Jamaica Population 2016

The island of Jamaica, which celebrated 50 years of independence in 2012 after finally breaking away from centuries of rule by the Spanish and then the British, has a population of 2.9 million in 2016, up from the estimated 2.8 million in 2015. That's pretty impressive for an island nation with just 10,991 square kilometers (4,244 square miles) of area. This means that Jamaica is now the world's 139th most populous country.

To be precise, the latest official estimate – provided in 2014 by the Statistical Institute of Jamaica – is 2,720,554. Other estimates have placed the population in 2016 at over 2.9 million.

However, other demographers disagree, and believe that the population of Jamaica is actually considerably higher than the government believes. The CIA World Factbook, for example, had estimated that the Jamaica population in 2012 was actually 2,889,187, not the 2.7 million estimated by the Statistical Institute of Jamaica.

Jamaica has a long history of census taking, and currently holds a census every ten years. The last census took place in July 2011, which showed a total of 2,697,983 residents in the country. A 2014 estimate showed 2.72 million, while estimates for 2016 are thought to be around 2.9 million.

Depending on which estimates you use (the Jamaican government's or the CIA Factbook), Jamaica experienced a population growth of 5 or 15% from 2001 to 2011. Still, there's no doubt that the country is continuing to grow.

Jamaica Population Density

Jamaica is a small island, but it makes up for its size with a high population density in comparison with much of the rest of the world. The total surface area is just 10,991 square kilometers (4,244 square miles) and this makes Jamaica the 160th largest nation on earth, when it comes to geographical area.

For every square mile of Jamaican territory, however, there is an average of 252 people, which converts to 656 per square mile and makes it the 49th most densely populated country in the world.

39% of Jamaica's residents live in parish capitals, according to the 2011 census, and the population of the Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) and all parish capitals was 1.04 million, which is a 5% increase since 2001. KMA alone has 88% of the parishes of St. Andrew and Kingston.

Age Breakdown and Life Expectancy

The CIA World Factbook has also provided data on age breakdowns and life expectancy. As far as age breakdowns were concerned, it was reported that 30.1% of the country’s people were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 62.3% were between 15 and 64 years of age while 7.6% of the population of Jamaica were aged 65 and over in 2011.

Life expectancy figures date from 2013 and at the time it was reported that the average across Jamaica stood at 74.4 years. This could be further divided between men at 71.8 years and women at 77.2 years.

Jamaica Demographics

According to the 2001 census, Jamaica's population is overwhelmingly of African descent, and the most common ethnic groups among Africans taken to Jamaica for slavery during the 17th century were the Akan (or Coromantee) from present-day Ghana and the Igbo people from present-day Nigeria.

The second-largest racial group is multiracial Jamaicans, many of whom have ancestors from Ireland. Still, most mixed-race people in the country self-report as just "Jamaican."

Jamaicans of African descent represent 76.3% of the population, followed by 15.1% Afro-European, 3.4% East Indian and Afro-East Indian, 3.2% Caucasian, 1.2% Chinese and 0.8% other.

Largest Cities in Jamaica

The largest city in Jamaica is Kingston, the capital city. Kingston has a population of 937,700, according to 2011 estimates. The Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) and all parish capitals had a population of 1.041 million according to the census and, outside the KMA, the largest capital towns are Spanish Town in St Catherine (147,000) and Montego Bay (110,000). Officially, the largest cities in Jamaica are:

  • Kingston (Kingston Parish): 937,000
  • Portmore (Saint Catherine): 182,000
  • Spanish Town (Saint Catherine): 147,000
  • Montego Bay (Saint James): 110,000

Jamaica Population Growth

Jamaica's population growth has been fairly unstable over the last 50 years with a lot of ups and downs, including a very steep drop from 1980 to 1990. Over the past 15 years, Jamaica's population growth has slowed dramatically.

Jamaica is currently seeing a decline in the 0-14 age group with an increase in the working age and retired population, the fastest growing segment, which is typical for developing countries. According to the Planning Institute of Jamaica, the country is now on track to stabilizing its growth to stay in line with United Nations recommendations.

Jamaica Population in 2016 Source: Original uploader was Blofeld of SPECTRE at en.wikipedia
(Original text : W. Harris)

  • Population Rank 141
  • % of World Pop 0.04%
  • Density 258
  • Area 10,991 km²
  • Capital City Kingston
  • Region Americas
  • Subregion Caribbean

Jamaica Population Clock

What is the population of Jamaica (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 129
Deaths Per Day 54
Net Migrations Per Day -49
Net Change Per Day 26
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Jamaica Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 16.771 births/thousand 108th
Crude Death Rate 7.06 deaths/thousand 113th
Crude Net Migration Rate -6.39 people/thousand 185th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 76.11 years 66th
Life Expectancy (Male) 73.75 years 63rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.54 years 75th
Total Fertility Rate 1.99 children/woman 113th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.944 surviving daughters/woman 118th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 85th
Infant Mortality Rate 13.352 deaths/1,000 live births 103rd
Under Five Mortality 15.905 deaths/thousand 104th
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.592 years 183rd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Jamaica Population Growth

Jamaica's population growth remains unstable although it's expected to increase very slowly over the next decade.

Jamaica Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 2,803,362 49.8% 50.2% 258 36 0.35% 141
2015 2,793,335 49.8% 50.2% 257 36 0.36% 141
2010 2,741,252 49.7% 50.3% 253 36 0.4% 140
2005 2,677,888 49.5% 50.5% 247 36 0.5% 138
2000 2,600,095 49.7% 50.3% 240 36 0.7% 138
1995 2,489,540 49.5% 50.5% 229 37 0.91% 135
1990 2,385,806 49.3% 50.7% 220 33 0.72% 135
1985 2,312,337 49.7% 50.3% 213 31 0.91% 133
1980 2,142,438 49.5% 50.5% 197 30 1.54% 133
1975 2,017,830 49% 51% 186 29 1.24% 131
1970 1,873,352 48.9% 51.1% 172 29 1.43% 129
1965 1,763,436 47.9% 52.1% 162 27 1.3% 127
1960 1,630,914 48.1% 51.9% 150 27 1.43% 126
1955 1,542,523 48.7% 51.3% 142 25 1.18% 122
1950 1,402,896 48.6% 51.4% 129 25 2.39% 121

Jamaica Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 2,840,110 49.8% 50.2% 262 37 0.26% 140
2025 2,866,922 49.7% 50.3% 264 39 0.07% 141
2030 2,866,560 49.6% 50.4% 264 43 -0.09% 142
2035 2,846,434 49.5% 50.5% 262 44 -0.21% 144
2040 2,811,078 49.5% 50.5% 259 45 -0.3% 145
2045 2,765,424 49.4% 50.6% 255 49 -0.37% 147
2050 2,709,574 49.4% 50.6% 250 52 -0.47% 147
2055 2,640,605 49.5% 50.5% 243 52 -0.59% 145
2060 2,558,254 49.6% 50.4% 236 54 -0.7% 145
2065 2,464,606 49.7% 50.3% 227 57 -0.81% 147
2070 2,362,271 49.9% 50.1% 218 60 -0.91% 148
2075 2,253,334 50.1% 49.9% 208 65 -1% 148
2080 2,139,392 50.3% 49.7% 197 65 -1.09% 148
2085 2,023,773 50.5% 49.5% 186 70 -1.14% 152
2090 1,910,385 50.6% 49.4% 176 72 -1.16% 152
2095 1,803,415 50.8% 49.2% 166 77 -1.14% 152
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations