Ireland Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Ireland's 2016 population is estimated at just over 4.7 million, according to the most recent UN projections. When discussing the population of Ireland, it’s important to make a distinction between two territories that are separated politically. Geographically speaking, the term "Ireland" relates to both the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland.

The most recent Ireland census was taken in 2011, which recorded the total count as 4,588,252. This represented an 8.2% increase from the 2006 numbers. The most recent census was taken in 2016, but the final results are still being tabulated. Preliminary results put the total population at 4,757,976, which is a bit higher than the UN projections. The final results will be released in 2017.

The island of Ireland is located in the North Atlantic, and is the 3rd largest island in Europe with an area of 84,421 square kilometers. The Republic of Ireland covers 5/6 of the island while Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom, covers the rest of the island.

The capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin, which has an urban population of 1.11 million. Dublin was originally founded as part of a Viking settlement, becoming the nation's principal city after the Norman invasion.

Ireland Demographics

Ireland has been inhabited for more than 9,000 years by groups like the Riata, Laigin, and Cruthin. Over the last 1,200 years, the island has been inhabited by the Vikings, Normans, Welsh, Scots, English, Africans, South Americans, and Eastern Europeans.

The largest religion in the country is Christianity, particularly Roman Catholics, which account for more than 84% of the population of the Republic of Ireland. There is a small but rapidly growing population of Muslim people due to immigration. About 4% of the Republic of Ireland has no religion, compared to 14% in Northern Ireland. There is also a small Jewish population.

There is a massive Irish diaspora in the United States, England, Canada, and Australia with more than 5 million Canadians (15% of the population) of Irish descent. There are about 34.5 million Americans with Irish ancestry.

The Republic of Ireland has been a popular destination for immigrants for the last 50 years, particularly immigrants from Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and the Czech Republic. In 2006, 10% of the population (420,000 people) were foreign nationals, while 24% of births were to mothers born outside of the country. A 2015 study showed that almost 1 in 8 people living in Ireland were born abroad.

Ireland Population History

The Republic of Ireland gained its independence from Great Britain in the early part of the 20th century. After a failed uprising in 1916, Irish nationalist parliamentarians formed their own government three years later.

A guerrilla war undertaken by the Irish Republican Army then followed and the independent state of the Republic of Ireland was finally ratified by the British government with the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1922.

The rise in population from 2002 to 2006 showed that the annual growth rate of 2% was the highest since records began. That was ultimately responsible for the increase in numbers of 322,645 in the four years from 2002.

The official figures from the 2011 Census showed that the growth has continued and there were 341,421 more citizens living in the Republic of Ireland in 2011 than there were in 2006.

This increase is a little inconsistent within Ireland itself, however, and while Dublin and other urban areas are enjoying sustained growth, more rural regions are actually experiencing a decline in population.

Ireland  Population in 2016 Source: Macnolete

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ireland Population Growth

Ireland continues to grow at a steady rate, albeit much slower than in the previous decade. In both the 1970s and 2000s, Ireland saw periods of rapid growth.

In the 1840s, prior to the Irish Potato Famine, the population of Ireland was as high as 6.5 million, much higher than today. As a result, the number of Irish expatriates dwarfs the resident Irish population.

Ireland is projected to continue it's growth throughout the 21st century at a moderate rate.

Ireland Population Density

About Ireland

Official Name Republic of Ireland
Languages Spoken English, Irish
Borders GBR
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 53,-8
Currencies Used EUR

Ireland Population Clock

What is the population of Ireland (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 36
Deaths Per Day 17
Net Migrations Per Day 13
Net Change Per Day 32
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Ireland Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.023 births/thousand 133rd
Crude Death Rate 6.473 deaths/thousand 135th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.983 people/thousand 49th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.24 years 25th
Life Expectancy (Male) 79.201 years 20th
Life Expectancy (Female) 83.286 years 33rd
Total Fertility Rate 2.004 children/woman 122nd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.962 surviving daughters/woman 116th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female 28th
Infant Mortality Rate 2.544 deaths/1,000 live births 190th
Under Five Mortality 3.102 deaths/thousand 189th
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.242 years 18th
Rate of Natural Increase 6.79 136th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.731% 27th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.276% 33rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.172% 25th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 6.447% 27th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.768% 33rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.097% 25th
Crude Suicide Rate 11.5 suicides/thousand 55th
Median Age (Total) 36.4 years 64th
Median Age (Female) 36.8 years 67th
Median Age (Male) 36.1 years 63rd

Ireland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 4,713,992 49.925% 50.075% 68 139 0.74% 124
2015 4,688,465 49.912% 50.088% 68 139 0.54% 122
2010 4,617,334 49.833% 50.167% 67 135 0.76% 119
2005 4,203,700 49.944% 50.056% 61 136 2.12% 121
2000 3,841,574 49.731% 50.269% 55 134 1.55% 122
1995 3,645,333 49.681% 50.319% 52 136 0.77% 122
1990 3,563,106 49.786% 50.214% 51 129 0.2% 120
1985 3,560,225 50.027% 49.973% 51 122 0.17% 117
1980 3,431,078 50.235% 49.765% 49 118 1.1% 112
1975 3,180,805 50.244% 49.756% 46 116 1.66% 111
1970 2,947,339 50.21% 49.79% 42 115 1.24% 108
1965 2,857,104 50.237% 49.763% 41 111 0.43% 107
1960 2,819,059 50.302% 49.698% 40 107 -0.08% 103
1955 2,899,055 50.634% 49.366% 42 104 -0.6% 95
1950 2,913,093 50.873% 49.127% 42 100 0.28% 90

Ireland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 4,874,292 49.946% 50.054% 70 141 0.77% 125
2025 5,048,457 49.952% 50.048% 73 140 0.64% 127
2030 5,204,062 49.965% 50.035% 75 142 0.59% 127
2035 5,360,286 49.989% 50.011% 77 143 0.59% 126
2040 5,518,941 50.023% 49.977% 80 143 0.56% 124
2045 5,667,026 50.059% 49.941% 82 145 0.47% 124
2050 5,789,253 50.09% 49.91% 84 146 0.35% 123
2055 5,878,999 50.115% 49.885% 85 147 0.25% 123
2060 5,943,173 50.142% 49.858% 86 144 0.19% 124
2065 5,996,508 50.181% 49.819% 87 141 0.17% 124
2070 6,050,066 50.236% 49.764% 87 141 0.18% 123
2075 6,107,453 50.309% 49.691% 88 136 0.2% 122
2080 6,170,026 50.385% 49.615% 89 136 0.21% 119
2085 6,234,177 50.433% 49.567% 90 135 0.2% 119
2090 6,293,368 50.438% 49.562% 91 132 0.17% 119
2095 6,340,294 50.414% 49.586% 92 132 0.12% 119
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. Ireland Central Statistics Office
  3. 2016 Preliminary Census Results