Kazakhstan Population 2018

18,466,916

Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgzstan, China, Russia, and the Caspian Sea. In 2018, Kazakhstan has an estimated population of 18.40 million, which ranks 63rd in the world.

Capital and City Centers of Kazakhstan

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also a major cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6.75 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 215th in the world with a total surface area of 2,724,900 square meters - ranking at 9th in the world for sheer area alone.

Kazakhstan Demographics

The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%).

Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukranians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents.

At the end of the 1980s, ethnic Russians were at almost 38% of the population while Kazakhstanis were in a majority in just 7 of the country's 20 regions. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. Emigration of Russians and Germans returned indigenous Kazakhs to a majority in the country.

70% of people in Kazakhstan are Muslim while 26% are Christian.

Life Expectancy and Quality of Life

The overall life expectancy in Kazakhstan as of 2018 is 71.1 years, although there is a marked difference in life expectancies for males and females if looked at separately. For males, the life expectancy is around 65.9 years, while the females have a life expectancy of 76 years. This shows that with advanced age, the sex ratio in Kazakhstan is more encouraging towards women in the country. This is confirmed in the age structure of the population with approximately .78 males per female in the 55 to 64 range and only .53 males per female over the age of 65.

On the 2018 World Happiness Report, Kazakhstan comes into a ranking of 60th, with a rating of 5.790 out of a possible 10.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Kazakhstan Population in 2018Source: By Ken and Nyetta (Central Downtown Astana, Kazakhstan) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kazakhstan Population Growth

On average, a woman in Kazakhstan gives birth to 2.41 children, which is a very high number when compared with other countries. This is why the population growth rate is also very high. It is around 1.24% (2012 estimate) and will continue to grow until the high birth rate can be reduced in the country.

About Kazakhstan

Official NameRepublic of Kazakhstan
Languages SpokenKazakh, Russian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4868
Currencies UsedKazakhstan Tenge
DemonymKazakhstani

Countries Bordering Kazakhstan

China
Kyrgyzstan
Russia
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

Kazakhstan Population Density

Kazakhstan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Almaty2,000,900
Karagandy451,800
Shymkent414,032
Taraz358,153
Astana345,604
Pavlodar329,002
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067
Kyzylorda300,000
Kyzyl-Orda300,000
Semey292,780
Aqtobe262,457
Kostanay210,000
Petropavl200,920
Oral200,000
Taldyqorghan200,000
Atyrau180,000
Temirtau170,600
Aktau147,443
Kokshetau124,444
Rudnyy124,000

Kazakhstan Population Clock

The population of Kazakhstan (as of 10/20/2018)?18,466,916
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)18,403,860
Births Per Day1,006
Deaths Per Day443
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 563
Population Change Since January 1st164,959

Kazakhstan Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 18,461,370

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201818,403,86048.43%51.57%6.75631.10%
201718,204,49948.43%51.57%6.68641.21%
201617,987,73648.43%51.57%6.60641.34%
201517,749,64848.42%51.58%6.51631.60%
201016,398,97648.34%51.66%6.02631.08%
200515,541,45748.18%51.82%5.70620.63%
200015,057,36348.11%51.89%5.5362-1.25%
199516,034,95648.46%51.54%5.8853-0.62%
199016,540,25848.54%51.46%6.07500.93%
198515,789,43748.38%51.62%5.79461.16%
198014,905,88948.27%51.73%5.47441.07%
197514,130,07148.27%51.73%5.19401.51%
197013,109,99648.17%51.83%4.81401.94%
196511,909,00348.16%51.84%4.37393.56%
19609,996,00048.15%51.85%3.67444.58%
19557,991,99848.21%51.79%2.93503.58%
19506,702,99148.39%51.61%2.46550.00%

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202018,777,13948.43%51.57%6.89640.00%
202519,610,25848.38%51.62%7.20640.87%
203020,301,32248.32%51.68%7.45690.70%
203520,950,36048.26%51.74%7.69690.63%
204021,621,16648.25%51.75%7.93690.63%
204522,309,97748.28%51.72%8.19710.63%
205022,959,43248.36%51.64%8.43720.58%
205523,505,02848.45%51.55%8.63720.47%
206023,931,85848.53%51.47%8.78730.36%
206524,279,11048.63%51.37%8.91730.29%
207024,594,97348.76%51.24%9.03730.26%
207524,901,38448.91%51.09%9.14720.25%
208025,199,29349.06%50.94%9.25700.24%
208525,460,27549.19%50.81%9.34700.21%
209025,650,77049.27%50.73%9.41700.15%
209525,743,86449.32%50.68%9.45700.07%
Data Sources
  1. Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics
  2. Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses, with official population estimates through 2014, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer