Israel Population 2017

8,334,542

Israel, known officially as the State of Israel, is a democratic country in the Middle East on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon is located towards the north, Syria to its northeast, Egypt and Gaza Strip on the southwest, Jordan and the West Bank to its east, and the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea south of Israel. Its laws define Israel as a Jewish and Democratic State, and the fact is that it’s the world’s only Jewish-majority state.

Israel has an estimated population of 8.32 million, which ranks 99th in the world. The country has a population density of 387 people per square kilometer (1,004/square mile), which ranks 34th. Jerusalem is the self-designated capital of Israel, although this isn't recognized by the United Nations and Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem is disputed internationally. Jerusalem is the largest city in the country and one of the world's oldest cities. It's also a holy city in Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, with both Palestinians and Israelis claiming the capital. Jerusalem has a population of 890,000 or more than 1 million in the metropolitan area.

Tel Aviv is the financial center of Israel and the second-most populous city with 417,000 residents. The Tel Aviv metropolitan area, called Gush Dan, is the largest metro area in the country with 3.46 million people, or 42% of Israel's population.

Israel Demographics

The demography of Israel is monitored by a body named the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. The most recent demographics of Israel, taken on Israel's Independence Day in 2013, found 75% of the population is Jewish while Arabs account for 21% of the population. The remaining 4% (318,000) are referred to as “others” and are family members of Jewish immigrants who are yet to be registered with the Ministry of Interior as Jews, non-Arab Christians or non-Arab Muslims with no religious or ethnic background.

Israel has a Law of Return, which grants all Jews and people of Jewish descent the right to citizenship. The Jewish people in Israel come from many backgrounds. About 73% are Israeli-born while 18% are immigrants from North America and Europe and almost 9% are from Africa and Asia. Jewish people from the former Soviet Union and Europe, plus Israeli-born descendants and Ashkenazi Jews, account for 50% of Jews in Israel.

Over the last 10 years, many migrant workers have moved to Israel from Africa, China, Romania, and South America. While there are no precise figures with many living in the country illegally, it's estimated there are up to 203,000 migrants, including 60,000 African migrants.

Around 92% of Israelis live in urban areas. There were more than 300,000 Israelis in West Bank settlements, 250,000 in East Jerusalem, and 20,000 in Golan Heights settlements in 2009. 6.5% of the population is made up of Israeli settlers. Almost 8,000 were living in the Gaza Strip until they were evacuated during the country's disengagement plan a decade ago.

Israel Population History

During the establishment of the State of Israel, there were only 806,000 residents. In 1949, the population crossed over the one million mark. Nine years later, in 1958, the population crossed the two million mark, indicating a positive population growth rate.

In early 1994, Israel had a population of approximately 5.3 million people. Of this, 81.5% were Jewish, 14.1% were Muslim and 2.7% were Christian, while 1.7% was comprised of Druze and others. The main factor that led to positive population growth was the large number of Jewish immigrants that arrived from all corners of the world. In 1948-1951, there were approximately 687,000 who arrived at the shore of the State of Israel. The majority of these were survivors from the Nazi extermination camps located in Europe, as well as members of communities whose migration originated from the Arab countries in Asia and North Africa.

As a result of this immigration, Israel’s population doubled in less than four years. In the years of 1955-1957, 1961-64 and 1969-74, smaller migration troops also settled in the country. The growth increment in these years was 30%-45%, with 35-50% of this figure being a result of the migration balance. The influx arising from migration was sometimes low and in 1974 it settled to an all-time low until the period of 1990-93, when thousands of Jews migrated from what was then the Soviet Union.

The immigration, as well as stability natural population increase, resulted in a population growth from 17% in the 1980s (of which migration accounted for 6%) to 40 per thousand (of which migration contributed over two-thirds). Emigration from Israel, though playing a small part, was also significant in the migration balance: 20% of emigration, as well as 30% in 1983-92, significantly reduced the population.

The rate of natural population also decreased from 21.6 per thousand in the late 1950s to 15-17 per thousand recorded, despite fluctuations in the past decade. Some of the factors leading to the decrease were life expectancy and fertility rate, as well as age structures of different population groups.

The fertility rate, or the number of children a woman had, fluctuated under different population groups in the 1950-60s. Well-off families were able to keep the number of children down while poor families saw the number of children born shoot up. In the 1960s, the rate was more than 9 among Muslims and about 3.4 among Jews. It then narrowed down in the 1970-80s. Total fertility declined among Asian/African Jews, Christians, Muslims and the Druze as well as European/American Jews. The rates were 2.61 among Jews, 4.68 for Muslims, 2.03 among Christians and 3.76 for Druze and others.

Generally, the growth rate increased by about 138,000 or 1.8% since the Independence Day commemorated on 2012; this is similar to the growth rate that has been observed in the last 8 years. The Jewish population grew by 1.8%, a similar trend observed in previous years. The Arab growth rate was 2.4%, down tremendously from the 3.4% annual growth rate experienced in the 1990s. The Christian population grew too (by 1.3%), while the Druze population grew by 1.7%.

Using the statistics available, projections on Israel’s population can be made showing approximate population trends for the future. Atypical of the population growth rate for a developed country, the State of Israel has a rapid growth rate. Since the establishment of the State, the population has increased approximately tenfold, primarily as a result of the high immigration of Jews into the country.

Israel Population in 2018Source: Petdad

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Israel Population Growth

Israel is currently growing at a rate of almost 2% per year. Israel has a fertility rate of 3 children per Jewish woman, higher than any other developed country and well above the replacement level.

About Israel

Official NameState of Israel
Languages SpokenArabic, Hebrew
BordersEGY, JOR, LBN, SYR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude31.4735.13
Currencies UsedILS

Israel Population Density

Name Population
Jerusalem801,000
West Jerusalem400,000
Haifa267,300
Tel Aviv250,000
Ashdod224,656
Rishon LeZiyyon220,492
Petah Tiqwa200,000
Beersheba186,600
Netanya171,676
Holon165,787
Bene Beraq154,400
Bat Yam128,979
Ramat Gan128,095
Ashqelon105,995
Yafo100,000
Herzliyya83,600
Kfar Saba80,773
Ra'anana80,000
Modiin76,466
Hadera75,854
Bet Shemesh67,100
Lod66,589
Nazareth64,800
Ramla63,860
Nahariya51,200
Qiryat Ata48,966
Modiin Ilit48,639
Giv`atayim48,000
Qiryat Gat47,450
`Akko45,603
Eilat45,588
Karmi'el44,382
Hod HaSharon43,185
Umm el Fahm41,030
`Afula `Illit40,000
Tiberias39,790
Qiryat Mozqin39,404
Rosh Ha'Ayin39,215
Ness Ziona38,700
Qiryat Yam37,639
Qiryat Bialik36,551
Ramat HaSharon36,137
Dimona33,558
Et Taiyiba32,978
Yavne31,774
Or Yehuda30,802
Safed27,816
Mevo Betar27,267
Tamra25,917
Yehud25,600
Daliyat el Karmil25,000
Migdal Ha`Emeq24,800
Sakhnin24,596
Netivot24,564
Ofaqim24,311
'Arad23,700
Qiryat Shemona22,035
maalot Tarshiha21,400
Nesher21,245
Tirah20,786
Sederot20,228
Tirat Karmel18,993
Maghar18,915
Giv`at Shemu'el18,500
Ariel17,668
Kafr Kanna17,606
Judeida Makr17,530
Kafr Qasim17,303
Qalansuwa16,898
Bet She'an16,800
Er Reina15,621
Kafr Manda15,014
Gan Yavne14,975
Gedera14,575
Kefar Yona13,320
Ganne Tiqwa12,213
Givat Zeev11,764
Iksal11,398
Azor10,108
Nahf10,105
Beit Jann10,002
Herzliya Pituah10,000
El Fureidis9,999
Kabul9,497
Even Yehuda9,282
Tel Mond8,725
Yeroham8,631
Rekhasim8,513
Deir Hanna8,417
Kafir Yasif8,308
Dabburiya8,305
Mazkeret Batya8,034
Bu`eina7,900
Bene 'Ayish7,763
Jaljulya7,505
Bir el Maksur7,106
Basmat Tab`un6,300
Pardesiyya6,254
Oranit6,205
Lehavim6,000
Abu Ghaush5,707
Shelomi5,608
Kefar Weradim5,608
Bet Dagan5,604
Ramat Yishay5,431
Hurfeish5,308
Buqei`a5,200

Israel Population Clock

What is the population of Israel (as of 11/15/2017)?8,334,542
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)8,321,570
Births Per Day91
Deaths Per Day24
Net Migrations Per Day 27
Net Change Per Day 94
Population Change Since January 1st29,986

Israel Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.922 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.234 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.192 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.932 years
Male Life Expectancy 81.238 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.514 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.952 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.415 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.979 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.76 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.978 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.401
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.417%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.809%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.011%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.619%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.056%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 4.203%
Median Age (Total) 29.7 years
Median Age (Female) 30.4 years
Median Age (Male) 29.1 years

Israel Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20178,321,57049.67%50.33%4011.58%
20158,064,54749.59%50.41%3881.66%
20107,425,95949.40%50.60%3582.38%
20056,602,97049.33%50.67%3181.89%
20006,013,74149.28%50.72%2902.43%
19955,333,71949.39%50.61%2573.46%
19904,500,47549.91%50.09%2171.97%
19854,082,78749.98%50.02%1971.74%
19803,744,66749.92%50.08%1802.33%
19753,336,76050.14%49.86%1613.21%
19702,849,62250.44%49.56%1372.47%
19652,522,53050.49%49.51%1213.83%
19602,089,88950.71%49.29%1013.99%
19551,718,95850.80%49.20%836.44%
19501,257,97151.41%48.59%610.00%

Israel Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20208,713,55949.77%50.23%4200.00%
20259,348,95449.94%50.06%4501.42%
20309,983,64550.08%49.92%4811.32%
203510,628,00050.20%49.80%5121.26%
204011,281,55450.31%49.69%5431.20%
204511,937,01350.40%49.60%5751.14%
205012,577,29750.49%49.51%6061.05%
205513,187,28150.55%49.45%6350.95%
206013,758,97850.60%49.40%6620.85%
206514,294,64950.63%49.37%6880.77%
207014,803,03850.66%49.34%7130.70%
207515,285,63050.68%49.32%7360.64%
208015,741,78850.69%49.31%7580.59%
208516,161,86950.69%49.31%7780.53%
209016,535,16350.68%49.32%7960.46%
209516,857,47950.66%49.34%8120.39%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer