Italy Population 2016

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is located in Southern Europe and bordered by France, Slovenia, Austria and Switzerland along the Alps. This famously boot-shaped country is the 5th most populous country in Europe and the 23rd most populous in the world with an estimated population of 61.1 million in 2015.

Italy's population density is very uneven and the Po Valley is the most densely populated with almost half of the country's population. Other densely packed areas include the metropolitan areas of Naples and Rome. The Basilicata plateaus, the Alps and Apennines highlands and the island of Sardinia, meanwhile, have a very sparse population.

Italy Demographics

Italy experienced mass emigration from the end of the 19th century through the 1960's with nearly 750,000 Italians emigrating per year from 1898 to 1914. It's thought that this is the largest mass migration in contemporary times and led to a diaspora of 25 million Italians. Today, over 4 million Italian-born people live abroad.

By the late 1970's, however, Italy began to attract a great deal of foreign immigrants. It's estimated there are 4.6 million foreign residents in Italy today, which accounts for 7.5% of the total population. This includes about 500,000 children born in Italy to foreign nationals.

Official figures for Italy's population excludes illegal immigrants, as their numbers are hard to determine. Still, it's estimated their numbers are at 670,000 today, many of which are from Eastern Europe and North Africa.

There are also 1 million Romanian citizens officially registered in Italy, followed by Moroccans and Albanians with a population of half a million each.

The largest ethnic group in Italy is the Native Italian, comprising 96% of the population.

Largest Cities in Italy

The three largest cities in Italy include Rome (2.8 million), Milan (1.29 million) and Naples (959,000), although Naples has experienced a population drop below 1 million in the last decade. Rome is Italy's capital and home to 2.8 million people in 1,285 square kilometers (496 square miles), which makes it the 4th most populous city in the European Union within city limits. Its urban area is home to up to 3.8 million, but the Rome metropolitan area has a population of 4.2 million.

Rome has a rich history that spans over 2,500 years since it was founded in 753 BC. It's one of the oldest continuously occupied cities on the continent and is often referred to as "the Eternal City."

Milan, the fashion capital of the world, was first settled by Celts circa 400 BC, although it was eventually conquered by the Romans and became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The city proper is home to 1.35 million people, but the urban area has a population of 5.2 million and is the 5th largest in the EU and the largest in the country. The Milan metropolitan region, meanwhile, has a population of 8 million.

Italy Population Growth

Italy's population is expected to start a decline over the next 35 years with a death rate exceeding the birth rate, as well as negative migration. Currently, Italy's foreign residents are outpacing the country's population growth with a foreign population that grew 7.4% in 2012, compared to a population growth of just 0.5%.

Italy is a rapidly aging country, and in 2010 a full 20% of its population was 65 or older, with just 13.5% under the age of 15.

With a very slow population growth and projections that the country will soon go into decline, a great deal of work is needed for Italy to hold its place in the world economic order and grow. It's currently projected that Italy's population growth will be -20% by 2050, at which point its population will be under 59 million.

Italy Population Clock

What is the population of Italy (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 6,766
Deaths Per Day 8,368
Net Migrations Per Day 1,447
Net Change Per Day -155
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Italy Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 8.264 births/thousand 188th
Crude Death Rate 10.22 deaths/thousand 40th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.768 people/thousand 32nd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.75 years 3rd
Life Expectancy (Male) 81.33 years 4th
Life Expectancy (Female) 86.03 years 4th
Total Fertility Rate 1.49 children/woman 173rd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.718 surviving daughters/woman 172nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.063 males per female 24th
Infant Mortality Rate 1.934 deaths/1,000 live births 186th
Under Five Mortality 2.263 deaths/thousand 189th
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.001 years 9th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Italy Population Growth

The population is expected to decline over the next 3 decades as the country already has a death rate that exceeds its birth rate along with negative migration. By 2050, the population will be less than 59 million.

Italy Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2016 59,801,004 29,081,735 30,719,269 203 -0.0051%
2015 59,797,685 29,069,710 30,727,975 203 0.0056%
2010 59,588,007 28,936,824 30,651,183 202 0.1526%
2005 58,657,355 28,527,389 30,129,966 199 0.4442%
2000 57,147,081 27,716,929 29,430,152 194 0.3705%
1995 57,120,136 27,732,773 29,387,363 194 -0.0494%
1990 57,007,577 27,724,034 29,283,543 193 0.0386%
1985 56,910,888 27,708,342 29,202,546 193 0.0804%
1980 56,336,446 27,400,350 28,936,096 191 0.2715%
1975 55,268,549 26,935,128 28,333,421 187 0.4884%
1970 53,522,670 26,092,295 27,430,375 181 0.6876%
1965 51,693,136 25,165,321 26,527,815 175 0.7394%
1960 49,714,962 24,186,019 25,528,943 169 0.7065%
1955 48,350,847 23,507,792 24,843,055 164 0.5446%
1950 46,598,602 22,684,336 23,914,266 158 0.8878%

Italy Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 59,741,327 29,097,330 30,643,997 203 -0.0624%
2025 59,486,401 29,019,530 30,466,871 202 -0.1157%
2030 59,100,219 28,865,980 30,234,239 200 -0.1476%
2035 58,634,915 28,662,541 29,972,374 199 -0.1757%
2040 58,077,567 28,408,751 29,668,816 197 -0.219%
2045 57,379,805 28,081,154 29,298,651 195 -0.2788%
2050 56,512,751 27,670,052 28,842,699 192 -0.342%
2055 55,494,350 27,186,616 28,307,735 188 -0.3919%
2060 54,387,075 26,675,480 27,711,595 184 -0.413%
2065 53,291,930 26,189,777 27,102,153 181 -0.3835%
2070 52,345,575 25,791,958 26,553,618 177 -0.3175%
2075 51,601,753 25,489,630 26,112,123 175 -0.2373%
2080 51,067,304 25,276,113 25,791,191 173 -0.1715%
2085 50,670,121 25,116,761 25,553,360 172 -0.1431%
2090 50,316,137 24,963,120 25,353,017 171 -0.137%
2095 49,974,361 24,808,313 25,166,048 169 -0.1354%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. National Institute of Statistics