Israel Population 2017

8,330,204

Israel has an estimated population of 7.99 million, which ranks 99th in the world. The country has a population density of 387 people per square kilometer (1,004/square mile), which ranks 34th. Jerusalem is the self-designated capital of Israel, although this isn't recognized by the United Nations and Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem is disputed internationally. Jerusalem is the largest city in the country and one of the world's oldest cities. It's also a holy city in Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, with both Palestinians and Israelis claiming the capital. Jerusalem has a population of 890,000 or more than 1 million in the metropolitan area.

Tel Aviv is the financial center of Israel and the second-most populous city with 417,000 residents. The Tel Aviv metropolitan area, called Gush Dan, is the largest metro area in the country with 3.46 million people, or 42% of Israel's population.

Israel Demographics

The demography of Israel is monitored by a body named the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. The most recent demographics of Israel, taken on Israel's Independence Day in 2013, found 75% of the population is Jewish while Arabs account for 21% of the population. The remaining 4% (318,000) are referred to as “others” and are family members of Jewish immigrants who are yet to be registered with the Ministry of Interior as Jews, non-Arab Christians or non-Arab Muslims with no religious or ethnic background.

Israel has a Law of Return, which grants all Jews and people of Jewish descent the right to citizenship. The Jewish people in Israel come from many backgrounds. About 73% are Israeli-born while 18% are immigrants from North America and Europe and almost 9% are from Africa and Asia. Jewish people from the former Soviet Union and Europe, plus Israeli-born descendants and Ashkenazi Jews, account for 50% of Jews in Israel.

Over the last 10 years, many migrant workers have moved to Israel from Africa, China, Romania, and South America. While there are no precise figures with many living in the country illegally, it's estimated there are up to 203,000 migrants, including 60,000 African migrants.

Around 92% of Israelis live in urban areas. There were more than 300,000 Israelis in West Bank settlements, 250,000 in East Jerusalem, and 20,000 in Golan Heights settlements in 2009. 6.5% of the population is made up of Israeli settlers. Almost 8,000 were living in the Gaza Strip until they were evacuated during the country's disengagement plan a decade ago.

Israel Population History

During the establishment of the State of Israel, there were only 806,000 residents. In 1949, the population crossed over the one million mark. Nine years later, in 1958, the population crossed the two million mark, indicating a positive population growth rate.

In early 1994, Israel had a population of approximately 5.3 million people. Of this, 81.5% were Jewish, 14.1% were Muslim and 2.7% were Christian, while 1.7% was comprised of Druze and others. The main factor that led to positive population growth was the large number of Jewish immigrants that arrived from all corners of the world. In 1948-1951, there were approximately 687,000 who arrived at the shore of the State of Israel. The majority of these were survivors from the Nazi extermination camps located in Europe, as well as members of communities whose migration originated from the Arab countries in Asia and North Africa.

As a result of this immigration, Israel’s population doubled in less than four years. In the years of 1955-1957, 1961-64 and 1969-74, smaller migration troops also settled in the country. The growth increment in these years was 30%-45%, with 35-50% of this figure being a result of the migration balance. The influx arising from migration was sometimes low and in 1974 it settled to an all-time low until the period of 1990-93, when thousands of Jews migrated from what was then the Soviet Union.

The immigration, as well as stability natural population increase, resulted in a population growth from 17% in the 1980s (of which migration accounted for 6%) to 40 per thousand (of which migration contributed over two-thirds). Emigration from Israel, though playing a small part, was also significant in the migration balance: 20% of emigration, as well as 30% in 1983-92, significantly reduced the population.

The rate of natural population also decreased from 21.6 per thousand in the late 1950s to 15-17 per thousand recorded, despite fluctuations in the past decade. Some of the factors leading to the decrease were life expectancy and fertility rate, as well as age structures of different population groups.

The fertility rate, or the number of children a woman had, fluctuated under different population groups in the 1950-60s. Well-off families were able to keep the number of children down while poor families saw the number of children born shoot up. In the 1960s, the rate was more than 9 among Muslims and about 3.4 among Jews. It then narrowed down in the 1970-80s. Total fertility declined among Asian/African Jews, Christians, Muslims and the Druze as well as European/American Jews. The rates were 2.61 among Jews, 4.68 for Muslims, 2.03 among Christians and 3.76 for Druze and others.

Generally, the growth rate increased by about 138,000 or 1.8% since the Independence Day commemorated on 2012; this is similar to the growth rate that has been observed in the last 8 years. The Jewish population grew by 1.8%, a similar trend observed in previous years. The Arab growth rate was 2.4%, down tremendously from the 3.4% annual growth rate experienced in the 1990s. The Christian population grew too (by 1.3%), while the Druze population grew by 1.7%.

Using the statistics available, projections on Israel’s population can be made showing approximate population trends for the future. Atypical of the population growth rate for a developed country, the State of Israel has a rapid growth rate. Since the establishment of the State, the population has increased approximately tenfold, primarily as a result of the high immigration of Jews into the country.

Israel Population in 2017Source: Petdad

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Israel Population Growth

Israel is currently growing at a rate of almost 2% per year. Israel has a fertility rate of 3 children per Jewish woman, higher than any other developed country and well above the replacement level.

About Israel

Official NameState of Israel
Languages SpokenHebrew, Arabic
BordersEGY, JOR, LBN, SYR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude31.4735.13
Currencies UsedILS

Israel Population Density

Name Population
Buqei`a5,200
Hurfeish5,308
Ramat Yishay5,431
Bet Dagan5,604
Kefar Weradim5,608
Shelomi5,608
Abu Ghaush5,707
Lehavim6,000
Pardesiyya6,254
Basmat Tab`un6,300
Bir el Maksur7,106
Jaljulya7,505
Bene 'Ayish7,763
Bu`eina7,900
Mazkeret Batya8,034
Dabburiya8,305
Kafir Yasif8,308
Deir Hanna8,417
Rekhasim8,513
Yeroham8,631
Tel Mond8,725
Even Yehuda9,282
Kabul9,497
El Fureidis9,999
Herzliya Pituah10,000
Beit Jann10,002
Nahf10,105
Azor10,108
Iksal11,398
Ganne Tiqwa12,213
Kefar Yona13,320
Gedera14,575
Gan Yavne14,975
Kafr Manda15,014
Er Reina15,621
Bet She'an16,800
Qalansuwa16,898
Kafr Qasim17,303
Judeida Makr17,530
Kafr Kanna17,606
Ariel17,668
Giv`at Shemu'el18,500
Maghar18,915
Tirat Karmel18,993
Sederot20,228
Tirah20,786
Nesher21,245
maalot Tarshiha21,400
Qiryat Shemona22,035
'Arad23,700
Ofaqim24,311
Netivot24,564
Sakhnin24,596
Migdal Ha`Emeq24,800
Daliyat el Karmil25,000
Yehud25,600
Tamra25,917
Mevo Betar27,267
Safed27,816
Or Yehuda30,802
Yavne31,774
Et Taiyiba32,978
Dimona33,558
Ramat HaSharon36,137
Qiryat Bialik36,551
Qiryat Yam37,639
Ness Ziona38,700
Rosh Ha'Ayin39,215
Qiryat Mozqin39,404
Tiberias39,790
`Afula `Illit40,000
Umm el Fahm41,030
Hod HaSharon43,185
Karmi'el44,382
Eilat45,588
`Akko45,603
Qiryat Gat47,450
Giv`atayim48,000
Modiin Ilit48,639
Qiryat Ata48,966
Nahariya51,200
Ramla63,860
Nazareth64,800
Lod66,589
Bet Shemesh67,100
Hadera75,854
Modiin76,466
Ra'anana80,000
Kfar Saba80,773
Herzliyya83,600
Yafo100,000
Ashqelon105,995
Ramat Gan128,095
Bat Yam128,979
Bene Beraq154,400
Holon165,787
Netanya171,676
Beersheba186,600
Petah Tiqwa200,000
Rishon LeZiyyon220,492
Ashdod224,656
Tel Aviv250,000
Haifa267,300
West Jerusalem400,000
Jerusalem801,000

Israel Population Clock

What is the population of Israel (as of September 13, 2017)?8,330,204
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)8323248
Births Per Day91
Deaths Per Day24
Net Migrations Per Day 27
Net Change Per Day 94
Population Change Since January 1st23,970

Israel Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 19.922 births/thousand81
Crude Death Rate 5.234 deaths/thousand172
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.192 people/thousand44
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.932 years8
Male Life Expectancy 81.238 years5
Female Life Expectancy 84.514 years13
Total Fertility Rate 2.952 children/woman65
Net Reproduction Rate 1.415 surviving daughters/woman60
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female75
Infant Mortality Rate 2.979 deaths/1,000 live births180
Under Five Mortality 3.76 deaths/thousand179
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.978 years31
Rate of Natural Increase 14.401 81
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.417 %14
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.809 %15
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.011 %14
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.619 %9
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.056 %10
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 4.203 %11
Crude Suicide Rate 6.2 suicides/thousand101
Median Age (Total) 29.7 years112
Median Age (Female) 30.4 years109
Median Age (Male) 29.1 years111

Israel Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20178,323,24849.662%50.338%384301.58%98
20158,064,03649.586%50.414%372321.58%99
20107,420,36849.391%50.609%342331.91%99
20056,603,67749.338%50.662%305372.26%100
20006,013,71049.282%50.718%277421.91%100
19955,331,62149.389%50.611%246422.86%102
19904,499,16149.909%50.091%207513.12%107
19854,082,78149.975%50.025%188511.6%109
19803,744,66749.924%50.076%173471.87%107
19753,336,76050.135%49.865%154512.69%107
19702,849,62350.438%49.562%131543.01%111
19652,522,53050.489%49.511%116562.7%113
19602,089,89150.705%49.295%96593.96%116
19551,718,95550.804%49.196%79664.38%118
19501,257,97151.415%48.585%58817.36%128

Israel Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20208,718,23549.765%50.235%402301.47%95
20259,359,20849.922%50.078%432291.35%94
20309,998,27350.054%49.946%462281.28%94
203510,645,70550.161%49.839%491281.22%92
204011,301,45850.258%49.742%522281.16%89
204511,961,70450.351%49.649%552231.09%89
205012,610,13350.436%49.564%582211%88
205513,227,78850.507%49.493%611190.9%87
206013,808,26650.555%49.445%638190.81%85
206514,354,36250.59%49.41%663190.73%84
207014,872,62450.619%49.381%687190.67%84
207515,365,88850.649%49.351%710200.62%84
208015,833,03250.671%49.329%731210.57%83
208516,266,61450.679%49.321%751210.5%83
209016,655,00250.67%49.33%769210.43%82
209516,994,70650.656%49.344%785220.36%82
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations