Kosovo Population 2018

Kosovo is a small, landlocked nation in the central Balkan Peninsula, where it is bordered by Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Central Serbia. Kosovo is a disputed territory and partially recognized state that declared independence from Serbia in 2008. Serbia recognizes the Republic of Kosovo's governance but claims it as its own autonomous province.

Kosovo has an estimated population of {pop}, up from the 2011 census population of 1.734 million. Kosovo has a population density of 159 people per square kilometer (412/square mile). The capital and largest city is Pristina, which has a population of 210,000. Pristina is mostly Albanian, with small communities of Bosniaks, Romani and other groups. Albanians account for about 98% of the population. The Serbian population of the city has fallen dramatically since 1999 when many Serbs fled or were forced to leave at the end of the war. Pristina has a population density of 250 people per square mile.

The population of Kosovo does not include North Kosovo, a territory witth an ethnic Serb majority that functions autonomously. North Kosovo is the largest Serb-dominated area of the country and borders Central Serbia. The estimated population of North Kosovo is 75,000.

Kosovo Demographics

Kosovo has struggled with long-term ethnic tensions between the Albanian and Serbian population. This has resulted in violence, including the Kosovo War of 1999, which caused many of the Serb population to flee. According to Kosovo figures from 2005, the population is:

  • 92% Albanian
  • 4% Serbs
  • 2% Bosniaks and Gorans
  • 1% Turks
  • 1% Roma

The CIA World Factbook, however, puts the Albanian population at 88% and the Kosovo Serb population at 8%. Albanians have had a majority in Kosovo since the 19th century and ethnic Albanians in Kosovo are Europe's fastest growing ethnic group with a growth rate of 1.3% per year.

Kosovo has a number of camps that house thousands of Internally Displaced People, who are from minority groups, particularly the Roma. Romani people in Kosovo continue to face hostility from Albanians, who believe they sided with the Serbs during conflict.

Kosovo History

Kosovo was part of Serbia and then the Ottoman Empire until the 20th century. When the Ottomans were defeated in 1913, it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbia. The Republic of Kosova was established in 1990, although the country did not gain independence until 2008. Kosovo gained full sovereignty in 2012.

Following the Kosovo War of 1999, which was driven by racial tension, revenge killings and ethnic violence were commonplace. Landmines remain in Kosovo from the war today, and the country is prone to organized crime. In 2000, it was estimated that Kosovo supplied about 40% of the heroin sold in North America and Europe.