Kenya Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Kenya is one of the most varied lands on the planet both in terms of its geography and its ethnic population. The Republic of Kenya sits on the equator where it's bordered by the Indian Ocean, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Somalia. In 2015, Kenya has an estimated population of 47.2 million, which ranks 29th in the world.

The last official census took place in Kenya back in 2009 when it was confirmed that 38,610,097 people were living in the country. Estimates are released on a regular basis, and in 2011, it was claimed that those numbers had risen to 41 million, which has since increased to over 47 million in 2016.

As far as population density is concerned, Kenya is the 47th largest country in the world in terms of pure land mass. It is relatively sparsely populated, however, and for every square kilometer of land, there is an average of 79.2 people (205 per square mile) and this means that Kenya is the 140th most densely populated country on earth.

The capital and largest city in Kenya is Nairobi, which is famous for having the world's only game reserve in a large city. Nairobi is the second-largest city in the African Great Lakes area with 3.5 million residents. With the suburbs included, Nairobi is Africa's 14th largest city with 6.54 million people.

Nairobi is home to one of the largest slums in the world. The slum, Kibera, houses approximately 250,000 of the 2.5 million slum dwellers in the city. Most people in Kibera live on less than $1 per day and HIV is rampant. There is a shortage of clean water and education and rape and assault cases are common. The slum is so large that it has many villages.

Other major cities include Mombasa (pop: 1.2 million), Kisumu (400,000), and Nakuru (300,000).

Kenya Demographics

Coming back to the issue of diverse ethnicity, it's interesting to consider the many varied groups that make up the population of Kenya. Based on data from the CIA World Factbook, they can be divided as follows:

Kikuyu 17% Luhya 14% Luo 11% Kalenjin 13% Kamba 10% Kisii 6% Meru 4% Other African 13% Non-African (Asian European, and Arab) 1%

Kenya's population is very diverse and home to most of Africa's linguistic and ethnoracial groups. There are believed to be at least 42 communities, although Nilotes (30%) and Bantus (67%) account for a majority, followed by Cushitic groups, Arabs, Indians, and Europeans.

Kenya has a very young population that has led to very rapid population growth. Almost three-quarters of the population is under the age of 30 and Kenya has grown from 2.9 million to almost 40 million people within a century.

Kenya has sustained population growth, but it has both high birth and infant mortality rates. This is consistent with Africa as a whole. There has been marked improvement in life expectancy, particularly in recent years. In 2006, the average level stood at 48.9 years. This figure rose, however, to around 59 years in 2016.

Kenya Population in 2017 Source: McKay Savage from London, UK

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kenya Population Growth

With improved life expectancy and a drop in infant mortality, Kenya seems set to build on an ever increasing growth in population. By 2020, the UN predicts that the Kenyan population will have risen to 51.7 million.

Kenya Population Density

About Kenya

Official Name Republic of Kenya
Languages Spoken Swahili, English
Borders ETH, SOM, SSD, TZA, UGA
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 1,38
Currencies Used KES

Kenya Population Clock

What is the population of Kenya (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 869
Deaths Per Day 203
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 639
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Kenya Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 33.544 births/thousand 32nd
Crude Death Rate 7.817 deaths/thousand 89th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.204 people/thousand 85th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.647 years 170th
Life Expectancy (Male) 60.66 years 173rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 64.677 years 170th
Total Fertility Rate 4.196 children/woman 36th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.788 surviving daughters/woman 38th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 49.277 deaths/1,000 live births 32nd
Under Five Mortality 72.338 deaths/thousand 31st
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.571 years 128th
Rate of Natural Increase 25.19 29th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.825% 174th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 19.791% 179th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 15.782% 168th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.57% 174th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.914% 179th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 28.099% 168th
Crude Suicide Rate 10.8 suicides/thousand 60th
Median Age (Total) 19.5 years 185th
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years 187th
Median Age (Male) 19.4 years 179th

Kenya Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 48,466,928 49.963% 50.037% 85 120 2.5% 29
2015 46,050,302 49.982% 50.018% 80 124 2.57% 30
2010 40,328,312 49.988% 50.012% 70 131 2.67% 32
2005 35,349,040 49.972% 50.028% 62 134 2.62% 33
2000 31,065,820 49.855% 50.145% 54 137 2.53% 34
1995 27,373,035 49.804% 50.196% 48 139 2.68% 35
1990 23,446,229 49.809% 50.191% 41 142 3.31% 37
1985 19,660,713 49.81% 50.19% 34 146 3.66% 37
1980 16,267,906 49.797% 50.203% 28 148 3.82% 40
1975 13,486,241 49.813% 50.187% 23 152 3.71% 45
1970 11,252,466 49.881% 50.119% 19 155 3.54% 47
1965 9,504,702 49.993% 50.007% 16 159 3.29% 51
1960 8,105,440 50.152% 49.848% 14 155 3.11% 55
1955 6,979,939 50.275% 49.725% 12 157 2.91% 57
1950 6,076,757 50.43% 49.57% 10 161 2.65% 60

Kenya Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 52,186,722 49.926% 50.074% 91 118 2.39% 27
2025 58,610,170 49.874% 50.126% 102 112 2.24% 25
2030 65,411,901 49.828% 50.172% 114 103 2.13% 24
2035 72,599,575 49.79% 50.21% 127 98 2.01% 21
2040 80,090,725 49.753% 50.247% 140 94 1.89% 21
2045 87,770,496 49.711% 50.289% 154 89 1.75% 21
2050 95,504,636 49.666% 50.334% 167 88 1.6% 20
2055 103,198,433 49.62% 50.38% 181 85 1.47% 19
2060 110,756,893 49.577% 50.423% 194 82 1.33% 18
2065 118,095,712 49.541% 50.459% 207 79 1.21% 17
2070 125,137,459 49.515% 50.485% 219 77 1.09% 16
2075 131,801,715 49.494% 50.506% 231 77 0.96% 17
2080 137,988,030 49.475% 50.525% 242 74 0.85% 17
2085 143,634,786 49.457% 50.543% 252 68 0.73% 17
2090 148,681,346 49.44% 50.56% 261 66 0.63% 18
2095 153,091,894 49.425% 50.575% 268 63 0.52% 17
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations