Kenya Population 2018

51,416,815

Kenya is one of the most varied lands on the planet both in terms of its geography and its ethnic population. The Republic of Kenya sits on the equator where it's bordered by the Indian Ocean, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Somalia. In 2018, Kenya has an estimated population of 50.95 million, which ranks 29th in the world.

The last official census took place in Kenya back in 2009 when it was confirmed that 38,610,097 people were living in the country. Estimates are released on a regular basis, and in 2011, it was claimed that those numbers had risen to 41 million, which has since increased to 50.95 million in 2018.

Population Density and Surface Area in Kenya

As far as population density is concerned, Kenya is the 47th largest country in the world in terms of pure land mass. It is relatively sparsely populated, however, and for every square kilometer of land, there is an average of 79.2 people (205 per square mile) and this means that Kenya is the 140th most densely populated country on earth.

Capital and City Centers in Kenya

The capital and largest city in Kenya is Nairobi, which is famous for having the world's only game reserve in a large city. Nairobi is the second-largest city in the African Great Lakes area with 3.5 million residents. With the suburbs included, Nairobi is Africa's 14th largest city with 6.54 million people.

Nairobi is also home to one of the largest slums in the world. The slum of Kibera, housed approximately 250,000 of the 2.5 million slum dwellers in the city. Most people in Kibera live on less than $1 per day and HIV is rampant. There is a shortage of clean water and education, and in addition to these shortcomings, rape and assault cases are common. The slum has recently been partially destroyed in an effort to place updated roads in the area to reduce traffic congestion, and this destruction for construction suddenly displaced numerous residents in the area.

Other major cities include Mombasa (pop: 1.2 million), Kisumu (400,000), and Nakuru (300,000).

Kenya Demographics

Coming back to the issue of diverse ethnicity, it's interesting to consider the many varied groups that make up the population of Kenya. Based on data from the CIA World Factbook, they can be divided as follows:

Kikuyu 17% Luhya 14% Luo 11% Kalenjin 13% Kamba 10% Kisii 6% Meru 4% Other African 13% Non-African (Asian European, and Arab) 1%

Kenya's population is very diverse and home to most of Africa's linguistic and ethnoracial groups. There are believed to be at least 42 communities, although Nilotes (30%) and Bantus (67%) account for a majority, followed by Cushitic groups, Arabs, Indians, and Europeans.

When we examine the diversity of religion in Kenya, the World Factbook gives us a breakdown of Christian 83% (Protestant 47.7%, Catholic 23.4%, other Christian 11.9%), Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7%, other 1.6%, none 2.4%, and unspecified at 0.2% of the population, as estimated in 2009.

The official languages used in Kenya include English (official), Kiswahili (official), and numerous indigenous languages and dialects.

Kenya Population Growth and Life Expectancy

Kenya has sustained population growth, but it has both high birth and infant mortality rates. This is consistent with Africa as a whole. There has been marked improvement in life expectancy, particularly in recent years. In 2006, the average level stood at 48.9 years. This figure rose, however, to around 59 years in 2016. This has increased to 64 years of age in 2018. The current median age is only 19.7 years of age in Kenya.

Kenya has a very young population that has led to very rapid population growth. Almost three-quarters of the population is under the age of 30 and Kenya has grown from 2.9 million to almost 40 million people within a century.

Quality of Life in Kenya

The World Factbook also has a collection of information that pertains to quality of life. In terms of healthcare, Kenya spends approximately 5.7% of the national GDP on this sector, earning it a low physician density of .2 per 1,000 individuals and only 1.4 hospital beds per 1,000 residents. When we turn to sanitation and clean drinking water access, only 63.2% have improved access to drinking water and only 30.1% of the total population has access to improved sanitation facilities. In addition to these relatively poor numbers, educational spending is at 5.3% of the GDP and only 78% of the population over 15 years of age can read and write. The figures likely give some influence to the prevalance of HIV/AIDS in the country, which currently estimates 4.8% of adults living with the disease, and a death rate from HIV/AIDS of at least 28,000.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 20 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net gain of one person every 25 seconds

Kenya Population in 2018Source: By The original uploader was Mkimemia at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kenya Population Growth

With improved life expectancy and a drop in infant mortality, Kenya seems set to build on an ever increasing growth in population. By 2020, the UN predicts that the Kenyan population will have risen to 51.7 million.

About Kenya

Official NameRepublic of Kenya
Languages SpokenEnglish, Swahili
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude138
Currencies UsedKenya Shilling
DemonymKenyan

Kenya Population Density

Kenya Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Nairobi2,750,547
Mombasa799,668
Nakuru259,903
Eldoret218,446
Kisumu216,479
Thika200,000
Malindi118,265
Kitale75,123
Garissa67,861
Kakamega63,426
Kapenguria56,000
Bungoma55,962
Busia51,981
Nyeri51,084
Ol Kalou47,795
Meru47,226
Kilifi46,118
Wajir45,771
Mumias45,485
Voi45,483

Kenya Population Clock

The population of Kenya (as of 11/13/2018)?51,416,815
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)50,950,879
Births Per Day4,237
Deaths Per Day784
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 3,426
Population Change Since January 1st1,086,042

Kenya Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 51,418,353

Kenya Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201850,950,87949.70%50.30%87.79282.52%
201749,699,86249.70%50.30%85.64282.56%
201648,461,56749.70%50.30%83.50292.59%
201547,236,25949.70%50.30%81.39292.70%
201041,350,15249.71%50.29%71.25312.78%
200536,048,28849.68%50.32%62.11332.77%
200031,450,48349.66%50.34%54.19332.84%
199527,346,45649.71%50.29%47.12353.16%
199023,402,50749.78%50.22%40.32373.56%
198519,651,22549.80%50.20%33.86373.85%
198016,268,99049.80%50.20%28.03403.82%
197513,486,62949.81%50.19%23.24453.69%
197011,252,49249.88%50.12%19.39473.43%
19659,504,70349.99%50.01%16.38513.24%
19608,105,44050.15%49.85%13.97553.04%
19556,979,93150.27%49.73%12.03572.81%
19506,076,75850.43%49.57%10.47600.00%

Kenya Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202053,491,69749.70%50.30%92.17270.00%
202560,063,15849.70%50.30%103.49252.34%
203066,959,99349.72%50.28%115.38242.20%
203574,086,10649.73%50.27%127.65212.04%
204081,286,86549.74%50.26%140.06211.87%
204588,434,15449.75%50.25%152.38211.70%
205095,467,13749.75%50.25%164.49201.54%
2055102,302,68649.74%50.26%176.27191.39%
2060108,838,57849.73%50.27%187.53181.25%
2065114,980,21649.70%50.30%198.12181.10%
2070120,634,46549.67%50.33%207.86170.96%
2075125,717,35349.65%50.35%216.62170.83%
2080130,208,28749.62%50.38%224.36180.70%
2085134,106,79749.59%50.41%231.07190.59%
2090137,384,13549.56%50.44%236.72190.48%
2095140,049,17949.53%50.47%241.31190.38%
Data Sources
  1. Kenya national bureau of statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1962, 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses adjusted for underenumeration and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer