Kenya Population 2017

48,514,806

The last official census took place in Kenya back in 2009 when it was confirmed that 38,610,097 people were living in the country. Estimates are released on a regular basis, and in 2011, it was claimed that those numbers had risen to 41 million, which has since increased to over 47 million in 2016.

As far as population density is concerned, Kenya is the 47th largest country in the world in terms of pure land mass. It is relatively sparsely populated, however, and for every square kilometer of land, there is an average of 79.2 people (205 per square mile) and this means that Kenya is the 140th most densely populated country on earth.

The capital and largest city in Kenya is Nairobi, which is famous for having the world's only game reserve in a large city. Nairobi is the second-largest city in the African Great Lakes area with 3.5 million residents. With the suburbs included, Nairobi is Africa's 14th largest city with 6.54 million people.

Nairobi is home to one of the largest slums in the world. The slum, Kibera, houses approximately 250,000 of the 2.5 million slum dwellers in the city. Most people in Kibera live on less than $1 per day and HIV is rampant. There is a shortage of clean water and education and rape and assault cases are common. The slum is so large that it has many villages.

Other major cities include Mombasa (pop: 1.2 million), Kisumu (400,000), and Nakuru (300,000).

Kenya Demographics

Coming back to the issue of diverse ethnicity, it's interesting to consider the many varied groups that make up the population of Kenya. Based on data from the CIA World Factbook, they can be divided as follows:

Kikuyu 17% Luhya 14% Luo 11% Kalenjin 13% Kamba 10% Kisii 6% Meru 4% Other African 13% Non-African (Asian European, and Arab) 1%

Kenya's population is very diverse and home to most of Africa's linguistic and ethnoracial groups. There are believed to be at least 42 communities, although Nilotes (30%) and Bantus (67%) account for a majority, followed by Cushitic groups, Arabs, Indians, and Europeans.

Kenya has a very young population that has led to very rapid population growth. Almost three-quarters of the population is under the age of 30 and Kenya has grown from 2.9 million to almost 40 million people within a century.

Kenya has sustained population growth, but it has both high birth and infant mortality rates. This is consistent with Africa as a whole. There has been marked improvement in life expectancy, particularly in recent years. In 2006, the average level stood at 48.9 years. This figure rose, however, to around 59 years in 2016.

Kenya Population in 2017Source: McKay Savage from London, UK

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kenya Population Growth

With improved life expectancy and a drop in infant mortality, Kenya seems set to build on an ever increasing growth in population. By 2020, the UN predicts that the Kenyan population will have risen to 51.7 million.

About Kenya

Official NameRepublic of Kenya
Languages SpokenSwahili, English
BordersETH, SOM, SSD, TZA, UGA
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude138
Currencies UsedKES

Kenya Population Density

Name Population
Kathwana
Kapsabet3,758
Kwale4,883
Gazi5,222
Bomet5,270
Witu5,380
Wote6,133
Limuru6,317
Port Bunyala6,793
Hola6,932
Baringo7,656
Kinango8,070
Malaba8,383
Bondo8,683
Ahero8,788
Naro Moru9,018
Kapsowar9,152
Chuka9,347
Ngong9,519
Nyamira10,000
Luanda10,053
Kangundo10,094
Oyugis10,116
Takaungu10,760
Maua10,804
Kajiado11,198
Butere11,205
Mwingi11,219
Murang'a11,987
Wundanyi12,501
Eldama Ravine12,524
Mariakani12,786
Sawa Sawa12,975
Kihancha13,162
Namanga13,193
Taveta13,377
Magadi14,529
Muhoroni15,217
Keruguya15,287
Siaya15,354
Marsabit15,361
Kitui15,954
Lodwar20,219
Makueni20,681
Maralal20,841
Kiambu21,234
Karuri21,476
Webuye22,507
Lamu24,525
Athi River24,530
Kabarnet24,661
Molo27,896
Kisii28,547
Pumwani29,616
Rongai30,471
Machakos31,971
Nyahururu31,978
Isiolo33,207
Moyale34,314
Embu34,922
Migori35,240
Kericho35,748
Narok36,061
Mandera36,076
Nanyuki36,142
Naivasha38,366
Homa Bay40,319
Lugulu40,894
Voi45,483
Mumias45,485
Wajir45,771
Kilifi46,118
Meru47,226
Ol Kalou47,795
Nyeri51,084
Busia51,981
Bungoma55,962
Kapenguria56,000
Mbale60,000
Kakamega63,426
Garissa67,861
Kitale75,123
Malindi118,265
Thika200,000
Kisumu216,479
Eldoret218,446
Nakuru259,903
Mombasa799,668
Nairobi2,750,547

Kenya Population Clock

What is the population of Kenya (as of September 13, 2017)?48,514,806
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)48466928
Births Per Day877
Deaths Per Day203
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 647
Population Change Since January 1st164,985

Kenya Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 33.017 births/thousand31
Crude Death Rate 7.641 deaths/thousand94
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.204 people/thousand85
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.062 years170
Male Life Expectancy 60.99 years172
Female Life Expectancy 65.185 years169
Total Fertility Rate 4.131 children/woman36
Net Reproduction Rate 1.788 surviving daughters/woman38
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 48.448 deaths/1,000 live births32
Under Five Mortality 70.845 deaths/thousand31
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.571 years128
Rate of Natural Increase 25.19 29
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.825 %174
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 19.791 %179
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 15.782 %168
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.57 %171
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.914 %174
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 28.099 %169
Crude Suicide Rate 10.8 suicides/thousand60
Median Age (Total) 19.5 years185
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years187
Median Age (Male) 19.4 years179

Kenya Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201748,466,92849.963%50.037%851202.5%29
201546,050,30249.982%50.018%801242.57%30
201040,328,31249.988%50.012%701312.67%32
200535,349,04049.972%50.028%621342.62%33
200031,065,82049.855%50.145%541372.53%34
199527,373,03549.804%50.196%481392.68%35
199023,446,22949.809%50.191%411423.31%37
198519,660,71349.81%50.19%341463.66%37
198016,267,90649.797%50.203%281483.82%40
197513,486,24149.813%50.187%231523.71%45
197011,252,46649.881%50.119%191553.54%47
19659,504,70249.993%50.007%161593.29%51
19608,105,44050.152%49.848%141553.11%55
19556,979,93950.275%49.725%121572.91%57
19506,076,75750.43%49.57%101612.65%60

Kenya Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202052,186,72249.926%50.074%911182.39%27
202558,610,17049.874%50.126%1021122.24%25
203065,411,90149.828%50.172%1141032.13%24
203572,599,57549.79%50.21%127982.01%21
204080,090,72549.753%50.247%140941.89%21
204587,770,49649.711%50.289%154891.75%21
205095,504,63649.666%50.334%167881.6%20
2055103,198,43349.62%50.38%181851.47%19
2060110,756,89349.577%50.423%194821.33%18
2065118,095,71249.541%50.459%207791.21%17
2070125,137,45949.515%50.485%219771.09%16
2075131,801,71549.494%50.506%231770.96%17
2080137,988,03049.475%50.525%242740.85%17
2085143,634,78649.457%50.543%252680.73%17
2090148,681,34649.44%50.56%261660.63%18
2095153,091,89449.425%50.575%268630.52%17
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations