Kazakhstan Population 2017

18,219,955

Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgzstan, China, Russia, and the Caspian Sea. In 2017, Kazakhstan has an estimated population of 18.20 million, which ranks 65th in the world.

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also the cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 227th in the world.

Kazakhstan Demographics

The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%).

Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukranians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents.

At the end of the 1980s, ethnic Russians were at almost 38% of the population while Kazakhs were in a majority in just 7 of the country's 20 regions. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. Emigration of Russians and Germans returned indigenous Kazakhs to a majority in the country.

70% of people in Kazakhstan are Muslim while 26% are Christian.

The overall life expectancy in Kazakhstan is 69.63 years, although there is a marked difference in life expectancies for males and females if looked at separately. For males, the life expectancy is around 64.34 years, while the females have a life expectancy of 74.59 years. This shows that with advanced age, the sex ratio in Kazakhstan is more encouraging towards women in the country.

Kazakhstan Population in 2018Source: Ken and Nyetta

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kazakhstan Population Growth

On average, a woman in Kazakhstan gives birth to 2.41 children, which is a very high number when compared with other countries. This is why the population growth rate is also very high. It is around 1.24% (2012 estimate) and will continue to grow until the high birth rate can be reduced in the country.

About Kazakhstan

Official NameRepublic of Kazakhstan
Languages SpokenKazakh, Russian
BordersCHN, KGZ, RUS, TKM, UZB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4868
Currencies UsedKZT

Kazakhstan Population Density

Name Population
Almaty2,000,900
Karagandy451,800
Shymkent414,032
Taraz358,153
Astana345,604
Pavlodar329,002
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067
Kyzylorda300,000
Kyzyl-Orda300,000
Semey292,780
Aqtobe262,457
Kostanay210,000
Petropavlovsk200,920
Oral200,000
Taldyqorghan200,000
Atyrau180,000
Temirtau170,600
Aktau147,443
Kokshetau124,444
Rudnyy124,000
Ekibastuz121,470
Taldykorgan116,558
Zhezqazghan104,357
Zhanaozen103,598
Turkestan97,360
Balqash81,364
Sarkand76,919
Baykonyr70,000
Kentau57,408
Ridder52,664
Qulsary51,216
Shchuchinsk47,290
Stepnogorsk46,736
Zyryanovsk44,929
Aksu44,808
Dzhetygara43,104
Sorang42,552
Talghar42,194
Kapshagay42,167
Arkalyk42,000
Lisakovsk40,000
Shu39,785
Karatau37,881
Arys36,285
Ayteke Bi35,883
Abay35,454
Aqsay34,799
Atbasar34,797
Zharkent34,422
Zhangatas33,492
Ayagoz33,479
Aral33,017
Esik32,995
Shieli29,832
Kandyagash28,196
Shalqar27,399
Shalkar27,072
Tekeli26,678
Aksu26,115
Shardara25,356
Saryaghash25,139
Khromtau23,715
Georgievka22,047
Zhangaqorghan21,339
Lenger21,238
Burunday20,996
Ush-Tyube20,492
Shemonaikha20,087
Zhosaly20,065
Balyqshy19,260
Otegen Batyra18,864
Embi18,760
Turar Ryskulov18,421
Makinsk17,711
Zaysan17,600
Akkol'16,773
Tasboget16,455
Merke15,934
Sarykemer15,132
Urzhar14,826
Qazyqurt14,737
Beyneu14,245
Dzhalagash14,226
Yereymentau14,169
Maqat14,082
Saryozek13,930
Derzhavinsk13,856
Qarazhal13,807
Esil13,504
Priozersk13,457
Shakhan13,273
Inderbor13,254
Atasu13,184
Taiynsha13,148
Kulan13,128
Turgen13,000
Ilyich12,895
Temirlanovka12,245
Shetpe11,836
Kuryk11,836
Balpyk Bi11,810
Shubarkuduk11,733
Zhetibay11,731
Asykata11,378
Glubokoye11,192
Moyynkum10,923
Sholaqqkorghan10,836
Kurchatov10,747
Lugovoy10,422
Kachar10,285
Khantaghy10,186
Kegen9,993
Aktau9,977
Belusovka9,948
Aqtas9,888
Bulaevo9,886
Komsomolets9,838
Oytal9,821
Georgiyevka9,821
Myrzakent9,752
Aqadyr9,710
Terenozek9,661
Borovskoy9,659
Toretam9,548
Shayan9,536
Dossor9,526
Aqtau9,500
Sekseuil9,296
Ertis9,216
Shar9,087
Kachiry8,931
Qaraton8,905
Makhambet8,905
Zhezkent8,896
Sergeyevka8,845
Kurchum8,800
Shubarshi8,651
Leninskiy8,646
Aqsu8,543
Maloye Ganyushkino8,387
Fedorovka8,317
Zhanibek8,212
Qarqaraly8,195
Qusmuryn8,049
Pervomayskiy7,874
Martuk7,756
Mayqayyng7,695
Qazaly7,686
Bayganin7,657
Osakarovka7,305
Bestobe7,189
Tobol7,155
Kievka7,037
Kamenka6,980
Shortandy6,980
Bakanas6,965
Zholymbet6,876
Zhumysker6,834
Sastobe6,827
Kishkenekol'6,779
Tughyl6,696
Aksuat6,696
Burabay6,500
Astrakhan6,459
Dzhambeyty6,262
Chingirlau6,218
Miyaly6,213
Balkashino6,147
Ust'-Talovka6,122
Novoishimskiy6,062
Zavodskoy6,043
Zhanga Buqtyrma6,026
Chapaev6,000
Dzhangala5,954
Borodulikha5,931
Smirnovo5,742
Bayanauyl5,700
Batamshinskiy5,668
Asubulaq5,644
Ashchysay5,635
Shantobe5,626
Bishkul5,423
Qalqaman5,415
Lepsy5,350
Fedorovka5,338
Torghay5,277
Qarauyl5,261
Zhelezinka5,225
Fort-Shevchenko5,213
Novodolinskiy5,167
Kokpekty5,165
Zhaqsy5,001

Kazakhstan Population Clock

What is the population of Kazakhstan (as of 11/15/2017)?18,219,955
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18,204,499
Births Per Day200
Deaths Per Day88
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 112
Population Change Since January 1st35,728

Kazakhstan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 20.346 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.892 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.781 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.001 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.555 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.553 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.197 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 12.047 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 14.916 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.006 years
Rate of Natural Increase 10.937
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.876%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.604%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.099%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 22.21%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.105%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 13.263%
Median Age (Total) 30.3 years
Median Age (Female) 31.6 years
Median Age (Male) 29 years

Kazakhstan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201718,204,49948.43%51.57%71.27%
201517,749,64848.42%51.58%71.60%
201016,398,97648.34%51.66%61.08%
200515,541,45748.18%51.82%60.63%
200015,057,36348.11%51.89%6-1.25%
199516,034,95648.46%51.54%6-0.62%
199016,540,25848.54%51.46%60.93%
198515,789,43748.38%51.62%61.16%
198014,905,88948.27%51.73%51.07%
197514,130,07148.27%51.73%51.51%
197013,109,99648.17%51.83%51.94%
196511,909,00348.16%51.84%43.56%
19609,996,00048.15%51.85%44.58%
19557,991,99848.21%51.79%33.58%
19506,702,99148.39%51.61%20.00%

Kazakhstan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202018,777,13948.43%51.57%70.00%
202519,610,25848.38%51.62%70.87%
203020,301,32248.32%51.68%70.70%
203520,950,36048.26%51.74%80.63%
204021,621,16648.25%51.75%80.63%
204522,309,97748.28%51.72%80.63%
205022,959,43248.36%51.64%80.58%
205523,505,02848.45%51.55%90.47%
206023,931,85848.53%51.47%90.36%
206524,279,11048.63%51.37%90.29%
207024,594,97348.76%51.24%90.26%
207524,901,38448.91%51.09%90.25%
208025,199,29349.06%50.94%90.24%
208525,460,27549.19%50.81%90.21%
209025,650,77049.27%50.73%90.15%
209525,743,86449.32%50.68%90.07%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer