Kazakhstan Population 2017

18,072,758

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also the cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 227th in the world.

Kazakhstan Demographics

The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%).

Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukranians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents.

At the end of the 1980s, ethnic Russians were at almost 38% of the population while Kazakhs were in a majority in just 7 of the country's 20 regions. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. Emigration of Russians and Germans returned indigenous Kazakhs to a majority in the country.

70% of people in Kazakhstan are Muslim while 26% are Christian.

The overall life expectancy in Kazakhstan is 69.63 years, although there is a marked difference in life expectancies for males and females if looked at separately. For males, the life expectancy is around 64.34 years, while the females have a life expectancy of 74.59 years. This shows that with advanced age, the sex ratio in Kazakhstan is more encouraging towards women in the country.

Kazakhstan Population in 2017Source: Ken and Nyetta

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kazakhstan Population Growth

On average, a woman in Kazakhstan gives birth to 2.41 children, which is a very high number when compared with other countries. This is why the population growth rate is also very high. It is around 1.24% (2012 estimate) and will continue to grow until the high birth rate can be reduced in the country.

About Kazakhstan

Official NameRepublic of Kazakhstan
Languages SpokenKazakh, Russian
BordersCHN, KGZ, RUS, TKM, UZB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4868
Currencies UsedKZT

Kazakhstan Population Density

Name Population
Zhaqsy5,001
Kokpekty5,165
Novodolinskiy5,167
Fort-Shevchenko5,213
Zhelezinka5,225
Qarauyl5,261
Torghay5,277
Fedorovka5,338
Lepsy5,350
Qalqaman5,415
Bishkul5,423
Shantobe5,626
Ashchysay5,635
Asubulaq5,644
Batamshinskiy5,668
Bayanaul5,700
Smirnovo5,742
Borodulikha5,931
Dzhangala5,954
Chapaev6,000
Zhanga Buqtyrma6,026
Zavodskoy6,043
Novoishimskiy6,062
Ust'-Talovka6,122
Balkashino6,147
Miyaly6,213
Chingirlau6,218
Dzhambeyty6,262
Astrakhan6,459
Burabay6,500
Tughyl6,696
Aksuat6,696
Kzyltu6,779
Sastobe6,827
Zhumysker6,834
Zholymbet6,876
Bakanas6,965
Kamenka6,980
Shortandy6,980
Kievka7,037
Tobol7,155
Bestobe7,189
Osakarovka7,305
Bayganin7,657
Qazaly7,686
Mayqayyng7,695
Martuk7,756
Pervomayskiy7,874
Qusmuryn8,049
Qarqaraly8,195
Zhanibek8,212
Fedorovka8,317
Maloye Ganyushkino8,387
Aksu8,543
Leninskiy8,646
Shubarshi8,651
Kurchum8,800
Sergeyevka8,845
Zhezkent8,896
Makhambet8,905
Qaraton8,905
Qashyr8,931
Shar9,087
Irtyshsk9,216
Sekseuil9,296
Aqtau9,500
Dossor9,526
Chayan9,536
Tyuratam9,548
Borovskoy9,659
Terenozek9,661
Aqadyr9,710
Slavyanka9,752
Georgiyevka9,821
Oytal9,821
Komsomolets9,838
Bulayevo9,886
Aqtas9,888
Belusovka9,948
Aktau9,977
Kegen9,993
Kantagi10,186
Kachar10,285
Lugovoy10,422
Kurchatov10,747
Chulakkurgan10,836
Moyynkum10,923
Glubokoye11,192
Asyqata11,378
Zhetibay11,731
Shubarkuduk11,733
Balpyk Bi11,810
Yeraliyev11,836
Shetpe11,836
Temirlanovka12,245
Atakent12,895
Turgen13,000
Lugovoye13,128
Taiynsha13,148
Atasu13,184
Inderbor13,254
Shakhan13,273
Priozersk13,457
Esil13,504
Qarazhal13,807
Derzhavinsk13,856
Saryozek13,930
Maqat14,082
Yereymentau14,169
Dzhalagash14,226
Beyneu14,245
Leninskoye14,737
Urzhar14,826
Mikhaylovka15,132
Merke15,934
Tasboget16,455
Akkol'16,773
Zaysan17,600
Makinsk17,711
Vannovka18,421
Embi18,760
Otegen Batyra18,864
Balyqshy19,260
Zhosaly20,065
Shemonaikha20,087
Ush-Tyube20,492
Burunday20,996
Lenger21,238
Yanykurgan21,339
Georgievka22,047
Khromtau23,715
Saryaghash25,139
Chardara25,356
Belyye Vody26,115
Tekeli26,678
Shalkar27,072
Shalqar27,399
Kandyagash28,196
Shieli29,832
Esik32,995
Aral33,017
Ayagoz33,479
Zhangatas33,492
Zharkent34,422
Atbasar34,797
Aqsay34,799
Abay35,454
Ayteke Bi35,883
Arys36,285
Karatau37,881
Chu39,785
Lisakovsk40,000
Arkalyk42,000
Kapshagay42,167
Talghar42,194
Sorang42,552
Dzhetygara43,104
Aksu44,808
Zyryanovsk44,929
Stepnogorsk46,736
Shchuchinsk47,290
Qulsary51,216
Ridder52,664
Kentau57,408
Baikonur70,000
Sarkand76,919
Balqash81,364
Turkestan97,360
Zhanaozen103,598
Zhezqazghan104,357
Taldykorgan116,558
Ekibastuz121,470
Rudnyy124,000
Kokshetau124,444
Aktau147,443
Temirtau170,600
Atyrau180,000
Oral200,000
Taldyqorghan200,000
Petropavl200,920
Kostanay210,000
Aqtobe262,457
Semey292,780
Kyzyl-Orda300,000
Kyzylorda300,000
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067
Pavlodar329,002
Astana345,604
Taraz358,153
Shymkent414,032
Karagandy451,800
Almaty2,000,900

Kazakhstan Population Clock

What is the population of Kazakhstan (as of September 13, 2017)?18,072,758
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18064470
Births Per Day200
Deaths Per Day88
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 112
Population Change Since January 1st28,560

Kazakhstan Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 20.346 births/thousand79
Crude Death Rate 8.892 deaths/thousand63
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand0
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.781 years135
Male Life Expectancy 65.001 years147
Female Life Expectancy 74.555 years124
Total Fertility Rate 2.553 children/woman76
Net Reproduction Rate 1.197 surviving daughters/woman76
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female28
Infant Mortality Rate 12.047 deaths/1,000 live births112
Under Five Mortality 14.916 deaths/thousand109
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.006 years106
Rate of Natural Increase 10.937 105
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.876 %122
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.604 %131
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.099 %106
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 22.21 %140
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.105 %159
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 13.263 %121
Crude Suicide Rate 24.2 suicides/thousand7
Median Age (Total) 30.3 years106
Median Age (Female) 31.6 years100
Median Age (Male) 29 years114

Kazakhstan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201718,064,47048.305%51.695%62141.06%65
201517,625,22648.295%51.705%62141.3%63
201016,310,62448.202%51.798%62141.48%62
200515,451,75248.026%51.974%52150.97%62
200014,956,76847.945%52.055%5214-0.09%62
199515,925,91348.307%51.693%5213-1.4%53
199016,530,02648.408%51.592%6208-0.1%50
198515,780,00248.237%51.763%52101.21%47
198014,918,99148.164%51.836%52071.09%44
197514,136,00648.219%51.781%52041.19%40
197013,109,99248.17%51.83%42051.63%40
196511,909,00148.165%51.835%41962.42%39
19609,995,99748.148%51.852%32054.07%44
19557,992,00148.212%51.788%22074.63%49
19506,702,99648.392%51.608%22041.89%56

Kazakhstan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202018,616,17548.301%51.699%62150.93%66
202519,419,95348.262%51.738%72150.72%67
203020,072,16248.197%51.803%72150.6%69
203520,664,74948.139%51.861%72150.57%69
204021,264,72348.122%51.878%72150.57%73
204521,875,01248.147%51.853%82140.54%71
205022,447,18148.199%51.801%82140.46%73
205522,921,30148.255%51.745%82140.35%73
206023,281,74548.324%51.676%82140.26%73
206523,561,26748.409%51.591%82150.22%74
207023,814,16548.534%51.466%82150.21%74
207524,067,76948.673%51.327%82150.22%74
208024,324,82748.807%51.193%92150.2%74
208524,546,49948.902%51.098%92150.15%74
209024,692,78048.955%51.045%92160.07%73
209524,739,75248.993%51.007%92160%72
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations