Island Countries 2019

An island country is a country that is made up of one or more islands, or land that is surrounded completely by water. Island nations are very unique because of their locations. The main supply of food is fish, and these countries rely heavily on imports from continental nations.

The economies of island nations are also different. Because they are more isolated from trade and economy and have to face such challenges as high shipping costs, these countries typically have very small economies and are significantly impacted by global changes in the economy.

Most island nations have very small populations, although there are some exceptions, such as Japan. There are many island nations around the world. The largest by population is Indonesia, which has a population of over 255 million people. Indonesia is also the largest island country by area.

The second largest island country in the world is Japan, which has a population of over 127 million. There is one additional island country with a population exceeding 100 million, and that nation is the Philippines.

These aren’t the only island countries. All island countries in the world, in order of largest population, are:

Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1Indonesia270,625,568
2Japan126,860,301
3Philippines108,116,615
4United Kingdom67,530,172
5Madagascar26,969,307
6Taiwan23,773,876
7Sri Lanka21,323,733
8Cuba11,333,483
9Haiti11,263,077
10Dominican Republic10,738,958
11Papua New Guinea8,776,109
12Singapore5,804,337
13Ireland4,882,495
14New Zealand4,783,063
15Jamaica2,948,279
16Bahrain1,641,172
17Trinidad And Tobago1,394,973
18Timor Leste1,293,119
19Mauritius1,269,668
20Cyprus1,198,575
21Fiji889,953
22Comoros850,886
23Solomon Islands669,823
24Cape Verde549,935
25Maldives530,953
26Malta440,372
27Brunei433,285
28Bahamas389,482
29Iceland339,031
30Vanuatu299,882
31Barbados287,025
32Sao Tome And Principe215,056
33Samoa197,097
34Saint Lucia182,790
35Kiribati117,606
36Micronesia113,815
37Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589
38Tonga104,494
39Seychelles97,739
40Antigua And Barbuda97,118
41Dominica71,808
42Marshall Islands58,791
43Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823
44Palau18,008
45Tuvalu11,646
46Nauru10,756