Kazakhstan Population 2018

18,326,729

Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgzstan, China, Russia, and the Caspian Sea. In 2018, Kazakhstan has an estimated population of 18.40 million, which ranks 65th in the world.

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also the cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 227th in the world.

Kazakhstan Demographics

The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%).

Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukranians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents.

At the end of the 1980s, ethnic Russians were at almost 38% of the population while Kazakhs were in a majority in just 7 of the country's 20 regions. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. Emigration of Russians and Germans returned indigenous Kazakhs to a majority in the country.

70% of people in Kazakhstan are Muslim while 26% are Christian.

The overall life expectancy in Kazakhstan is 69.63 years, although there is a marked difference in life expectancies for males and females if looked at separately. For males, the life expectancy is around 64.34 years, while the females have a life expectancy of 74.59 years. This shows that with advanced age, the sex ratio in Kazakhstan is more encouraging towards women in the country.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Kazakhstan Population in 2018Source: Ken and Nyetta

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200kKazakhstan Male Population0k50k100k150k200kKazakhstan Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Kazakhstan Median Age

30.3


Total

29


Male

31.6


Female

Kazakhstan Population by Age

There are 12,484,127 adults in Kazakhstan.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kazakhstan Population Growth

On average, a woman in Kazakhstan gives birth to 2.41 children, which is a very high number when compared with other countries. This is why the population growth rate is also very high. It is around 1.24% (2012 estimate) and will continue to grow until the high birth rate can be reduced in the country.

About Kazakhstan

Official NameRepublic of Kazakhstan
Languages SpokenKazakh, Russian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4868
Currencies UsedKazakhstan Tenge
DemonymKazakhstani

Countries Bordering Kazakhstan

China
Kyrgyzstan
Russia
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

Kazakhstan Population Density

Kazakhstan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Almaty2,000,900
Karagandy451,800
Shymkent414,032
Taraz358,153
Astana345,604
Pavlodar329,002
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067
Kyzylorda300,000
Kyzyl-Orda300,000
Semey292,780
Aqtobe262,457
Kostanay210,000
Petropavl200,920
Oral200,000
Taldyqorghan200,000
Atyrau180,000
Temirtau170,600
Aktau147,443
Kokshetau124,444
Rudnyy124,000

Kazakhstan Population Clock

The population of Kazakhstan (as of 2/13/2018)?18,326,729
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)18,403,860
Births Per Day1,006
Deaths Per Day443
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 563
Population Change Since January 1st24,772

Kazakhstan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 20.109 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.857 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.01 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.19 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.85 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.571 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.218 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 11.655 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 14.408 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.586 years
Rate of Natural Increase 11.252

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201818,403,86048.43%51.57%6.75631.10%
201718,204,49948.43%51.57%6.68641.21%
201617,987,73648.43%51.57%6.60641.34%
201517,749,64848.42%51.58%6.51631.60%
201016,398,97648.34%51.66%6.02631.08%
200515,541,45748.18%51.82%5.70620.63%
200015,057,36348.11%51.89%5.5362-1.25%
199516,034,95648.46%51.54%5.8853-0.62%
199016,540,25848.54%51.46%6.07500.93%
198515,789,43748.38%51.62%5.79461.16%
198014,905,88948.27%51.73%5.47441.07%
197514,130,07148.27%51.73%5.19401.51%
197013,109,99648.17%51.83%4.81401.94%
196511,909,00348.16%51.84%4.37393.56%
19609,996,00048.15%51.85%3.67444.58%
19557,991,99848.21%51.79%2.93503.58%
19506,702,99148.39%51.61%2.46550.00%

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202018,777,13948.43%51.57%6.89640.00%
202519,610,25848.38%51.62%7.20640.87%
203020,301,32248.32%51.68%7.45690.70%
203520,950,36048.26%51.74%7.69690.63%
204021,621,16648.25%51.75%7.93690.63%
204522,309,97748.28%51.72%8.19710.63%
205022,959,43248.36%51.64%8.43720.58%
205523,505,02848.45%51.55%8.63720.47%
206023,931,85848.53%51.47%8.78730.36%
206524,279,11048.63%51.37%8.91730.29%
207024,594,97348.76%51.24%9.03730.26%
207524,901,38448.91%51.09%9.14720.25%
208025,199,29349.06%50.94%9.25700.24%
208525,460,27549.19%50.81%9.34700.21%
209025,650,77049.27%50.73%9.41700.15%
209525,743,86449.32%50.68%9.45700.07%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer