Kazakhstan Population 2019

18,621,078

Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Russia, and the Caspian Sea. In 2019, Kazakhstan has an estimated population of 18.55 million, which ranks 64th in the world.

Kazakhstan Area and Population Density

The sparsely populated country of Kazakhstan covers a vast 1.052 million square miles (2.725 million square kilometers). Aside from a small portion of the southwestern border that touches the Caspian Sea, the country is otherwise landlocked and borders Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Russia. Calculated with the 2019 population of 18,589,667, Kazakhstan has 17.67 people per square mile (6.82 people per square kilometer), making it the 184th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Kazakhstan

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also a major cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6.75 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 215th in the world with a total surface area of 2,724,900 square meters - ranking at 9th in the world for sheer area alone.

Kazakhstan Demographics

The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%).

Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukrainians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents.

At the end of the 1980s, ethnic Russians were at almost 38% of the population while Kazakhstanis were in a majority in just 7 of the country's 20 regions. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. Emigration of Russians and Germans returned indigenous Kazakhs to a majority in the country.

Kazakhstan Religion, Economy and Politics

Islam is the most prominent religion in Kazakhstan, with just over 70% of the population practicing it. Within the Muslim population, Sunni and Hanafi, are the most practiced schools of thought, although there are also small communities of Shia and Ahmadi. An additional 26% of the population practices some form of Christianity (mostly Eastern Orthodox or Roman Catholic), and the remaining 4% either practice a religion aside from Islam or Christianity or have no religion at all.

The economy in Kazakhstan has been doing extremely well since around the turn of the century, going from a low-middle to upper-middle economy in just 20 years, and the GDP per capita has been multiplied by 6 during the same time period. All of this has lead to Kazakhstan currently being the largest and strongest economy in central Asia. The strongest sectors of their economy are energy, industry, and services such as technology, retail, and tourism.

Kazakhstan Population History

In the late 1800s, thousands of people from both Ukraine and Russia were brought into to settle the land that is modern-day Kazakhstan. By 1916 the people wanted to break out from Soviet rule and began a rebellion that killed 150,000 and displaced another 300,000. Ultimately they were unsuccessful in achieving autonomy at this point and the nation was an autonomous republic of the USSR for many years to come. Throughout the 1920s and 30s, a program was begun to begin industrializing and setting the nation up to collectivize agriculture, but the plan was ill-formed and more than one million people died of starvation.

Still under Russian rule, hundreds of thousand were forcibly moved to Kazakhstan from Korea, Germany, and Uzbekistan. Between 1954-1962 an additional 2 million Russians were moved into the area in an attempt to further develop the land. At this point, only 30% of the population were ethnic Kazakhs. After many years of unrest, Kazakhstan gained full independence from Russia in 1991.

Kazakhstan Population Growth

The overall life expectancy in Kazakhstan as of 2018 is 71.1 years, although there is a marked difference in life expectancies for males and females if looked at separately. For males, the life expectancy is around 65.9 years, while the females have a life expectancy of 76 years. This shows that with advanced age, the sex ratio in Kazakhstan is more encouraging towards women in the country. This is confirmed in the age structure of the population with approximately .78 males per female in the 55 to 64 range and only .53 males per female over the age of 65.

On the 2018 World Happiness Report, Kazakhstan comes into a ranking of 60th, with a rating of 5.790 out of a possible 10.

Kazakhstan Population Projections

Kazakhstan's 2019 annual growth rate of 1.03% is expected to peak in 2020 at 1.13% before gradually declining towards 0.50 by halfway through the 21st century. Population predictions expect that the population in Kazakhstan will be 18,777,139 in 2020, 20,301,322 in 2030, and 21,621,166 by 2040.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 37 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Kazakhstan Population in 2018Source: By Ken and Nyetta (Central Downtown Astana, Kazakhstan) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid 2019

Kazakhstan Population by Age

There are 12,537,283 adults in Kazakhstan.

Census Years

Year Date
20202020
20096 March 2009
199926 February 1999
198912 January 1989

On average, a woman in Kazakhstan gives birth to 2.41 children, which is a very high number when compared with other countries. This is why the population growth rate is also very high. It is around 1.24% (2012 estimate) and will continue to grow until the high birth rate can be reduced in the country.

Official NameRepublic of Kazakhstan
Languages SpokenKazakh, Russian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude48, 68
Currencies UsedKazakhstan Tenge
DemonymKazakhstani
BordersChina
Kyrgyzstan
Russia
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Name Population Location
Almaty2,000,900Map
Karagandy451,800Map
Shymkent414,032Map
Taraz358,153Map
Astana345,604Map
Pavlodar329,002Map
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067Map
Kyzyl-Orda300,000Map
Kyzylorda300,000Map
Semey292,780Map
Aktobe262,457Map
Kostanay210,000Map
Petropavl200,920Map
Oral200,000Map
Atyrau180,000Map
Temirtau170,600Map
Aktau147,443Map
Kokshetau124,444Map
Rudnyy124,000Map
Ekibastuz121,470Map

Kazakhstan Population Clock

The population of Kazakhstan (as of 10/17/2019)?18,621,078
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)18,551,427
Births Per Day1,039
Deaths Per Day361
Net Migrations Per Day-39
Net Change Per Day639
Population Change Since January 1st185,310

Kazakhstan Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 17th 2019 is: 18,618,085

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201918,551,42748.51%51.49%6.81641.27%
201818,319,61848.49%51.51%6.72631.33%
201718,080,01948.46%51.54%6.64631.40%
201617,830,90148.44%51.56%6.54631.47%
201517,572,01648.42%51.58%6.45631.57%
201016,252,27948.33%51.67%5.96631.08%
200515,402,80748.17%51.83%5.65620.64%
200014,922,71948.10%51.90%5.4862-1.19%
199515,839,36348.44%51.56%5.8153-0.67%
199016,383,88748.53%51.47%6.01500.90%
198515,665,59548.37%51.63%5.75461.15%
198014,796,17448.26%51.74%5.43451.04%
197514,050,22648.26%51.74%5.16401.51%
197013,036,13948.17%51.83%4.78401.94%
196511,841,92048.16%51.84%4.35393.57%
19609,934,56348.14%51.86%3.65444.60%
19557,932,52148.20%51.80%2.91503.43%
19506,702,99148.39%51.61%2.46550.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202018,776,70748.53%51.47%6.89640.00%
202519,787,74648.60%51.40%7.26641.05%
203020,639,02148.64%51.36%7.57680.85%
203521,483,45048.69%51.31%7.88680.81%
204022,370,40548.77%51.23%8.21670.81%
204523,242,94748.87%51.13%8.53670.77%
205024,024,04548.99%51.01%8.82690.66%
205524,681,91549.11%50.89%9.06700.54%
206025,243,43749.21%50.79%9.26710.45%
206525,751,10949.32%50.68%9.45700.40%
207026,223,00949.44%50.56%9.62700.36%
207526,656,36249.57%50.43%9.78710.33%
208027,041,81349.70%50.30%9.92700.29%
208527,376,70049.80%50.20%10.05690.25%
209027,649,92149.86%50.14%10.15680.20%
209527,839,35049.88%50.12%10.22680.14%
  1. Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics
  2. Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses, with official population estimates through 2014, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer