Kenya Population 2018

50,909,767

Kenya is one of the most varied lands on the planet both in terms of its geography and its ethnic population. The Republic of Kenya sits on the equator where it's bordered by the Indian Ocean, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Somalia. In 2018, Kenya has an estimated population of 50.95 million, which ranks 29th in the world.

The last official census took place in Kenya back in 2009 when it was confirmed that 38,610,097 people were living in the country. Estimates are released on a regular basis, and in 2011, it was claimed that those numbers had risen to 41 million, which has since increased to 50.95 million in 2018.

As far as population density is concerned, Kenya is the 47th largest country in the world in terms of pure land mass. It is relatively sparsely populated, however, and for every square kilometer of land, there is an average of 79.2 people (205 per square mile) and this means that Kenya is the 140th most densely populated country on earth.

The capital and largest city in Kenya is Nairobi, which is famous for having the world's only game reserve in a large city. Nairobi is the second-largest city in the African Great Lakes area with 3.5 million residents. With the suburbs included, Nairobi is Africa's 14th largest city with 6.54 million people.

Nairobi is home to one of the largest slums in the world. The slum, Kibera, houses approximately 250,000 of the 2.5 million slum dwellers in the city. Most people in Kibera live on less than $1 per day and HIV is rampant. There is a shortage of clean water and education and rape and assault cases are common. The slum is so large that it has many villages.

Other major cities include Mombasa (pop: 1.2 million), Kisumu (400,000), and Nakuru (300,000).

Kenya Demographics

Coming back to the issue of diverse ethnicity, it's interesting to consider the many varied groups that make up the population of Kenya. Based on data from the CIA World Factbook, they can be divided as follows:

Kikuyu 17% Luhya 14% Luo 11% Kalenjin 13% Kamba 10% Kisii 6% Meru 4% Other African 13% Non-African (Asian European, and Arab) 1%

Kenya's population is very diverse and home to most of Africa's linguistic and ethnoracial groups. There are believed to be at least 42 communities, although Nilotes (30%) and Bantus (67%) account for a majority, followed by Cushitic groups, Arabs, Indians, and Europeans.

Kenya has a very young population that has led to very rapid population growth. Almost three-quarters of the population is under the age of 30 and Kenya has grown from 2.9 million to almost 40 million people within a century.

Kenya has sustained population growth, but it has both high birth and infant mortality rates. This is consistent with Africa as a whole. There has been marked improvement in life expectancy, particularly in recent years. In 2006, the average level stood at 48.9 years. This figure rose, however, to around 59 years in 2016.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 20 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net gain of one person every 25 seconds

Kenya Population in 2018Source: By The original uploader was Mkimemia at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Kenya Population Pyramid 2018

0k200k400k600k800kKenya Male Population0k200k400k600k800kKenya Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Kenya Median Age

19.5


Total

19.4


Male

19.6


Female

Kenya Population by Age

There are 26,232,022 adults in Kenya.

Census Years

Year Date
201924 August 2019
200931 August 2009
199924 August 1999
198924 August 1989

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kenya Population Growth

With improved life expectancy and a drop in infant mortality, Kenya seems set to build on an ever increasing growth in population. By 2020, the UN predicts that the Kenyan population will have risen to 51.7 million.

About Kenya

Official NameRepublic of Kenya
Languages SpokenEnglish, Swahili
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude138
Currencies UsedKenya Shilling
DemonymKenyan

Kenya Population Density

Kenya Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Nairobi2,750,547
Mombasa799,668
Nakuru259,903
Eldoret218,446
Kisumu216,479
Thika200,000
Malindi118,265
Kitale75,123
Garissa67,861
Kakamega63,426
Kapenguria56,000
Bungoma55,962
Busia51,981
Nyeri51,084
Ol Kalou47,795
Meru47,226
Kilifi46,118
Wajir45,771
Mumias45,485
Voi45,483

Kenya Population Clock

The population of Kenya (as of 6/18/2018)?50,909,767
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)50,950,879
Births Per Day4,237
Deaths Per Day784
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 3,426
Population Change Since January 1st578,994

Kenya Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 30.721 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.681 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.199 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.29 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.97 years
Female Life Expectancy 69.61 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.774 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.715 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.695 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 47.445 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.697 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.04

Kenya Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201850,950,87949.70%50.30%87.79282.52%
201749,699,86249.70%50.30%85.64282.56%
201648,461,56749.70%50.30%83.50292.59%
201547,236,25949.70%50.30%81.39292.70%
201041,350,15249.71%50.29%71.25312.78%
200536,048,28849.68%50.32%62.11332.77%
200031,450,48349.66%50.34%54.19332.84%
199527,346,45649.71%50.29%47.12353.16%
199023,402,50749.78%50.22%40.32373.56%
198519,651,22549.80%50.20%33.86373.85%
198016,268,99049.80%50.20%28.03403.82%
197513,486,62949.81%50.19%23.24453.69%
197011,252,49249.88%50.12%19.39473.43%
19659,504,70349.99%50.01%16.38513.24%
19608,105,44050.15%49.85%13.97553.04%
19556,979,93150.27%49.73%12.03572.81%
19506,076,75850.43%49.57%10.47600.00%

Kenya Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202053,491,69749.70%50.30%92.17270.00%
202560,063,15849.70%50.30%103.49252.34%
203066,959,99349.72%50.28%115.38242.20%
203574,086,10649.73%50.27%127.65212.04%
204081,286,86549.74%50.26%140.06211.87%
204588,434,15449.75%50.25%152.38211.70%
205095,467,13749.75%50.25%164.49201.54%
2055102,302,68649.74%50.26%176.27191.39%
2060108,838,57849.73%50.27%187.53181.25%
2065114,980,21649.70%50.30%198.12181.10%
2070120,634,46549.67%50.33%207.86170.96%
2075125,717,35349.65%50.35%216.62170.83%
2080130,208,28749.62%50.38%224.36180.70%
2085134,106,79749.59%50.41%231.07190.59%
2090137,384,13549.56%50.44%236.72190.48%
2095140,049,17949.53%50.47%241.31190.38%
Data Sources
  1. Kenya national bureau of statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1962, 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses adjusted for underenumeration and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer