Ireland Population 2017

4,752,609

Ireland's 2016 population is estimated at just over 4.7 million, according to the most recent UN projections. When discussing the population of Ireland, it’s important to make a distinction between two territories that are separated politically. Geographically speaking, the term "Ireland" relates to both the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland.

The most recent Ireland census was taken in 2011, which recorded the total count as 4,588,252. This represented an 8.2% increase from the 2006 numbers. The most recent census was taken in 2016, but the final results are still being tabulated. Preliminary results put the total population at 4,757,976, which is a bit higher than the UN projections. The final results will be released in 2017.

The island of Ireland is located in the North Atlantic, and is the 3rd largest island in Europe with an area of 84,421 square kilometers. The Republic of Ireland covers 5/6 of the island while Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom, covers the rest of the island.

The capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin, which has an urban population of 1.11 million. Dublin was originally founded as part of a Viking settlement, becoming the nation's principal city after the Norman invasion.

Ireland Demographics

Ireland has been inhabited for more than 9,000 years by groups like the Riata, Laigin, and Cruthin. Over the last 1,200 years, the island has been inhabited by the Vikings, Normans, Welsh, Scots, English, Africans, South Americans, and Eastern Europeans.

The largest religion in the country is Christianity, particularly Roman Catholics, which account for more than 84% of the population of the Republic of Ireland. There is a small but rapidly growing population of Muslim people due to immigration. About 4% of the Republic of Ireland has no religion, compared to 14% in Northern Ireland. There is also a small Jewish population.

There is a massive Irish diaspora in the United States, England, Canada, and Australia with more than 5 million Canadians (15% of the population) of Irish descent. There are about 34.5 million Americans with Irish ancestry.

The Republic of Ireland has been a popular destination for immigrants for the last 50 years, particularly immigrants from Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and the Czech Republic. In 2006, 10% of the population (420,000 people) were foreign nationals, while 24% of births were to mothers born outside of the country. A 2015 study showed that almost 1 in 8 people living in Ireland were born abroad.

Ireland Population History

The Republic of Ireland gained its independence from Great Britain in the early part of the 20th century. After a failed uprising in 1916, Irish nationalist parliamentarians formed their own government three years later.

A guerrilla war undertaken by the Irish Republican Army then followed and the independent state of the Republic of Ireland was finally ratified by the British government with the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1922.

The rise in population from 2002 to 2006 showed that the annual growth rate of 2% was the highest since records began. That was ultimately responsible for the increase in numbers of 322,645 in the four years from 2002.

The official figures from the 2011 Census showed that the growth has continued and there were 341,421 more citizens living in the Republic of Ireland in 2011 than there were in 2006.

This increase is a little inconsistent within Ireland itself, however, and while Dublin and other urban areas are enjoying sustained growth, more rural regions are actually experiencing a decline in population.

Ireland Population in 2017Source: Macnolete

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ireland Population Growth

Ireland continues to grow at a steady rate, albeit much slower than in the previous decade. In both the 1970s and 2000s, Ireland saw periods of rapid growth.

In the 1840s, prior to the Irish Potato Famine, the population of Ireland was as high as 6.5 million, much higher than today. As a result, the number of Irish expatriates dwarfs the resident Irish population.

Ireland is projected to continue it's growth throughout the 21st century at a moderate rate.

About Ireland

Official NameRepublic of Ireland
Languages SpokenIrish, English
BordersGBR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude53-8
Currencies UsedEUR

Ireland Population Density

Name Population
Blessington5,010
Loughrea5,062
Dollymount5,070
Killester5,099
Sallins5,283
Chapelizod5,296
Artane5,328
Eadestown5,346
Confey5,389
Roscrea5,403
Bandon5,492
Nenagh5,500
Kilcock5,533
Buncrana5,546
Monkstown5,555
Darndale5,667
Roscommon5,693
Carrick-on-Suir5,710
Kinsealy-Drinan5,814
Hartstown5,882
Monaghan5,937
Gorey6,040
Tuam6,130
Westport6,200
Ballymun6,262
Newcastle West6,327
Cherryville6,380
Cavan6,388
Ballinasloe6,388
Bray6,477
Dalkey6,622
Nenagh Bridge6,672
New Ross6,695
Clane6,702
Donabate6,778
Newtown Trim6,781
Firhouse6,859
Youghal6,868
Greenhills6,876
Sallynoggin6,916
Dunboyne6,959
Lusk7,022
Templeogue7,023
Booterstown7,142
Raheny7,197
Palmerstown7,197
Cill Airne7,300
Dungarvan7,551
Thurles7,588
Donnycarney7,660
Terenure7,674
Longford7,787
Portarlington7,788
Mount Merrion7,846
Cherry Orchard7,924
Little Bray8,015
Baldoyle8,043
Kildare8,142
Ringsend8,202
Castleknock8,301
Rathgar8,394
Ballinteer8,547
Ballyfermot8,558
Beaumont8,609
Blackrock8,821
Midleton8,891
Sandymount8,967
Ratoath9,043
Balally9,051
Tra Mhor9,164
An Ros9,231
Portmarnock9,285
Mallow9,495
Ballyboden9,611
Skerries9,671
Shannon9,673
Enniscorthy9,709
Oldbawn9,784
Derry10,000
Cabinteely10,038
Ballina10,087
Shankill10,102
Cobh10,501
Donnybrook10,645
Jobstown10,825
Laytown10,889
Marino11,023
Rathmines11,044
Crumlin11,294
Ashbourne11,355
Tullamore11,575
Arklow11,761
Dundrum12,152
Maynooth12,510
Athy12,855
Foxrock12,870
Castlebar12,874
Greystones13,492
Portlaoise13,622
Wicklow14,048
Clondalkin14,508
Knocklyon14,628
Carrigaline14,775
Kilquade14,886
Lucan15,269
Donaghmede15,299
Leixlip15,452
Malahide15,846
Athlone15,951
Blanchardstown16,511
Letterkenny16,901
An Muileann gCearr17,262
Cluain Meala17,394
Droichead Nua18,860
Celbridge19,537
Finglas19,768
Loch Garman19,913
Carlow20,055
Sligo20,228
Naas20,713
Kilkenny21,589
Sandyford22,288
Tralee22,941
Balbriggan23,364
Ennis24,427
Navan24,545
Dundalk33,428
Drogheda33,441
Swords36,924
Waterford47,904
Tallaght64,282
Gaillimh70,686
Luimneach90,054
Dun Laoghaire185,400
Cork190,384
Dublin1,024,027

Ireland Population Clock

What is the population of Ireland (as of 10/16/2017)?4,752,609
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4,749,153
Births Per Day36
Deaths Per Day17
Net Migrations Per Day 13
Net Change Per Day 32
Population Change Since January 1st9,248

Ireland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 13.594 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.516 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.983 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.431 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.429 years
Female Life Expectancy 83.439 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.001 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.962 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.46 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.001 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.242 years
Rate of Natural Increase 6.79
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.731%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.276%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.172%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 6.447%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.768%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.097%
Median Age (Total) 36.4 years
Median Age (Female) 36.8 years
Median Age (Male) 36.1 years

Ireland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20174,749,15349.93%50.07%690.87%
20154,688,46549.91%50.09%680.54%
20104,617,33449.83%50.17%670.76%
20054,203,70049.94%50.06%612.12%
20003,841,57449.73%50.27%561.55%
19953,645,33349.68%50.32%530.77%
19903,563,10649.79%50.21%520.20%
19853,560,22550.03%49.97%520.17%
19803,431,07850.24%49.76%501.10%
19753,180,80550.24%49.76%461.66%
19702,947,33950.21%49.79%431.24%
19652,857,10450.24%49.76%410.43%
19602,819,05950.30%49.70%41-0.08%
19552,899,05550.63%49.37%42-0.60%
19502,913,09350.87%49.13%420.28%

Ireland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20204,874,29249.95%50.05%710.77%
20255,048,45749.95%50.05%730.64%
20305,204,06249.96%50.04%760.59%
20355,360,28749.99%50.01%780.59%
20405,518,94150.02%49.98%800.56%
20455,667,02750.06%49.94%820.47%
20505,789,25350.09%49.91%840.35%
20555,878,99950.11%49.89%850.25%
20605,943,17350.14%49.86%860.19%
20655,996,50850.18%49.82%870.17%
20706,050,06650.24%49.76%880.18%
20756,107,45350.31%49.69%890.20%
20806,170,02650.38%49.62%900.21%
20856,234,17750.43%49.57%900.20%
20906,293,36850.44%49.56%910.17%
20956,340,29450.41%49.59%920.12%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. Ireland Central Statistics Office
  3. 2016 Preliminary Census Results