Iraq Population 2019

40,370,523

Iraq, or the Republic of Iraq, lies in western Asia encircling the Mesopotamian plain, the northwestern part of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern branch of the Syrian desert. Syria lies on the northwest border of Iraq, Turkey is to the north, Iran is east, and Jordan is to the west. It has a narrow coastline of about 58km at the North Persian Gulf.

Iraq Area and Population Density

The Republic of Iraq has an area of 168,754 square miles (437,072 square kilometers), and is mainly divided into 3 sections: a desert area in the west, a mountainous area in the north, and a large fertile plain in the middle of its southern area that is fed with water by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.

Iraq has an estimated population of 40.41 million, which ranks 36th in the world. As a whole, Iraq has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer (184/square mile). The capital and largest city, Baghdad, has a population of just over 6 million. It's the Arab world's second-largest city after Cairo and the second-largest city in Western Asia behind Tehran. Other major cities include Basra (pop: 2.3 million), Arbil (2 million), Sulaymaniyah (1.6 million), Mosul (1 million), and Kirkuk (1 million).

Largest Cities in Iraq

Nearly 70% of Iraq's population lives in urban areas, and they have several large cities that reflect that. The largest by far is the nation's capital, Baghdad, with a population of 9.5 million. The cities of Basra and Mosul both have populations exceeding 2 million. Erbil, Kirkuk, Sulaymaniyah, and Hilla have populations of over one million.

Iraq Demographics

Almost 75% of Iraq's population is made up of the dominant ethnic group -- the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs. Other major ethnic groups include the Jurds (17%), Turkmen (3%), Assyrians (2%), and Persians (2%). There are about 20,000 Marsh Arabs in the southern part of the country and a population of 2,500 Chechens. Southern Iraq is also home to a community of Iraqis of African descent, who are descended from slaves prior to the Zanj Rebellion during the 9th century. Iraq was once home to a large Iraqi Jewish population of about 150,000 during the 1940s, although virtually all have left the country.

The official language in Iraq is Arabic, which is understood almost universally, although 10-15% of the population also speaks Kurdish (also used in official work).

Iraq Religion, Economy and Politics

Islam is by far the most common religion at 95% of the population. Non-Muslims, mostly Assyrian Christians, make up 5% of the population. The Christian community in Iraq has existed for nearly 2,000 years and most are descended from the pre-Arab Mesopotamians-Assyrians. It's believed that 65% of Muslims are Shia while the remaining 35% are Sunni. Najaf and Karbala, Iraq are two of the holiest places for Shia Muslims.

The median age of the Iraq population is 20 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 74.9 years of age. The World Happiness Report shows a 2018 ranking of 117 with a rating of 4.45 out of a possible 10. The factors considered in this report include GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity and perceptions of corruption. The scores here indicate a strong GDP, strong social support, but low generosity and little freedom to make life choices were also indicated.

Iraq Population History

Iraq has a large diaspora and nearly 2 million Iraqis have fled since the invasion in 2003, most going to Jordan and Syria. It's believed that there are almost 2 million people displaced within Iraq. The UN said in 2007 that almost half of Iraq's middle class population had fled persecution with no plans to return. Over half of Christians have fled the country since the U.S.-led invasion with almost 59,000 granted refugee-status citizenship in the United States. Meanwhile, there are about 160,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq who have fled the Syrian civil war.

Iraq Population Growth

Iraq's population has been growing steadily despite its political turmoil and bloodshed since 9/11 in 2001. Estimates vary from between 100,000 to 1 million regarding the number of Iraqis that have died in the war with America. These numbers vary so significantly because different factors are being counted or recounted such as violent deaths, or the overall death rate before and after America invaded the country- not all of which were directly related to war.

Regardless of the war-related loss of life, the number of births still far outnumber the deaths, and hence the population has continued to increase.

Iraq Population Projections

The growth rate of Iraq's growth rate is expected to remain over 2% for at least the next 30 years. The population is predicted to be 41,502,885 in 2020, and 53,297,666 in 2030.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 25 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 131 minutes
Net gain of one person every 29 seconds

Iraq Population in 2018Source: By Robert Smith [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Iraq Population Growth

While Iraq has a high growth and fertility rate, the invasion has caused widespread displacement. Despite more than half a million deaths since 2003, Iraq's population has grown significantly since that time in spite of a higher death rate and an exodus of refugees. This is because Iraqi families have many children -- or 4 on average -- and infant mortality is low.

Official NameRepublic of Iraq
Languages SpokenArabic, Aramaic, Sorani
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude3344
Currencies UsedIraq Dinar
DemonymIraqi
Name Population Location
Baghdad7,216,000Map
Basrah2,600,000Map
Al Mawsil al Jadidah2,065,597Map
Al Basrah al Qadimah2,015,483Map
Mosul1,739,800Map
Erbil932,800Map
Abu Ghurayb900,000Map
As Sulaymaniyah723,170Map
Kirkuk601,433Map
Najaf482,576Map
Karbala434,450Map
Nasiriyah400,249Map
Al 'Amarah323,302Map
Ad Diwaniyah318,801Map
Al Kut315,162Map
Al Hillah289,709Map
Dihok284,000Map
Ramadi274,539Map
Al Fallujah190,159Map
Samarra'158,508Map

Iraq Population Clock

The population of Iraq (as of 6/16/2019)?40,370,523
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)40,412,299
Births Per Day3,505
Deaths Per Day532
Net Migrations Per Day 11
Net Change Per Day 2,984
Population Change Since January 1st498,328

Iraq Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 40,368,222

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201940,412,29950.64%49.36%92.20362.73%
201839,339,75350.63%49.37%89.75362.78%
201738,274,61850.62%49.38%87.32362.88%
201637,202,57250.61%49.39%84.88373.01%
201536,115,64950.60%49.40%82.40373.26%
201030,762,70150.54%49.46%70.18392.64%
200527,008,42650.54%49.46%61.62402.76%
200023,565,41350.45%49.55%53.76433.12%
199520,208,38750.43%49.57%46.10472.96%
199017,469,00550.46%49.54%39.85462.32%
198515,576,39550.58%49.42%35.54492.67%
198013,653,35651.07%48.93%31.15503.16%
197511,684,58951.02%48.98%26.66513.33%
19709,917,98350.87%49.13%22.63523.44%
19658,375,79350.62%49.38%19.11582.82%
19607,289,76150.30%49.70%16.63622.31%
19556,502,65750.00%50.00%14.84642.60%
19505,719,19249.87%50.13%13.05630.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202041,502,88550.65%49.35%94.69360.00%
202547,199,65350.67%49.33%107.68332.61%
203053,297,66650.69%49.31%121.60302.46%
203559,820,98450.68%49.32%136.48292.34%
204066,751,98450.66%49.34%152.29282.22%
204574,007,05050.65%49.35%168.84242.08%
205081,490,35950.62%49.38%185.92221.95%
205589,130,83550.60%49.40%203.35221.81%
206096,862,78550.57%49.43%220.99201.68%
2065104,689,91550.55%49.45%238.85191.57%
2070112,532,71250.53%49.47%256.74211.46%
2075120,327,00450.52%49.48%274.52201.35%
2080127,976,68350.51%49.49%291.97191.24%
2085135,396,93050.51%49.49%308.90181.13%
2090142,513,56950.52%49.48%325.14181.03%
2095149,251,03750.53%49.47%340.51180.93%
  1. Central organization for statistics and information technology (COSIT)
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1957, 1965, 1977, 1987 and 1997 censuses, the officially estimated population based on food ration system through July 2009, official estimated population up to 2015 and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Data by age and sex from the 2004 Iraq Living Conditions Survey, the 2006 and 2011 MICS survey, and the 2006/07 Iraq Family Health Survey were also used. The population estimates refer to the whole of Iraq, including the three northern governorates.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer