Italy Population 2018

59,318,917

Italy's 2018 population is estimated at 59.29 million according to the latest UN projections. The official Census figures are more optimistic, estimating the population at 61,838,227 in 2016. Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is located in Southern Europe and bordered by France, Slovenia, Austria and Switzerland along the Alps. This famously boot-shaped country is the 4th most populous country in Europe (after France, the United Kingdom, and Germany) and the 23th most populous in the world.

Italy's population density is very uneven and the Po Valley is the most densely populated with almost half of the country's population. Other densely packed areas include the metropolitan areas of Naples and Rome. The Basilicata plateaus, the Alps and Apennines highlands, and the island of Sardinia have a very sparse population.

Italy Demographics

Italy experienced mass emigration from the end of the 19th century through the 1960s with nearly 750,000 Italians emigrating per year from 1898 to 1914. It's thought that this is the largest mass migration in contemporary times and led to a diaspora of 25 million Italians. Today, over 5 million Italian-born people live abroad.

By the late 1970s, however, Italy began to attract a great deal of foreign immigrants. It's estimated there are over 5 million foreign residents in Italy today, which accounts for 7.5% of the total population. This includes about 500,000 children born in Italy to foreign nationals.

Official figures for Italy's population exclude illegal immigrants, as their numbers are hard to determine. Estimates place their numbers at 670,000 today, many of which are from Eastern Europe and North Africa. The number of illegal immigrants entering the company has increased by 43% in 2016, according to best estimates.

There are also close to 1 million Romanian citizens officially registered in Italy, followed by Moroccans and Albanians with a population of half a million each.

The largest ethnic group in Italy is the Native Italian, comprising 96% of the population.

Largest Cities in Italy

The three largest cities in Italy include Rome (2.8 million), Milan (1.3 million) and Naples (1 million), although Naples has experienced a population drop below 1 million in the last decade. Rome is Italy's capital and home to 2.8 million people in 1,285 square kilometers (496 square miles), which makes it the 4th most populous city in the European Union within city limits. Its urban area is home to up to 3.8 million, and the Rome metropolitan area has a population of 4.2 million.

Rome has a rich history that spans over 2,500 years since it was founded in 753 BC. It's one of the oldest continuously occupied cities on the continent and is often referred to as "the Eternal City."

Milan, the fashion capital of the world, was first settled by Celts circa 400 BC, although it was eventually conquered by the Romans and became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The city proper is home to 1.3 million people, but the urban area has a population of 5.2 million and is the 5th largest in the EU and the largest in the country. The Milan metropolitan region has a population of 8 million.

Italian Census

The most recent Census was taken in 2011, and showed the population at 59,433,744. This figure is pretty close to the UN estimates, but there are disparities when it comes to population projections. The census projects continued growth for several decades, whereas the UN estimates that Italy will decline from 2016 on.

Italy Population Growth

Italy's population is expected to decline throughout the 21st century with a death rate now greatly exceeding the birth rate,. Latest indicators show 1,673 deaths per day, compared to just 1,353 births per day. Despire a positive net migration of 289 per day, the overall trend is now negative. Currently, Italy's foreign residents are outpacing the country's population growth with a foreign population that grew 7.4% in 2012, compared to a population growth of just 0.5%.

Italy is a rapidly aging country, and in 2014 a full 22% of its population was 65 or older, with just 13.5% under the age of 15.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 50 seconds
One net migrant every 8 minutes
Net loss of one person every 7 minutes

Italy Population in 2018Source: Schlurcher (talk)

Italy Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400k500kItaly Male Population0k100k200k300k400k500kItaly Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Italy Median Age

45.1


Total

44


Male

46.2


Female

Italy Population by Age

There are 49,655,200 adults in Italy.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Italy Population Growth

The population is expected to decline over the next 3 decades as the country already has a death rate that exceeds its birth rate along with negative migration. The UN estimates that 2016 will represent Italy's peak population, and the country's population will decline for the remainder of the century. The official statistics from the Italian Census paint a rosier picture, projecting that Italy will continue to grow until 2042, reaching a peak of nearly 64 million.

About Italy

Official NameItalian Republic
Languages SpokenAustro-Bavarian German, Italian, Sardinian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude42.8333333312.83333333
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymItalian

Italy Population Density

Italy Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Rome2,318,895
Milan1,236,837
Naples959,470
Turin870,456
Palermo648,260
Genoa580,223
Bologna366,133
Florence349,296
Catania290,927
Bari277,387
Messina219,948
Verona219,103
Padova203,725
Trieste187,056
Brescia184,826
Prato181,820
Taranto181,082
Reggio Calabria169,140
Modena158,886
Livorno153,773

Italy Population Clock

The population of Italy (as of 2/13/2018)?59,318,917
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)59,290,969
Births Per Day1,325
Deaths Per Day1,721
Net Migrations Per Day 192
Net Change Per Day -204
Population Change Since January 1st-8,976

Italy Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 8.16 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.595 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.18 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.26 years
Male Life Expectancy 81.05 years
Female Life Expectancy 85.37 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.491 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.718 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.063 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.318 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.691 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.68 years
Rate of Natural Increase -2.435

Italy Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201859,290,96948.77%51.23%196.7623-0.12%
201759,359,90048.74%51.26%196.9923-0.12%
201659,429,93848.70%51.30%197.2223-0.12%
201559,504,21248.67%51.33%197.4723-0.08%
201059,729,80748.58%51.42%198.22230.31%
200558,808,48348.65%51.35%195.16220.52%
200057,293,72148.52%51.48%190.13220.01%
199557,255,19348.56%51.44%190.00220.04%
199057,127,12048.64%51.36%189.58170.04%
198557,012,35248.69%51.31%189.20140.21%
198056,419,27848.63%51.37%187.23130.39%
197555,330,69448.73%51.27%183.62140.65%
197053,578,68348.74%51.26%177.80130.71%
196551,728,66448.67%51.33%171.66110.79%
196049,742,19648.64%51.36%165.07100.56%
195548,372,84248.62%51.38%160.53100.75%
195046,598,60148.68%51.32%154.64100.00%

Italy Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202059,132,07348.84%51.16%196.23240.00%
202558,623,03248.97%51.03%194.5426-0.17%
203058,109,91849.06%50.94%192.8428-0.18%
203557,534,36049.11%50.89%190.9330-0.20%
204056,872,17449.15%50.85%188.7331-0.23%
204556,071,39449.18%50.82%186.0834-0.28%
205055,093,19449.21%50.79%182.8336-0.35%
205553,933,32249.26%50.74%178.9841-0.42%
206052,685,58249.33%50.67%174.8442-0.47%
206551,505,78349.44%50.56%170.9246-0.45%
207050,532,91849.55%50.45%167.7047-0.38%
207549,820,74049.65%50.35%165.3348-0.28%
208049,325,03749.72%50.28%163.6950-0.20%
208548,936,72749.75%50.25%162.4049-0.16%
209048,574,82649.77%50.23%161.2050-0.15%
209548,205,30149.78%50.22%159.9750-0.15%