Iraq Population 2016

Iraq, or the Republic of Iraq, lies in western Asia encircling the Mesopotamian plain, the northwestern part of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern branch of the Syrian desert. Syria lies on the northwest border of Iraq, Turkey is to the north, Iran is east, and Jordan is to the west. It has a narrow coastline of about 58km at the North Persian Gulf.

The Republic of Iraq has an area of 437,072 sq km and is mainly divided into 3 sections: a desert area in the west, a mountainous area in the north, and a large fertile plain in the middle of its southern area that is fed with water by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.

In 2015, Iraq has an estimated population of 36.3 million, which ranks 38th in the world. As a whole, Iraq has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer (184/square mile). The capital and largest city, Baghdad, has a population of 9 million. It's the Arab world's second-largest city after Cairo and the second-largest city in Western Asia behind Tehran. Other major cities include Basra (pop: 2.3 million), Arbil (2 million), Sulaymaniyah (1.6 million), Mosul (1 million), and Kirkuk (1 million).

Iraq Demographics

Almost 75% of Iraq's population is made up of the dominant ethnic group -- the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs. Other major ethnic groups include the Jurds (17%), Turkmen (3%), Assyrians (2%), and Persians (2%). There are about 20,000 Marsh Arabs in the southern part of the country and a population of 2,500 Chechens. Southern Iraq is also home to a community of Iraqis of African descent, who are descended from slaves prior to the Zanj Rebellion during the 9th century. Iraq was once home to a large Iraqi Jewish population of about 150,000 during the 1940s, although virtually all have left the country.

The official language in Iraq is Arabic, which is understood almost universally, although 10-15% of the population also speaks Kurdish. Islam is by far the most common religion at 95% of the population. Non-Muslims, mostly Assyrian Christians, make up 5% of the population. The Christian community in Iraq has existed for nearly 2,000 years and most are descended from the pre-Arab Mesopotamians-Assyrians. It's believed that 65% of Muslims are Shia while the remaining 35% are Sunni. Najaf and Karbala, Iraq are two of the holiest places for Shia Muslims.

Iraq has a large diaspora and nearly 2 million Iraqis have fled since the invasion in 2003, most going to Jordan and Syria. It's believed that there are almost 2 million people displaced within Iraq. The UN said in 2007 that almost half of Iraq's middle class population had fled persecution with no plans to return. Over half of Christians have fled the country since the U.S.-led invasion with almost 59,000 granted refugee-status citizenship in the United States. Meanwhile, there are about 160,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq who have fled the Syrian civil war.

  • US Population Rank 37
  • % of World Pop 0.54%
  • Density 86

Iraq Population Clock

What is the population of Iraq (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 17,806
Deaths Per Day 2,659
Net Migrations Per Day 55
Net Change Per Day 15,202
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Iraq Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 33.161 births/thousand 30th
Crude Death Rate 4.952 deaths/thousand 176th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.103 people/thousand 63rd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.02 years 126th
Life Expectancy (Male) 67.73 years 116th
Life Expectancy (Female) 72.34 years 127th
Total Fertility Rate 4.35 children/woman 29th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.006 surviving daughters/woman 19th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female 18th
Infant Mortality Rate 27.904 deaths/1,000 live births 64th
Under Five Mortality 32.633 deaths/thousand 66th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.355 years 129th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Iraq Population Growth

While Iraq has a high growth and fertility rate, the invasion has caused widespread displacement. Despite more than half a million deaths since 2003, Iraq's population has grown significantly since that time in spite of a higher death rate and an exodus of refugees. This is because Iraqi families have many children -- or 4 on average -- and infant mortality is low.

Iraq Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 37,547,686 50.6% 49.4% 86 94 2.9% 37
2015 36,423,395 50.6% 49.4% 83 96 3.04% 37
2010 30,868,156 50.6% 49.4% 71 103 3.19% 39
2005 27,017,712 50.6% 49.4% 62 109 2.56% 40
2000 23,574,751 50.5% 49.5% 54 112 2.86% 43
1995 20,217,759 50.5% 49.5% 46 116 3.11% 47
1990 17,478,455 50.5% 49.5% 40 119 2.68% 46
1985 15,576,396 50.6% 49.4% 35 118 2.29% 49
1980 13,653,358 51.1% 48.9% 31 119 2.84% 50
1975 11,684,585 51% 49% 26 120 3.23% 51
1970 9,917,982 50.9% 49.1% 22 120 3.35% 52
1965 8,375,790 50.6% 49.4% 19 120 3.23% 58
1960 7,289,759 50.3% 49.7% 16 121 2.51% 62
1955 6,502,655 50% 50% 14 121 2.19% 64
1950 5,719,191 49.9% 50.1% 13 118 3.14% 63

Iraq Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 41,972,388 50.7% 49.3% 96 91 2.67% 36
2025 47,797,392 50.7% 49.3% 110 77 2.51% 32
2030 54,070,782 50.7% 49.3% 124 73 2.41% 30
2035 60,872,925 50.7% 49.3% 140 69 2.3% 29
2040 68,127,336 50.7% 49.3% 156 65 2.18% 26
2045 75,758,053 50.7% 49.3% 174 64 2.04% 23
2050 83,652,059 50.7% 49.3% 192 60 1.9% 22
2055 91,727,537 50.7% 49.3% 211 58 1.77% 21
2060 99,957,659 50.7% 49.3% 230 55 1.65% 20
2065 108,330,589 50.6% 49.4% 249 53 1.54% 20
2070 116,775,896 50.6% 49.4% 268 45 1.44% 19
2075 125,198,711 50.6% 49.4% 288 41 1.33% 18
2080 133,506,765 50.6% 49.4% 307 39 1.22% 18
2085 141,607,574 50.7% 49.3% 326 37 1.12% 18
2090 149,427,845 50.7% 49.3% 344 36 1.01% 17
2095 156,882,337 50.7% 49.3% 361 34 0.91% 16
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations