Italy Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Italy's 2016 population is estimated at 59,801,004 according to the latest UN projections. The official Census figures are more optimistic, estimating the population at 61,838,227 in 2016. Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is located in Southern Europe and bordered by France, Slovenia, Austria and Switzerland along the Alps. This famously boot-shaped country is the 4th most populous country in Europe (after France, the United Kingdom, and Germany) and the 23th most populous in the world.

Italy's population density is very uneven and the Po Valley is the most densely populated with almost half of the country's population. Other densely packed areas include the metropolitan areas of Naples and Rome. The Basilicata plateaus, the Alps and Apennines highlands, and the island of Sardinia have a very sparse population.

Italy Demographics

Italy experienced mass emigration from the end of the 19th century through the 1960s with nearly 750,000 Italians emigrating per year from 1898 to 1914. It's thought that this is the largest mass migration in contemporary times and led to a diaspora of 25 million Italians. Today, over 5 million Italian-born people live abroad.

By the late 1970s, however, Italy began to attract a great deal of foreign immigrants. It's estimated there are over 5 million foreign residents in Italy today, which accounts for 7.5% of the total population. This includes about 500,000 children born in Italy to foreign nationals.

Official figures for Italy's population exclude illegal immigrants, as their numbers are hard to determine. Estimates place their numbers at 670,000 today, many of which are from Eastern Europe and North Africa. The number of illegal immigrants entering the company has increased by 43% in 2016, according to best estimates.

There are also close to 1 million Romanian citizens officially registered in Italy, followed by Moroccans and Albanians with a population of half a million each.

The largest ethnic group in Italy is the Native Italian, comprising 96% of the population.

Largest Cities in Italy

The three largest cities in Italy include Rome (2.8 million), Milan (1.3 million) and Naples (1 million), although Naples has experienced a population drop below 1 million in the last decade. Rome is Italy's capital and home to 2.8 million people in 1,285 square kilometers (496 square miles), which makes it the 4th most populous city in the European Union within city limits. Its urban area is home to up to 3.8 million, and the Rome metropolitan area has a population of 4.2 million.

Rome has a rich history that spans over 2,500 years since it was founded in 753 BC. It's one of the oldest continuously occupied cities on the continent and is often referred to as "the Eternal City."

Milan, the fashion capital of the world, was first settled by Celts circa 400 BC, although it was eventually conquered by the Romans and became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The city proper is home to 1.3 million people, but the urban area has a population of 5.2 million and is the 5th largest in the EU and the largest in the country. The Milan metropolitan region has a population of 8 million.

Italian Census

The most recent Census was taken in 2011, and showed the population at 59,433,744. This figure is pretty close to the UN estimates, but there are disparities when it comes to population projections. The census projects continued growth for several decades, whereas the UN estimates that Italy will decline from 2016 on.

Italy Population Growth

Italy's population is expected to decline throughout the 21st century with a death rate now greatly exceeding the birth rate,. Latest indicators show 1,673 deaths per day, compared to just 1,353 births per day. Despire a positive net migration of 289 per day, the overall trend is now negative. Currently, Italy's foreign residents are outpacing the country's population growth with a foreign population that grew 7.4% in 2012, compared to a population growth of just 0.5%.

Italy is a rapidly aging country, and in 2014 a full 22% of its population was 65 or older, with just 13.5% under the age of 15.

Italy  Population in 2016 Source: Schlurcher (talk)

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Italy Population Growth

The population is expected to decline over the next 3 decades as the country already has a death rate that exceeds its birth rate along with negative migration. The UN estimates that 2016 will represent Italy's peak population, and the country's population will decline for the remainder of the century. The official statistics from the Italian Census paint a rosier picture, projecting that Italy will continue to grow until 2042, reaching a peak of nearly 64 million.

Italy Population Density

About Italy

Official Name Italian Republic
Languages Spoken Italian, Sardinian, Austro-Bavarian German
Borders AUT, FRA, SMR, SVN, CHE, VAT
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 42.83333333,12.83333333
Currencies Used EUR

Italy Population Clock

What is the population of Italy (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 272
Deaths Per Day 328
Net Migrations Per Day 289
Net Change Per Day 233
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Italy Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 8.314 births/thousand 197th
Crude Death Rate 10.014 deaths/thousand 40th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.768 people/thousand 37th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.518 years 3rd
Life Expectancy (Male) 81.059 years 4th
Life Expectancy (Female) 85.82 years 4th
Total Fertility Rate 1.468 children/woman 184th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.718 surviving daughters/woman 179th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.063 males per female 24th
Infant Mortality Rate 1.974 deaths/1,000 live births 195th
Under Five Mortality 2.305 deaths/thousand 199th
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.001 years 9th
Rate of Natural Increase -1.956 187th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.181% 3rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.538% 5th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 0.809% 1st
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.189% 3rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 6.517% 5th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 3.855% 1st
Crude Suicide Rate 6.4 suicides/thousand 98th
Median Age (Total) 45.1 years 5th
Median Age (Female) 46.2 years 7th
Median Age (Male) 44 years 5th

Italy Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 59,801,004 48.631% 51.369% 203 66 -0.01% 23
2015 59,797,685 48.613% 51.387% 203 64 0.01% 23
2010 59,588,007 48.561% 51.439% 202 58 0.15% 23
2005 58,657,355 48.634% 51.366% 199 55 0.44% 22
2000 57,147,081 48.501% 51.499% 194 54 0.37% 22
1995 57,120,136 48.552% 51.448% 194 53 -0.05% 22
1990 57,007,577 48.632% 51.368% 193 53 0.04% 16
1985 56,910,888 48.687% 51.313% 193 48 0.08% 14
1980 56,336,446 48.637% 51.363% 191 45 0.27% 13
1975 55,268,549 48.735% 51.265% 187 40 0.49% 14
1970 53,522,670 48.75% 51.25% 181 39 0.69% 13
1965 51,693,136 48.682% 51.318% 175 37 0.74% 11
1960 49,714,962 48.649% 51.351% 169 34 0.71% 10
1955 48,350,847 48.619% 51.381% 164 31 0.54% 10
1950 46,598,602 48.68% 51.32% 158 29 0.89% 10

Italy Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 59,741,327 48.706% 51.294% 203 72 -0.06% 24
2025 59,486,401 48.783% 51.217% 202 72 -0.12% 24
2030 59,100,219 48.842% 51.158% 200 72 -0.15% 28
2035 58,634,915 48.883% 51.117% 199 74 -0.18% 30
2040 58,077,567 48.915% 51.085% 197 74 -0.22% 30
2045 57,379,805 48.939% 51.061% 195 76 -0.28% 33
2050 56,512,751 48.962% 51.038% 192 78 -0.34% 33
2055 55,494,350 48.99% 51.01% 188 82 -0.39% 37
2060 54,387,075 49.047% 50.953% 184 87 -0.41% 41
2065 53,291,930 49.144% 50.856% 181 89 -0.38% 45
2070 52,345,575 49.272% 50.728% 177 93 -0.32% 46
2075 51,601,753 49.397% 50.603% 175 93 -0.24% 46
2080 51,067,304 49.496% 50.504% 173 94 -0.17% 46
2085 50,670,121 49.569% 50.431% 172 95 -0.14% 47
2090 50,316,137 49.613% 50.387% 171 95 -0.14% 48
2095 49,974,361 49.642% 50.358% 169 94 -0.14% 48
Data Sources