Italy Population 2015

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is located in Southern Europe and bordered by France, Slovenia, Austria and Switzerland along the Alps. This famously boot-shaped country is the 5th most populous country in Europe and the 23rd most populous in the world with an estimated population of 61.1 million in 2015.

Italy's population density is very uneven and the Po Valley is the most densely populated with almost half of the country's population. Other densely packed areas include the metropolitan areas of Naples and Rome. The Basilicata plateaus, the Alps and Apennines highlands and the island of Sardinia, meanwhile, have a very sparse population.

Italy Demographics

Italy experienced mass emigration from the end of the 19th century through the 1960's with nearly 750,000 Italians emigrating per year from 1898 to 1914. It's thought that this is the largest mass migration in contemporary times and led to a diaspora of 25 million Italians. Today, over 4 million Italian-born people live abroad.

By the late 1970's, however, Italy began to attract a great deal of foreign immigrants. It's estimated there are 4.6 million foreign residents in Italy today, which accounts for 7.5% of the total population. This includes about 500,000 children born in Italy to foreign nationals.

Official figures for Italy's population excludes illegal immigrants, as their numbers are hard to determine. Still, it's estimated their numbers are at 670,000 today, many of which are from Eastern Europe and North Africa.

There are also 1 million Romanian citizens officially registered in Italy, followed by Moroccans and Albanians with a population of half a million each.

The largest ethnic group in Italy is the Native Italian, comprising 96% of the population.

Largest Cities in Italy

The three largest cities in Italy include Rome (2.8 million), Milan (1.29 million) and Naples (959,000), although Naples has experienced a population drop below 1 million in the last decade. Rome is Italy's capital and home to 2.8 million people in 1,285 square kilometers (496 square miles), which makes it the 4th most populous city in the European Union within city limits. Its urban area is home to up to 3.8 million, but the Rome metropolitan area has a population of 4.2 million.

Rome has a rich history that spans over 2,500 years since it was founded in 753 BC. It's one of the oldest continuously occupied cities on the continent and is often referred to as "the Eternal City."

Milan, the fashion capital of the world, was first settled by Celts circa 400 BC, although it was eventually conquered by the Romans and became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The city proper is home to 1.35 million people, but the urban area has a population of 5.2 million and is the 5th largest in the EU and the largest in the country. The Milan metropolitan region, meanwhile, has a population of 8 million.

Italy Population Growth

Italy's population is expected to start a decline over the next 35 years with a death rate exceeding the birth rate, as well as negative migration. Currently, Italy's foreign residents are outpacing the country's population growth with a foreign population that grew 7.4% in 2012, compared to a population growth of just 0.5%.

Italy is a rapidly aging country, and in 2010 a full 20% of its population was 65 or older, with just 13.5% under the age of 15.

With a very slow population growth and projections that the country will soon go into decline, a great deal of work is needed for Italy to hold its place in the world economic order and grow. It's currently projected that Italy's population growth will be -20% by 2050, at which point its population will be under 59 million.

Italy Population Clock
What is the population of Italy (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 6,766
Deaths Per Day 8,368
Net Migrations Per Day 1,447
Net Change Per Day -155
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Italy Population Indicators
Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 45.88 years 3rd
Crude Birth Rate 8.264 births/thousand 188th
Crude Death Rate 10.22 deaths/thousand 40th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.768 people/thousand 32nd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.75 years 3rd
Life Expectancy (Male) 81.33 years 4th
Life Expectancy (Female) 86.03 years 4th
Total Fertility Rate 1.49 children/woman 173rd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.718 surviving daughters/woman 172nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.063 males per female 24th
Infant Mortality Rate 1.934 deaths/1,000 live births 186th
Under Five Mortality 2.263 deaths/thousand 189th
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.001 years 9th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Italy Population Growth

The population is expected to decline over the next 3 decades as the country already has a death rate that exceeds its birth rate along with negative migration. By 2050, the population will be less than 59 million.

Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. National Institute of Statistics