Ivory Coast Population 2016
Ivory Coast, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a nation in West Africa bordered by Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Guinea, Liberia and the Gulf of Guinea. In 2015, Ivory Coast has an estimated population of 21.6 million, which ranks 59th in the world.
The last census in Ivory Coast took place in 1998 and found a population of 15.37 million, up from the 6.7 million people in the country at the first census in 1975. Today, Ivory Coast has a population density of 64 people per square kilometer (166/square mile), which ranks 139th in the world.
The largest city is Abidjan, a port city with a population estimated at 4.5 million and a metro population exceeding 5.1 million. Abidjan is the 3rd largest French-speaking city in the world after Paris and Kinshasa, and only Lagos has a larger population in West Africa. The capital of Ivory Coast is Yamoussoukro, which has a population of 355,000, which makes it the country's 4th most populous city.
Ivory Coast Demographics
Ivory Coast is home to many ethnic groups. The largest is the Akan at 42%. Akans are an indigenous ethnic group, but not a racially homogeneous ethnicity. The next largest ethnic groups are the Gur (17.6%), Northern Mandes (16.5%), Krous (11%), Southern Mandes (10%). There are about 30,000 Lebanese and 45,000 French as well. About 4% of the population is non-African, which includes French, Lebanese, Vietnamese and Spanish residents, along with missionaries from the U.S. and Canada.
77% of the population are considered Ivorians, and represent many cultural and linguistic groups. There are around 65 languages spoken in Ivory Coast, but the most common is Dyula, which is spoken by most of the Muslim population.
The native born of Ivory Coast are split into Muslim (38.6%), Christian (32.8%) and animist or indigenous religion (28%). Ivory Coast is one of the most economically successful countries in West Africa, and about 20% of its population is workers from neighboring countries Guinea, Burkina Faso and Liberia.
A government survey in 2012 found the country has a fertility rate of 5.0, which is just 3.7 in urban areas like the capital but 6.3 children per woman in the rural areas. Ivory Coast has a life expectancy of 41 for men and 47 for women, with a high infant mortality rate of 118 per 1,000 live births.
Ivory Coast is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.