Iraq Population 2017

38,685,499

The Republic of Iraq has an area of 437,072 sq km and is mainly divided into 3 sections: a desert area in the west, a mountainous area in the north, and a large fertile plain in the middle of its southern area that is fed with water by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.

Iraq has an estimated population of 36.3 million, which ranks 38th in the world. As a whole, Iraq has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer (184/square mile). The capital and largest city, Baghdad, has a population of 9 million. It's the Arab world's second-largest city after Cairo and the second-largest city in Western Asia behind Tehran. Other major cities include Basra (pop: 2.3 million), Arbil (2 million), Sulaymaniyah (1.6 million), Mosul (1 million), and Kirkuk (1 million).

Iraq Demographics

Almost 75% of Iraq's population is made up of the dominant ethnic group -- the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs. Other major ethnic groups include the Jurds (17%), Turkmen (3%), Assyrians (2%), and Persians (2%). There are about 20,000 Marsh Arabs in the southern part of the country and a population of 2,500 Chechens. Southern Iraq is also home to a community of Iraqis of African descent, who are descended from slaves prior to the Zanj Rebellion during the 9th century. Iraq was once home to a large Iraqi Jewish population of about 150,000 during the 1940s, although virtually all have left the country.

The official language in Iraq is Arabic, which is understood almost universally, although 10-15% of the population also speaks Kurdish. Islam is by far the most common religion at 95% of the population. Non-Muslims, mostly Assyrian Christians, make up 5% of the population. The Christian community in Iraq has existed for nearly 2,000 years and most are descended from the pre-Arab Mesopotamians-Assyrians. It's believed that 65% of Muslims are Shia while the remaining 35% are Sunni. Najaf and Karbala, Iraq are two of the holiest places for Shia Muslims.

Iraq has a large diaspora and nearly 2 million Iraqis have fled since the invasion in 2003, most going to Jordan and Syria. It's believed that there are almost 2 million people displaced within Iraq. The UN said in 2007 that almost half of Iraq's middle class population had fled persecution with no plans to return. Over half of Christians have fled the country since the U.S.-led invasion with almost 59,000 granted refugee-status citizenship in the United States. Meanwhile, there are about 160,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq who have fled the Syrian civil war.

Iraq Population in 2017Source: Robert Smith

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Iraq Population Growth

While Iraq has a high growth and fertility rate, the invasion has caused widespread displacement. Despite more than half a million deaths since 2003, Iraq's population has grown significantly since that time in spite of a higher death rate and an exodus of refugees. This is because Iraqi families have many children -- or 4 on average -- and infant mortality is low.

Iraq Population Density

Name Population
Rawah13,000
'Ali al Gharbi19,711
'Anat al Qadimah19,719
Nahiyat al Fuhud21,551
'Afak21,888
Ar Rutbah22,370
Nahiyat ash Shinafiyah22,643
Ruwandiz22,943
'Aqrah23,000
Al Mishkhab23,189
Tallkayf23,524
Ad Dujayl26,362
'Anah27,000
Baynjiwayn27,116
Mandali29,785
Kifri30,143
Nahiyat Saddat al Hindiyah30,622
Nahiyat Ghammas30,909
Hadithah30,925
Hit31,901
Bayji36,454
Imam Qasim36,992
Sinjar38,294
Balad42,088
As Suwayrah42,354
Tikrit42,477
Al Musayyib42,901
Al 'Aziziyah44,751
Koysinceq44,987
Ar Rumaythah47,248
Al-Hamdaniya50,000
Al Miqdadiyah50,698
Halabjah57,333
Al Hindiyah57,490
Ash Shamiyah57,661
Tozkhurmato59,886
Khalis70,046
Jamjamal75,634
Al Hayy78,272
Ash Shatrah82,732
Al Harithah92,395
Zaxo95,052
Al Faw104,569
Umm Qasr107,620
Kufa110,000
Az Zubayr122,676
Sinah128,776
Baqubah152,550
As Samawah152,890
Samarra'158,508
Al Fallujah190,159
Ramadi274,539
Dihok284,000
Al Hillah289,709
Al Kut315,162
Ad Diwaniyah318,801
Al 'Amarah323,302
An Nasiriyah400,249
Karbala434,450
Najaf482,576
Kirkuk601,433
As Sulaymaniyah723,170
Abu Ghurayb900,000
Erbil932,800
Mosul1,739,800
Al Basrah al Qadimah2,015,483
Al Mawsil al Jadidah2,065,597
Basrah2,600,000
Baghdad7,216,000

About Iraq

Official NameRepublic of Iraq
Languages SpokenSorani, Aramaic, Arabic
BordersIRN, JOR, KWT, SAU, SYR, TUR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude3344
Currencies UsedIQD

Iraq Population Clock

What is the population of Iraq (as of August 21, 2017)?38,685,499
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)38654287
Births Per Day706
Deaths Per Day105
Net Migrations Per Day 11
Net Change Per Day 612
Population Change Since January 1st141,984

Iraq Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 33.412 births/thousand30
Crude Death Rate 4.978 deaths/thousand182
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.103 people/thousand68
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.951 years133
Male Life Expectancy 67.719 years123
Female Life Expectancy 72.216 years134
Total Fertility Rate 4.394 children/woman28
Net Reproduction Rate 2.006 surviving daughters/woman19
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female18
Infant Mortality Rate 28.481 deaths/1,000 live births66
Under Five Mortality 33.305 deaths/thousand68
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.355 years138
Rate of Natural Increase 28.209 16
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.576 %128
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.685 %121
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.395 %132
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 19.241 %124
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 22.81 %120
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 15.712 %134
Crude Suicide Rate 1.1 suicides/thousand163
Median Age (Total) 19.9 years178
Median Age (Female) 20.2 years178
Median Age (Male) 19.6 years176

Iraq Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201738,654,28750.639%49.361%891172.8%36
201536,423,39550.619%49.381%831213.04%37
201030,868,15650.563%49.437%711283.19%39
200527,017,71250.559%49.441%621342.56%40
200023,574,75150.474%49.526%541372.86%43
199520,217,75950.451%49.549%461423.11%47
199017,478,45550.483%49.517%401452.68%46
198515,576,39650.576%49.424%351442.29%49
198013,653,35851.067%48.933%311452.84%50
197511,684,58551.016%48.984%261473.23%51
19709,917,98250.866%49.134%221493.35%52
19658,375,79050.623%49.377%191493.23%58
19607,289,75950.298%49.702%161512.51%62
19556,502,65549.997%50.003%141512.19%64
19505,719,19149.873%50.127%131483.14%63

Iraq Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202041,972,38850.665%49.335%961142.67%36
202547,797,39250.697%49.303%1101002.51%32
203054,070,78250.717%49.283%124952.41%30
203560,872,92550.719%49.281%140912.3%29
204068,127,33650.716%49.284%156862.18%26
204575,758,05350.706%49.294%174842.04%23
205083,652,05950.691%49.309%192781.9%22
205591,727,53750.672%49.328%211761.77%21
206099,957,65950.658%49.342%230731.65%20
2065108,330,58950.648%49.352%249711.54%20
2070116,775,89650.643%49.357%268611.44%19
2075125,198,71150.643%49.357%288551.33%18
2080133,506,76550.649%49.351%307521.22%18
2085141,607,57450.658%49.342%326501.12%18
2090149,427,84550.676%49.324%344491.01%17
2095156,882,33750.71%49.29%361470.91%16
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations