Island Countries 2019

An island country is a country that is made up of one or more islands, or land that is surrounded completely by water. Island nations are very unique because of their locations. The main supply of food is fish, and these countries rely heavily on imports from continental nations.

The economies of island nations are also different. Because they are more isolated from trade and economy and have to face such challenges as high shipping costs, these countries typically have very small economies and are significantly impacted by global changes in the economy.

Most island nations have very small populations, although there are some exceptions, such as Japan. There are many island nations around the world. The largest by population is Indonesia, which has a population of over 255 million people. Indonesia is also the largest island country by area.

The second largest island country in the world is Japan, which has a population of over 127 million. There is one additional island country with a population exceeding 100 million, and that nation is the Philippines.

These aren’t the only island countries. All island countries in the world, in order of largest population, are:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Indonesia270,625,5681,904,569 km²735,164 mi²1.28%1.10%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
2Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
3Philippines108,116,615342,353 km²132,148 mi²0.23%1.37%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
4United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
5Madagascar26,969,307587,041 km²226,598 mi²0.40%2.69%AfricaEastern Africa
6Taiwan23,773,87636,193 km²13,970 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AsiaEastern Asia
7Sri Lanka21,323,73365,610 km²25,325 mi²< 0.1%0.45%AsiaSouthern Asia
8Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²42,415 mi²< 0.1%-0.04%AmericasCaribbean
9Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²10,712 mi²< 0.1%1.26%AmericasCaribbean
10Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²18,787 mi²< 0.1%1.05%AmericasCaribbean
11Papua New Guinea8,776,109462,840 km²178,656 mi²0.31%1.97%OceaniaMelanesia
12Singapore5,804,337710 km²274 mi²< 0.1%0.81%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
13Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²27,125 mi²< 0.1%1.32%EuropeNorthern Europe
14New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²104,400 mi²0.18%0.84%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
15Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²4,243 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AmericasCaribbean
16Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia
17Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%0.37%AmericasCaribbean
18Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²787 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AfricaEastern Africa
19Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²3,571 mi²< 0.1%0.78%EuropeEastern Europe
20Fiji889,95318,272 km²7,053 mi²< 0.1%0.73%OceaniaMelanesia
21Comoros850,8861,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%2.23%AfricaEastern Africa
22Solomon Islands669,82328,896 km²11,154 mi²< 0.1%2.60%OceaniaMelanesia
23Cape Verde549,9354,033 km²1,557 mi²< 0.1%1.13%AfricaWestern Africa
24Maldives530,953300 km²116 mi²< 0.1%2.96%AsiaSouthern Asia
25Malta440,372316 km²122 mi²< 0.1%0.26%EuropeSouthern Europe
26Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
27Bahamas389,48213,943 km²5,382 mi²< 0.1%1.00%AmericasCaribbean
28Iceland339,031103,000 km²39,758 mi²< 0.1%0.69%EuropeNorthern Europe
29Vanuatu299,88212,189 km²4,705 mi²< 0.1%2.46%OceaniaMelanesia
30Barbados287,025430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%0.13%AmericasCaribbean
31Sao Tome And Principe215,056964 km²372 mi²< 0.1%1.91%AfricaMiddle Africa
32Samoa197,0972,842 km²1,097 mi²< 0.1%0.49%OceaniaPolynesia
33Saint Lucia182,790616 km²238 mi²< 0.1%0.50%AmericasCaribbean
34Kiribati117,606811 km²313 mi²< 0.1%1.52%OceaniaMicronesia
35Micronesia113,815702 km²271 mi²< 0.1%1.04%OceaniaMicronesia
36Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589389 km²150 mi²< 0.1%0.34%AmericasCaribbean
37Tonga104,494747 km²288 mi²< 0.1%1.26%OceaniaPolynesia
38Seychelles97,739452 km²174 mi²< 0.1%0.66%AfricaEastern Africa
39Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²171 mi²< 0.1%0.86%AmericasCaribbean
40Dominica71,808751 km²290 mi²< 0.1%0.26%AmericasCaribbean
41Marshall Islands58,791181 km²70 mi²< 0.1%0.65%OceaniaMicronesia
42Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²101 mi²< 0.1%0.73%AmericasCaribbean
43Palau18,008459 km²177 mi²< 0.1%0.56%OceaniaMicronesia
44Tuvalu11,64626 km²10 mi²< 0.1%1.20%OceaniaPolynesia
45Nauru10,75621 km²8 mi²< 0.1%0.81%OceaniaMicronesia