Jamaica Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The island of Jamaica, which celebrated 50 years of independence in 2012 after finally breaking away from centuries of rule by the Spanish and then the British, has a population of 2.9 million in 2016, up from the estimated 2.8 million in 2015. That's pretty impressive for an island nation with just 10,991 square kilometers (4,244 square miles) of area. This means that Jamaica is now the world's 139th most populous country.

To be precise, the latest official estimate – provided in 2014 by the Statistical Institute of Jamaica – is 2,720,554. Other estimates have placed the population in 2016 at over 2.9 million.

However, other demographers disagree, and believe that the population of Jamaica is actually considerably higher than the government believes. The CIA World Factbook, for example, had estimated that the Jamaica population in 2012 was actually 2,889,187, not the 2.7 million estimated by the Statistical Institute of Jamaica.

Jamaica has a long history of census taking, and currently holds a census every ten years. The last census took place in July 2011, which showed a total of 2,697,983 residents in the country. A 2014 estimate showed 2.72 million, while estimates for 2016 are thought to be around 2.9 million.

Depending on which estimates you use (the Jamaican government's or the CIA Factbook), Jamaica experienced a population growth of 5 or 15% from 2001 to 2011. Still, there's no doubt that the country is continuing to grow.

Jamaica Population Density

Jamaica is a small island, but it makes up for its size with a high population density in comparison with much of the rest of the world. The total surface area is just 10,991 square kilometers (4,244 square miles) and this makes Jamaica the 160th largest nation on earth, when it comes to geographical area.

For every square mile of Jamaican territory, however, there is an average of 252 people, which converts to 656 per square mile and makes it the 49th most densely populated country in the world.

39% of Jamaica's residents live in parish capitals, according to the 2011 census, and the population of the Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) and all parish capitals was 1.04 million, which is a 5% increase since 2001. KMA alone has 88% of the parishes of St. Andrew and Kingston.

Age Breakdown and Life Expectancy

The CIA World Factbook has also provided data on age breakdowns and life expectancy. As far as age breakdowns were concerned, it was reported that 30.1% of the country’s people were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 62.3% were between 15 and 64 years of age while 7.6% of the population of Jamaica were aged 65 and over in 2011.

Life expectancy figures date from 2013 and at the time it was reported that the average across Jamaica stood at 74.4 years. This could be further divided between men at 71.8 years and women at 77.2 years.

Jamaica Demographics

According to the 2001 census, Jamaica's population is overwhelmingly of African descent, and the most common ethnic groups among Africans taken to Jamaica for slavery during the 17th century were the Akan (or Coromantee) from present-day Ghana and the Igbo people from present-day Nigeria.

The second-largest racial group is multiracial Jamaicans, many of whom have ancestors from Ireland. Still, most mixed-race people in the country self-report as just "Jamaican."

Jamaicans of African descent represent 76.3% of the population, followed by 15.1% Afro-European, 3.4% East Indian and Afro-East Indian, 3.2% Caucasian, 1.2% Chinese and 0.8% other.

Largest Cities in Jamaica

The largest city in Jamaica is Kingston, the capital city. Kingston has a population of 937,700, according to 2011 estimates. The Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) and all parish capitals had a population of 1.041 million according to the census and, outside the KMA, the largest capital towns are Spanish Town in St Catherine (147,000) and Montego Bay (110,000). Officially, the largest cities in Jamaica are:

  • Kingston (Kingston Parish): 937,000
  • Portmore (Saint Catherine): 182,000
  • Spanish Town (Saint Catherine): 147,000
  • Montego Bay (Saint James): 110,000

Jamaica Population Growth

Jamaica's population growth has been fairly unstable over the last 50 years with a lot of ups and downs, including a very steep drop from 1980 to 1990. Over the past 15 years, Jamaica's population growth has slowed dramatically.

Jamaica is currently seeing a decline in the 0-14 age group with an increase in the working age and retired population, the fastest growing segment, which is typical for developing countries. According to the Planning Institute of Jamaica, the country is now on track to stabilizing its growth to stay in line with United Nations recommendations.

Jamaica  Population in 2016 Source: Original uploader was Blofeld of SPECTRE at en.wikipedia
(Original text : W. Harris)

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Jamaica Population Growth

Jamaica's population growth remains unstable although it's expected to increase very slowly over the next decade.

Jamaica Population Density

About Jamaica

Official Name Jamaica
Languages Spoken English, Jamaican Patois
Borders
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 18.25,-77.5
Currencies Used JMD

Jamaica Population Clock

What is the population of Jamaica (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 26
Deaths Per Day 11
Net Migrations Per Day -49
Net Change Per Day -34
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Jamaica Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 17.049 births/thousand 111th
Crude Death Rate 6.961 deaths/thousand 120th
Crude Net Migration Rate -6.39 people/thousand 182nd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.949 years 71st
Life Expectancy (Male) 73.598 years 69th
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.376 years 81st
Total Fertility Rate 2.008 children/woman 121st
Net Reproduction Rate 0.944 surviving daughters/woman 124th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 13.76 deaths/1,000 live births 107th
Under Five Mortality 16.38 deaths/thousand 105th
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.592 years 192nd
Rate of Natural Increase 9.711 118th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.343% 115th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 7.754% 108th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.956% 123rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.682% 115th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 17.919% 108th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.422% 123rd
Crude Suicide Rate 1.2 suicides/thousand 162nd
Median Age (Total) 25.6 years 143rd
Median Age (Female) 26.1 years 142nd
Median Age (Male) 25.1 years 142nd

Jamaica Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 2,803,362 49.8% 50.2% 258 51 0.35% 141
2015 2,793,335 49.799% 50.201% 257 51 0.36% 141
2010 2,741,252 49.693% 50.307% 253 51 0.4% 140
2005 2,677,888 49.509% 50.491% 247 51 0.5% 138
2000 2,600,095 49.729% 50.271% 240 51 0.7% 138
1995 2,489,540 49.464% 50.536% 229 52 0.91% 135
1990 2,385,806 49.321% 50.679% 220 48 0.72% 135
1985 2,312,337 49.742% 50.258% 213 42 0.91% 133
1980 2,142,438 49.471% 50.529% 197 41 1.54% 133
1975 2,017,830 49.032% 50.968% 186 41 1.24% 131
1970 1,873,352 48.91% 51.09% 172 41 1.43% 129
1965 1,763,436 47.86% 52.14% 162 39 1.3% 127
1960 1,630,914 48.12% 51.88% 150 39 1.43% 126
1955 1,542,523 48.671% 51.329% 142 36 1.18% 122
1950 1,402,896 48.649% 51.351% 129 37 2.39% 121

Jamaica Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 2,840,110 49.763% 50.237% 262 53 0.26% 140
2025 2,866,922 49.714% 50.286% 264 55 0.07% 141
2030 2,866,560 49.607% 50.393% 264 59 -0.09% 142
2035 2,846,434 49.534% 50.466% 262 60 -0.21% 144
2040 2,811,078 49.466% 50.534% 259 62 -0.3% 145
2045 2,765,424 49.423% 50.577% 255 66 -0.37% 147
2050 2,709,574 49.42% 50.58% 250 70 -0.47% 147
2055 2,640,605 49.47% 50.53% 243 70 -0.59% 145
2060 2,558,254 49.572% 50.428% 236 72 -0.7% 145
2065 2,464,606 49.72% 50.28% 227 75 -0.81% 147
2070 2,362,271 49.906% 50.094% 218 78 -0.91% 148
2075 2,253,334 50.107% 49.893% 208 83 -1% 148
2080 2,139,392 50.299% 49.701% 197 83 -1.09% 148
2085 2,023,773 50.47% 49.53% 186 89 -1.14% 152
2090 1,910,385 50.621% 49.379% 176 91 -1.16% 152
2095 1,803,415 50.755% 49.245% 166 97 -1.14% 152
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations