Ireland Population 2017

4,776,672

Ireland's 2017 population is estimated at just over 4.76 million, according to the most recent UN projections. When discussing the population of Ireland, it’s important to make a distinction between two territories that are separated politically. Geographically speaking, the term "Ireland" relates to both the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland.

The most recent Ireland census was taken in 2011, which recorded the total count as 4,588,252. This represented an 8.2% increase from the 2006 numbers. The most recent census was taken in 2016, but the final results are still being tabulated. Preliminary results put the total population at 4,757,976, which is a bit higher than the UN projections.

The island of Ireland is located in the North Atlantic, and is the 3rd largest island in Europe with an area of 84,421 square kilometers. The Republic of Ireland covers 5/6 of the island while Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom, covers the rest of the island.

The capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin, which has an urban population of 1.11 million. Dublin was originally founded as part of a Viking settlement, becoming the nation's principal city after the Norman invasion.

Ireland Demographics

Ireland has been inhabited for more than 9,000 years by groups like the Riata, Laigin, and Cruthin. Over the last 1,200 years, the island has been inhabited by the Vikings, Normans, Welsh, Scots, English, Africans, South Americans, and Eastern Europeans.

The largest religion in the country is Christianity, particularly Roman Catholics, which account for more than 84% of the population of the Republic of Ireland. There is a small but rapidly growing population of Muslim people due to immigration. About 4% of the Republic of Ireland has no religion, compared to 14% in Northern Ireland. There is also a small Jewish population.

There is a massive Irish diaspora in the United States, England, Canada, and Australia with more than 5 million Canadians (15% of the population) of Irish descent. There are about 34.5 million Americans with Irish ancestry.

The Republic of Ireland has been a popular destination for immigrants for the last 50 years, particularly immigrants from Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and the Czech Republic. In 2006, 10% of the population (420,000 people) were foreign nationals, while 24% of births were to mothers born outside of the country. A 2015 study showed that almost 1 in 8 people living in Ireland were born abroad.

Ireland Population History

The Republic of Ireland gained its independence from Great Britain in the early part of the 20th century. After a failed uprising in 1916, Irish nationalist parliamentarians formed their own government three years later.

A guerrilla war undertaken by the Irish Republican Army then followed and the independent state of the Republic of Ireland was finally ratified by the British government with the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1922.

The rise in population from 2002 to 2006 showed that the annual growth rate of 2% was the highest since records began. That was ultimately responsible for the increase in numbers of 322,645 in the four years from 2002.

The official figures from the 2011 Census showed that the growth has continued and there were 341,421 more citizens living in the Republic of Ireland in 2011 than there were in 2006.

This increase is a little inconsistent within Ireland itself, however, and while Dublin and other urban areas are enjoying sustained growth, more rural regions are actually experiencing a decline in population.

Ireland Population in 2018Source: Macnolete

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Ireland Population Growth

Ireland continues to grow at a steady rate, albeit much slower than in the previous decade. In both the 1970s and 2000s, Ireland saw periods of rapid growth.

In the 1840s, prior to the Irish Potato Famine, the population of Ireland was as high as 6.5 million, much higher than today. As a result, the number of Irish expatriates dwarfs the resident Irish population.

Ireland is projected to continue it's growth throughout the 21st century at a moderate rate.

About Ireland

Official NameRepublic of Ireland
Languages SpokenIrish, English
BordersGBR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude53-8
Currencies UsedEUR

Ireland Population Density

Name Population
Dublin1,024,027
Cork190,384
Dun Laoghaire185,400
Luimneach90,054
Gaillimh70,686
Tallaght64,282
Waterford47,904
Swords36,924
Drogheda33,441
Dundalk33,428
Navan24,545
Ennis24,427
Balbriggan23,364
Tralee22,941
Sandyford22,288
Kilkenny21,589
Naas20,713
Sligo20,228
Carlow20,055
Loch Garman19,913
Finglas19,768
Celbridge19,537
Droichead Nua18,860
Cluain Meala17,394
An Muileann gCearr17,262
Letterkenny16,901
Blanchardstown16,511
Athlone15,951
Malahide15,846
Leixlip15,452
Donaghmede15,299
Lucan15,269
Kilquade14,886
Carrigaline14,775
Knocklyon14,628
Clondalkin14,508
Wicklow14,048
Portlaoise13,622
Greystones13,492
Castlebar12,874
Foxrock12,870
Athy12,855
Maynooth12,510
Dundrum12,152
Arklow11,761
Tullamore11,575
Ashbourne11,355
Crumlin11,294
Rathmines11,044
Marino11,023
Laytown10,889
Jobstown10,825
Donnybrook10,645
Cobh10,501
Shankill10,102
Ballina10,087
Cabinteely10,038
Derry10,000
Oldbawn9,784
Enniscorthy9,709
Shannon9,673
Skerries9,671
Ballyboden9,611
Mallow9,495
Portmarnock9,285
An Ros9,231
Tra Mhor9,164
Balally9,051
Ratoath9,043
Sandymount8,967
Midleton8,891
Blackrock8,821
Beaumont8,609
Ballyfermot8,558
Ballinteer8,547
Rathgar8,394
Castleknock8,301
Ringsend8,202
Kildare8,142
Baldoyle8,043
Little Bray8,015
Cherry Orchard7,924
Mount Merrion7,846
Portarlington7,788
Longford7,787
Terenure7,674
Donnycarney7,660
Thurles7,588
Dungarvan7,551
Cill Airne7,300
Palmerstown7,197
Raheny7,197
Booterstown7,142
Templeogue7,023
Lusk7,022
Dunboyne6,959
Sallynoggin6,916
Greenhills6,876
Youghal6,868
Firhouse6,859
Newtown Trim6,781
Donabate6,778
Clane6,702
New Ross6,695
Nenagh Bridge6,672
Dalkey6,622
Bray6,477
Ballinasloe6,388
Cavan6,388
Cherryville6,380
Newcastle West6,327
Ballymun6,262
Westport6,200
Tuam6,130
Gorey6,040
Monaghan5,937
Hartstown5,882
Kinsealy-Drinan5,814
Carrick-on-Suir5,710
Roscommon5,693
Darndale5,667
Monkstown5,555
Buncrana5,546
Kilcock5,533
Nenagh5,500
Bandon5,492
Roscrea5,403
Confey5,389
Eadestown5,346
Artane5,328
Chapelizod5,296
Sallins5,283
Killester5,099
Dollymount5,070
Loughrea5,062
Blessington5,010

Ireland Population Clock

What is the population of Ireland (as of 12/12/2017)?4,776,672
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4,761,657
Births Per Day181
Deaths Per Day85
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 91
Population Change Since January 1st31,486

Ireland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 13.842 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.528 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.417 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.538 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.562 years
Female Life Expectancy 83.52 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.983 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.956 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.272 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.69 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.435 years
Rate of Natural Increase 7.314
Median Age (Total) 36.4 years
Median Age (Female) 36.8 years
Median Age (Male) 36.1 years

Ireland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20174,761,65749.60%50.40%681230.65%
20154,700,10749.60%50.40%671220.31%
20104,626,92849.82%50.18%661181.89%
20054,212,97749.95%50.05%601211.82%
20003,848,77649.74%50.26%551221.06%
19953,651,54549.68%50.32%521220.46%
19903,569,25749.79%50.21%511200.02%
19853,564,95950.02%49.98%511170.75%
19803,434,95350.23%49.77%491111.53%
19753,184,12650.24%49.76%451111.54%
19702,949,99850.20%49.80%421080.62%
19652,859,95550.23%49.77%411070.27%
19602,822,11050.30%49.70%40103-0.54%
19552,899,78450.63%49.37%4195-0.09%
19502,913,09350.87%49.13%41910.00%

Ireland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,887,99249.65%50.35%701260.00%
20255,063,87649.66%50.34%721270.71%
20305,219,95149.68%50.32%741270.61%
20355,374,33849.71%50.29%761250.58%
20405,530,56149.76%50.24%791250.57%
20455,677,66949.81%50.19%811240.53%
20505,801,39949.85%50.15%831240.43%
20555,892,22149.89%50.11%841240.31%
20605,955,71249.93%50.07%851230.21%
20656,004,95449.99%50.01%851230.16%
20706,052,15250.07%49.93%861230.16%
20756,107,23150.18%49.82%871230.18%
20806,173,35750.28%49.72%881220.22%
20856,245,24450.34%49.66%891210.23%
20906,311,39050.35%49.65%901210.21%
20956,360,53350.33%49.67%911210.16%