Population Clock

What is the population of Iraq (as of 12/12/2017)?38,760,873
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)38,274,618
Births Per Day3,394
Deaths Per Day515
Net Migrations Per Day 68
Net Change Per Day 2,947
Population Change Since January 1st1,019,662

Iraq Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 32.895 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.997 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.716 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.934 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.646 years
Female Life Expectancy 72.256 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.323 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.992 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 28.352 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 33.149 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.735 years
Rate of Natural Increase 27.897
Median Age (Total) 19.9 years
Median Age (Female) 20.2 years
Median Age (Male) 19.6 years

Iraq Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201738,274,61850.62%49.38%87362.95%
201536,115,64950.60%49.40%82373.26%
201030,762,70150.54%49.46%70392.64%
200527,008,42650.54%49.46%62402.76%
200023,565,41350.45%49.55%54433.12%
199520,208,38750.43%49.57%46472.96%
199017,469,00550.46%49.54%40462.32%
198515,576,39550.58%49.42%36492.67%
198013,653,35651.07%48.93%31503.16%
197511,684,58951.02%48.98%27513.33%
19709,917,98350.87%49.13%23523.44%
19658,375,79350.62%49.38%19582.82%
19607,289,76150.30%49.70%17622.31%
19556,502,65750.00%50.00%15642.60%
19505,719,19249.87%50.13%13630.00%

Iraq Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202041,502,88550.65%49.35%95360.00%
202547,199,65350.67%49.33%108332.61%
203053,297,66650.69%49.31%122302.46%
203559,820,98450.68%49.32%136292.34%
204066,751,98450.66%49.34%152282.22%
204574,007,05050.65%49.35%169242.08%
205081,490,35950.62%49.38%186221.95%
205589,130,83550.60%49.40%203221.81%
206096,862,78550.57%49.43%221201.68%
2065104,689,91550.55%49.45%239191.57%
2070112,532,71250.53%49.47%257211.46%
2075120,327,00450.52%49.48%275201.35%
2080127,976,68350.51%49.49%292191.24%
2085135,396,93050.51%49.49%309181.13%
2090142,513,56950.52%49.48%325181.03%
2095149,251,03750.53%49.47%341180.93%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer