Israel Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Israel has an estimated population of 7.99 million, which ranks 99th in the world. The country has a population density of 387 people per square kilometer (1,004/square mile), which ranks 34th. Jerusalem is the self-designated capital of Israel, although this isn't recognized by the United Nations and Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem is disputed internationally. Jerusalem is the largest city in the country and one of the world's oldest cities. It's also a holy city in Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, with both Palestinians and Israelis claiming the capital. Jerusalem has a population of 890,000 or more than 1 million in the metropolitan area.

Tel Aviv is the financial center of Israel and the second-most populous city with 417,000 residents. The Tel Aviv metropolitan area, called Gush Dan, is the largest metro area in the country with 3.46 million people, or 42% of Israel's population.

Israel Demographics

The demography of Israel is monitored by a body named the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. The most recent demographics of Israel, taken on Israel's Independence Day in 2013, found 75% of the population is Jewish while Arabs account for 21% of the population. The remaining 4% (318,000) are referred to as “others” and are family members of Jewish immigrants who are yet to be registered with the Ministry of Interior as Jews, non-Arab Christians or non-Arab Muslims with no religious or ethnic background.

Israel has a Law of Return, which grants all Jews and people of Jewish descent the right to citizenship. The Jewish people in Israel come from many backgrounds. About 73% are Israeli-born while 18% are immigrants from North America and Europe and almost 9% are from Africa and Asia. Jewish people from the former Soviet Union and Europe, plus Israeli-born descendants and Ashkenazi Jews, account for 50% of Jews in Israel.

Over the last 10 years, many migrant workers have moved to Israel from Africa, China, Romania, and South America. While there are no precise figures with many living in the country illegally, it's estimated there are up to 203,000 migrants, including 60,000 African migrants.

Around 92% of Israelis live in urban areas. There were more than 300,000 Israelis in West Bank settlements, 250,000 in East Jerusalem, and 20,000 in Golan Heights settlements in 2009. 6.5% of the population is made up of Israeli settlers. Almost 8,000 were living in the Gaza Strip until they were evacuated during the country's disengagement plan a decade ago.

Israel Population History

During the establishment of the State of Israel, there were only 806,000 residents. In 1949, the population crossed over the one million mark. Nine years later, in 1958, the population crossed the two million mark, indicating a positive population growth rate.

In early 1994, Israel had a population of approximately 5.3 million people. Of this, 81.5% were Jewish, 14.1% were Muslim and 2.7% were Christian, while 1.7% was comprised of Druze and others. The main factor that led to positive population growth was the large number of Jewish immigrants that arrived from all corners of the world. In 1948-1951, there were approximately 687,000 who arrived at the shore of the State of Israel. The majority of these were survivors from the Nazi extermination camps located in Europe, as well as members of communities whose migration originated from the Arab countries in Asia and North Africa.

As a result of this immigration, Israel’s population doubled in less than four years. In the years of 1955-1957, 1961-64 and 1969-74, smaller migration troops also settled in the country. The growth increment in these years was 30%-45%, with 35-50% of this figure being a result of the migration balance. The influx arising from migration was sometimes low and in 1974 it settled to an all-time low until the period of 1990-93, when thousands of Jews migrated from what was then the Soviet Union.

The immigration, as well as stability natural population increase, resulted in a population growth from 17% in the 1980s (of which migration accounted for 6%) to 40 per thousand (of which migration contributed over two-thirds). Emigration from Israel, though playing a small part, was also significant in the migration balance: 20% of emigration, as well as 30% in 1983-92, significantly reduced the population.

The rate of natural population also decreased from 21.6 per thousand in the late 1950s to 15-17 per thousand recorded, despite fluctuations in the past decade. Some of the factors leading to the decrease were life expectancy and fertility rate, as well as age structures of different population groups.

The fertility rate, or the number of children a woman had, fluctuated under different population groups in the 1950-60s. Well-off families were able to keep the number of children down while poor families saw the number of children born shoot up. In the 1960s, the rate was more than 9 among Muslims and about 3.4 among Jews. It then narrowed down in the 1970-80s. Total fertility declined among Asian/African Jews, Christians, Muslims and the Druze as well as European/American Jews. The rates were 2.61 among Jews, 4.68 for Muslims, 2.03 among Christians and 3.76 for Druze and others.

Generally, the growth rate increased by about 138,000 or 1.8% since the Independence Day commemorated on 2012; this is similar to the growth rate that has been observed in the last 8 years. The Jewish population grew by 1.8%, a similar trend observed in previous years. The Arab growth rate was 2.4%, down tremendously from the 3.4% annual growth rate experienced in the 1990s. The Christian population grew too (by 1.3%), while the Druze population grew by 1.7%.

Using the statistics available, projections on Israel’s population can be made showing approximate population trends for the future. Atypical of the population growth rate for a developed country, the State of Israel has a rapid growth rate. Since the establishment of the State, the population has increased approximately tenfold, primarily as a result of the high immigration of Jews into the country.

Israel Population in 2017 Source: Petdad

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Israel Population Growth

Israel is currently growing at a rate of almost 2% per year. Israel has a fertility rate of 3 children per Jewish woman, higher than any other developed country and well above the replacement level.

Israel Population Density

About Israel

Official Name State of Israel
Languages Spoken Arabic, Hebrew
Borders EGY, JOR, LBN, SYR
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 31.47,35.13
Currencies Used ILS

Israel Population Clock

What is the population of Israel (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 91
Deaths Per Day 24
Net Migrations Per Day 27
Net Change Per Day 94
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Israel Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 19.922 births/thousand 81st
Crude Death Rate 5.234 deaths/thousand 172nd
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.192 people/thousand 44th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.932 years 8th
Life Expectancy (Male) 81.238 years 5th
Life Expectancy (Female) 84.514 years 13th
Total Fertility Rate 2.952 children/woman 65th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.415 surviving daughters/woman 60th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female 75th
Infant Mortality Rate 2.979 deaths/1,000 live births 180th
Under Five Mortality 3.76 deaths/thousand 179th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.978 years 31st
Rate of Natural Increase 14.401 81st
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.417% 14th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.809% 15th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.011% 14th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.619% 14th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.056% 15th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 4.203% 14th
Crude Suicide Rate 6.2 suicides/thousand 101st
Median Age (Total) 29.7 years 112th
Median Age (Female) 30.4 years 109th
Median Age (Male) 29.1 years 111th

Israel Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 8,323,248 49.662% 50.338% 384 30 1.58% 98
2015 8,064,036 49.586% 50.414% 372 32 1.58% 99
2010 7,420,368 49.391% 50.609% 342 33 1.91% 99
2005 6,603,677 49.338% 50.662% 305 37 2.26% 100
2000 6,013,710 49.282% 50.718% 277 42 1.91% 100
1995 5,331,621 49.389% 50.611% 246 42 2.86% 102
1990 4,499,161 49.909% 50.091% 207 51 3.12% 107
1985 4,082,781 49.975% 50.025% 188 51 1.6% 109
1980 3,744,667 49.924% 50.076% 173 47 1.87% 107
1975 3,336,760 50.135% 49.865% 154 51 2.69% 107
1970 2,849,623 50.438% 49.562% 131 54 3.01% 111
1965 2,522,530 50.489% 49.511% 116 56 2.7% 113
1960 2,089,891 50.705% 49.295% 96 59 3.96% 116
1955 1,718,955 50.804% 49.196% 79 66 4.38% 118
1950 1,257,971 51.415% 48.585% 58 81 7.36% 128

Israel Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 8,718,235 49.765% 50.235% 402 30 1.47% 95
2025 9,359,208 49.922% 50.078% 432 29 1.35% 94
2030 9,998,273 50.054% 49.946% 462 28 1.28% 94
2035 10,645,705 50.161% 49.839% 491 28 1.22% 92
2040 11,301,458 50.258% 49.742% 522 28 1.16% 89
2045 11,961,704 50.351% 49.649% 552 23 1.09% 89
2050 12,610,133 50.436% 49.564% 582 21 1% 88
2055 13,227,788 50.507% 49.493% 611 19 0.9% 87
2060 13,808,266 50.555% 49.445% 638 19 0.81% 85
2065 14,354,362 50.59% 49.41% 663 19 0.73% 84
2070 14,872,624 50.619% 49.381% 687 19 0.67% 84
2075 15,365,888 50.649% 49.351% 710 20 0.62% 84
2080 15,833,032 50.671% 49.329% 731 21 0.57% 83
2085 16,266,614 50.679% 49.321% 751 21 0.5% 83
2090 16,655,002 50.67% 49.33% 769 21 0.43% 82
2095 16,994,706 50.656% 49.344% 785 22 0.36% 82
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations