Kenya Population 2017

49,789,148

Kenya is one of the most varied lands on the planet both in terms of its geography and its ethnic population. The Republic of Kenya sits on the equator where it's bordered by the Indian Ocean, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Somalia. In 2017, Kenya has an estimated population of 49.70 million, which ranks 29th in the world.

The last official census took place in Kenya back in 2009 when it was confirmed that 38,610,097 people were living in the country. Estimates are released on a regular basis, and in 2011, it was claimed that those numbers had risen to 41 million, which has since increased to 49.70 million in 2017.

As far as population density is concerned, Kenya is the 47th largest country in the world in terms of pure land mass. It is relatively sparsely populated, however, and for every square kilometer of land, there is an average of 79.2 people (205 per square mile) and this means that Kenya is the 140th most densely populated country on earth.

The capital and largest city in Kenya is Nairobi, which is famous for having the world's only game reserve in a large city. Nairobi is the second-largest city in the African Great Lakes area with 3.5 million residents. With the suburbs included, Nairobi is Africa's 14th largest city with 6.54 million people.

Nairobi is home to one of the largest slums in the world. The slum, Kibera, houses approximately 250,000 of the 2.5 million slum dwellers in the city. Most people in Kibera live on less than $1 per day and HIV is rampant. There is a shortage of clean water and education and rape and assault cases are common. The slum is so large that it has many villages.

Other major cities include Mombasa (pop: 1.2 million), Kisumu (400,000), and Nakuru (300,000).

Kenya Demographics

Coming back to the issue of diverse ethnicity, it's interesting to consider the many varied groups that make up the population of Kenya. Based on data from the CIA World Factbook, they can be divided as follows:

Kikuyu 17% Luhya 14% Luo 11% Kalenjin 13% Kamba 10% Kisii 6% Meru 4% Other African 13% Non-African (Asian European, and Arab) 1%

Kenya's population is very diverse and home to most of Africa's linguistic and ethnoracial groups. There are believed to be at least 42 communities, although Nilotes (30%) and Bantus (67%) account for a majority, followed by Cushitic groups, Arabs, Indians, and Europeans.

Kenya has a very young population that has led to very rapid population growth. Almost three-quarters of the population is under the age of 30 and Kenya has grown from 2.9 million to almost 40 million people within a century.

Kenya has sustained population growth, but it has both high birth and infant mortality rates. This is consistent with Africa as a whole. There has been marked improvement in life expectancy, particularly in recent years. In 2006, the average level stood at 48.9 years. This figure rose, however, to around 59 years in 2016.

Kenya Population in 2018Source: McKay Savage from London, UK

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kenya Population Growth

With improved life expectancy and a drop in infant mortality, Kenya seems set to build on an ever increasing growth in population. By 2020, the UN predicts that the Kenyan population will have risen to 51.7 million.

About Kenya

Official NameRepublic of Kenya
Languages SpokenSwahili, English
BordersETH, SOM, SSD, TZA, UGA
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude138
Currencies UsedKES

Kenya Population Density

Name Population
Nairobi2,750,547
Mombasa799,668
Nakuru259,903
Eldoret218,446
Kisumu216,479
Thika200,000
Malindi118,265
Kitale75,123
Garissa67,861
Kakamega63,426
Mbale60,000
Kapenguria56,000
Bungoma55,962
Busia51,981
Nyeri51,084
Ol Kalou47,795
Meru47,226
Kilifi46,118
Wajir45,771
Mumias45,485
Voi45,483
Lugulu40,894
Homa Bay40,319
Naivasha38,366
Nanyuki36,142
Mandera36,076
Narok36,061
Kericho35,748
Migori35,240
Embu34,922
Moyale34,314
Isiolo33,207
Nyahururu31,978
Machakos31,971
Rongai30,471
Pumwani29,616
Kisii28,547
Molo27,896
Kabarnet24,661
Athi River24,530
Lamu24,525
Webuye22,507
Karuri21,476
Kiambu21,234
Maralal20,841
Makueni20,681
Lodwar20,219
Kitui15,954
Marsabit15,361
Siaya15,354
Keruguya15,287
Muhoroni15,217
Magadi14,529
Taveta13,377
Namanga13,193
Kihancha13,162
Sawa Sawa12,975
Mariakani12,786
Eldama Ravine12,524
Wundanyi12,501
Murang'a11,987
Mwingi11,219
Butere11,205
Kajiado11,198
Maua10,804
Takaungu10,760
Oyugis10,116
Kangundo10,094
Luanda10,053
Nyamira10,000
Ngong9,519
Chuka9,347
Kapsowar9,152
Naro Moru9,018
Ahero8,788
Bondo8,683
Malaba8,383
Kinango8,070
Baringo7,656
Hola6,932
Port Bunyala6,793
Limuru6,317
Wote6,133
Witu5,380
Bomet5,270
Gazi5,222
Kwale4,883
Kapsabet3,758

Kenya Population Clock

What is the population of Kenya (as of 11/15/2017)?49,789,148
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)49,699,862
Births Per Day877
Deaths Per Day203
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 647
Population Change Since January 1st206,393

Kenya Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 33.017 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.641 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.204 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.062 years
Male Life Expectancy 60.99 years
Female Life Expectancy 65.185 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.131 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.788 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 48.448 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 70.845 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.571 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.19
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.825%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 19.791%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 15.782%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.57%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.914%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 28.099%
Median Age (Total) 19.5 years
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years
Median Age (Male) 19.4 years

Kenya Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201749,699,86249.70%50.30%862.57%
201547,236,25949.70%50.30%812.70%
201041,350,15249.71%50.29%712.78%
200536,048,28849.68%50.32%622.77%
200031,450,48349.66%50.34%542.84%
199527,346,45649.71%50.29%473.16%
199023,402,50749.78%50.22%403.56%
198519,651,22549.80%50.20%343.85%
198016,268,99049.80%50.20%283.82%
197513,486,62949.81%50.19%233.69%
197011,252,49249.88%50.12%193.43%
19659,504,70349.99%50.01%163.24%
19608,105,44050.15%49.85%143.04%
19556,979,93150.27%49.73%122.81%
19506,076,75850.43%49.57%100.00%

Kenya Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202053,491,69749.70%50.30%920.00%
202560,063,15849.70%50.30%1032.34%
203066,959,99349.72%50.28%1152.20%
203574,086,10649.73%50.27%1282.04%
204081,286,86549.74%50.26%1401.87%
204588,434,15449.75%50.25%1521.70%
205095,467,13749.75%50.25%1641.54%
2055102,302,68649.74%50.26%1761.39%
2060108,838,57849.73%50.27%1881.25%
2065114,980,21649.70%50.30%1981.10%
2070120,634,46549.67%50.33%2080.96%
2075125,717,35349.65%50.35%2170.83%
2080130,208,28749.62%50.38%2240.70%
2085134,106,79749.59%50.41%2310.59%
2090137,384,13549.56%50.44%2370.48%
2095140,049,17949.53%50.47%2410.38%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer